Code Section Group

Business and Professions Code - BPC


  ( Division 8 added by Stats. 1941, Ch. 44. )

CHAPTER 3. Home Furnishings [19000 - 19221]

  ( Heading of Chapter 3 amended by Stats. 1972, Ch. 749. )

ARTICLE 7. Regulations [19150 - 19165]
  ( Article 7 added by Stats. 1941, Ch. 46. )


Every person who falsely advertises or misrepresents in any way any merchandise coming under the provisions of this chapter either directly or indirectly by any medium of advertising, including false statements made on the recognized California State labels or any other label or tag attached to the merchandise in question, is guilty of a violation of this chapter.

(Added by Stats. 1941, Ch. 46.)


No person licensed under this chapter shall advertise an article of upholstered furniture or bedding, or any part thereof, including, but not limited to, headboards, footboards, or frames of beds, using in such advertisement an illustration of an article that is not the article advertised unless the illustration is coupled with a statement that the article advertised is not as illustrated, the statement to be printed in type of at least nine-point bold caps or the equivalent thereto.

(Amended by Stats. 1993, Ch. 1264, Sec. 84. Effective January 1, 1994.)


No unconditional guaranty or replacement without charge relating to the quality of an article of upholstered furniture or bedding given by a person licensed under this chapter to a purchaser of such upholstered furniture or bedding shall exceed a period of five years from the date of sale.

This section does not preclude the offering of a warranty which would allow for a schedule of replacement charges based on period of use.

(Added by Stats. 1970, Ch. 1427.)


Every person, upon receiving upholstered furniture or bedding for repairing or renovating shall securely affix, immediately, a tag of identification showing the owner’s or dealer’s name, address and the date upon which it was received. The tag shall remain affixed until the article is in the process of repair or renovation.

(Amended by Stats. 1965, Ch. 1507.)


The premises, delivery equipment, machinery, appliances and devices of all persons licensed under this chapter shall at all times be kept free from refuse, dirt contamination, insects or vermin.

(Added by Stats. 1941, Ch. 46.)


(a) All mattresses and mattress sets manufactured for sale in this state shall be fire retardant. “Fire retardant,” as used in this section, means a product that meets the standards for resistance to open-flame test adopted by the United States Consumer Product Safety Commission and set forth in Section 1633 and following of Title 16 of the Code of Federal Regulations. The bureau may adopt regulations it deems necessary to implement those standards.

(b) All other bedding products that the bureau determines contribute to mattress bedding fires shall comply with regulations adopted by the bureau specifying that those products be resistant to open-flame ignition.

(c) All seating furniture sold or offered for sale by an importer, manufacturer, or wholesaler for use in this state, including any seating furniture sold to or offered for sale for use in a hotel, motel, or other place of public accommodation in this state, and reupholstered furniture to which filling materials are added, shall be fire retardant and shall be labeled in a manner specified by the bureau. This does not include furniture used exclusively for the purpose of physical fitness and exercise.

(d) Regulations adopted by the bureau for other bedding products shall not apply to any hotel, motel, bed and breakfast, inn, or similar transient lodging establishment that has an automatic fire extinguishing system that conforms to the specifications established in Section 904.1 of Title 24 of the California Code of Regulations.

(e) This section shall become operative on July 1, 2007.

(Repealed (in Sec. 13) and added by Stats. 2006, Ch. 760, Sec. 14. Effective January 1, 2007. Section operative July 1, 2007, by its own provisions.)


All flexible polyurethane foam in the form of slabs, blocks, or sheets, or which is shredded (loose or packaged), except polyurethane foam sold for use as carpet underlayment and polyurethane foam which cannot reasonably be expected to be used in or as an article of furniture or a mattress, that is offered for sale to the general public at retail outlets in this state for noncommercial or nonmanufacturing purposes, shall be fire retardant. “Fire retardant” as used in this section, means a product that meets the regulations adopted by the bureau.

(Repealed and added by Stats. 1984, Ch. 983, Sec. 4. Effective September 10, 1984.)


The chief of the bureau, subject to the approval of the Director of Consumer Affairs, may in his or her discretion exempt items of upholstered furniture which are deemed not to pose a serious fire hazard from the fire retardant requirements of Section 19161.

