Code Section Group

Code of Civil Procedure - CCP

PART 4. MISCELLANEOUS PROVISIONS [1855 - 2107]

  ( Heading of Part 4 amended by Stats. 1965, Ch. 299. )

TITLE 4. CIVIL DISCOVERY ACT [2016.010 - 2036.050]

  ( Title 4 added by Stats. 2004, Ch. 182, Sec. 23. )

CHAPTER 2. Scope of Discovery [2017.010 - 2017.320]

  ( Chapter 2 added by Stats. 2004, Ch. 182, Sec. 23. )

ARTICLE 1. General Provisions [2017.010 - 2017.020]
  ( Article 1 added by Stats. 2004, Ch. 182, Sec. 23. )

2017.010.
  

Unless otherwise limited by order of the court in accordance with this title, any party may obtain discovery regarding any matter, not privileged, that is relevant to the subject matter involved in the pending action or to the determination of any motion made in that action, if the matter either is itself admissible in evidence or appears reasonably calculated to lead to the discovery of admissible evidence. Discovery may relate to the claim or defense of the party seeking discovery or of any other party to the action. Discovery may be obtained of the identity and location of persons having knowledge of any discoverable matter, as well as of the existence, description, nature, custody, condition, and location of any document, electronically stored information, tangible thing, or land or other property.

(Amended by Stats. 2012, Ch. 72, Sec. 8. (SB 1574) Effective January 1, 2013.)

2017.020.
  

(a) The court shall limit the scope of discovery if it determines that the burden, expense, or intrusiveness of that discovery clearly outweighs the likelihood that the information sought will lead to the discovery of admissible evidence. The court may make this determination pursuant to a motion for protective order by a party or other affected person. This motion shall be accompanied by a meet and confer declaration under Section 2016.040.

(b) The court shall impose a monetary sanction under Chapter 7 (commencing with Section 2023.010) against any party, person, or attorney who unsuccessfully makes or opposes a motion for a protective order, unless it finds that the one subject to the sanction acted with substantial justification or that other circumstances make the imposition of the sanction unjust.

(c) (1) Notwithstanding subdivision (b), or any other section of this title, absent exceptional circumstances, the court shall not impose sanctions on a party or any attorney of a party for failure to provide electronically stored information that has been lost, damaged, altered, or overwritten as the result of the routine, good faith operation of an electronic information system.

(2) This subdivision shall not be construed to alter any obligation to preserve discoverable information.

(Amended by Stats. 2012, Ch. 72, Sec. 9. (SB 1574) Effective January 1, 2013.)

CCPCode of Civil Procedure - CCP1