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SB-671 Transportation: Clean Freight Corridor Efficiency Program.(2021-2022)

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Date Published: 02/19/2021 09:00 PM
SB671:v99#DOCUMENT


CALIFORNIA LEGISLATURE— 2021–2022 REGULAR SESSION

Senate Bill
No. 671


Introduced by Senator Gonzalez

February 19, 2021


An act to amend Section 13978.8 of, and to add Sections 14517 and 65072.5 to, the Government Code, relating to transportation.


LEGISLATIVE COUNSEL'S DIGEST


SB 671, as introduced, Gonzalez. Transportation: Clean Freight Corridor Efficiency Program.
Existing law imposes various limitations on the emissions of air contaminants for the control of air pollution from vehicular and nonvehicular sources. Existing law establishes the California Transportation Commission and requires it to advise and assist the Secretary of Transportation and the Legislature in formulating and evaluating state policies and plans for transportation programs in the state. Existing law requires the Department of Transportation to update the California Transportation Plan every 5 years and ensure that the plan addresses how the state will achieve maximum feasible emissions reductions. