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AB-901 Juveniles.(2019-2020)



Current Version: 09/06/19 - Amended Senate         Compare Versions information image


AB901:v95#DOCUMENT

Amended  IN  Senate  September 06, 2019
Amended  IN  Senate  August 13, 2019
Amended  IN  Senate  June 20, 2019
Amended  IN  Assembly  May 16, 2019

CALIFORNIA LEGISLATURE— 2019–2020 REGULAR SESSION

Assembly Bill
No. 901


Introduced by Assembly Member Gipson
(Coauthors: Assembly Members Cristina Garcia, Eduardo Garcia, and Weber)
(Coauthor: Senator Skinner)

February 20, 2019


An act to amend amend, repeal, and add Sections 1981, 2574, 48260.5, 48263, 48267, 48268, and 48269 of the Education Code, and to amend Sections 236, Section 236 of, to amend and repeal Section 653 of, to amend, repeal, and add Sections 258, 601, 601.3, 650, 652, 653.5, and 654 of, and to add Section 651.5 to, and to repeal Section 653 of, the Welfare and Institutions Code, relating to juveniles.


LEGISLATIVE COUNSEL'S DIGEST


AB 901, as amended, Gipson. Juveniles.
(1) Existing law authorizes a pupil to be referred to a school attendance review board, or to the probation department for services if the probation department has elected to receive these referrals, if the pupil is habitually truant, a chronic absentee, or is habitually insubordinate or disorderly at school. Existing law requires the school attendance review board or probation officer to direct those pupils or their parents or guardians to make use of community services, if available. Upon a determination that available community services cannot resolve the problem of truancy or insubordination, existing law authorizes the school attendance review board or probation officer to notify the district attorney in a county that has elected to participate in a truancy mediation program. In a county that has not elected to participate in a truancy mediation program, existing law authorizes the county superintendent of schools to petition the juvenile court on behalf of a pupil for proper disposition of a case. In a county that has not established a school attendance review board, existing law authorizes the school district to notify the district attorney or probation officer, as specified, that available community resources cannot resolve the problem of truancy or insubordination.
This bill would would, commencing July 1, 2021, repeal the authority of the county superintendent of schools to petition the juvenile court on behalf of a pupil, as described above, in a county that has not elected to participate in a truancy mediation program.
(2) Existing law authorizes a county board of education to establish and maintain one or more community schools. Existing law authorizes the county board of education to enroll pupils in a county community school who meet specified criteria.
This bill would would, commencing July 1, 2021, additionally authorize a county board of education to enroll a pupil in a county community school who is referred by a school attendance review board, or in counties without a school attendance review board, referred by a school district, board, including when the pupil is between 12 and 17 years of age, inclusive, and has been reported as a truant 4 or more times per school year or is a chronic absentee.
(3) Existing law establishes a public school financing system that requires state funding for county superintendents of schools, school districts, and charter schools to be calculated pursuant to a local control funding formula, as specified. The local control funding formula calculation for county superintendents of schools includes, among other components, an alternative education grant that is based, in part, on the average daily attendance of pupils attending schools operated by a county office of education who are enrolled for specified reasons, including, among others, being on probation or parole and in attendance in a school.
This bill would would, commencing July 1, 2021, additionally include for purposes of that part of the alternative education grant the average daily attendance of pupils attending schools operated by a county office of education who are enrolled because the pupil was referred by a school attendance review board, or in counties without a school attendance review board, referred by a school district, board when the pupil is between 12 and 17 years of age, inclusive, and has been reported as a truant 4 or more times per school year or is a chronic absentee. The bill also would delete an obsolete provision.
(4) Existing law requires a school district to notify a pupil’s parent or guardian of the pupil’s truancy, including that the pupil may be subject to prosecution. Existing law requires a pupil who has once been adjudged an habitual truant or habitually insubordinate or disorderly during attendance at school by the juvenile court who is reported as truant, as specified, to be brought to the attention of the juvenile court and the pupil’s probation or parole officer. Existing law authorizes the court to render judgment that a parent or guardian of an insubordinate or disorderly pupil deliver the pupil to school daily, as specified. Existing law authorizes the suspension of that judgment upon the execution of a bond in the amount of $200.
This bill would would, commencing July 1, 2021, revise and recast those provisions to repeal the requirements that those habitually truant, insubordinate, or disorderly pupils be brought to the attention of the juvenile court and the pupil’s probation or parole officer. The bill would repeal the authority of the court to require the delivery of a pupil who is insubordinate or disorderly to school daily and the respective bond provisions. The bill would repeal the requirement that a school district notify a truant pupil’s parent or guardian that they may be subject to specified provisions.
(5) Existing law permits a probation department to engage in activities designed to prevent juvenile delinquency, including rendering direct and indirect services to persons in the community. Under existing law, a probation department is not limited to providing services only to those persons who are on probation and under supervision, but is authorized to provide these services to any juveniles in the community.
This bill would clarify that these services or programs that are offered to minors or minor’s minors’ parents or guardians who are not on probation are voluntary, as specified, and would prohibit a probation department from taking specified actions as part of providing those services or programs to minors not on probation, including, among other things, maintaining a formal or informal caseload or creating mandated-probation mandated probation conditions.
(6) Existing law places a person who is between 12 and 17 years of age within the jurisdiction of the juvenile court for certain offenses, including, among others, that the person habitually refuses to obey the reasonable and proper orders or directions of their parents or is habitually truant, as specified. Existing law authorizes a juvenile court to adjudge a person under these circumstances to be a ward of the court. Existing law authorizes a peace officer or school administrator to issue a notice to appear to a minor who is within the jurisdiction of the juvenile court pursuant to this provision.
This bill would delete would, commencing July 1, 2021, repeal the authority of the juvenile court to adjudge a person who is between 12 and 17 years of age as a ward of the court based on truancy, and the authority of a school administrator to issue a notice to appear to a minor under these provisions. Prior to issuing notices a notice to appear under these provisions, the bill would instead require peace officers a peace officer to refer any a minor under their jurisdiction to community-based diversion, and, if unavailable, would require the probation department to offer those services. a community-based resource, the probation department, a health agency, a local educational agency, or other governmental entities that may provide services. To the extent the bill would impose new duties on local entities, peace officers, the bill would impose a state-mandated local program.
Existing law also authorizes a probation officer or district attorney to petition the court to make a truant minor a ward of the court after the conclusion of certain meetings with the minor’s parents or guardians. Existing law authorizes truancy mediation programs to be established by the district attorney or the probation officer.
The bill would would, commencing July 1, 2021, repeal the authority of the district attorney and probation officer to petition the court under the circumstances described above, and would require those officials to cooperate in determining whether another person or entity should be operating their truancy mediation programs, as specified. By imposing new duties on local entities, the bill would impose a state-mandated local program.
(7) Upon receipt of an application to commence proceedings in the juvenile court, as specified, existing law requires a probation officer to make any investigation the officer deems necessary to determine whether proceedings in the juvenile court should be commenced. Existing law requires the probation officer to make a referral for family services, if determined appropriate.
This bill would would, commencing July 1, 2021, require the probation officer to refer the youth to services provided by health agencies, community-based organizations, as defined, school districts, appropriate non-law enforcement agencies, or the probation department. a community-based resource, the probation department, a health agency, a local educational agency, or other governmental entities that may provide services. By imposing new duties on probation officers, the bill would impose a state-mandated local program.
(8) Existing law requires a probation officer to cause an affidavit to be taken within 48 hours to a prosecuting attorney in certain cases, including, but not limited to, when the minor has previously been placed in informal probation.
This bill would would, commencing July 1, 2021, repeal the requirement that the probation officer cause an affidavit to be filed under that circumstance.
(9) Existing law authorizes a probation officer who, after investigation of an application for a petition or any other investigation the probation officer is authorized to make, concludes that a minor is within the jurisdiction of the juvenile court, or will probably soon be within that jurisdiction, to, in lieu of filing a petition to declare a minor a dependent child of the court or a ward of the court, or requesting that a petition be filed by the prosecuting attorney to declare a minor a ward of the court, as specified, with consent of the minor and the minor’s parent or guardian, delineate specific programs of supervision for the minor, not to exceed 6 months, and attempt to adjust the situation that brings the minor within the jurisdiction of the court or creates the probability that the minor will soon be within that jurisdiction. Existing law requires the probation officer to immediately file a petition or request the filing of a petition upon the failure of a minor to participate in those programs, as specified. Existing law requires the program of supervision to require the parents or guardians of the minor to participate with the minor in counseling or education programs and specifies that the minor’s parents may be required to reimburse the county for the cost of services rendered to the minor’s family. Existing law also authorizes the probation officer to maintain and operate counseling and education centers, and requires the probation officer to prepare followup reports with respect to programs of supervision undertaken pursuant to these provisions.
This bill would delete would, commencing July 1, 2021, repeal the authority of a probation officer to take the above-described actions when the probation officer concludes that a minor is probably within the jurisdiction of the juvenile court, and would instead authorize a probation officer, in lieu of filing a petition or to declare a minor a ward of the court or requesting that a petition be filed by the prosecuting attorney to declare a minor a ward of the court, as specified, to refer the minor to certain services and, if those services are provided by the probation department, delineate specific programs of supervision for the minor, not to exceed 6 months, and attempt to adjust the situation that brings the minor within the jurisdiction of the court. The bill would authorize the filing of a petition for the failure of a minor to participate in those programs, as specified. The bill would instead require the program of supervision under these provisions to encourage the parents or guardians of the minor to participate with the minor in counseling or education programs and delete the authority for the minor’s parents to be required to reimburse the county for the cost of services rendered to the minor’s family.
The bill would would, commencing July 1, 2021, also revise and recast the provision that authorizes counseling and education centers, and would further authorize the probation officer, officer to contract with certain entities to provide vocational training or skills, counseling and mental health resources, educational supports, and arts, recreation, and other youth development services.
(10) This bill would incorporate additional changes to Section 2574 of the Education Code proposed by AB 39 to be operative only if this bill and AB 39 are enacted and this bill is enacted last.

(10)

(11) The California Constitution requires the state to reimburse local agencies and school districts for certain costs mandated by the state. Statutory provisions establish procedures for making that reimbursement.
This bill would provide that, if the Commission on State Mandates determines that the bill contains costs mandated by the state, reimbursement for those costs shall be made pursuant to the statutory provisions noted above.
Vote: MAJORITY   Appropriation: NO   Fiscal Committee: YES   Local Program: YES  

The people of the State of California do enact as follows:


SECTION 1.

 (a) In enacting this act, it is the intent of the Legislature that cities and counties work closely with minors, parents or guardians of minors, school districts, community partners, and system officials to create coordinated diversion opportunities in their counties.
(b) It is further the intent of the Legislature that cities and counties work closely with youth, parents or guardians, school districts, community partners, and system officials to serve and protect youth only as needed, avoiding any contact with the juvenile justice system.
(c) One of the most common ways for a minor to come into contact with the juvenile justice system is a citation for truancy. Truancy charges can also lead to more serious contact with court and probation, including long-term probation supervision or detention. It is the intent of the Legislature that truancy and other status offenses be diverted from citation, arrest, and court.
(d) It is further intended that probation officers serve to intervene in the lives of young people to prevent further involvement in the justice system and recidivism, including prioritizing prefiling diversion when a minor is brought by law enforcement to probation custody, serving youth who are already in court as an alternative to further court involvement, serving as an alternative to court for youth who receive citations, serving as an alternative to detention or incarceration, providing a noncustodial alternative to incarceration for a violation of probation, or providing a county-based alternative to state custody within the Division of Juvenile Facilities.
(e) Finally, the Legislature has recognized and is committed to addressing the fact that disproportionate contact with law enforcement, higher rates of criminalization, and harsher sanctions for African American and Latinx youth also lead to alarming racial and gender disparities across the state. Youth of color are disproportionately represented at every stage of the juvenile justice system. Youth of color are disproportionately referred to probation.

SEC. 2.

 Section 1981 of the Education Code is amended to read:

1981.
 The county board of education may enroll pupils in a county community school who are any of the following:
(a) Expelled from a school district for any reason other than those specified in subdivision (a) or (c) of Section 48915.
(b) (1) Referred to a county community school by a school district as a result of the recommendation by a school attendance review board. A pupil shall not be referred to a county community school by a school district pursuant to this subdivision unless the school district and the county office of education determine all of the following:
(A) The county community school has space available to enroll the pupil.
(B) The county community school meets the educational needs of the pupil.
(C) (i) The parent, guardian, or responsible adult of the pupil has not expressly objected to the referral based on one or more of the following reasons:
(I) Reasonable concerns related to the pupil’s safety.
(II) Geographic accessibility.
(III) Inability to transport.
(IV) The school does not meet the pupil’s educational needs.
(ii) The school district may require the objection to be in writing if it has advised the parent, guardian, or responsible adult that they may object, in writing, for one of these reasons.
(2) If the county community school recommended pursuant to paragraph (1) is not geographically accessible to the pupil, the school attendance review board shall also include in its recommendation a school option for the pupil that is geographically accessible to the pupil and meets the criteria specified in paragraph (1).
(3) If the parent, guardian, or responsible adult of the pupil objects for any of the reasons described in subclauses (I) to (IV), inclusive, of clause (i) of subparagraph (C) of paragraph (1), the school district may either address the express objection or find an alternative placement in another comprehensive or continuation school within the school district. If the school district has offered the pupil all other options, the school district may refer the pupil to the county community school.
(4) The pupil has the right to return to his or her the pupil’s prior school or another appropriate school within his or her the pupil’s school district at the end of the semester following the semester when the acts leading to referral occurred. The right to return shall continue until the end of the pupil’s 18th year of age, except that a pupil with exceptional needs, consistent with Section 56041 of this code and Section 1412(a)(1)(A) of Title 20 of the United States Code, shall have the right to return until he or she the pupil turns 22 years of age.
(c) (1) (A) On probation, with or without the supervision of a probation officer and consistent with an order of a juvenile court, who are considered to be wards of the court under Sections 601 and 602 of the Welfare and Institutions Code and ordered placed pursuant to Sections 725, 729.2, and 791 of, and paragraph (2) of subdivision (a) of Section 727 of, the Welfare and Institutions Code.
(B) Under the supervision of a probation officer, with the consent of the minor and the minor’s parent or guardian, pursuant to Section 654 of the Welfare and Institutions Code.
(C) Under the supervision of a probation officer pursuant to Section 726 and paragraph (3) of subdivision (a) of Section 727 of the Welfare and Institutions Code with the consent of the pupil’s parent, guardian, or responsible adult appointed by the juvenile court to make educational decisions for the pupil. The enrollment of a minor covered by this paragraph in a county community school shall be consistent with paragraph (2) of subdivision (c) of Section 726 of the Welfare and Institutions Code, which provides that all educational and school placement decisions shall seek to ensure that the youth is in the least restrictive educational program, has access to the academic resources, services, and extracurricular and enrichment activities that are available to all pupils, and are based on the best interests of the child.
(D) Unless specifically ordered by a juvenile court, nothing in this subdivision shall be construed to conflict with the existing rights of a parent, guardian, or responsible adult appointed by the juvenile court pursuant to Section 726 of the Welfare and Institutions Code to make educational placement decisions for the minor.
(E) With respect to a pupil’s enrollment in a county community school pursuant to subparagraph (B) or (C), and consistent with paragraph (2) of subdivision (c) of Section 726 of the Welfare and Institutions Code and California Rule of Court 5.651, all of the following shall apply:
(i) The attorney for, or the person holding the educational rights of, a pupil who is under the jurisdiction of the delinquency court may use the procedures set forth in California Rule of Court 5.651 to address any change of placement that results in the enrollment of the pupil in a county community school that is not his or her the pupil’s school of origin.
(ii) The attorney or the person holding the educational rights appointed by the court for a pupil who is under the jurisdiction of the delinquency court may, during a regularly scheduled hearing, raise any concerns with respect to whether the enrollment of the pupil in a county community school is meeting the educational needs of the pupil.
(iii) Nothing in this subparagraph is intended to limit in any way the rights or responsibilities of any person as set forth in paragraph (2) of subdivision (c) of Section 726 of the Welfare and Institutions Code and California Rule of Court 5.651.
(2) On probation or parole and not in attendance at any school, where enrollment is with the consent of the parent, guardian, or responsible adult, or the pupil, if he or she the pupil is 18 years of age or older. Nothing in this subdivision shall impact the provision of services or funding for youth up to 25 years of age pursuant to subdivision (b) of Section 1982, as that section read on September 25, 2013.
(3) Expelled for any of the reasons specified in subdivision (a) or (c) of Section 48915.
(4) Enrollment in a county community school pursuant to this subdivision shall be consistent with subdivision (b) of Section 48645.5.
(d) Pupils whose school districts of attendance, or, for pupils who do not have school districts of attendance, school districts of residence, have, at the request of the pupil’s parent, guardian, or responsible adult, approved the pupil’s enrollment in a county community school, subject to the following:
(1) A pupil shall not be enrolled in a county community school pursuant to this subdivision unless the school district determines that the placement will promote the educational interests of the pupil and the county community school has space available to enroll the pupil.
(2) A parent, guardian, or responsible adult of a pupil enrolled in a county community school pursuant to this subdivision may rescind the request for the placement, and the pupil shall be immediately reenrolled in the school that the pupil attended at the time of the referral, or, with the consent of the parent, guardian, or responsible adult, another appropriate school.
(e) The procedures outlined in subdivisions (b) to (e), inclusive, of Section 51225.2 govern the transfer of credits, records, including special education records, and grades required pursuant to subdivision (a) of Section 48645.5 and Section 49068 when the pupil transfers to and from the county community school.
(f) For purposes of this section, “geographically accessible” means that the pupil can reasonably travel to and from the school and is able to pay for any transportation costs that are above and beyond the costs to attend his or her the pupil’s school of residence or prior school, whichever is farther away.
(g) This section shall become inoperative on July 1, 2021, and, as of January 1, 2022, is repealed.

SEC. 3.

 Section 1981 is added to the Education Code, to read:

1981.
 The county board of education may enroll pupils in a county community school who are any of the following:
(a) Expelled from a school district for any reason other than those specified in subdivision (a) or (c) of Section 48915.
(b) (1) Referred to a county community school by a school district as a result of the recommendation by a school attendance review board, including recommendation by a school attendance review board when the pupil is between 12 and 17 years of age, inclusive, and has been reported as a truant four or more times per school year pursuant to Section 48260 or is a chronic absentee as defined in Section 60901.
A pupil shall not be referred to a county community school by a school district pursuant to this subdivision unless the school district and the county office of education determine all of the following:
(A) The county community school has space available to enroll the pupil.
(B) The county community school meets the educational needs of the pupil.
(C) (i) The parent, guardian, or responsible adult of the pupil has not expressly objected to the referral based on one or more of the following reasons:
(I) Reasonable concerns related to the pupil’s safety.
(II) Geographic accessibility.
(III) Inability to transport.
(IV) The school does not meet the pupil’s educational needs.
(ii) The school district may require the objection to be in writing if it has advised the parent, guardian, or responsible adult that they may object, in writing, for one of these reasons.
(2) If the county community school recommended pursuant to paragraph (1) is not geographically accessible to the pupil, the school attendance review board shall also include in its recommendation a school option for the pupil that is geographically accessible to the pupil and meets the criteria specified in paragraph (1).
(3) If the parent, guardian, or responsible adult of the pupil objects for any of the reasons described in subclauses (I) to (IV), inclusive, of clause (i) of subparagraph (C) of paragraph (1), the school district may either address the express objection or find an alternative placement in another comprehensive or continuation school within the school district. If the school district has offered the pupil all other options, the school district may refer the pupil to the county community school.
(4) The pupil has the right to return to the pupil’s prior school or another appropriate school within the pupil’s school district at the end of the semester following the semester when the acts leading to referral occurred. The right to return shall continue until the end of the pupil’s 18th year of age, except that a pupil with exceptional needs, consistent with Section 56041 of this code and Section 1412(a)(1)(A) of Title 20 of the United States Code, shall have the right to return until the pupil turns 22 years of age.
(c) (1) (A) On probation, with or without the supervision of a probation officer and consistent with an order of a juvenile court, who are considered to be wards of the court under Sections 601 and 602 of the Welfare and Institutions Code and ordered placed pursuant to Sections 725, 729.2, and 791 of, and paragraph (2) of subdivision (a) of Section 727 of, the Welfare and Institutions Code.
(B) Under the supervision of a probation officer, with the consent of the minor and the minor’s parent or guardian, pursuant to Section 654 of the Welfare and Institutions Code.
(C) Under the supervision of a probation officer pursuant to Section 726 and paragraph (3) of subdivision (a) of Section 727 of the Welfare and Institutions Code with the consent of the pupil’s parent, guardian, or responsible adult appointed by the juvenile court to make educational decisions for the pupil. The enrollment of a minor covered by this paragraph in a county community school shall be consistent with paragraph (2) of subdivision (c) of Section 726 of the Welfare and Institutions Code, which provides that all educational and school placement decisions shall seek to ensure that the youth is in the least restrictive educational program, has access to the academic resources, services, and extracurricular and enrichment activities that are available to all pupils, and are based on the best interests of the child.
(D) Unless specifically ordered by a juvenile court, nothing in this subdivision shall be construed to conflict with the existing rights of a parent, guardian, or responsible adult appointed by the juvenile court pursuant to Section 726 of the Welfare and Institutions Code to make educational placement decisions for the minor.
(E) With respect to a pupil’s enrollment in a county community school pursuant to subparagraph (B) or (C), and consistent with paragraph (2) of subdivision (c) of Section 726 of the Welfare and Institutions Code and California Rule of Court 5.651, all of the following shall apply:
(i) The attorney for, or the person holding the educational rights of, a pupil who is under the jurisdiction of the delinquency court may use the procedures set forth in California Rule of Court 5.651 to address any change of placement that results in the enrollment of the pupil in a county community school that is not the pupil’s school of origin.
(ii) The attorney or the person holding the educational rights appointed by the court for a pupil who is under the jurisdiction of the delinquency court may, during a regularly scheduled hearing, raise any concerns with respect to whether the enrollment of the pupil in a county community school is meeting the educational needs of the pupil.
(iii) Nothing in this subparagraph is intended to limit in any way the rights or responsibilities of any person as set forth in paragraph (2) of subdivision (c) of Section 726 of the Welfare and Institutions Code and California Rule of Court 5.651.
(2) On probation or parole and not in attendance at any school, where enrollment is with the consent of the parent, guardian, or responsible adult, or the pupil, if the pupil is 18 years of age or older. Nothing in this subdivision shall impact the provision of services or funding for youth up to 25 years of age pursuant to subdivision (b) of Section 1982, as that section read on September 25, 2013.
(3) Expelled for any of the reasons specified in subdivision (a) or (c) of Section 48915.
(4) Enrollment in a county community school pursuant to this subdivision shall be consistent with subdivision (b) of Section 48645.5.
(d) Pupils whose school districts of attendance, or, for pupils who do not have school districts of attendance, school districts of residence, have, at the request of the pupil’s parent, guardian, or responsible adult, approved the pupil’s enrollment in a county community school, subject to the following:
(1) A pupil shall not be enrolled in a county community school pursuant to this subdivision unless the school district determines that the placement will promote the educational interests of the pupil and the county community school has space available to enroll the pupil.
(2) A parent, guardian, or responsible adult of a pupil enrolled in a county community school pursuant to this subdivision may rescind the request for the placement, and the pupil shall be immediately reenrolled in the school that the pupil attended at the time of the referral, or, with the consent of the parent, guardian, or responsible adult, another appropriate school.
(e) (1) Notwithstanding subdivision (b), referred by a school attendance review board when the pupil is between 12 and 17 years of age, inclusive, and has been reported as a truant four or more times per school year pursuant to Section 48260 or is a chronic absentee as defined in Section 60901.
(2) This subdivision does not conflict with the existing rights of a parent, guardian, or responsible adult appointed by the juvenile court pursuant to Section 726 of the Welfare and Institutions Code to make educational placement decisions for the minor.
(f) The procedures outlined in subdivisions (b) to (e), inclusive, of Section 51225.2 govern the transfer of credits, records, including special education records, and grades required pursuant to subdivision (a) of Section 48645.5 and Section 49068 when the pupil transfers to and from the county community school.
(g) For purposes of this section, “geographically accessible” means that the pupil can reasonably travel to and from the school and is able to pay for any transportation costs that are above and beyond the costs to attend the pupil’s school of residence or prior school, whichever is farther away.
(h) This section shall become operative on July 1, 2021.

SEC. 4.

 Section 2574 of the Education Code is amended to read:

2574.
 For the 2013–14 fiscal year and for each fiscal year thereafter, the Superintendent annually shall calculate a county local control funding formula for each county superintendent of schools as follows:
(a) Compute a county office of education operations grant equal to the sum of each of the following amounts:
(1) Six hundred fifty-five thousand nine hundred twenty dollars ($655,920).
(2) One hundred nine thousand three hundred twenty dollars ($109,320) multiplied by the number of school districts for which the county superintendent of schools has jurisdiction pursuant to Section 1253.
(3) (A) Seventy dollars ($70) multiplied by the number of units of countywide average daily attendance, up to a maximum of 30,000 units.
(B) Sixty dollars ($60) multiplied by the number of units of countywide average daily attendance for the portion of countywide average daily attendance, if any, above 30,000 units, up to a maximum of 60,000 units.
(C) Fifty dollars ($50) multiplied by the number of units of countywide average daily attendance for the portion of countywide average daily attendance, if any, above 60,000, up to a maximum of 140,000 units.
(D) Forty dollars ($40) multiplied by the number of units of countywide average daily attendance for the portion of countywide average daily attendance, if any, above 140,000 units.
(E) For purposes of this section, countywide average daily attendance means the aggregate number of annual units of average daily attendance within the county attributable to all school districts for which the county superintendent of schools has jurisdiction pursuant to Section 1253, charter schools authorized by school districts for which the county superintendent of schools has jurisdiction, and charter schools authorized by the county superintendent of schools.
(4) For the 2014–15 fiscal year and each fiscal year thereafter, adjust each of the rates provided in the prior year pursuant to paragraphs (1), (2), and (3) by the percentage change in the annual average value of the Implicit Price Deflator for State and Local Government Purchases of Goods and Services for the United States, as published by the United States Department of Commerce for the 12-month period ending in the third quarter of the prior fiscal year. This percentage change shall be determined using the latest data available as of May 10 of the preceding fiscal year compared with the annual average value of the same deflator for the 12-month period ending in the third quarter of the second preceding fiscal year, using the latest data available as of May 10 of the preceding fiscal year, as reported by the Department of Finance.
(b) Determine the enrollment percentage of unduplicated pupils pursuant to the following:
(1) (A) For the 2013–14 fiscal year, divide the enrollment of unduplicated pupils in all schools operated by a county superintendent of schools in the 2013–14 fiscal year by the total enrollment in those schools in the 2013–14 fiscal year.
(B) For the 2014–15 fiscal year, divide the sum of the enrollment of unduplicated pupils in all schools operated by a county superintendent of schools in the 2013–14 and 2014–15 fiscal years by the sum of the total enrollment in those schools in the 2013–14 and 2014–15 fiscal years.
(C) For the 2015–16 fiscal year and each fiscal year thereafter, divide the sum of the enrollment of unduplicated pupils in all schools operated by a county superintendent of schools in the current fiscal year and the two prior fiscal years by the sum of the total enrollment in those schools in the current fiscal year and the two prior fiscal years.
(D) (i) For purposes of the quotients determined pursuant to subparagraphs (B) and (C), the Superintendent shall use a county superintendent of schools’ enrollment of unduplicated pupils and total pupil enrollment in the 2014–15 fiscal year instead of the enrollment of unduplicated pupils and total pupil enrollment in the 2013–14 fiscal year if doing so would yield an overall greater percentage of unduplicated pupils.
(ii) It is the intent of the Legislature to review each county office of education’s enrollment of unduplicated pupils for the 2013–14 and 2014–15 fiscal years and provide one-time funding, if necessary, for a county office of education with higher enrollment of unduplicated pupils in the 2014–15 fiscal year as compared to the 2013–14 fiscal year.
(E) For purposes of determining the enrollment percentage of unduplicated pupils pursuant to this subdivision, enrollment in schools or classes established pursuant to Article 2.5 (commencing with Section 48645) of Chapter 4 of Part 27 of Division 4 of Title 2 and the enrollment of pupils other than the pupils identified in clauses (i) to (iii), inclusive, of subparagraph (A) of paragraph (4) of subdivision (c), shall be excluded from the calculation of the enrollment percentage of unduplicated pupils.
(F) The data used to determine the percentage of unduplicated pupils shall be final once that data is no longer used in the current fiscal year calculation of the percentage of unduplicated pupils. This subparagraph does not apply to a change that is the result of an audit that has been appealed pursuant to Section 41344.
(2) For purposes of this section, an “unduplicated pupil” is a pupil who is classified as an English learner, eligible for a free or reduced-price meal, or a foster youth. For purposes of this section, the definitions in Section 42238.01 of an English learner, a pupil eligible for a free or reduced-price meal, and foster youth shall apply. A pupil shall be counted only once for purposes of this section if any of the following apply:
(A) The pupil is classified as an English learner and is eligible for a free or reduced-price meal.
(B) The pupil is classified as an English learner and is a foster youth.
(C) The pupil is eligible for a free or reduced-price meal and is classified as a foster youth.
(D) The pupil is classified as an English learner, is eligible for a free or reduced-price meal, and is a foster youth.
(3) (A) Under procedures and timeframes established by the Superintendent, commencing with the 2013–14 fiscal year, a county superintendent of schools annually shall report the enrollment of unduplicated pupils, pupils classified as English learners, pupils eligible for free and reduced-price meals, and foster youth in schools operated by the county superintendent of schools to the Superintendent using the California Longitudinal Pupil Achievement Data System.
(B) The Superintendent shall make the calculations pursuant to this section using the data submitted through the California Longitudinal Pupil Achievement Data System.
(C) The Controller shall include instructions, as appropriate, in the audit guide required by subdivision (a) of Section 14502.1, for determining if the data reported by a county superintendent of schools using the California Longitudinal Pupil Achievement Data System is consistent with pupil data records maintained by the county office of education.
(c) Compute an alternative education grant equal to the sum of the following:
(1) (A) For the 2013–14 fiscal year, a base grant equal to the 2012–13 per pupil undeficited statewide average juvenile court school base revenue limit calculated pursuant to Article 3 (commencing with Section 2550) of Chapter 12, as that article read on January 1, 2013. For purposes of this subparagraph, the 2012–13 statewide average juvenile court school base revenue limit shall be considered final as of the annual apportionment for the 2012–13 fiscal year, as calculated for purposes of the certification required on or before February 20, 2014, pursuant to Sections 41332 and 41339.
(B) Commencing with the 2013–14 fiscal year, the per pupil base grant shall be adjusted by the percentage change in the annual average value of the Implicit Price Deflator for State and Local Government Purchases of Goods and Services for the United States, as published by the United States Department of Commerce for the 12-month period ending in the third quarter of the prior fiscal year. This percentage change shall be determined using the latest data available as of May 10 of the preceding fiscal year compared with the annual average value of the same deflator for the 12-month period ending in the third quarter of the second preceding fiscal year, using the latest data available as of May 10 of the preceding fiscal year, as reported by the Department of Finance.
(2) A supplemental grant equal to 35 percent of the base grant described in paragraph (1) multiplied by the enrollment percentage calculated in subdivision (b). The supplemental grant shall be expended in accordance with the regulations adopted pursuant to Section 42238.07.
(3) (A) A concentration grant equal to 35 percent of the base grant described in paragraph (1) multiplied by the greater of either of the following:
(i) The enrollment percentage calculated in subdivision (b) less 50 percent.
(ii) Zero.
(B) The concentration grant shall be expended in accordance with the regulations adopted pursuant to Section 42238.07.
(4) (A) Multiply the sum of paragraphs (1), (2), and (3) by the total number of units of average daily attendance for pupils attending schools operated by a county office of education, excluding units of average daily attendance for pupils attending schools or classes established pursuant to Article 2.5 (commencing with Section 48645) of Chapter 4 of Part 27 of Division 4 of Title 2, who are enrolled pursuant to any of the following:
(i) Probation-referred pursuant to Sections 300, 601, 602, and 654 of the Welfare and Institutions Code.
(ii) On probation or parole and not in attendance in a school.
(iii) Expelled for any of the reasons specified in subdivision (a) or (c) of Section 48915.
(B) Multiply the number of units of average daily attendance for pupils attending schools or classes established pursuant to Article 2.5 (commencing with Section 48645) of Chapter 4 of Part 27 of Division 4 of Title 2 by the sum of the base grant calculated pursuant to paragraph (1), a supplemental grant equal to 35 percent of the base grant calculated pursuant to paragraph (1), and a concentration grant equal to 17.5 percent of the base grant calculated pursuant to paragraph (1). Funds provided for the supplemental and concentration grants pursuant to this calculation shall be expended in accordance with the regulations adopted pursuant to Section 42238.07.
(C) Add the amounts calculated in subparagraphs (A) and (B).
(d) Add the amount calculated in subdivision (a) to the amount calculated in subparagraph (C) of paragraph (4) of subdivision (c).
(e) Add all of the following to the amount calculated in subdivision (d):
(1) The amount of funding a county superintendent of schools received for the 2012–13 fiscal year from funds allocated pursuant to the Targeted Instructional Improvement Block Grant program, as set forth in Article 6 (commencing with Section 41540) of Chapter 3.2 of Part 24 of Division 3 of Title 2, as that article read on January 1, 2013.
(2) (A) (i) The amount of funding a county superintendent of schools received for the 2012–13 fiscal year from funds allocated pursuant to the Home-to-School Transportation program, as set forth in former Article 2 (commencing with Section 39820) of Chapter 1 of Part 23.5 of Division 3 of Title 2, former Article 10 (commencing with Section 41850) of Chapter 5 of Part 24 of Division 3 of Title 2, and the Small School District Transportation program, as set forth in former Article 4.5 (commencing with Section 42290) of Chapter 7 of Part 24 of Division 3 of Title 2, as those articles read on January 1, 2013.
(ii) If a home-to-school transportation joint powers agency, established pursuant to Article 1 (commencing with Section 6500) of Chapter 5 of Division 7 of Title 1 of the Government Code for purposes of providing pupil transportation, received an apportionment directly from the Superintendent pursuant to Item 6110-111-0001 of Section 2.00 of the Budget Act of 2012, as identified in clause (i) of subparagraph (A) of paragraph (2) of subdivision (a) of Section 2575, the joint powers agency may identify the member local educational agencies and transfer entitlement to that funding to any of those member local educational agencies by reporting to the Superintendent, on or before September 30, 2015, the reassignment of a specified amount of the joint powers agency’s 2012–13 fiscal year entitlement to the member local educational agency. Commencing with the 2015–16 fiscal year, the Superintendent shall add the reassigned amounts to the amounts calculated pursuant to this paragraph.
(B) On or before March 1, 2014, the Legislative Analyst’s Office shall submit recommendations to the fiscal committees of both houses of the Legislature regarding revisions to the methods of funding pupil transportation that address historical funding inequities across county offices of education and school districts and improve incentives for local educational agencies to provide efficient and effective pupil transportation services.
(f) This section shall become inoperative on July 1, 2021, and, as of January 1, 2022, is repealed.

SEC. 4.5.

 Section 2574 of the Education Code is amended to read:

2574.
 For the 2013–14 fiscal year and for each fiscal year thereafter, the Superintendent annually shall calculate a county local control funding formula for each county superintendent of schools as follows:
(a) Compute a county office of education operations grant equal to the sum of each of the following amounts:
(1) Six hundred fifty-five thousand nine hundred twenty dollars ($655,920).
(2) One hundred nine thousand three hundred twenty dollars ($109,320) multiplied by the number of school districts for which the county superintendent of schools has jurisdiction pursuant to Section 1253.
(3) (A) Seventy dollars ($70) multiplied by the number of units of countywide average daily attendance, up to a maximum of 30,000 units.
(B) Sixty dollars ($60) multiplied by the number of units of countywide average daily attendance for the portion of countywide average daily attendance, if any, above 30,000 units, up to a maximum of 60,000 units.
(C) Fifty dollars ($50) multiplied by the number of units of countywide average daily attendance for the portion of countywide average daily attendance, if any, above 60,000, up to a maximum of 140,000 units.
(D) Forty dollars ($40) multiplied by the number of units of countywide average daily attendance for the portion of countywide average daily attendance, if any, above 140,000 units.
(E) For purposes of this section, countywide average daily attendance means the aggregate number of annual units of average daily attendance within the county attributable to all school districts for which the county superintendent of schools has jurisdiction pursuant to Section 1253, charter schools authorized by school districts for which the county superintendent of schools has jurisdiction, and charter schools authorized by the county superintendent of schools.
(4) For the 2014–15 fiscal year and each fiscal year thereafter, adjust each of the rates provided in the prior year pursuant to paragraphs (1), (2), and (3) by the percentage change in the annual average value of the Implicit Price Deflator for State and Local Government Purchases of Goods and Services for the United States, as published by the United States Department of Commerce for the 12-month period ending in the third quarter of the prior fiscal year. This percentage change shall be determined using the latest data available as of May 10 of the preceding fiscal year compared with the annual average value of the same deflator for the 12-month period ending in the third quarter of the second preceding fiscal year, using the latest data available as of May 10 of the preceding fiscal year, as reported by the Department of Finance.
(b) Determine the enrollment percentage of unduplicated pupils pursuant to the following:
(1) (A) For the 2013–14 fiscal year, divide the enrollment of unduplicated pupils in all schools operated by a county superintendent of schools in the 2013–14 fiscal year by the total enrollment in those schools in the 2013–14 fiscal year.
(B) For the 2014–15 fiscal year, divide the sum of the enrollment of unduplicated pupils in all schools operated by a county superintendent of schools in the 2013–14 and 2014–15 fiscal years by the sum of the total enrollment in those schools in the 2013–14 and 2014–15 fiscal years.
(C) For the 2015–16 fiscal year and each fiscal year thereafter, divide the sum of the enrollment of unduplicated pupils in all schools operated by a county superintendent of schools in the current fiscal year and the two prior fiscal years by the sum of the total enrollment in those schools in the current fiscal year and the two prior fiscal years.
(D) (i) For purposes of the quotients determined pursuant to subparagraphs (B) and (C), the Superintendent shall use a county superintendent of schools’ enrollment of unduplicated pupils and total pupil enrollment in the 2014–15 fiscal year instead of the enrollment of unduplicated pupils and total pupil enrollment in the 2013–14 fiscal year if doing so would yield an overall greater percentage of unduplicated pupils.
(ii) It is the intent of the Legislature to review each county office of education’s enrollment of unduplicated pupils for the 2013–14 and 2014–15 fiscal years and provide one-time funding, if necessary, for a county office of education with higher enrollment of unduplicated pupils in the 2014–15 fiscal year as compared to the 2013–14 fiscal year.
(E) For purposes of determining the enrollment percentage of unduplicated pupils pursuant to this subdivision, enrollment in schools or classes established pursuant to Article 2.5 (commencing with Section 48645) of Chapter 4 of Part 27 of Division 4 of Title 2 and the enrollment of pupils other than the pupils identified in clauses (i) to (iii), inclusive, of subparagraph (A) of paragraph (4) of subdivision (c), shall be excluded from the calculation of the enrollment percentage of unduplicated pupils.
(F) The data used to determine the percentage of unduplicated pupils shall be final once that data is no longer used in the current fiscal year calculation of the percentage of unduplicated pupils. This subparagraph does not apply to a change that is the result of an audit that has been appealed pursuant to Section 41344.
(2) For purposes of this section, an “unduplicated pupil” is a pupil who is classified as an English learner, eligible for a free or reduced-price meal, or a foster youth. For purposes of this section, the definitions in Section 42238.01 of an English learner, a pupil eligible for a free or reduced-price meal, and foster youth shall apply. A pupil shall be counted only once for purposes of this section if any of the following apply:
(A) The pupil is classified as an English learner and is eligible for a free or reduced-price meal.
(B) The pupil is classified as an English learner and is a foster youth.
(C) The pupil is eligible for a free or reduced-price meal and is classified as a foster youth.
(D) The pupil is classified as an English learner, is eligible for a free or reduced-price meal, and is a foster youth.
(3) (A) Under procedures and timeframes established by the Superintendent, commencing with the 2013–14 fiscal year, a county superintendent of schools annually shall report the enrollment of unduplicated pupils, pupils classified as English learners, pupils eligible for free and reduced-price meals, and foster youth in schools operated by the county superintendent of schools to the Superintendent using the California Longitudinal Pupil Achievement Data System.
(B) The Superintendent shall make the calculations pursuant to this section using the data submitted through the California Longitudinal Pupil Achievement Data System.
(C) The Controller shall include instructions, as appropriate, in the audit guide required by subdivision (a) of Section 14502.1, for determining if the data reported by a county superintendent of schools using the California Longitudinal Pupil Achievement Data System is consistent with pupil data records maintained by the county office of education.
(c) Compute an alternative education grant equal to the sum of the following:
(1) (A) For the 2013–14 fiscal year, a base grant equal to the 2012–13 per pupil undeficited statewide average juvenile court school base revenue limit calculated pursuant to Article 3 (commencing with Section 2550) of Chapter 12, as that article read on January 1, 2013. For purposes of this subparagraph, the 2012–13 statewide average juvenile court school base revenue limit shall be considered final as of the annual apportionment for the 2012–13 fiscal year, as calculated for purposes of the certification required on or before February 20, 2014, pursuant to Sections 41332 and 41339.
(B) Commencing with the 2013–14 fiscal year, the per pupil base grant shall be adjusted by the percentage change in the annual average value of the Implicit Price Deflator for State and Local Government Purchases of Goods and Services for the United States, as published by the United States Department of Commerce for the 12-month period ending in the third quarter of the prior fiscal year. This percentage change shall be determined using the latest data available as of May 10 of the preceding fiscal year compared with the annual average value of the same deflator for the 12-month period ending in the third quarter of the second preceding fiscal year, using the latest data available as of May 10 of the preceding fiscal year, as reported by the Department of Finance.
(2) A supplemental grant equal to 35 percent of the base grant described in paragraph (1) multiplied by the enrollment percentage calculated in subdivision (b). The supplemental grant shall be expended in accordance with the regulations adopted pursuant to Section 42238.07.
(3) (A) A concentration grant equal to 35 percent of the base grant described in paragraph (1) multiplied by the greater of either of the following:
(i) The enrollment percentage calculated in subdivision (b) less 50 percent.
(ii) Zero.
(B) The concentration grant shall be expended in accordance with the regulations adopted pursuant to Section 42238.07.
(4) (A) Multiply the sum of paragraphs (1), (2), and (3) by the total number of units of average daily attendance for pupils attending schools operated by a county office of education, excluding units of average daily attendance for pupils attending schools or classes established pursuant to Article 2.5 (commencing with Section 48645) of Chapter 4 of Part 27 of Division 4 of Title 2, who are enrolled pursuant to any of the following:
(i) Probation-referred pursuant to Sections 300, 601, 602, and 654 of the Welfare and Institutions Code.
(ii) On probation or parole and not in attendance in a school.
(iii) Expelled for any of the reasons specified in subdivision (a) or (c) of Section 48915.
(B) Multiply the number of units of average daily attendance for pupils attending schools or classes established pursuant to Article 2.5 (commencing with Section 48645) of Chapter 4 of Part 27 of Division 4 of Title 2 by the sum of the base grant calculated pursuant to paragraph (1), a supplemental grant equal to 35 percent of the base grant calculated pursuant to paragraph (1), and a concentration grant equal to 17.5 percent of the base grant calculated pursuant to paragraph (1). Funds provided for the supplemental and concentration grants pursuant to this calculation shall be expended in accordance with the regulations adopted pursuant to Section 42238.07.
(C) Add the amounts calculated in subparagraphs (A) and (B).
(d) Add the amount calculated in subdivision (a) to the amount calculated in subparagraph (C) of paragraph (4) of subdivision (c).
(e) Add all of the following to the amount calculated in subdivision (d):
(1) The amount of funding a county superintendent of schools received for the 2012–13 fiscal year from funds allocated pursuant to the Targeted Instructional Improvement Block Grant program, as set forth in Article 6 (commencing with Section 41540) of Chapter 3.2 of Part 24 of Division 3 of Title 2, as that article read on January 1, 2013.
(2) (A) (i) The amount of funding a county superintendent of schools received for the 2012–13 fiscal year from funds allocated pursuant to the Home-to-School Transportation program, as set forth in former Article 2 (commencing with Section 39820) of Chapter 1 of Part 23.5 of Division 3 of Title 2, former Article 10 (commencing with Section 41850) of Chapter 5 of Part 24 of Division 3 of Title 2, and the Small School District Transportation program, as set forth in former Article 4.5 (commencing with Section 42290) of Chapter 7 of Part 24 of Division 3 of Title 2, as those articles read on January 1, 2013.
(ii) If a home-to-school transportation joint powers agency, established pursuant to Article 1 (commencing with Section 6500) of Chapter 5 of Division 7 of Title 1 of the Government Code for purposes of providing pupil transportation, received an apportionment directly from the Superintendent pursuant to Item 6110-111-0001 of Section 2.00 of the Budget Act of 2012, as identified in clause (i) of subparagraph (A) of paragraph (2) of subdivision (a) of Section 2575, the joint powers agency may identify the member local educational agencies and transfer entitlement to that funding to any of those member local educational agencies by reporting to the Superintendent, on or before September 30, 2015, the reassignment of a specified amount of the joint powers agency’s 2012–13 fiscal year entitlement to the member local educational agency. Commencing with the 2015–16 fiscal year, the Superintendent shall add the reassigned amounts to the amounts calculated pursuant to this paragraph.
(B) On or before March 1, 2014, the Legislative Analyst’s Office shall submit recommendations to the fiscal committees of both houses of the Legislature regarding revisions to the methods of funding pupil transportation that address historical funding inequities across county offices of education and school districts and improve incentives for local educational agencies to provide efficient and effective pupil transportation services.
(f) It is the intent of the Legislature, in any year that the Legislature authorizes funding for a cost-of-living adjustment pursuant to subdivision (e) of Section 42238.015 above the cost-of-living adjustment described in subparagraph (B) of paragraph (1) of subdivision (c), to make the cost-of-living adjustment pursuant to subdivision (e) of Section 42238.015 for the fiscal year a percentage determined by the Director of Finance for purposes of calculating the alternative education grant.
(g) This section shall become inoperative on July 1, 2021, and, as of January 1, 2022, is repealed.

