Code Section

Education Code - EDC

TITLE 3. POSTSECONDARY EDUCATION [66000 - 101149.5]

  ( Title 3 enacted by Stats. 1976, Ch. 1010. )
  

DIVISION 8. CALIFORNIA STATE UNIVERSITY [89000 - 90520]

  ( Heading of Division 8 amended by Stats. 1983, Ch. 143, Sec. 87. )
  

PART 55. CALIFORNIA STATE UNIVERSITY [89000 - 90520]

  ( Heading of Part 55 amended by Stats. 1983, Ch. 143, Sec. 88. )
  

CHAPTER 3. Students [89300 - 89347]

  ( Chapter 3 enacted by Stats. 1976, Ch. 1010. )
  

ARTICLE 1.5. Gloria Romero Open Meetings Act of 2000 [89305 - 89307.4]
  ( Article 1.5 added by Stats. 2000, Ch. 330, Sec. 1. )

  
89307.  

(a) Any legislative body may hold a closed session under any of the following circumstances:

(1) A closed session with its negotiator prior to the purchase, sale, exchange, or lease of real property by or for the student body organization to grant authority to its negotiator regarding the price and terms of payment for the purchase, sale, exchange, or lease. Prior to the closed session, the legislative body shall hold an open and public session in which it identifies its negotiators, the real property or real properties that the negotiations may concern, and the person or persons with whom its negotiators may negotiate.

(2) For purposes of this subdivision:

(A) A negotiator may be a member of the legislative body.

(B) “Lease” includes renewal or renegotiation of a lease.

(b) (1) Based on advice of its legal counsel, holding a closed session to confer with, or receive advice from, its legal counsel regarding a liability claim or pending litigation when discussion in open session concerning the matter would prejudice the position of the student body organization in the litigation.

(2) For purposes of this subdivision, all applications of the lawyer-client privilege other than those provided in this section are hereby abrogated. This section is the exclusive expression of the lawyer-client privilege for purposes of conducting closed-session meetings pursuant to this article.

(3) For purposes of this subdivision, “litigation” means any adjudicatory proceeding, including, but not limited to, eminent domain, court proceeding, or a proceeding of an administrative body exercising its adjudicatory authority, hearing officer, or arbitrator.

(4) For purposes of this subdivision, litigation shall be considered pending when any of the following circumstances exist:

(A) Litigation, to which the student body organization is a party, has been initiated formally.

(B) A point has been reached where, in the opinion of the legislative body on the advice of its legal counsel, based on existing facts and circumstances, there is a significant exposure to litigation against the student body organization.

(C) Based on existing facts and circumstances, the legislative body is meeting only to decide whether a closed session is authorized pursuant to subparagraph (B).

(D) Based on existing facts and circumstances, the legislative body has decided to initiate, or is deciding whether to initiate, litigation.

(5) For purposes of subparagraphs (B), (C), and (D) of paragraph (4), “existing facts and circumstances” shall consist only of one of the following:

(A) Facts and circumstances that might result in litigation against the student body organization, but which the organization believes are not yet known to a potential plaintiff or plaintiffs, which facts and circumstances need not be disclosed.

(B) Facts and circumstances, including, but not necessarily limited to, an accident, disaster, incident, or transactional occurrence, that might result in litigation against the student body organization and that are known to a potential plaintiff or plaintiffs, which facts or circumstances shall be publicly stated on the agenda or announced.

(C) The receipt of a claim pursuant to the Government Claims Act (Division 3.6 (commencing with Section 810) of Title 1 of the Government Code) or some other written communication from a potential plaintiff threatening litigation.

(D) A statement made by a person in an open and public meeting threatening litigation on a specific matter within the responsibility of the legislative body.

(E) A statement threatening litigation made by a person outside an open and public meeting on a specific matter within the responsibility of the legislative body, so long as the official or employee of the student body organization receiving knowledge of the threat makes a contemporaneous or other record of the statement prior to the meeting. The records so created need not identify the alleged victim of unlawful or tortious sexual conduct or anyone making the threat on their behalf, or identify a public employee who is the alleged perpetrator of any unlawful or tortious conduct upon which a threat of litigation is based, unless the identity of the person has been publicly disclosed.