(Amended by Stats. 1987, Ch. 925, Sec. 11. Effective September 22, 1987.)


A custom upholsterer shall give to his or her customer a written estimate of the price of the labor and materials necessary for a specific job. No work shall be performed and no charges shall accrue before authorization to proceed is obtained from the customer, and no charge shall be made for work performed or materials supplied in excess of the estimated price without the oral or written consent of the customer obtained after it is determined that the estimated price is insufficient and before the work not estimated is performed or the materials not estimated are supplied. Nothing in this section shall be construed as requiring a custom upholsterer to give an estimate if he or she does not agree to perform the requested work. As used in this section, “materials” includes structural units, filling materials, containers, and coverings.

(Amended by Stats. 2002, Ch. 405, Sec. 50. Effective January 1, 2003.)


All work to be performed by a custom upholsterer shall be recorded on a work order containing information required by rules and regulations adopted by the bureau and shall describe all work to be performed, all materials to be supplied, and the period within which the estimate shall remain effective. If any secondhand materials are to be supplied, the work order shall clearly identify them as secondhand. No work shall be performed and no charges shall accrue before authorization for the work and materials is obtained from the customer, and no charge shall be made for work performed or materials supplied different from those specified in the work order without the oral or written consent of the customer. One copy of the work order shall be given to the customer before any work is performed and one copy shall be retained by the custom upholsterer for at least one year. As used in this section, “materials” includes structural units, filling materials, containers, and coverings.

(Added by Stats. 1973, Ch. 173.)


The bureau may, by regulation, establish insulation material standards governing the quality of all insulation material sold or installed within this state, including those properties that affect the safety and thermal performance of insulation material during application and in the use intended. The standards shall specify the initial performance of the insulation material and the performance expected during the design life of the insulation material. Until the bureau has adopted these regulations, the regulations of the State Energy Resources Conservation and Development Commission in effect on the effective date of this section relating to those standards shall remain in full force and effect. However, wherever those regulations specify that the commission shall perform an act, the bureau instead shall perform the act.

Prior to establishing the standards and procedures required by this chapter, the bureau shall conduct at least two public hearings, and shall invite the State Energy Resources Conservation and Development Commission, the State Fire Marshal, manufacturers, distributors, and licensed installers of insulation materials, and appropriate members of the public to participate in the hearings. Immediately upon adoption of the standards and procedures, the bureau shall provide a copy of the standards to the State Energy Resources Conservation and Development Commission, and the Contractors’ State License Board. Within 30 days after receipt of the bureau’s standards, the Contractors’ State License Board shall notify all state licensed contractors who install insulation of the standards.

Insulation standards adopted by the bureau, pursuant to this section, and by the State Energy Resources Conservation and Development Commission, pursuant to Section 25402 of the Public Resources Code, which are building standards, as defined in Section 25488.5 of the Public Resources Code, shall be submitted to the California Building Standards Commission for approval pursuant to, and are governed by, the California Building Standards Law (Part 2.5 (commencing with Section 18901) of Division 13 of the Health and Safety Code). The building standards adopted by the bureau and published in the California Building Standards Code shall comply with, and be enforced as provided in, this section.

(Amended by Stats. 2011, Ch. 296, Sec. 20. (AB 1023) Effective January 1, 2012.)


Insulation material may only be sold or installed in the state which has been certified by the manufacturer to have been tested in accordance with standards adopted by the bureau and which bears a visible bureau approved statement by the manufacturer certifying that the insulation material meets those standards and has been tested and approved by an approved testing laboratory. The testing criteria shall be designed to determine whether insulation materials have met or exceeded minimum established standards. The bureau shall publish and periodically update a directory of certified insulation, including the R-value. The bureau shall charge a fee of fifty dollars ($50) annually, for each certified product listed in the directory up to a maximum of five thousand dollars ($5,000) per manufacturer.

Within 180 days after the date of adoption of those standards, each manufacturer of insulation material shall develop and implement a quality assurance program. Each manufacturer shall keep a record of any testing performed pursuant to the program for a period of three years after it is performed.

(Added by Stats. 1984, Ch. 1456, Sec. 9.5.)

BPCBusiness and Professions Code - BPC7