Code Section Group

Commercial Code - COM


  ( Division 1 enacted by Stats. 1963, Ch. 819. )

CHAPTER 1. Short Title, Construction, Application and Subject Matter of the Code [1101 - 1108]
  ( Chapter 1 enacted by Stats. 1963, Ch. 819. )


This code may be cited as the Uniform Commercial Code.

(Amended by Stats. 2006, Ch. 254, Sec. 6. Effective January 1, 2007.)


This division applies to a transaction to the extent that it is governed by another division of this code.

(Repealed and added by Stats. 2006, Ch. 254, Sec. 8. Effective January 1, 2007.)


(a) This code shall be liberally construed and applied to promote its underlying purposes and policies, which are:

(1) to simplify, clarify, and modernize the law governing commercial transactions;

(2) to permit the continued expansion of commercial practices through custom, usage, and agreement of the parties; and

(3) to make uniform the law among the various jurisdictions.

(b) Unless displaced by the particular provisions of this code, the principles of law and equity, including the law merchant and the law relative to capacity to contract, principal and agent, estoppel, fraud, misrepresentation, duress, coercion, mistake, bankruptcy, and other validating or invalidating cause supplement its provisions.

(Amended by Stats. 2006, Ch. 254, Sec. 9. Effective January 1, 2007.)


This code being a general act intended as a unified coverage of its subject matter, no part of it shall be deemed to be impliedly repealed by subsequent legislation if such construction can reasonably be avoided.

(Enacted by Stats. 1963, Ch. 819.)


If any provision or clause of this code or its application to any person or circumstance is held invalid, the invalidity does not affect other provisions or applications of the code which can be given effect without the invalid provision or application, and to this end the provisions of this code are severable.

(Added by renumbering Section 1108 by Stats. 2006, Ch. 254, Sec. 14. Effective January 1, 2007.)


In this code, unless the statutory context otherwise requires:

(1) words in the singular number include the plural, and those in the plural include the singular; and

(2) words of any gender also refer to any other gender.

(Added by Stats. 2006, Ch. 254, Sec. 12. Effective January 1, 2007.)


This chapter modifies, limits, and supersedes the federal Electronic Signatures in Global and National Commerce Act, 15 U.S.C. Section 7001 et seq., except that nothing in this chapter modifies, limits, or supersedes Section 7001(c) of that act or authorizes electronic delivery of any of the notices described in Section 7003(b) of that act.

(Added by Stats. 2006, Ch. 254, Sec. 15. Effective January 1, 2007.)

COMCommercial Code - COM