Code Section

Civil Code - CIV

DIVISION 3. OBLIGATIONS [1427 - 3273]

  ( Heading of Division 3 amended by Stats. 1988, Ch. 160, Sec. 14. )
  

PART 2. CONTRACTS [1549 - 1701]

  ( Part 2 enacted 1872. )
  

TITLE 1. NATURE OF A CONTRACT [1549 - 1615]

  ( Title 1 enacted 1872. )
  

CHAPTER 3. Consent [1565 - 1590]
  ( Chapter 3 enacted 1872. )

  
1573.  

Constructive fraud consists:

1. In any breach of duty which, without an actually fraudulent intent, gains an advantage to the person in fault, or any one claiming under him, by misleading another to his prejudice, or to the prejudice of any one claiming under him; or,

2. In any such act or omission as the law specially declares to be fraudulent, without respect to actual fraud.

(Enacted 1872.)