Code Section

Welfare and Institutions Code - WIC


  ( Division 9 added by Stats. 1965, Ch. 1784. )


  ( Part 3 added by Stats. 1965, Ch. 1784. )

CHAPTER 11. Elder Abuse and Dependent Adult Civil Protection Act [15600 - 15675]

  ( Heading of Chapter 11 amended by Stats. 1991, Ch. 774, Sec. 1. )

ARTICLE 8.5. Civil Actions for Abuse of Elderly or Dependent Adults [15657 - 15657.8]
  ( Article 8.5 added by Stats. 1991, Ch. 774, Sec. 3. )


Where it is proven by clear and convincing evidence that a defendant is liable for physical abuse as defined in Section 15610.63, neglect as defined in Section 15610.57, or abandonment as defined in Section 15610.05, and that the defendant has been guilty of recklessness, oppression, fraud, or malice in the commission of this abuse, the following shall apply, in addition to all other remedies otherwise provided by law:

(a) The court shall award to the plaintiff reasonable attorney’s fees and costs. The term “costs” includes, but is not limited to, reasonable fees for the services of a conservator, if any, devoted to the litigation of a claim brought under this article.

(b) The limitations imposed by Section 377.34 of the Code of Civil Procedure on the damages recoverable shall not apply. However, the damages recovered shall not exceed the damages permitted to be recovered pursuant to subdivision (b) of Section 3333.2 of the Civil Code.

(c) The standards set forth in subdivision (b) of Section 3294 of the Civil Code regarding the imposition of punitive damages on an employer based upon the acts of an employee shall be satisfied before any damages or attorney’s fees permitted under this section may be imposed against an employer.

(Amended by Stats. 2019, Ch. 21, Sec. 1. (SB 314) Effective January 1, 2020.)