Code Section

Military and Veterans Code - MVC

DIVISION 2. THE MILITARY FORCES OF THE STATE [100 - 567]

  ( Division 2 enacted by Stats. 1935, Ch. 389. )
  

PART 1. THE STATE MILITIA [100 - 491.3]

  ( Part 1 enacted by Stats. 1935, Ch. 389. )
  

CHAPTER 7.5. Protections [400 - 409.15]
  ( Chapter 7.5 added by Stats. 2002, Ch. 60, first Sec. 6. )

  
408.  

(a) This section shall apply only to obligations secured by mortgage, trust deed, or other security in the nature of a mortgage upon real or personal property owned by a service member.

(b) In any proceeding commenced in any court during, or within one year after, the period of military service to enforce that obligation as provided in subdivision (a), the court may, after hearing and in its discretion on its own motion, and shall, on application to it by the service member or some person on the defendant’s behalf, unless in the opinion of the court the ability of the defendant to comply with the terms of the obligation is not materially affected by reason of the defendant’s military service, do either of the following:

(1) Stay the proceedings for any period as the court deems just.

(2) Make any other disposition of the case as may be equitable to conserve the interests of all parties.

(c) No sale, foreclosure, or seizure of property for nonpayment of any sum due under any obligation as provided in subdivision (a), or for any other breach of the terms thereof, whether under a power of sale, under a judgment entered upon warrant of attorney to confess judgment contained therein, or otherwise, shall be valid if made during the period of military service or within one year thereafter, except pursuant to an agreement between the parties made after the nonpayment or breach, unless upon an order previously granted by the court and a return thereto made and approved by the court.

(d) Any person violating this section shall be liable for actual damages, reasonable attorney’s fees, and costs incurred by the injured party.

(e) Any person who shall knowingly make or cause to be made any sale, foreclosure, or seizure of property, defined as invalid by subdivision (c), or attempts to do so, is guilty of a misdemeanor, and shall be punishable by imprisonment not to exceed one year or by a fine not to exceed one thousand dollars ($1,000), or both.

(Amended by Stats. 2018, Ch. 555, Sec. 10. (AB 3212) Effective January 1, 2019.)