Code Section

Unemployment Insurance Code - UIC

DIVISION 1. UNEMPLOYMENT AND DISABILITY COMPENSATION [100 - 4751]

  ( Division 1 enacted by Stats. 1953, Ch. 308. )
  

PART 1. UNEMPLOYMENT COMPENSATION [100 - 2129]

  ( Part 1 enacted by Stats. 1953, Ch. 308. )
  

CHAPTER 3. Scope or Coverage [601 - 832]

  ( Chapter 3 enacted by Stats. 1953, Ch. 308. )
  

ARTICLE 1.5. Employee [621 - 623]
  ( Article 1.5 added by Stats. 1971, Ch. 1107. )

  
621.  

“Employee” means all of the following:

(a) Any officer of a corporation.

(b) Any individual providing labor or services for remuneration has the status of an employee rather than an independent contractor unless the hiring entity demonstrates all of the following conditions:

(1) The individual is free from the control and direction of the hiring entity in connection with the performance of the work, both under the contract for the performance of the work and in fact.

(2) The individual performs work that is outside the usual course of the hiring entity’s business.

(3) The individual is customarily engaged in an independently established trade, occupation, or business of the same nature as that involved in the work performed.

(c) (1) Any individual, other than an individual who is an employee under subdivision (a) or (b), who performs services for remuneration for any employing unit if the contract of service contemplates that substantially all of those services are to be performed personally by that individual either:

(A) As an agent-driver or commission-driver engaged in distributing meat products, vegetable products, fruit products, bakery products, beverages (other than milk), or laundry or drycleaning services, for their principal.

(B) As a traveling or city salesperson, other than as an agent-driver or commission-driver, engaged upon a full-time basis in the solicitation on behalf of, and the transmission to, their principal (except for sideline sales activities on behalf of some other person) of orders from wholesalers, retailers, contractors, or operators of hotels, restaurants, or other similar establishments for merchandise for resale or supplies for use in their business operations.

(C) As a home worker performing work, according to specifications furnished by the person for whom the services are performed, on materials or goods furnished by that person that are required to be returned to that person or a designee thereof.

(2) An individual shall not be included in the term “employee” under the provisions of this subdivision if that individual has a substantial investment in facilities used in connection with the performance of those services, other than in facilities for transportation, or if the services are in the nature of a single transaction not part of a continuing relationship with the employing unit for whom the services are performed.

(d) Any individual who is an employee pursuant to Section 601.5 or 686.

(e) Any individual whose services are in subject employment pursuant to an election for coverage under any provision of Article 4 (commencing with Section 701) of this chapter.

(f) Any member of a limited liability company that is treated as a corporation for federal income tax purposes.

(Amended by Stats. 2019, Ch. 296, Sec. 5. (AB 5) Effective January 1, 2020.)