Code Section

Insurance Code - INS

DIVISION 2. CLASSES OF INSURANCE [1880 - 12880.6]

  ( Division 2 enacted by Stats. 1935, Ch. 145. )
  

PART 2. LIFE AND DISABILITY INSURANCE [10110 - 11549]

  ( Part 2 enacted by Stats. 1935, Ch. 145. )
  

CHAPTER 1. The Contract [10110 - 10198.10]

  ( Chapter 1 enacted by Stats. 1935, Ch. 145. )
  

ARTICLE 6. Medicare Supplement Policies [10192.1 - 10192.24]
  ( Article 6 repealed and added by Stats. 2000, Ch. 706, Sec. 4. )

  
10192.24.  

This section applies to all policies with policy years beginning on or after May 21, 2009.

(a) In addition to the requirements set forth under Sections 10140 and 10143, an issuer of a Medicare supplement policy or certificate shall adhere to the requirements imposed by the federal Genetic Information Nondiscrimination Act of 2008 (Public Law 110-233) as follows:

(1) The issuer shall not deny or condition the issuance or effectiveness of the policy or certificate, including the imposition of any exclusion of benefits under the policy based on a preexisting condition, on the basis of the genetic information with respect to that individual or a family member of the individual.

(2) The issuer shall not discriminate in the pricing of the policy or certificate, including the adjustment of premium rates, of an individual on the basis of the genetic information with respect to that individual or a family member of the individual.

(b) Nothing in subdivision (a) shall be construed to limit the ability of an issuer, to the extent otherwise permitted by law, to do either of the following:

(1) Deny or condition the issuance or effectiveness of the policy or certificate or increase the premium for a group based on the manifestation of a disease or disorder of an insured or applicant.

(2) Increase the premium for any policy issued to an individual based on the manifestation of a disease or disorder of an individual who is covered under the policy. For purposes of this paragraph, the manifestation of a disease or disorder in one individual shall not also be used as genetic information about other group members and to further increase the premium for the group.

(c) An issuer of a Medicare supplement policy or certificate shall not request or require an individual or a family member of that individual to undergo a genetic test.

(d) Subdivision (c) shall not be construed to preclude an issuer of a Medicare supplement policy or certificate from obtaining and using the results of a genetic test in making a determination regarding payment, as defined for the purposes of applying the regulations promulgated under Part C of Title XI and Section 264 of the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996, as may be revised from time to time, and consistent with subdivision (a).

(e) For purposes of carrying out subdivision (d), an issuer of a Medicare supplement policy or certificate may request only the minimum amount of information necessary to accomplish the intended purpose.

(f) An issuer of a Medicare supplement policy or certificate shall not request, require, seek, or purchase genetic information for underwriting purposes.

(g) An issuer of a Medicare supplement policy or certificate shall not request, require, seek, or purchase genetic information with respect to any individual or a family member of that individual prior to the individual’s enrollment under the policy in connection with that enrollment.

(h) If an issuer of a Medicare supplement policy or certificate obtains genetic information incidental to the requesting, requiring, or purchasing of other information concerning any individual or a family member of that individual, the request, requirement, or purchase shall not be considered a violation of subdivision (g) if the request, requirement, or purchase is not in violation of subdivision (f). However, the issuer shall not use any genetic information obtained under this section for any prohibited purpose described in this section or in Sections 10140 and 10143.

(i) For the purposes of this section, the following definitions shall apply:

(1) “Issuer of a Medicare supplement policy or certificate” includes a third-party administrator, or other person acting for or on behalf of an issuer.

(2) “Family member” means, with respect to an individual, any other individual who is a first-degree, second-degree, third-degree, or fourth-degree relative of the individual.

(3) “Genetic information” means, with respect to any individual, information about the individual’s genetic tests, the genetic tests of family members of the individual, and the manifestation of a disease or disorder in family members of the individual. The term includes, with respect to any individual, any request for, or receipt of, genetic services, or participation in clinical research that includes genetic services, by the individual or any family member of the individual. Any reference to genetic information concerning an individual or family member of an individual who is a pregnant woman includes genetic information of any fetus carried by that pregnant woman, or with respect to an individual or family member utilizing reproductive technology, includes genetic information of any embryo legally held by an individual or family member. The term “genetic information” does not include information about the sex or age of any individual.

(4) “Genetic services” means a genetic test, genetic education, or genetic counseling, including obtaining, interpreting, or assessing genetic information.

(5) “Genetic test” means an analysis of human DNA, RNA, chromosomes, proteins, or metabolites, that detect genotypes, mutations, or chromosomal changes. The term “genetic test” does not mean an analysis of proteins or metabolites that does not detect genotypes, mutations, or chromosomal changes; or an analysis of proteins or metabolites that is directly related to a manifested disease, disorder, or pathological condition that could reasonably be detected by a health care professional with appropriate training and expertise in the field of medicine involved.

(6) “Underwriting purposes” includes all of the following:

(A) Rules for, or determination of, eligibility, including enrollment and continued eligibility, for benefits under the policy.

(B) The computation of premium or contribution amounts under the policy.

(C) The application of any preexisting condition exclusion under the policy.

(D) Other activities related to the creation, renewal, or replacement of a policy of health insurance or health benefits.

(Added by Stats. 2009, Ch. 10, Sec. 27. Effective July 2, 2009.)