SEC. 5.

 Section 2574 is added to the Education Code, to read:

2574.
 For the 2013–14 fiscal year and for each fiscal year thereafter, the Superintendent annually shall calculate a county local control funding formula for each county superintendent of schools as follows:
(a) Compute a county office of education operations grant equal to the sum of each of the following amounts:
(1) Six hundred fifty-five thousand nine hundred twenty dollars ($655,920).
(2) One hundred nine thousand three hundred twenty dollars ($109,320) multiplied by the number of school districts for which the county superintendent of schools has jurisdiction pursuant to Section 1253.
(3) (A) Seventy dollars ($70) multiplied by the number of units of countywide average daily attendance, up to a maximum of 30,000 units.
(B) Sixty dollars ($60) multiplied by the number of units of countywide average daily attendance for the portion of countywide average daily attendance, if any, above 30,000 units, up to a maximum of 60,000 units.
(C) Fifty dollars ($50) multiplied by the number of units of countywide average daily attendance for the portion of countywide average daily attendance, if any, above 60,000, up to a maximum of 140,000 units.
(D) Forty dollars ($40) multiplied by the number of units of countywide average daily attendance for the portion of countywide average daily attendance, if any, above 140,000 units.
(E) For purposes of this section, countywide average daily attendance means the aggregate number of annual units of average daily attendance within the county attributable to all school districts for which the county superintendent of schools has jurisdiction pursuant to Section 1253, charter schools authorized by school districts for which the county superintendent of schools has jurisdiction, and charter schools authorized by the county superintendent of schools.
(4) For the 2014–15 fiscal year and each fiscal year thereafter, adjust each of the rates provided in the prior year pursuant to paragraphs (1), (2), and (3) by the percentage change in the annual average value of the Implicit Price Deflator for State and Local Government Purchases of Goods and Services for the United States, as published by the United States Department of Commerce for the 12-month period ending in the third quarter of the prior fiscal year. This percentage change shall be determined using the latest data available as of May 10 of the preceding fiscal year compared with the annual average value of the same deflator for the 12-month period ending in the third quarter of the second preceding fiscal year, using the latest data available as of May 10 of the preceding fiscal year, as reported by the Department of Finance.
(b) Determine the enrollment percentage of unduplicated pupils pursuant to the following:
(1) (A) For the 2013–14 fiscal year, divide the enrollment of unduplicated pupils in all schools operated by a county superintendent of schools in the 2013–14 fiscal year by the total enrollment in those schools in the 2013–14 fiscal year.
(B) For the 2014–15 fiscal year, divide the sum of the enrollment of unduplicated pupils in all schools operated by a county superintendent of schools in the 2013–14 and 2014–15 fiscal years by the sum of the total enrollment in those schools in the 2013–14 and 2014–15 fiscal years.
(C) For the 2015–16 fiscal year and each fiscal year thereafter, divide the sum of the enrollment of unduplicated pupils in all schools operated by a county superintendent of schools in the current fiscal year and the two prior fiscal years by the sum of the total enrollment in those schools in the current fiscal year and the two prior fiscal years.
(D) (i) For purposes of the quotients determined pursuant to subparagraphs (B) and (C), the Superintendent shall use a county superintendent of schools’ enrollment of unduplicated pupils and total pupil enrollment in the 2014–15 fiscal year instead of the enrollment of unduplicated pupils and total pupil enrollment in the 2013–14 fiscal year if doing so would yield an overall greater percentage of unduplicated pupils.
(ii) It is the intent of the Legislature to review each county office of education’s enrollment of unduplicated pupils for the 2013–14 and 2014–15 fiscal years and provide one-time funding, if necessary, for a county office of education with higher enrollment of unduplicated pupils in the 2014–15 fiscal year as compared to the 2013–14 fiscal year.
(E) For purposes of determining the enrollment percentage of unduplicated pupils pursuant to this subdivision, enrollment in schools or classes established pursuant to Article 2.5 (commencing with Section 48645) of Chapter 4 of Part 27 of Division 4 of Title 2 and the enrollment of pupils other than the pupils identified in clauses (i) to (iii), inclusive, of subparagraph (A) of paragraph (4) of subdivision (c), shall be excluded from the calculation of the enrollment percentage of unduplicated pupils.
(F) The data used to determine the percentage of unduplicated pupils shall be final once that data is no longer used in the current fiscal year calculation of the percentage of unduplicated pupils. This subparagraph does not apply to a change that is the result of an audit that has been appealed pursuant to Section 41344.
(2) For purposes of this section, an “unduplicated pupil” is a pupil who is classified as an English learner, eligible for a free or reduced-price meal, or a foster youth. For purposes of this section, the definitions in Section 42238.01 of an English learner, a pupil eligible for a free or reduced-price meal, and foster youth shall apply. A pupil shall be counted only once for purposes of this section if any of the following apply:
(A) The pupil is classified as an English learner and is eligible for a free or reduced-price meal.
(B) The pupil is classified as an English learner and is a foster youth.
(C) The pupil is eligible for a free or reduced-price meal and is classified as a foster youth.
(D) The pupil is classified as an English learner, is eligible for a free or reduced-price meal, and is a foster youth.
(3) (A) Under procedures and timeframes established by the Superintendent, commencing with the 2013–14 fiscal year, a county superintendent of schools annually shall report the enrollment of unduplicated pupils, pupils classified as English learners, pupils eligible for free and reduced-price meals, and foster youth in schools operated by the county superintendent of schools to the Superintendent using the California Longitudinal Pupil Achievement Data System.
(B) The Superintendent shall make the calculations pursuant to this section using the data submitted through the California Longitudinal Pupil Achievement Data System.
(C) The Controller shall include instructions, as appropriate, in the audit guide required by subdivision (a) of Section 14502.1, for determining if the data reported by a county superintendent of schools using the California Longitudinal Pupil Achievement Data System is consistent with pupil data records maintained by the county office of education.
(c) Compute an alternative education grant equal to the sum of the following:
(1) (A) For the 2013–14 fiscal year, a base grant equal to the 2012–13 per pupil undeficited statewide average juvenile court school base revenue limit calculated pursuant to Article 3 (commencing with Section 2550) of Chapter 12, as that article read on January 1, 2013. For purposes of this subparagraph, the 2012–13 statewide average juvenile court school base revenue limit shall be considered final as of the annual apportionment for the 2012–13 fiscal year, as calculated for purposes of the certification required on or before February 20, 2014, pursuant to Sections 41332 and 41339.
(B) Commencing with the 2013–14 fiscal year, the per pupil base grant shall be adjusted by the percentage change in the annual average value of the Implicit Price Deflator for State and Local Government Purchases of Goods and Services for the United States, as published by the United States Department of Commerce for the 12-month period ending in the third quarter of the prior fiscal year. This percentage change shall be determined using the latest data available as of May 10 of the preceding fiscal year compared with the annual average value of the same deflator for the 12-month period ending in the third quarter of the second preceding fiscal year, using the latest data available as of May 10 of the preceding fiscal year, as reported by the Department of Finance.
(2) A supplemental grant equal to 35 percent of the base grant described in paragraph (1) multiplied by the enrollment percentage calculated in subdivision (b). The supplemental grant shall be expended in accordance with the regulations adopted pursuant to Section 42238.07.
(3) (A)   A concentration grant equal to 35 percent of the base grant described in paragraph (1) multiplied by the greater of either of the following:
(i) The enrollment percentage calculated in subdivision (b) less 50 percent.
(ii) Zero.
(B) The concentration grant shall be expended in accordance with the regulations adopted pursuant to Section 42238.07.
(4) (A) Multiply the sum of paragraphs (1), (2), and (3) by the total number of units of average daily attendance for pupils attending schools operated by a county office of education, excluding units of average daily attendance for pupils attending schools or classes established pursuant to Article 2.5 (commencing with Section 48645) of Chapter 4 of Part 27 of Division 4 of Title 2, who are enrolled pursuant to any of the following:
(i) Probation-referred pursuant to Sections 300, 601, 602, and 654 of the Welfare and Institutions Code.
(ii) On probation or parole and not in attendance in a school.
(iii) Expelled for any of the reasons specified in subdivision (a) or (c) of Section 48915.
(iv) Referred to a county community school by a school district as the result of the recommendation by a school attendance review board when the pupil is between 12 and 17 years of age, inclusive, and has been reported as a truant four or more times per school year pursuant to Section 48260 or is a chronic absentee as defined in Section 60901.
(B) Multiply the number of units of average daily attendance for pupils attending schools or classes established pursuant to Article 2.5 (commencing with Section 48645) of Chapter 4 of Part 27 of Division 4 of Title 2 by the sum of the base grant calculated pursuant to paragraph (1), a supplemental grant equal to 35 percent of the base grant calculated pursuant to paragraph (1), and a concentration grant equal to 17.5 percent of the base grant calculated pursuant to paragraph (1). Funds provided for the supplemental and concentration grants pursuant to this calculation shall be expended in accordance with the regulations adopted pursuant to Section 42238.07.
(C) Add the amounts calculated in subparagraphs (A) and (B).
(d) Add the amount calculated in subdivision (a) to the amount calculated in subparagraph (C) of paragraph (4) of subdivision (c).
(e) Add all of the following to the amount calculated in subdivision (d):
(1) The amount of funding a county superintendent of schools received for the 2012–13 fiscal year from funds allocated pursuant to the Targeted Instructional Improvement Block Grant program, as set forth in Article 6 (commencing with Section 41540) of Chapter 3.2 of Part 24 of Division 3 of Title 2, as that article read on January 1, 2013.
(2) (A) The amount of funding a county superintendent of schools received for the 2012–13 fiscal year from funds allocated pursuant to the Home-to-School Transportation program, as set forth in former Article 2 (commencing with Section 39820) of Chapter 1 of Part 23.5 of Division 3 of Title 2, former Article 10 (commencing with Section 41850) of Chapter 5 of Part 24 of Division 3 of Title 2, and the Small School District Transportation program, as set forth in former Article 4.5 (commencing with Section 42290) of Chapter 7 of Part 24 of Division 3 of Title 2, as those articles read on January 1, 2013.
(B) If a home-to-school transportation joint powers agency, established pursuant to Article 1 (commencing with Section 6500) of Chapter 5 of Division 7 of Title 1 of the Government Code for purposes of providing pupil transportation, received an apportionment directly from the Superintendent pursuant to Item 6110-111-0001 of Section 2.00 of the Budget Act of 2012, as identified in clause (i) of subparagraph (A) of paragraph (2) of subdivision (a) of Section 2575, the joint powers agency may identify the member local educational agencies and transfer entitlement to that funding to any of those member local educational agencies by reporting to the Superintendent, on or before September 30, 2015, the reassignment of a specified amount of the joint powers agency’s 2012–13 fiscal year entitlement to the member local educational agency. Commencing with the 2015–16 fiscal year, the Superintendent shall add the reassigned amounts to the amounts calculated pursuant to this paragraph.
(f) This section shall become operative on July 1, 2021.

SEC. 5.5.

