Code Section

Corporations Code - CORP

TITLE 4. SECURITIES [25000 - 31516]

  ( Title 4 added by Stats. 1949, Ch. 384. )


  ( Division 1 repealed and added by Stats. 1968, Ch. 88. )

PART 1. DEFINITIONS [25000 - 25023]

  ( Part 1 added by Stats. 1968, Ch. 88. )

(a) “Broker-dealer” means any person engaged in the business of effecting transactions in securities in this state for the account of others or for that person’s own account. “Broker-dealer” also includes a person engaged in the regular business of issuing or guaranteeing options with regard to securities not of that person’s own issue. “Broker-dealer” does not include any of the following:

(1) Any other issuer.

(2) An agent, when an employee of a broker-dealer or issuer.

(3) A bank, trust company, or savings and loan association.

(4) Any person insofar as that person buys or sells securities for that person’s own account, either individually or in some fiduciary capacity, but not as part of a regular business.

(5) A person who has no place of business in this state if that person effects transactions in this state exclusively with (A) the issuers of the securities involved in the transactions or (B) other broker-dealers.

(6) A broker licensed by the Real Estate Commissioner of this state when engaged in transactions in securities exempted by subdivision (f) or (p) of Section 25100 or in securities the issuance of which is subject to authorization by the Real Estate Commissioner of this state or in transactions exempted by subdivision (e) of Section 25102.

(7) An exchange certified by the Commissioner of Business Oversight pursuant to this section when it is issuing or guaranteeing options. The commissioner may by order certify an exchange under this section upon those conditions as the commissioner by rule or order deems appropriate, and upon notice and opportunity to be heard the commissioner may suspend or revoke that certification, if the commissioner finds that certification, suspension, or revocation to be in the public interest and necessary and appropriate for the protection of investors.

(b) For purposes of this section, an agent is an employee of a broker-dealer under paragraph (2) of subdivision (a) when the agent is employed by or associated with the broker-dealer under all of the following conditions:

(1) The agent is subject to the supervision and control of the broker-dealer.

(2) The agent performs under the name, authority, and marketing policies of the broker-dealer.

(3) The agent discloses to investors the identity of the broker-dealer.

(4) The agent is reported pursuant to subdivision (c) of Section 25210 and the rules adopted thereunder.

(Amended by Stats. 2019, Ch. 143, Sec. 41. (SB 251) Effective January 1, 2020.)