Code Section Group

Code of Civil Procedure - CCP

PART 2. OF CIVIL ACTIONS [307 - 1062.20]

  ( Part 2 enacted 1872. )


  ( Title 10.5 added by Stats. 1976, Ch. 73. )

CHAPTER 4. Referees [873.010 - 873.160]

  ( Chapter 4 added by Stats. 1976, Ch. 73. )

ARTICLE 1. General Provisions [873.010 - 873.080]
  ( Article 1 added by Stats. 1976, Ch. 73. )


(a) The court shall appoint a referee to divide or sell the property as ordered by the court.

(b) The court may:

(1) Determine whether a referee’s bond is necessary and fix the amount of the bond.

(2) Instruct the referee.

(3) Fix the reasonable compensation for the services of the referee and provide for payment of the referee’s reasonable expenses.

(4) Provide for the date of commencement of the lien of the referee allowed by law.

(5) Require the filing of interim or final accounts of the referee, settle the accounts of the referee, and discharge the referee.

(6) Remove the referee.

(7) Appoint a new referee.

(Added by Stats. 1976, Ch. 73.)


The court in its discretion may appoint a referee for sale and a referee for division, or may appoint a single referee for both.

(Added by Stats. 1976, Ch. 73.)


(a) The court may, with the consent of the parties, appoint three referees to divide or sell the property as ordered by the court.

(b) The three referees so appointed shall have all the powers and may perform all the duties required of one referee.

(Added by Stats. 1976, Ch. 73.)


(a) The court shall appoint as referee under this title any person or persons to whose appointment all parties have consented.

(b) In the case of a minor party or a party for whom a conservator of the estate has been appointed, the guardian or conservator of the estate of the party may so consent.

(Amended by Stats. 1979, Ch. 730.)


None of the following persons shall be appointed a referee under this title:

(a) A clerk or deputy clerk of the court.

(b) A former or present partner or employee of the judge.

(c) A relative within the third degree of the judge or the judge’s spouse or the spouse of such a relative.

(d) An owner of any interest in the property that is the subject of the action.

(Added by Stats. 1976, Ch. 73.)


The referee may perform any acts necessary to exercise the authority conferred by this title or by order of the court.

(Added by Stats. 1976, Ch. 73.)


The referee or any party may, on noticed motion, petition the court for instructions concerning the referee’s duties under this title.

(Added by Stats. 1976, Ch. 73.)


(a) In selling or dividing the property, the referee may, if it will be for the advantage of those interested, designate a portion of the property as a public or private way, road, or street. In connection therewith, the referee may also recommend the closure of any or all other roads on the property and allocation of the portion of the property occupied by such roads to the parties.

(b) Upon making such a designation and recommendation that is adequate to accommodate public and private needs, the referee shall report that fact to the court.

(c) Upon confirmation of the referee’s report by the court, subject to any necessary action by the appropriate public entities:

(1) The portion of the property designated as a public way, road, or street shall not be allocated to any of the parties or sold but shall be an open and public way, road, or street.

(2) The property designated as a private way, road, or street shall be a private way for the use of the parties interested.

(3) The roads recommended to be closed shall be deemed abandoned upon the terms stated in the order of confirmation.

(Added by Stats. 1976, Ch. 73.)

CCPCode of Civil Procedure - CCP1.