(6) Nothing in this section shall require disclosure of written communications that are privileged and not subject to disclosure pursuant to the California Public Records Act (Chapter 3.5 (commencing with Section 6250) of Division 7 of Title 1 of the Government Code).

(7) Prior to holding a closed session pursuant to this section, the legislative body shall state on the agenda or publicly announce and identify the provision of this section that authorizes the closed session. If the session is closed pursuant to paragraph (1), the legislative body shall state the title of or otherwise specifically identify the litigation to be discussed, unless the legislative body states that to do so would jeopardize the ability of the student body organization to effectuate service of process upon one or more unserved parties, or that to do so would jeopardize its ability to conclude existing settlement negotiations to its advantage.

(8) For purposes of this subdivision, a student body organization shall be considered to be a “party” or to have a “significant exposure to litigation” if an officer or employee of the student body organization is a party or has significant exposure to litigation concerning prior or prospective activities or alleged activities during the course and scope of that office or employment, including litigation in which it is an issue whether an activity is outside the course and scope of the office or employment.

(c) (1) Nothing contained in this section shall be construed to prevent a legislative body from holding closed sessions with the Attorney General, district attorney, sheriff, or chief of police, or their respective deputies, on matters posing a threat to the security of public buildings or a threat to the public’s right of access to public services or public facilities, or from holding closed sessions during a regular or special meeting to consider the appointment, employment, evaluation of performance, discipline, or dismissal of an employee of the student body organization or to hear complaints or charges brought against the employee by another person or employee unless the employee requests a public session.

(2) As a condition to holding a closed session on specific complaints or charges brought against an employee by another person or employee, the employee shall be given written notice of his or her right to have the complaints or charges heard in an open session rather than a closed session, which notice shall be delivered to the employee personally or by mail at least 24 hours before the time for holding the session. If notice is not given, any disciplinary or other action taken by the legislative body against the employee based on the specific complaints or charges in the closed session shall be null and void.

(3) A legislative body also may exclude from the public or closed meeting, during the examination of a witness, any or all other witnesses in the matter being investigated by the legislative body.

(4) For the purposes of this subdivision, the term “employee” shall include an officer or an independent contractor who functions as an officer or an employee of the student body organization, but shall not include any elected official, member of a legislative body, or other independent contractor. Closed sessions held pursuant to this section shall not include discussion or action on proposed compensation except for a reduction of compensation that results from the imposition of discipline.

(d) (1) A legislative body shall publicly report any action taken in closed session and the vote or abstention of every member present thereon, as follows:

(A) Approval of an agreement concluding real property negotiations pursuant to subdivision (a) shall be reported after the agreement is final, as follows:

(i) If its own approval renders the agreement final, the legislative body board or subboard shall report that approval and the substance of the agreement in open session at the public meeting during which the closed session is held.

(ii) If final approval rests with the other party to the negotiations, the legislative body shall disclose the fact of that approval and the substance of the agreement upon inquiry by any person, as soon as the other party or its agent has informed the legislative body of its approval.

(B) Approval given to its legal counsel to defend, or seek or refrain from seeking appellate review or relief, or to enter as an amicus curiae in any form of litigation, as the result of a consultation under subdivision (b) shall be reported in open session at the public meeting during which the closed session is held. The report shall identify, if known, the adverse party or parties and the substance of the litigation. In the case of approval given to initiate or intervene in an action, the announcement need not identify the action, the defendants, or other particulars, but shall specify that the direction to initiate or intervene in an action has been given and that the action, the defendants, and the other particulars shall, once formally commenced, be disclosed to any person upon inquiry, unless to do so would jeopardize the ability of the student body organization to effectuate service of process on one or more unserved parties, or that to do so would jeopardize its ability to conclude existing settlement negotiations to its advantage.

(C) Approval given to its legal counsel of a settlement of pending litigation, as defined in subdivision (b), at any stage prior to or during a judicial or quasi-judicial proceeding shall be reported after the settlement is final, as follows:

(i) If a legislative body accepts a settlement offer signed by the opposing party, the legislative body shall report its acceptance and identify the substance of the agreement in open session at the public meeting during which the closed session is held.

