Code Section

Penal Code - PEN

PART 1. OF CRIMES AND PUNISHMENTS [25 - 680]

  ( Part 1 enacted 1872. )
  

TITLE 11.6. CIVIL RIGHTS [422.55 - 422.93]

  ( Title 11.6 added by Stats. 1987, Ch. 1277, Sec. 4. )
  

CHAPTER 1. Definitions [422.55 - 422.57]
  ( Chapter 1 added by Stats. 2004, Ch. 700, Sec. 6. )

  
422.55.  

For purposes of this title, and for purposes of all other state law unless an explicit provision of law or the context clearly requires a different meaning, the following shall apply:

(a) “Hate crime” means a criminal act committed, in whole or in part, because of one or more of the following actual or perceived characteristics of the victim:

(1) Disability.

(2) Gender.

(3) Nationality.

(4) Race or ethnicity.

(5) Religion.

(6) Sexual orientation.

(7) Association with a person or group with one or more of these actual or perceived characteristics.

(b) “Hate crime” includes, but is not limited to, a violation of Section 422.6.

(Added by Stats. 2004, Ch. 700, Sec. 6. Effective January 1, 2005.)