 Section 2574 is added to the Education Code, to read:

2574.
 For the 2013–14 fiscal year and for each fiscal year thereafter, the Superintendent annually shall calculate a county local control funding formula for each county superintendent of schools as follows:
(a) Compute a county office of education operations grant equal to the sum of each of the following amounts:
(1) Six hundred fifty-five thousand nine hundred twenty dollars ($655,920).
(2) One hundred nine thousand three hundred twenty dollars ($109,320) multiplied by the number of school districts for which the county superintendent of schools has jurisdiction pursuant to Section 1253.
(3) (A) Seventy dollars ($70) multiplied by the number of units of countywide average daily attendance, up to a maximum of 30,000 units.
(B) Sixty dollars ($60) multiplied by the number of units of countywide average daily attendance for the portion of countywide average daily attendance, if any, above 30,000 units, up to a maximum of 60,000 units.
(C) Fifty dollars ($50) multiplied by the number of units of countywide average daily attendance for the portion of countywide average daily attendance, if any, above 60,000, up to a maximum of 140,000 units.
(D) Forty dollars ($40) multiplied by the number of units of countywide average daily attendance for the portion of countywide average daily attendance, if any, above 140,000 units.
(E) For purposes of this section, countywide average daily attendance means the aggregate number of annual units of average daily attendance within the county attributable to all school districts for which the county superintendent of schools has jurisdiction pursuant to Section 1253, charter schools authorized by school districts for which the county superintendent of schools has jurisdiction, and charter schools authorized by the county superintendent of schools.
(4) For the 2014–15 fiscal year and each fiscal year thereafter, adjust each of the rates provided in the prior year pursuant to paragraphs (1), (2), and (3) by the percentage change in the annual average value of the Implicit Price Deflator for State and Local Government Purchases of Goods and Services for the United States, as published by the United States Department of Commerce for the 12-month period ending in the third quarter of the prior fiscal year. This percentage change shall be determined using the latest data available as of May 10 of the preceding fiscal year compared with the annual average value of the same deflator for the 12-month period ending in the third quarter of the second preceding fiscal year, using the latest data available as of May 10 of the preceding fiscal year, as reported by the Department of Finance.
(b) Determine the enrollment percentage of unduplicated pupils pursuant to the following:
(1) (A) For the 2013–14 fiscal year, divide the enrollment of unduplicated pupils in all schools operated by a county superintendent of schools in the 2013–14 fiscal year by the total enrollment in those schools in the 2013–14 fiscal year.
(B) For the 2014–15 fiscal year, divide the sum of the enrollment of unduplicated pupils in all schools operated by a county superintendent of schools in the 2013–14 and 2014–15 fiscal years by the sum of the total enrollment in those schools in the 2013–14 and 2014–15 fiscal years.
(C) For the 2015–16 fiscal year and each fiscal year thereafter, divide the sum of the enrollment of unduplicated pupils in all schools operated by a county superintendent of schools in the current fiscal year and the two prior fiscal years by the sum of the total enrollment in those schools in the current fiscal year and the two prior fiscal years.
(D) (i) For purposes of the quotients determined pursuant to subparagraphs (B) and (C), the Superintendent shall use a county superintendent of schools’ enrollment of unduplicated pupils and total pupil enrollment in the 2014–15 fiscal year instead of the enrollment of unduplicated pupils and total pupil enrollment in the 2013–14 fiscal year if doing so would yield an overall greater percentage of unduplicated pupils.
(ii) It is the intent of the Legislature to review each county office of education’s enrollment of unduplicated pupils for the 2013–14 and 2014–15 fiscal years and provide one-time funding, if necessary, for a county office of education with higher enrollment of unduplicated pupils in the 2014–15 fiscal year as compared to the 2013–14 fiscal year.
(E) For purposes of determining the enrollment percentage of unduplicated pupils pursuant to this subdivision, enrollment in schools or classes established pursuant to Article 2.5 (commencing with Section 48645) of Chapter 4 of Part 27 of Division 4 of Title 2 and the enrollment of pupils other than the pupils identified in clauses (i) to (iii), inclusive, of subparagraph (A) of paragraph (4) of subdivision (c), shall be excluded from the calculation of the enrollment percentage of unduplicated pupils.
(F) The data used to determine the percentage of unduplicated pupils shall be final once that data is no longer used in the current fiscal year calculation of the percentage of unduplicated pupils. This subparagraph does not apply to a change that is the result of an audit that has been appealed pursuant to Section 41344.
(2) For purposes of this section, an “unduplicated pupil” is a pupil who is classified as an English learner, eligible for a free or reduced-price meal, or a foster youth. For purposes of this section, the definitions in Section 42238.01 of an English learner, a pupil eligible for a free or reduced-price meal, and foster youth shall apply. A pupil shall be counted only once for purposes of this section if any of the following apply:
(A) The pupil is classified as an English learner and is eligible for a free or reduced-price meal.
(B) The pupil is classified as an English learner and is a foster youth.
(C) The pupil is eligible for a free or reduced-price meal and is classified as a foster youth.
(D) The pupil is classified as an English learner, is eligible for a free or reduced-price meal, and is a foster youth.
(3) (A) Under procedures and timeframes established by the Superintendent, commencing with the 2013–14 fiscal year, a county superintendent of schools annually shall report the enrollment of unduplicated pupils, pupils classified as English learners, pupils eligible for free and reduced-price meals, and foster youth in schools operated by the county superintendent of schools to the Superintendent using the California Longitudinal Pupil Achievement Data System.
(B) The Superintendent shall make the calculations pursuant to this section using the data submitted through the California Longitudinal Pupil Achievement Data System.
(C) The Controller shall include instructions, as appropriate, in the audit guide required by subdivision (a) of Section 14502.1, for determining if the data reported by a county superintendent of schools using the California Longitudinal Pupil Achievement Data System is consistent with pupil data records maintained by the county office of education.
(c) Compute an alternative education grant equal to the sum of the following:
(1) (A) For the 2013–14 fiscal year, a base grant equal to the 2012–13 per pupil undeficited statewide average juvenile court school base revenue limit calculated pursuant to Article 3 (commencing with Section 2550) of Chapter 12, as that article read on January 1, 2013. For purposes of this subparagraph, the 2012–13 statewide average juvenile court school base revenue limit shall be considered final as of the annual apportionment for the 2012–13 fiscal year, as calculated for purposes of the certification required on or before February 20, 2014, pursuant to Sections 41332 and 41339.
(B) Commencing with the 2013–14 fiscal year, the per pupil base grant shall be adjusted by the percentage change in the annual average value of the Implicit Price Deflator for State and Local Government Purchases of Goods and Services for the United States, as published by the United States Department of Commerce for the 12-month period ending in the third quarter of the prior fiscal year. This percentage change shall be determined using the latest data available as of May 10 of the preceding fiscal year compared with the annual average value of the same deflator for the 12-month period ending in the third quarter of the second preceding fiscal year, using the latest data available as of May 10 of the preceding fiscal year, as reported by the Department of Finance.
(2) A supplemental grant equal to 35 percent of the base grant described in paragraph (1) multiplied by the enrollment percentage calculated in subdivision (b). The supplemental grant shall be expended in accordance with the regulations adopted pursuant to Section 42238.07.
(3) (A) A concentration grant equal to 35 percent of the base grant described in paragraph (1) multiplied by the greater of either of the following:
(i) The enrollment percentage calculated in subdivision (b) less 50 percent.
(ii) Zero.
(B) The concentration grant shall be expended in accordance with the regulations adopted pursuant to Section 42238.07.
(4) (A) Multiply the sum of paragraphs (1), (2), and (3) by the total number of units of average daily attendance for pupils attending schools operated by a county office of education, excluding units of average daily attendance for pupils attending schools or classes established pursuant to Article 2.5 (commencing with Section 48645) of Chapter 4 of Part 27 of Division 4 of Title 2, who are enrolled pursuant to any of the following:
(i) Probation-referred pursuant to Sections 300, 601, 602, and 654 of the Welfare and Institutions Code.
(ii) On probation or parole and not in attendance in a school.
(iii) Expelled for any of the reasons specified in subdivision (a) or (c) of Section 48915.
(iv) Referred to a county community school by a school district as the result of the recommendation by a school attendance review board when the pupil is between 12 and 17 years of age, inclusive, and has been reported as a truant four or more times per school year pursuant to Section 48260 or is a chronic absentee as defined in Section 60901.
(B) Multiply the number of units of average daily attendance for pupils attending schools or classes established pursuant to Article 2.5 (commencing with Section 48645) of Chapter 4 of Part 27 of Division 4 of Title 2 by the sum of the base grant calculated pursuant to paragraph (1), a supplemental grant equal to 35 percent of the base grant calculated pursuant to paragraph (1), and a concentration grant equal to 17.5 percent of the base grant calculated pursuant to paragraph (1). Funds provided for the supplemental and concentration grants pursuant to this calculation shall be expended in accordance with the regulations adopted pursuant to Section 42238.07.
(C) Add the amounts calculated in subparagraphs (A) and (B).
(d) Add the amount calculated in subdivision (a) to the amount calculated in subparagraph (C) of paragraph (4) of subdivision (c).
(e) Add all of the following to the amount calculated in subdivision (d):
(1) The amount of funding a county superintendent of schools received for the 2012–13 fiscal year from funds allocated pursuant to the Targeted Instructional Improvement Block Grant program, as set forth in Article 6 (commencing with Section 41540) of Chapter 3.2 of Part 24 of Division 3 of Title 2, as that article read on January 1, 2013.
(2) (A) The amount of funding a county superintendent of schools received for the 2012–13 fiscal year from funds allocated pursuant to the Home-to-School Transportation program, as set forth in former Article 2 (commencing with Section 39820) of Chapter 1 of Part 23.5 of Division 3 of Title 2, former Article 10 (commencing with Section 41850) of Chapter 5 of Part 24 of Division 3 of Title 2, and the Small School District Transportation program, as set forth in former Article 4.5 (commencing with Section 42290) of Chapter 7 of Part 24 of Division 3 of Title 2, as those articles read on January 1, 2013.
(B) If a home-to-school transportation joint powers agency, established pursuant to Article 1 (commencing with Section 6500) of Chapter 5 of Division 7 of Title 1 of the Government Code for purposes of providing pupil transportation, received an apportionment directly from the Superintendent pursuant to Item 6110-111-0001 of Section 2.00 of the Budget Act of 2012, as identified in clause (i) of subparagraph (A) of paragraph (2) of subdivision (a) of Section 2575, the joint powers agency may identify the member local educational agencies and transfer entitlement to that funding to any of those member local educational agencies by reporting to the Superintendent, on or before September 30, 2015, the reassignment of a specified amount of the joint powers agency’s 2012–13 fiscal year entitlement to the member local educational agency. Commencing with the 2015–16 fiscal year, the Superintendent shall add the reassigned amounts to the amounts calculated pursuant to this paragraph.
(f) It is the intent of the Legislature, in any year that the Legislature authorizes funding for a cost-of-living adjustment pursuant to subdivision (e) of Section 42238.015 above the cost-of-living adjustment described in subparagraph (B) of paragraph (1) of subdivision (c), to make the cost-of-living adjustment pursuant to subdivision (e) of Section 42238.015 for the fiscal year a percentage determined by the Director of Finance for purposes of calculating the alternative education grant.
(g) This section shall become operative on July 1, 2021.

SEC. 6.

 Section 48260.5 of the Education Code is amended to read:

48260.5.
 (a) Upon a pupil’s initial classification as a truant, the school district shall notify the pupil’s parent or guardian using the most cost-effective method possible, which may include electronic mail or a telephone call:

(a)

(1) That the pupil is truant.

(b)

(2) That the parent or guardian is obligated to compel the attendance of the pupil at school.

(c)

(3) That parents or guardians who fail to meet this obligation may be guilty of an infraction and subject to prosecution pursuant to Article 6 (commencing with Section 48290).

(d)

(4) That alternative educational programs are available in the school district.

(e)

(5) That the parent or guardian has the right to meet with appropriate school personnel to discuss solutions to the pupil’s truancy.

(f)

(6) That the pupil may be subject to prosecution under Section 48264.

(g)

(7) For a pupil under 18 years of age but 13 years of age or older, that the pupil may be subject to suspension, restriction, or delay of the pupil’s driving privilege pursuant to Section 13202.7 of the Vehicle Code.

(h)

(8) That it is recommended that the parent or guardian accompany the pupil to school and attend classes with the pupil for one day.
(b) This section shall become inoperative on July 1, 2021, and, as of January 1, 2022, is repealed.

SEC. 7.

 Section 48260.5 is added to the Education Code, to read:

48260.5.
 (a) Upon a pupil’s initial classification as a truant, the school district shall notify the pupil’s parent or guardian using the most cost-effective method possible, which may include electronic mail or a telephone call, of the following:
(1) That the pupil is truant.
(2) That the parent or guardian is obligated to compel the attendance of the pupil at school.
(3) That parents or guardians who fail to meet this obligation may be guilty of an infraction and subject to prosecution pursuant to Article 6 (commencing with Section 48290).
(4) That alternative educational programs are available in the school district.
(5) That the parent or guardian has the right to meet with appropriate school personnel to discuss solutions to the pupil’s truancy.
(6) For a pupil under 18 years of age but 13 years of age or older, that the pupil may be subject to suspension, restriction, or delay of the pupil’s driving privilege pursuant to Section 13202.7 of the Vehicle Code.
(7) That it is recommended that the parent or guardian accompany the pupil to school and attend classes with the pupil for one day.
(b) This section shall become operative on July 1, 2021.

SEC. 8.

 Section 48263 of the Education Code is amended to read:

48263.
 (a) If a minor pupil in a school district of a county is a habitual truant, or is a chronic absentee, as defined in Section 60901, or is habitually insubordinate or disorderly during attendance at school, the pupil may be referred to a school attendance review board, or to the probation department for services if the probation department has elected to receive these referrals. The school district supervisor of attendance, or any other persons the governing board of the school district or county may designate, making the referral shall provide documentation of the interventions undertaken at the school to the pupil, the pupil’s parents or guardians, and the school attendance review board or probation department and shall notify the pupil and parents or guardians of the pupil, in writing, of the name and address of the school attendance review board or probation department to which the matter has been referred and of the reason for the referral. The notice shall indicate that the pupil and parents or guardians of the pupil will be required, along with the referring person, to meet with the school attendance review board or probation officer to consider a proper disposition of the referral.
(b) (1) If the school attendance review board or probation officer determines that available community services can resolve the problem of the truant or insubordinate pupil, then the school attendance review board or probation officer shall direct the pupil or the pupil’s parents or guardians, or both, to make use of those community services. The school attendance review board or probation officer may require, at any time that it determines proper, the pupil or parents or guardians of the pupil, or both, to furnish satisfactory evidence of participation in the available community services.
(2) If the school attendance review board or probation officer determines that available community services cannot resolve the problem of the truant or insubordinate pupil or if the pupil or the parents or guardians of the pupil, or both, have failed to respond to directives of the school attendance review board or probation officer or to services provided, the school attendance review board may, pursuant to Section 48263.5, notify the district attorney or the probation officer, or both, of the county in which the school district is located, or the probation officer may, pursuant to Section 48263.5, notify the district attorney, if the district attorney or the probation officer has elected to participate in the truancy mediation program described in that section. If the district attorney or the probation officer has not elected to participate in the truancy mediation program described in Section 48263.5, the school attendance review board or probation officer may direct the county superintendent of schools to, and, upon that direction, the county superintendent of schools shall, request a petition on behalf of the pupil in the juvenile court of the county. Upon presentation of a petition on behalf of a pupil, the juvenile court of the county shall hear all evidence relating to the petition. The school attendance review board or the probation officer shall submit to the juvenile court documentation of efforts to secure attendance as well as its recommendations on what action the juvenile court should take in order to bring about a proper disposition of the case.
(c) In any county that has not established a school attendance review board, if the school district determines that available community resources cannot resolve the problem of the truant or insubordinate pupil, or if the pupil or the pupil’s parents or guardians, or both, have failed to respond to the directives of the school district or the services provided, the school district, pursuant to Section 48260.6, may notify the district attorney or the probation officer, or both, of the county in which the school district is located, if the district attorney or the probation officer has elected to participate in the truancy mediation program described in Section 48260.6.
(d) This section shall become inoperative on July 1, 2021, and, as of January 1, 2022, is repealed.

SEC. 9.