(ii) If final approval rests with some other party to the litigation or with the court, then, as soon as the settlement becomes final, and upon inquiry by any person, the legislative body shall disclose the fact of that approval and identify the substance of the agreement.

(D) Action taken to appoint, employ, dismiss, accept the resignation of, or otherwise affect the employment status of an employee of the employee organization in closed session pursuant to subdivision (c) shall be reported at the public meeting during which the closed session is held. Any report required by this subparagraph shall identify the title of the employee’s position. Notwithstanding the general requirement of this subparagraph, the report of a dismissal or of the nonrenewal of an employment contract shall be deferred until the first public meeting following the exhaustion of administrative remedies, if any.

(E) Approval of an agreement concluding labor negotiations with represented employees pursuant to subdivision (e) shall be reported after the agreement is final and has been accepted or ratified by the other party. The report shall identify the item approved and the other party or parties to the negotiation.

(2) Reports that are required to be made pursuant to this subdivision may be made orally or in writing. A legislative body shall provide to any person who has submitted a written request to the legislative body within 24 hours of the posting of the agenda, or to any person who has made a standing request for all documentation as part of a request for notice of meetings pursuant to Section 89306.5, if the requester is present at the time the closed session ends, copies of any contracts, settlement agreements, or other documents that were finally approved or adopted in the closed session. If the action taken results in one or more substantive amendments to the related documents requiring retyping, the documents need not be released until the retyping is completed during normal business hours, provided that the presiding officer of the legislative body, or his or her designee, orally summarizes the substance of the amendments for the benefit of the document requester or any other person present and requesting the information.

(3) The documentation referred to in paragraph (2) shall be available to any person on the next business day following the meeting in which the action referred to is taken or, in the case of substantial amendments, when any necessary retyping is complete.

(4) Nothing in this subdivision shall be construed to require that a legislative body approve actions not otherwise subject to the approval of that legislative body.

(5) No action for injury to a reputational, liberty, or other personal interest may be commenced by or on behalf of any employee or former employee with respect to whom a disclosure is made by a legislative body in an effort to comply with this subdivision.

(e) (1) Notwithstanding any other provision of law, a legislative body may hold closed sessions with the designated representative of the student body organization regarding the salaries, salary schedules, or compensation paid in the form of fringe benefits of its represented and unrepresented employees, and, for represented employees, any other matter within the statutorily provided scope of representation. However, prior to the closed session, the legislative body shall hold an open and public session in which it identifies its designated representatives.

(2) (A) Closed sessions of a legislative body, as permitted in this subdivision, shall be for the purpose of reviewing its position and instructing the designated representative of the student body organization.

(B) Closed sessions, as permitted in this subdivision, may take place prior to and during consultations and discussions with representatives of employee organizations and unrepresented employees.

(C) Closed sessions with the designated representative of the student body organization regarding the salaries, salary schedules, or compensation paid in the form of fringe benefits may include discussion of the available funds and funding priorities of the student body organization, but only insofar as these discussions relate to providing instructions to the designated representative of the student body organization.

(D) Closed sessions held pursuant to this subdivision shall not include final action on the proposed compensation of one or more unrepresented employees.

(E) For the purposes enumerated in this subdivision, a legislative body may also meet with a state conciliator who has intervened in the proceedings.

(3) For the purposes of this subdivision, the term “employee” includes an officer or an independent contractor who functions as an officer or an employee of the student body organization, but shall not include any elected official, member of a legislative body, or other independent contractors.

(f) (1) Prior to holding any closed session, the legislative body shall disclose, in an open meeting, the item or items to be discussed in the closed session. The disclosure may take the form of a reference to the item or items as they are listed by number or letter on the agenda. In the closed session, the legislative body may consider only those matters covered in its statement. Nothing in this subdivision shall require or authorize a disclosure of information prohibited by state or federal law.

(2) After any closed session, the legislative body shall reconvene into open session prior to adjournment, and shall make any disclosures required by subdivision (d) of action taken in the closed session.

(3) The disclosure required to be made in open session pursuant to this subdivision may be made at the location announced in the agenda for the closed session, as long as the public is allowed to be present at that location for the purpose of hearing the announcements.

(Amended by Stats. 2012, Ch. 759, Sec. 3. (AB 2690) Effective January 1, 2013.)