Code Section

Penal Code - PEN


  ( Part 6 added by Stats. 2010, Ch. 711, Sec. 6. )

TITLE 4. FIREARMS [23500 - 34370]

  ( Title 4 added by Stats. 2010, Ch. 711, Sec. 6. )


  ( Division 10 added by Stats. 2010, Ch. 711, Sec. 6. )

CHAPTER 4. Handguns and Firearm Safety [31500 - 32110]

  ( Heading of Chapter 4 amended by Stats. 2013, Ch. 761, Sec. 12. )

ARTICLE 2. Firearm Safety Certificate [31610 - 31670]
  ( Heading of Article 2 amended by Stats. 2013, Ch. 761, Sec. 13. )


(a) The department shall develop a written objective test, in English and in Spanish, and prescribe its content, form, and manner, to be administered by an instructor certified by the department.

(b) If the person taking the test is unable to read, the test shall be administered orally. If the person taking the test is unable to read English or Spanish, the test may be administered orally by a translator.

(c) The test shall cover, but not be limited to, all of the following:

(1) The laws applicable to carrying and handling firearms, particularly handguns.

(2) The responsibilities of ownership of firearms, particularly handguns.

(3) Current law as it relates to the private sale and transfer of firearms.

(4) Current law as it relates to the permissible use of lethal force.

(5) What constitutes safe firearm storage.

(6) Issues associated with bringing a firearm into the home, including suicide.

(7) Prevention strategies to address issues associated with bringing firearms into the home.

(d) Commencing January 1, 2019, the test shall require the applicant to be provided with, and acknowledge receipt of, the following warning information:

(1) “Firearms must be handled responsibly and securely stored to prevent access by children and other unauthorized users. California has strict laws pertaining to firearms and you can be fined or imprisoned if you fail to comply with them. Visit the website of the California Attorney General at for information on firearm laws applicable to you and how you can comply.”

(2) “If you decide to sell or give your firearm to someone, you must generally complete a ‘Dealer Record of Sale (DROS)’ form and conduct the transfer through a licensed firearms dealer. Remember, it is generally a crime to transfer a firearm without first filling out this form. If the police recover a firearm that was involved in a crime, the firearm’s previous owner may be prosecuted if the previous owner did not fill out the DROS form. Please make sure you go to a licensed firearms dealer and fill out that form if you want to sell or give away your firearm.”

(3) “If you or someone you know is contemplating suicide, please call the national suicide prevention lifeline at 1-800-273-TALK (8255).”

(e) (1) The department shall update test materials related to this article at least once every five years.

(2) The department shall update the internet website referenced in subdivision (d) regularly to reflect current laws and regulations.

(f) A dealer licensed pursuant to Sections 26700 to 26915, inclusive, or an employee, or a managing officer or partner certified as an instructor pursuant to this article, shall designate a separate room or partitioned area for a person to take the objective test, and maintain adequate supervision to ensure that no acts of collusion occur while the objective test is being administered.

(g) This section shall become operative on June 1, 2020.

(Repealed (in Sec. 5) and added by Stats. 2019, Ch. 729, Sec. 6. (AB 645) Effective January 1, 2020. Section operative June 1, 2020, by its own provisions.)