 Section 48263 is added to the Education Code, to read:

48263.
 (a) If a minor pupil in a school district of a county is a habitual truant, or is a chronic absentee, as defined in Section 60901, or is habitually insubordinate or disorderly during attendance at school, the pupil may be referred to a school attendance review board, or to the probation department for services if the probation department has elected to receive these referrals. The school district supervisor of attendance, or any other persons the governing board of the school district or county may designate, making the referral shall provide documentation of the interventions undertaken at the school to the pupil, the pupil’s parents or guardians, and the school attendance review board or probation department and shall notify the pupil and parents or guardians of the pupil, in writing, of the name and address of the school attendance review board or probation department to which the matter has been referred and of the reason for the referral. The notice shall indicate that the pupil and parents or guardians of the pupil will be required, along with the referring person, to meet with the school attendance review board or probation officer to consider a proper disposition of the referral.
(b) (1) If the school attendance review board or probation officer determines that available community services can resolve the problem of the truant or insubordinate pupil, the school attendance review board or probation officer shall direct the pupil or the pupil’s parents or guardians, or both, to make use of those community services. The school attendance review board or probation officer may require, at any time that it determines proper, the pupil or parents or guardians of the pupil, or both, to furnish satisfactory evidence of participation in the available community services.
(2) If the school attendance review board or probation officer determines that available community services cannot resolve the problem of the truant or insubordinate pupil or if the pupil or the parents or guardians of the pupil, or both, have failed to respond to directives of the school attendance review board or probation officer or to services provided, the school attendance review board may, pursuant to Section 48263.5, notify the district attorney or the probation officer, or both, of the county in which the school district is located, or the probation officer may, pursuant to Section 48263.5, notify the district attorney, if the district attorney or the probation officer has elected to participate in the truancy mediation program described in that section.
(c) In any county that has not established a school attendance review board, if the school district determines that available community resources cannot resolve the problem of the truant or insubordinate pupil, or if the pupil or the pupil’s parents or guardians, or both, have failed to respond to the directives of the school district or the services provided, the school district, pursuant to Section 48260.6, may notify the district attorney or the probation officer, or both, of the county in which the school district is located, if the district attorney or the probation officer has elected to participate in the truancy mediation program described in Section 48260.6.
(d) This section shall become operative on July 1, 2021.

SEC. 10.

 Section 48267 of the Education Code is amended to read:

48267.
 (a) Any pupil who has once been adjudged an habitual truant or habitually insubordinate or disorderly during attendance at school by the juvenile court of the county, or has been found to be a person described in Section 602 and as a condition of probation is required to attend a school program approved by a probation officer, who is reported as a truant from school one or more days or tardy on one or more days without valid excuse, in the same school year or in a succeeding year, or habitually insubordinate, or disorderly during attendance at school, shall be brought to the attention of the juvenile court and the pupil’s probation or parole officer within 10 days of the reported violation.

Notwithstanding

(b) Notwithstanding Section 827 of the Welfare and Institutions Code, written notice that a minor enrolled in a public school in grades 7 to 12, inclusive, has been found by a court to be a person described in Section 602 and as a condition of probation is required to attend a school program approved by a probation officer shall be provided by the juvenile court, within seven days of the entry of the dispositional order, to the superintendent of the school district of attendance, which information shall be expeditiously transmitted to the principal or to one person designated by the principal of the school that the minor is attending. The principal or the principal’s designee shall not disclose this information to any other person except as otherwise required by law.
(c) This section shall become inoperative on July 1, 2021, and, as of January 1, 2022, is repealed.

SEC. 11.

 Section 48267 is added to the Education Code, to read:

48267.
 (a) Any pupil who has been found to be a person described in Section 602 and as a condition of probation is required to attend a school program approved by a probation officer, who is reported as a truant from school one or more days or tardy on one or more days without valid excuse, in the same school year or in a succeeding year, or habitually insubordinate or disorderly during attendance at school, shall be brought to the attention of the juvenile court and the pupil’s probation or parole officer within 10 days of the reported violation.
(b) Notwithstanding Section 827 of the Welfare and Institutions Code, written notice that a minor enrolled in a public school in any of grades 7 to 12, inclusive, has been found by a court to be a person described in Section 602 and as a condition of probation is required to attend a school program approved by a probation officer shall be provided by the juvenile court, within seven days of the entry of the dispositional order, to the superintendent of the school district of attendance, which information shall be expeditiously transmitted to the principal or to one person designated by the principal of the school that the minor is attending. The principal or the principal’s designee shall not disclose this information to any other person except as otherwise required by law.
(c) This section shall become operative on July 1, 2021.

SEC. 12.

 Section 48268 of the Education Code is amended to read:

48268.
 (a) The court, in addition to any judgment it may make regarding the pupil, may render judgment that the parent, guardian, or person having the control or charge of the pupil shall deliver him the pupil at the beginning of each schoolday, for the remainder of the school term, at the school from which he the pupil is a truant, or in which he the pupil has been insubordinate or disorderly during attendance, or to a school designated by school authorities.
(b) This section shall become inoperative on July 1, 2021, and, as of January 1, 2022, is repealed.

SEC. 13.

 Section 48268 is added to the Education Code, to read:

48268.
 (a) The court may render judgment that the parent, guardian, or person having the control or charge of the pupil shall deliver the pupil at the beginning of each schoolday, for the remainder of the school term, at the school from which the pupil is a truant or to a school designated by school authorities.
(b) This section shall become operative on July 1, 2021.

SEC. 14.

 Section 48269 of the Education Code is amended to read:

48269.
 (a) If the parent, guardian, or other person having control or charge of the child, within three days after the rendition of the judgment executes a bond to the governing board of the school district in the sum of two hundred dollars ($200), conditioned that the child will, during the remainder of the current school year, regularly attend some public or private school in the city, or city and county, or school district, and not be insubordinate or disorderly during attendance, then the court may make an order suspending the execution of the judgment so long as the condition of the bond is complied with. The bond shall be filed with the secretary of the board of education, or clerk of the board of trustees. All money paid or collected on the bond shall be paid into the county treasury as provided in Section 41001.
(b) This section shall become inoperative on July 1, 2021, and, as of January 1, 2022, is repealed.

SEC. 15.

 Section 48269 is added to the Education Code, to read:

48269.
 (a) If the parent, guardian, or other person having control or charge of the pupil, within three days after the rendition of the judgment executes a bond to the governing board of the school district in the sum of two hundred dollars ($200), conditioned that the pupil will, during the remainder of the current school year, regularly attend a public or private school in the city, or city and county, or school district, the court may make an order suspending the execution of the judgment so long as the condition of the bond is complied with. The bond shall be filed with the secretary of the board of education, or clerk of the board of trustees. All money paid or collected on the bond shall be paid into the county treasury as provided in Section 41001.
(b) This section shall become operative on July 1, 2021.

SEC. 16.

 Section 236 of the Welfare and Institutions Code is amended to read:

236.
 Notwithstanding any other provision of law, probation departments may engage in activities designed to prevent juvenile delinquency. These activities include rendering direct and indirect services to persons in the community. Probation departments shall not be limited to providing services only to those persons on probation being supervised under Section 330 or 654, but may provide services to any juveniles in the community. Services or programs offered to minors or minors’ parents or guardians who are not on probation are voluntary and shall not include probation conditions or consequences as a result of not engaging in or completing those programs or services. For minors not on probation, the provision of services or programs under this section shall not be construed to allow probation departments to maintain a formal or informal caseload, establish formal or informal contracts with minors or minors’ parents or guardians, or create mandated-probation conditions.

SEC. 17.

 Section 258 of the Welfare and Institutions Code is amended to read:

258.
 (a) Upon a hearing conducted in accordance with Section 257, and upon either an admission by the minor of the commission of a violation charged, or a finding that the minor did in fact commit the violation, the judge, referee, or juvenile hearing officer may do any of the following:
(1) Reprimand the minor and take no further action.
(2) Direct that the probation officer undertake a program of supervision of the minor for a period not to exceed six months, in addition to or in place of the following orders.
(3) Order that the minor pay a fine up to the amount that an adult would pay for the same violation, unless the violation is otherwise specified within this section, in which case the fine shall not exceed two hundred fifty dollars ($250). This fine may be levied in addition to or in place of the following orders and the court may waive any or all of this fine, if the minor is unable to pay. In determining the minor’s ability to pay, the court shall not consider the ability of the minor’s family to pay.
(4) Subject to the minor’s right to a restitution hearing, order that the minor pay restitution to the victim, in lieu of all or a portion of the fine specified in paragraph (3). The total dollar amount of the fine, restitution, and any program fees ordered pursuant to paragraph (9) shall not exceed the maximum amount which may be ordered pursuant to paragraph (3). This paragraph shall not be construed to limit the right to recover damages, less any amount actually paid in restitution, in a civil action.
(5) Order that the driving privileges of the minor be suspended or restricted as provided in the Vehicle Code or, notwithstanding Section 13203 of the Vehicle Code or any other provision of law, when the Vehicle Code does not provide for the suspension or restriction of driving privileges, that, in addition to any other order, the driving privileges of the minor be suspended or restricted for a period of not to exceed 30 days.
(6) In the case of a traffic related offense, order the minor to attend a licensed traffic school, or other court approved program of traffic school instruction pursuant to Chapter 1.5 (commencing with Section 11200) of Division 5 of the Vehicle Code, to be completed by the juvenile within 60 days of the court order.
(7) Order that the minor produce satisfactory evidence that the vehicle or its equipment has been made to conform with the requirements of the Vehicle Code pursuant to Section 40150 of the Vehicle Code if the violation involved an equipment violation.
(8) Order that the minor perform community service work in a public entity or any private nonprofit entity, for not more than 50 hours over a period of 60 days, during times other than his or her the minor’s hours of school attendance or employment. Work performed pursuant to this paragraph shall not exceed 30 hours during any 30-day period. The timeframes established by this paragraph shall not be modified except in unusual cases where the interests of justice would best be served. When the order to work is made by a referee or a juvenile hearing officer, it shall be approved by a judge of the juvenile court.
For purposes of this paragraph, a judge, referee, or juvenile hearing officer shall not, without the consent of the minor, order the minor to perform work with a private nonprofit entity that is affiliated with any religion.
(9) In the case of a misdemeanor, order that the minor participate in and complete a counseling or educational program, or, if the offense involved a violation of a controlled substance law, a drug treatment program, if those programs are available. Fees for participation shall be subject to the right to a hearing as the minor’s ability to pay and shall not, together with any fine or restitution order, exceed the maximum amount that may be ordered pursuant to paragraph (3).
(10) Require that the minor attend a school program without unexcused absence.
(11) If the offense is a misdemeanor committed between 10 p.m. and 6 a.m., require that the minor be at his or her the minor’s legal residence at hours to be specified by the juvenile hearing officer between the hours of 10 p.m. and 6 a.m., except for a medical or other emergency, unless the minor is accompanied by his or her the minor’s parent, guardian, or other person in charge of the minor. The maximum length of an order made pursuant to this paragraph shall be six months from the effective date of the order.
(12) Make any or all of the following orders with respect to a violation of the Fish and Game Code which is not charged as a felony:
(A) That the fishing or hunting license involved be suspended or restricted.
(B) That the minor work in a park or conservation area for a total of not to exceed 20 hours over a period not to exceed 30 days, during times other than his or her the minor’s hours of school attendance or employment.
(C) That the minor forfeit, pursuant to Section 12157 of the Fish and Game Code, any device or apparatus designed to be, and capable of being, used to take birds, mammals, fish, reptiles, or amphibia and that was used in committing the violation charged. The judge, referee, or juvenile hearing officer shall, if the minor committed an offense that is punishable under Section 12008 or 12008.1 of the Fish and Game Code, order the device or apparatus forfeited pursuant to Section 12157 of the Fish and Game Code.
(13) If the violation charged is of an ordinance of a city, county, or local agency relating to loitering, curfew, or fare evasion on a public transportation system, as defined by Section 99211 of the Public Utilities Code, or is a violation of Section 640 or 640a of the Penal Code, make the order that the minor shall perform community service for a total time not to exceed 20 hours over a period not to exceed 30 days, during times other than his or her the minor’s hours of school attendance or employment.
(b) If the minor is before the court on the basis of truancy, as described in subdivision (b) of Section 601, all of the following procedures and limitations shall apply:
(1) The judge, referee, or juvenile hearing officer shall not proceed with a hearing unless both of the following have been provided to the court:
(A) Evidence that the minor’s school has undertaken the actions specified in subdivisions (a), (b), and (c) of Section 48264.5 of the Education Code. If the school district does not have an attendance review board, as described in Section 48321 of the Education Code, the minor’s school is not required to provide evidence to the court of any actions the school has undertaken that demonstrate the intervention of a school attendance review board.
(B) The available record of previous attempts to address the minor’s truancy.
(2) The court is encouraged to set the hearing outside of school hours, so as to avoid causing the minor to miss additional school time.
(3) Pursuant to paragraph (1) of subdivision (a) of Section 257, the minor and his or her the minor’s parents shall be advised of the minor’s right to refuse consent to a hearing conducted upon a written notice to appear.
(4) The minor’s parents shall be permitted to participate in the hearing.
(5) The judge, referee, or juvenile hearing officer may continue the hearing to allow the minor the opportunity to demonstrate improved attendance before imposing any of the orders specified in paragraph (6). Upon demonstration of improved attendance, the court may dismiss the case.
(6) Upon a finding that the minor violated subdivision (b) of Section 601, the judge, referee, or juvenile hearing officer shall direct his or her their orders at improving the minor’s school attendance. The judge, referee, or juvenile hearing officer may do any of the following:
(A) Order the minor to perform community service work, as described in Section 48264.5 of the Education Code, which may be performed at the minor’s school.
(B) Order the payment of a fine by the minor of not more than fifty dollars ($50), for which a parent or legal guardian of the minor may be jointly liable. The fine described in this subparagraph shall not be subject to Section 1464 of the Penal Code or additional penalty pursuant to any other law. The minor, at his or her the minor’s discretion, may perform community service, as described in subparagraph (A), in lieu of any fine imposed under this subparagraph.
(C) Order a combination of community service work described in subparagraph (A) and payment of a portion of the fine described in subparagraph (B).
(D) Restrict driving privileges in the manner set forth in paragraph (5) of subdivision (a). The minor may request removal of the driving restrictions if he or she the minor provides proof of school attendance, high school graduation, GED completion, or enrollment in adult education, a community college, or a trade program. Any driving restriction shall be removed at the time the minor attains 18 years of age.
(c) (1) The judge, referee, or juvenile hearing officer shall retain jurisdiction of the case until all orders made under this section have been fully complied with.
(2) If a minor is before the judge, referee, or juvenile hearing officer on the basis of truancy, jurisdiction shall be terminated upon the minor attaining 18 years of age.
(d) This section shall become inoperative on July 1, 2021, and, as of January 1, 2022, is repealed.

SEC. 18.

