Code Section Group

Civil Code - CIV

DIVISION 3. OBLIGATIONS [1427 - 3273.16]

  ( Heading of Division 3 amended by Stats. 1988, Ch. 160, Sec. 14. )


  ( Part 4 enacted 1872. )

TITLE 3. DEPOSIT [1813 - 1881.2]

  ( Title 3 enacted 1872. )

CHAPTER 2. Deposit for Keeping [1833 - 1867]

  ( Chapter 2 enacted 1872. )

ARTICLE 3. Storage [1851 - 1857]
  ( Article 3 enacted 1872. )


A deposit not gratuitous is called storage. The depositary in such case is called a depositary for hire.

(Enacted 1872.)


A depositary for hire must use at least ordinary care for the preservation of the thing deposited.

(Enacted 1872.)


In the absence of a different agreement or usage, a depositary for hire is entitled to one week’s hire for the sustenance and shelter of living animals during any fraction of a week, and to half a month’s hire for the storage of any other property during any fraction of a half month.

(Enacted 1872.)


In the absence of an agreement as to the length of time during which a deposit is to continue, it may be terminated by the depositor at any time, and by the depositary upon reasonable notice.

(Enacted 1872.)


Notwithstanding an agreement respecting the length of time during which a deposit is to continue, it may be terminated by the depositor on paying all that would become due to the depositary in case of the deposit so continuing.

(Enacted 1872.)


A depositary for hire has a lien for storage charges and for advances and insurance incurred at the request of the bailor, and for money necessarily expended in and about the care, preservation and keeping of the property stored, and he also has a lien for money advanced at the request of the bailor, to discharge a prior lien, and for the expenses of a sale where default has been made in satisfying a valid lien. The rights of the depositary for hire to such lien are regulated by the title on liens.

(Amended by Stats. 1909, Ch. 664.)


If from any cause other than want of ordinary care and diligence on his part, a depositary for hire is unable to deliver perishable property, baggage, or luggage received by him for storage, or to collect his charges for storage due thereon, he may cause such property to be sold, in open market, to satisfy his lien for storage; provided, that no property except perishable property shall be sold, under the provisions of this section, upon which storage charges shall not be due and unpaid for one year at the time of such sale.

All Acts and parts of Acts in conflict with the provisions of this Act are hereby repealed.

This Act shall take effect from and after its passage.

(Added by Stats. 1891, Ch. 249.)

CIVCivil Code - CIV3.