Code Section Group

Civil Code - CIV

DIVISION 3. OBLIGATIONS [1427 - 3273.16]

  ( Heading of Division 3 amended by Stats. 1988, Ch. 160, Sec. 14. )


  ( Part 4 enacted 1872. )

TITLE 14. LIEN [2872 - 3081]

  ( Title 14 enacted 1872. )

CHAPTER 1. Liens in General [2872 - 2914]

  ( Chapter 1 enacted 1872. )

ARTICLE 2. Creation of Liens [2881 - 2885]
  ( Article 2 enacted 1872. )


A lien is created:

1. By contract of the parties; or,

2. By operation of law.

(Enacted 1872.)


No lien arises by mere operation of law until the time at which the act to be secured thereby ought to be performed.

(Enacted 1872.)


(a) An agreement may be made to create a lien upon property not yet acquired by the party agreeing to give the lien, or not yet in existence. In that case the lien agreed for attaches from the time when the party agreeing to give it acquires an interest in the thing, to the extent of such interest.

(b) For purposes of subdivision (a), an agreement by a beneficiary of an estate that is subject to administration, as provided in Division 7 (commencing with Section 7000) of the Probate Code, to create a lien upon real property in the estate that is undistributed at the time the agreement is entered into, shall create no lien upon the real property unless and until the real property is distributed to that beneficiary. Upon recordation of an order confirming the sale of the real property pursuant to Section 10313 of the Probate Code and the recording of a duly executed deed in accordance therewith, any expectancy of a lien in the real property under the agreement shall be extinguished.

(Amended by Stats. 1993, Ch. 527, Sec. 1. Effective January 1, 1994.)


A lien may be created by contract, to take immediate effect, as security for the performance of obligations not then in existence.

(Enacted 1872.)


Any state agency, upon recording a state tax lien against real property, shall mail written notice of the recordation to the tax debtor, unless previous correspondence mailed to the address of record was returned undelivered with no forwarding address. Failure to notify the tax debtor shall not affect the constructive notice otherwise imparted by recordation, nor shall it affect the force, effect, or priority otherwise accorded such tax lien.

(Amended by Stats. 1983, Ch. 643, Sec. 1. Effective September 1, 1983.)

CIVCivil Code - CIV2.