 Section 258 is added to the Welfare and Institutions Code, to read:

258.
 (a) Upon a hearing conducted in accordance with Section 257, and upon either an admission by the minor of the commission of a violation charged, or a finding that the minor did in fact commit the violation, the judge, referee, or juvenile hearing officer may do any of the following:
(1) Reprimand the minor and take no further action.
(2) Direct that the probation officer undertake a program of supervision of the minor for a period not to exceed six months, in addition to or in place of the following orders.
(3) Order that the minor pay a fine up to the amount that an adult would pay for the same violation, unless the violation is otherwise specified within this section, in which case the fine shall not exceed two hundred fifty dollars ($250). This fine may be levied in addition to or in place of the following orders and the court may waive any or all of this fine, if the minor is unable to pay. In determining the minor’s ability to pay, the court shall not consider the ability of the minor’s family to pay.
(4) Subject to the minor’s right to a restitution hearing, order that the minor pay restitution to the victim, in lieu of all or a portion of the fine specified in paragraph (3). The total dollar amount of the fine, restitution, and any program fees ordered pursuant to paragraph (9) shall not exceed the maximum amount which may be ordered pursuant to paragraph (3). This paragraph does not limit the right to recover damages, less any amount actually paid in restitution, in a civil action.
(5) Order that the driving privileges of the minor be suspended or restricted as provided in the Vehicle Code or, notwithstanding Section 13203 of the Vehicle Code or any other provision of law, when the Vehicle Code does not provide for the suspension or restriction of driving privileges, that, in addition to any other order, the driving privileges of the minor be suspended or restricted for a period of not to exceed 30 days.
(6) In the case of a traffic-related offense, order the minor to attend a licensed traffic school, or other court approved program of traffic school instruction pursuant to Chapter 1.5 (commencing with Section 11200) of Division 5 of the Vehicle Code, to be completed by the juvenile within 60 days of the court order.
(7) Order that the minor produce satisfactory evidence that the vehicle or its equipment has been made to conform with the requirements of the Vehicle Code pursuant to Section 40150 of the Vehicle Code if the violation involved an equipment violation.
(8) (A) Order that the minor perform community service work in a public entity or any private nonprofit entity, for not more than 50 hours over a period of 60 days, during times other than the minor’s hours of school attendance or employment. Work performed pursuant to this paragraph shall not exceed 30 hours during any 30-day period. The timeframes established by this paragraph shall not be modified except in unusual cases where the interests of justice would best be served. When the order to work is made by a referee or a juvenile hearing officer, it shall be approved by a judge of the juvenile court.
(B) For purposes of this paragraph, a judge, referee, or juvenile hearing officer shall not, without the consent of the minor, order the minor to perform work with a private nonprofit entity that is affiliated with any religion.
(9) In the case of a misdemeanor, order that the minor participate in and complete a counseling or educational program, or, if the offense involved a violation of a controlled substance law, a drug treatment program, if those programs are available. Fees for participation shall be subject to the right to a hearing as the minor’s ability to pay and shall not, together with any fine or restitution order, exceed the maximum amount that may be ordered pursuant to paragraph (3).
(10) Require that the minor attend a school program without unexcused absence.
(11) If the offense is a misdemeanor committed between 10 p.m. and 6 a.m., require that the minor be at the minor’s legal residence at hours to be specified by the juvenile hearing officer between the hours of 10 p.m. and 6 a.m., except for a medical or other emergency, unless the minor is accompanied by the minor’s parent, guardian, or other person in charge of the minor. The maximum length of an order made pursuant to this paragraph shall be six months from the effective date of the order.
(12) Make any or all of the following orders with respect to a violation of the Fish and Game Code which is not charged as a felony:
(A) That the fishing or hunting license involved be suspended or restricted.
(B) That the minor work in a park or conservation area for a total of not to exceed 20 hours over a period not to exceed 30 days, during times other than the minor’s hours of school attendance or employment.
(C) That the minor forfeit, pursuant to Section 12157 of the Fish and Game Code, any device or apparatus designed to be, and capable of being, used to take birds, mammals, fish, reptiles, or amphibia and that was used in committing the violation charged. The judge, referee, or juvenile hearing officer shall, if the minor committed an offense that is punishable under Section 12008 or 12008.1 of the Fish and Game Code, order the device or apparatus forfeited pursuant to Section 12157 of the Fish and Game Code.
(13) If the violation charged is of an ordinance of a city, county, or local agency relating to loitering, curfew, or fare evasion on a public transportation system, as defined by Section 99211 of the Public Utilities Code, or is a violation of Section 640 or 640a of the Penal Code, order the minor to perform community service for a total time not to exceed 20 hours over a period not to exceed 30 days, during times other than the minor’s hours of school attendance or employment.
(b) The judge, referee, or juvenile hearing officer shall retain jurisdiction of the case until all orders made under this section have been fully complied with.
(c) This section shall become operative on July 1, 2021.

SEC. 19.

 Section 601 of the Welfare and Institutions Code is amended to read:

601.
 (a) Any minor between 12 years of age and 17 years of age, inclusive, who persistently or habitually refuses to obey the reasonable and proper orders or directions of his or her the minor’s parents, guardian, or custodian, or who is beyond the control of that person, or who is a minor between 12 years of age and 17 years of age, inclusive, when he or she the minor violated any ordinance of any city or county of this state establishing a curfew based solely on age is within the jurisdiction of the juvenile court which may adjudge the minor to be a ward of the court.
(b) If a minor between 12 years of age and 17 years of age, inclusive, has four or more truancies within one school year as defined in Section 48260 of the Education Code or a school attendance review board or probation officer determines that the available public and private services are insufficient or inappropriate to correct the habitual truancy of the minor, or to correct the minor’s persistent or habitual refusal to obey the reasonable and proper orders or directions of school authorities, or if the minor fails to respond to directives of a school attendance review board or probation officer or to services provided, the minor is then within the jurisdiction of the juvenile court which may adjudge the minor to be a ward of the court. However, it is the intent of the Legislature that a minor who is described in this subdivision, adjudged a ward of the court pursuant solely to this subdivision, or found in contempt of court for failure to comply with a court order pursuant to this subdivision, shall not be held in a secure facility and shall not be removed from the custody of the parent or guardian except for the purposes of school attendance.
(c) To the extent practically feasible, a minor who is adjudged a ward of the court pursuant to this section shall not be permitted to come into or remain in contact with any minor ordered to participate in a truancy program, or the equivalent thereof, pursuant to Section 602.
(d) Any peace officer or school administrator may issue a notice to appear to a minor who is within the jurisdiction of the juvenile court pursuant to this section.
(e) This section shall become inoperative on July 1, 2021, and, as of January 1, 2022, is repealed.

SEC. 20.

 Section 601 is added to the Welfare and Institutions Code, to read:

601.
 (a) Any minor between 12 years of age and 17 years of age, inclusive, who persistently or habitually refuses to obey the reasonable and proper orders or directions of the minor’s parents, guardian, or custodian, or who is beyond the control of that person, or who is a minor between 12 years of age and 17 years of age, inclusive, when the minor violated any ordinance of any city or county of this state establishing a curfew based solely on age is within the jurisdiction of the juvenile court which may adjudge the minor to be a ward of the court.
(b) Any peace officer may issue a notice to appear to a minor who is within the jurisdiction of the juvenile court pursuant to this section. Before issuing a notice to appear under this subdivision, a peace officer shall refer a minor who is within the jurisdiction of this section to a community-based resource, the probation department, a health agency, a local educational agency, or other governmental entities that may provide services.
(c) This section shall become operative on July 1, 2021.

SEC. 21.

 Section 601.3 of the Welfare and Institutions Code is amended to read:

601.3.
 (a) If the district attorney or the probation officer receives notice from the school district pursuant to subdivision (b) of Section 48260.6 of the Education Code that a minor continues to be classified as a truant after the parents or guardians have been notified pursuant to subdivision (a) of Section 48260.5 of the Education Code, or if the district attorney or the probation officer receives notice from the school attendance review board, or the district attorney receives notice from the probation officer, pursuant to subdivision (a) of Section 48263.5 of the Education Code that a minor continues to be classified as a truant after review and counseling by the school attendance review board or probation officer, the district attorney or the probation officer, or both, may request the parents or guardians and the child to attend a meeting in the district attorney’s office or at the probation department to discuss the possible legal consequences of the minor’s truancy.
(b) Notice of a meeting to be held pursuant to this section shall contain all of the following:
(1) The name and address of the person to whom the notice is directed.
(2) The date, time, and place of the meeting.
(3) The name of the minor classified as a truant.
(4) The section pursuant to which the meeting is requested.
(5) Notice that the district attorney may file a criminal complaint against the parents or guardians pursuant to Section 48293 of the Education Code for failure to compel the attendance of the minor at school.
(c) Notice of a meeting to be held pursuant to this section shall be served at least five days prior to the meeting on each person required to attend the meeting. Service shall be made personally or by certified mail with return receipt requested.
(d) At the commencement of the meeting authorized by this section, the district attorney or the probation officer shall advise the parents or guardians and the child that any statements they make could be used against them in subsequent court proceedings.
(e) Upon completion of the meeting authorized by this section, the probation officer or the district attorney, after consultation with the probation officer, may file a petition pursuant to Section 601 if the district attorney or the probation officer determines that available community resources cannot resolve the truancy problem, or if the pupil or the parents or guardians of the pupil, or both, have failed to respond to services provided or to the directives of the school, the school attendance review board, the probation officer, or the district attorney.
(f) The truancy mediation program authorized by this section may be established by the district attorney or by the probation officer. The district attorney and the probation officer shall coordinate their efforts and shall cooperate in determining which office is best able to operate a truancy mediation program in their county pursuant to this section.
(g) This section shall become inoperative on July 1, 2021, and, as of January 1, 2022, is repealed.

SEC. 22.

 Section 601.3 is added to the Welfare and Institutions Code, to read:

601.3.
 (a) If the district attorney or the probation officer receives notice from the school district pursuant to subdivision (b) of Section 48260.6 of the Education Code that a minor continues to be classified as a truant after the parents or guardians have been notified pursuant to subdivision (a) of Section 48260.5 of the Education Code, or if the district attorney or the probation officer receives notice from the school attendance review board, or the district attorney receives notice from the probation officer, pursuant to subdivision (a) of Section 48263.5 of the Education Code that a minor continues to be classified as a truant after review and counseling by the school attendance review board or probation officer, the district attorney or the probation officer, or both, may request the parents or guardians and the child to attend a meeting in the district attorney’s office or at the probation department to discuss the possible legal consequences of the minor’s truancy.
(b) Notice of a meeting to be held pursuant to this section shall contain all of the following:
(1) The name and address of the person to whom the notice is directed.
(2) The date, time, and place of the meeting.
(3) The name of the minor classified as a truant.
(4) The section pursuant to which the meeting is requested.
(5) Notice that the district attorney may file a criminal complaint against the parents or guardians pursuant to Section 48293 of the Education Code for failure to compel the attendance of the minor at school.
(c) Notice of a meeting to be held pursuant to this section shall be served at least five days prior to the meeting on each person required to attend the meeting. Service shall be made personally or by certified mail with return receipt requested.
(d) At the commencement of the meeting authorized by this section, the district attorney or the probation officer shall advise the parents or guardians and the child that any statements they make could be used against them in subsequent court proceedings.
(e) The truancy mediation program authorized by this section may be established by the district attorney or by the probation officer. The district attorney and the probation officer shall coordinate their efforts and shall cooperate in determining whether another public agency, a community-based organization, the probation department, or the district attorney is best able to operate a truancy mediation program in their county pursuant to this section.
(f) This section shall become operative on July 1, 2021.

SEC. 23.

 Section 650 of the Welfare and Institutions Code is amended to read:

650.
 (a) Juvenile court proceedings to declare a minor a ward of the court pursuant to Section 601 are commenced by the filing of a petition by the probation officer except as specified in subdivision (b).
(b) Juvenile court proceedings to declare a minor a ward of the court pursuant to subdivision (e) of Section 601.3 may be commenced by the filing of a petition by the probation officer or the district attorney after consultation with the probation officer.
(c) Juvenile court proceedings to declare a minor a ward of the court pursuant to Section 602 are commenced by the filing of a petition by the prosecuting attorney.
(d) This section shall become inoperative on July 1, 2021, and, as of January 1, 2022, is repealed.

SEC. 24.

 Section 650 is added to the Welfare and Institutions Code, to read:

650.
 (a) Juvenile court proceedings to declare a minor a ward of the court pursuant to Section 601 are commenced by the filing of a petition by the probation officer.
(b) Juvenile court proceedings to declare a minor a ward of the court pursuant to Section 602 are commenced by the filing of a petition by the prosecuting attorney.
(c) This section shall become operative on July 1, 2021.

SEC. 25.

 Section 651.5 is added to the Welfare and Institutions Code, to read:

651.5.
 (a) For purposes of this article, “community-based organization” means a public or private nonprofit organization of demonstrated effectiveness that is representative of a community or significant segments of a community and provides educational, physical, or mental health, recreational, arts, and other youth development or related services to individuals in the community.
(b) This section shall become operative on July 1, 2021.

SEC. 26.

 Section 652 of the Welfare and Institutions Code is amended to read:

652.
 (a) Whenever the probation officer has cause to believe that there was or is within the county, or residing therein, a person within the provisions of Section 601 or 602, the probation officer shall immediately make an investigation he or she the probation officer deems necessary to determine whether proceedings in the juvenile court should be commenced, including whether reasonable efforts, as described in paragraph (5) of subdivision (d) of Section 727.4, have been made to prevent or eliminate the need for removal of the minor from his or her the minor’s home. However, this section does not require an investigation by the probation officer with respect to a minor delivered or referred to an agency pursuant to subdivision (b) of Section 626.
(b) This section shall become inoperative on July 1, 2021, and, as of January 1, 2022, is repealed.

SEC. 27.

 Section 652 is added to the Welfare and Institutions Code, to read:

652.
 (a) Whenever the probation officer has cause to believe that there was or is within the county, or residing therein, a person within the provisions of Section 602, the probation officer shall immediately make an investigation the probation officer deems necessary to determine whether proceedings in the juvenile court should be commenced, including whether reasonable efforts, as described in paragraph (5) of subdivision (d) of Section 727.4, have been made to prevent or eliminate the need for removal of the minor from the minor’s home. However, this section does not require an investigation by the probation officer with respect to a minor delivered or referred to an agency pursuant to subdivision (b) of Section 626.
(b) This section shall become operative on July 1, 2021.

SEC. 28.

 Section 653 of the Welfare and Institutions Code is amended to read:

653.
 (a) Whenever any person applies to the probation officer or the district attorney in accordance with subdivision (e) of Section 601.3, to commence proceedings in the juvenile court, the application shall be in the form of an affidavit alleging that there was or is within the county, or residing therein, a minor within the provisions of Section 601 and setting forth facts in support thereof. The probation officer or the district attorney, in consultation with the probation officer, shall immediately make any investigation he or she deems they deem necessary to determine whether proceedings in the juvenile court should be commenced.
(b) This section shall become inoperative on July 1, 2021, and, as of January 1, 2022, is repealed.

SEC. 29.

 Section 653.5 of the Welfare and Institutions Code is amended to read:

653.5.
 (a) Whenever any person applies to the probation officer to commence proceedings in the juvenile court, the application shall be in the form of an affidavit alleging that there was or is within the county, or residing therein, a minor within the provisions of Section 602, or that a minor committed an offense described in Section 602 within the county, and setting forth facts in support thereof. The probation officer shall immediately make any investigation he or she the probation officer deems necessary to determine whether proceedings in the juvenile court shall be commenced. If the probation officer determines that it is appropriate to offer services to the family to prevent or eliminate the need for removal of the minor from his or her the minor’s home, the probation officer shall make a referral to those services.
(b) Except as provided in subdivision (c), if the probation officer determines that proceedings pursuant to Section 650 should be commenced to declare a person to be a ward of the juvenile court on the basis that he or she is they are a person described in Section 602, the probation officer shall cause the affidavit to be taken to the prosecuting attorney.
(c) Notwithstanding subdivision (b), the probation officer shall cause the affidavit to be taken within 48 hours to the prosecuting attorney in all of the following cases:
(1) If it appears to the probation officer that the minor has been referred to the probation officer for any violation of an offense listed in subdivision (b), paragraph (2) of subdivision (d), or subdivision (e) (b) of Section 707.
(2) If it appears to the probation officer that the minor is under 14 years of age at the date of the offense and that the offense constitutes a second felony referral to the probation officer.
(3) If it appears to the probation officer that the minor was 14 years of age or older at the date of the offense and that the offense constitutes a felony referral to the probation officer.
(4) If it appears to the probation officer that the minor has been referred to the probation officer for the sale or possession for sale of a controlled substance as defined in Chapter 2 (commencing with Section 11053) of Division 10 of the Health and Safety Code.
(5) If it appears to the probation officer that the minor has been referred to the probation officer for a violation of Section 11350 or 11377 of the Health and Safety Code where the violation takes place at a public or private elementary, vocational, junior high school, or high school, or a violation of Section 245.5, 626.9, or 626.10 of the Penal Code.
(6) If it appears to the probation officer that the minor has been referred to the probation officer for a violation of Section 186.22 of the Penal Code.
(7) If it appears to the probation officer that the minor has previously been placed in a program of informal probation pursuant to Section 654.
(8) If it appears to the probation officer that the minor has committed an offense in which the restitution owed to the victim exceeds one thousand dollars ($1,000). For purposes of this paragraph, the definition of “victim” in paragraph (1) of subdivision (a) of Section 730.6 and “restitution” in subdivision (h) of Section 730.6 shall apply.
Except for offenses listed in paragraph (5), the provisions of subdivision (c) shall not apply to a narcotics and drug offense set forth in Section 1000 of the Penal Code.
The prosecuting attorney shall within his or her their discretionary power institute proceedings in accordance with his or her their role as public prosecutor pursuant to subdivision (b) of Section 650 and Section 26500 of the Government Code. However, if it appears to the prosecuting attorney that the affidavit was not properly referred, that the offense for which the minor was referred should be charged as a misdemeanor, or that the minor may benefit from a program of informal supervision, he or she the prosecuting attorney shall refer the matter to the probation officer for whatever action the probation officer may deem appropriate.
(d) In all matters where the minor is not in custody and is already a ward of the court or a probationer under Section 602, the prosecuting attorney, within five judicial days of receipt of the affidavit from the probation officer, shall institute proceedings in accordance with his or her their role as public prosecutor pursuant to subdivision (b) of Section 650 of this code and Section 26500 of the Government Code, unless it appears to the prosecuting attorney that the affidavit was not properly referred or that the offense for which the minor was referred requires additional substantiating information, in which case he or she the prosecuting attorney shall immediately notify the probation officer of what further action he or she is they are taking.

(e)This section shall become operative on January 1, 1997.

(e) This section shall become inoperative on July 1, 2021, and, as of January 1, 2022, is repealed.

SEC. 30.

 Section 653.5 is added to the Welfare and Institutions Code, to read:

653.5.
 (a) Whenever any person applies to the probation officer to commence proceedings in the juvenile court, the application shall be in the form of an affidavit alleging that there was or is within the county, or residing therein, a minor within the provisions of Section 602, or that a minor committed an offense described in Section 602 within the county, and setting forth facts in support thereof. The probation officer shall immediately make any investigation the probation officer deems necessary to determine whether proceedings in the juvenile court shall be commenced. If the probation officer determines that it is appropriate to offer or recommend services to the family to prevent or eliminate the need for removal of the minor from the minor’s home, the probation officer shall make a referral to those services. The probation officer shall refer the youth to services provided by a community-based resource, the probation department, a health agency, a local educational agency, or other governmental entities that may provide services.
(b) Except as provided in subdivision (c), if the probation officer determines that proceedings pursuant to Section 650 should be commenced to declare a person to be a ward of the juvenile court on the basis that the minor is a person described in Section 602, the probation officer shall cause the affidavit to be taken to the prosecuting attorney.
(c) Notwithstanding subdivision (b), the probation officer shall cause the affidavit to be taken within 48 hours to the prosecuting attorney in all of the following cases:
(1) If it appears to the probation officer that the minor has been referred to the probation officer for any violation of an offense listed in subdivision (b) of Section 707.
(2) If it appears to the probation officer that the minor is under 14 years of age at the date of the offense and that the offense constitutes a second felony referral to the probation officer.
(3) If it appears to the probation officer that the minor was 14 years of age or older at the date of the offense and that the offense constitutes a felony referral to the probation officer.
(4) If it appears to the probation officer that the minor has been referred to the probation officer for the sale or possession for sale of a controlled substance as defined in Chapter 2 (commencing with Section 11053) of Division 10 of the Health and Safety Code.
(5) If it appears to the probation officer that the minor has been referred to the probation officer for a violation of Section 11350 or 11377 of the Health and Safety Code where the violation takes place at a public or private elementary, vocational, junior high school, or high school, or a violation of Section 245.5, 626.9, or 626.10 of the Penal Code.
(6) If it appears to the probation officer that the minor has been referred to the probation officer for a violation of Section 186.22 of the Penal Code.
(7) If it appears to the probation officer that the minor has committed an offense in which the restitution owed to the victim exceeds one thousand dollars ($1,000). For purposes of this paragraph, the definition of “victim” in paragraph (1) of subdivision (a) of Section 730.6 and “restitution” in subdivision (h) of Section 730.6 shall apply.
Except for offenses listed in paragraph (5), subdivision (c) shall not apply to a narcotics and drug offense set forth in Section 1000 of the Penal Code.
The prosecuting attorney shall within their discretionary power institute proceedings in accordance with their role as public prosecutor pursuant to subdivision (b) of Section 650 and Section 26500 of the Government Code. However, if it appears to the prosecuting attorney that the affidavit was not properly referred, that the offense for which the minor was referred should be charged as a misdemeanor, or that the minor may benefit from a program of informal supervision, they shall refer the matter to the probation officer for whatever action the probation officer may deem appropriate.
(d) In all matters where the minor is not in custody and is already a ward of the court or a probationer under Section 602, the prosecuting attorney, within five judicial days of receipt of the affidavit from the probation officer, shall institute proceedings in accordance with their role as public prosecutor pursuant to subdivision (b) of Section 650 of this code and Section 26500 of the Government Code, unless it appears to the prosecuting attorney that the affidavit was not properly referred or that the offense for which the minor was referred requires additional substantiating information, in which case they shall immediately notify the probation officer of what further action they are taking.
(e) This section shall become operative on July 1, 2021.

SEC. 31.

 Section 654 of the Welfare and Institutions Code is amended to read:

654.
 (a) In any case in which a probation officer, after investigation of an application for a petition or any other investigation he or she the probation officer is authorized to make, concludes that a minor is within the jurisdiction of the juvenile court or will probably soon be within that jurisdiction, the probation officer may, in lieu of filing a petition to declare a minor a dependent child of the court or a minor or a ward of the court under Section 601 or requesting that a petition be filed by the prosecuting attorney to declare a minor a ward of the court under subdivision (e) of Section 601.3 or Section 602 and with consent of the minor and the minor’s parent or guardian, delineate specific programs of supervision for the minor, for not to exceed six months, and attempt thereby to adjust the situation that brings the minor within the jurisdiction of the court or creates the probability that the minor will soon be within that jurisdiction. This section does not prevent the probation officer from filing a petition or requesting the prosecuting attorney to file a petition at any time within the six-month period or a 90-day period thereafter. If the probation officer determines that the minor has not involved himself or herself themselves in the specific programs within 60 days, the probation officer shall immediately file a petition or request that a petition be filed by the prosecuting attorney. However, when in the judgment of the probation officer the interest of the minor and the community can be protected, the probation officer shall make a diligent effort to proceed under this section.

The

(b) The program of supervision of the minor undertaken pursuant to this section may call for the minor to obtain care and treatment for the misuse of, or addiction to, controlled substances from a county mental health service or other appropriate community agency.

The

(c) The program of supervision shall require the parents or guardians of the minor to participate with the minor in counseling or education programs, including, but not limited to, parent education and parenting programs operated by community colleges, school districts, or other appropriate agencies designated by the court if the program of supervision is pursuant to the procedure prescribed in Section 654.2.

Further,

(d) Further, this section shall authorize the probation officer with consent of the minor and the minor’s parent or guardian to provide the following services in lieu of filing a petition:

(a)

(1) Maintain and operate sheltered-care facilities, or contract with private or public agencies to provide these services. The placement shall be limited to a maximum of 90 days. Counseling services shall be extended to the sheltered minor and his or her the minor’s family during this period of diversion services. The minor’s parents may be required to make full or partial reimbursement for the services rendered to the minor’s family, but not for the services rendered to the minor, during the diversion process. Referrals for sheltered-care diversion may be made by the minor, his or her the minor’s family, schools, any law enforcement agency, or any other private or public social service agency.

(b)

(2) Maintain and operate crisis resolution homes, or contract with private or public agencies offering these services. Residence at these facilities shall be limited to 20 days during which period individual and family counseling shall be extended to the minor and his or her the minor’s family. Failure to resolve the crisis within the 20-day period may result in the minor’s referral to a sheltered-care facility for a period not to exceed 90 days. Referrals shall be accepted from the minor, his or her the minor’s family, schools, law enforcement or any other private or public social service agency. The minor’s parents may be required to reimburse the county for the cost of services rendered to the minor’s family, but not for the cost of services rendered to the minor, at a rate to be determined by the county board of supervisors.

(c)

(3) Maintain and operate counseling and educational centers, or contract with private and public agencies, societies, or corporations whose purpose is to provide vocational training or skills. The centers may be operated separately or in conjunction with crisis resolution homes to be operated by the probation officer. The probation officer shall be authorized to make referrals to the appropriate existing private or public agencies offering similar services when available.

At

(e) At the conclusion of the program of supervision undertaken pursuant to this section, the probation officer shall prepare and maintain a followup report of the actual program measures taken.
(f) This section shall become inoperative on July 1, 2021, and, as of January 1, 2022, is repealed.

SEC. 32.

 Section 654 is added to the Welfare and Institutions Code, to read:

654.
 (a) In any case in which a probation officer, after investigation of an application for a petition or any other investigation the probation officer is authorized to make, concludes that a minor is within the jurisdiction of the juvenile court, or would come within the jurisdiction of the court if a petition were filed, the probation officer may, in lieu of filing a petition to declare a minor a ward of the court under Section 601 or requesting that a petition be filed by the prosecuting attorney to declare a minor a ward of the court under Section 602 and with consent of the minor and the minor’s parent or guardian, refer the minor to services provided by a community-based resource, the probation department, a health agency, a local educational agency, or other governmental entities that may provide services. If the services are provided by the probation department, the probation officer may delineate specific programs of supervision for the minor, not to exceed six months, and attempt thereby to adjust the situation that brings the minor within the jurisdiction of the court. This section does not prevent the probation officer from requesting the prosecuting attorney to file a petition at any time within the six-month period or a 90-day period thereafter. If the probation officer determines that the minor has not participated in the specific programs within 60 days, the probation officer may file a petition or request that a petition be filed by the prosecuting attorney. However, when in the judgment of the probation officer the interest of the minor and the community can be protected, the probation officer shall make a diligent effort to proceed under this section.
(b) The program of supervision of the minor undertaken pursuant to this section may call for the minor to obtain care and treatment for the misuse of, or addiction to, controlled substances from a county mental health service or other appropriate community agency.
(c) The program of supervision shall encourage the parents or guardians of the minor to participate with the minor in counseling or education programs, including, but not limited to, parent education and parenting programs operated by community colleges, school districts, or other appropriate agencies designated by the court if the program of supervision is pursuant to the procedure prescribed in Section 654.2.
(d) Further, a probation officer with consent of the minor and the minor’s parent or guardian may provide the following services in lieu of filing a petition:
(1) Maintain and operate sheltered-care facilities, or contract with private or public agencies to provide these services. The placement shall be limited to a maximum of 90 days. Counseling services shall be extended to the sheltered minor and the minor’s family during this period of diversion services. Referrals for sheltered-care diversion may be made by the minor, the minor’s family, schools, any law enforcement agency, or any other private or public social service agency.
(2) Maintain and operate crisis resolution homes, or contract with private or public agencies offering these services. Residence at these facilities shall be limited to 20 days during which period individual and family counseling shall be extended to the minor and the minor’s family. Failure to resolve the crisis within the 20-day period may result in the minor’s referral to a sheltered-care facility for a period not to exceed 90 days. Referrals shall be accepted from the minor, the minor’s family, schools, law enforcement, or any other private or public social service agency.
(3) Maintain and operate counseling and educational centers, or contract with community-based organizations or public agencies to provide vocational training or skills, counseling and mental health resources, educational supports, and arts, recreation, and other youth development services. These services may be provided separately or in conjunction with crisis resolution homes to be operated by the probation officer. The probation officer shall be authorized to make referrals to those organizations when available.
(e) At the conclusion of the program of supervision undertaken pursuant to this section, the probation officer shall prepare and maintain a followup report of the actual program measures taken.
(f) This section shall become operative on July 1, 2021.

SEC. 33.

 Sections 4.5 and 5.5 of this bill incorporate amendments to Section 2574 of the Education Code proposed by both this bill and Assembly Bill 39. Those sections of this bill shall only become operative if (1) both bills are enacted and become effective on or before January 1, 2020, (2) each bill amends Section 2574 of the Education Code, and (3) this bill is enacted after Assembly Bill 39, in which case Sections 4 and 5 of this bill shall not become operative.

SEC. 34.

 If the Commission on State Mandates determines that this act contains costs mandated by the state, reimbursement to local agencies and school districts for those costs shall be made pursuant to Part 7 (commencing with Section 17500) of Division 4 of Title 2 of the Government Code.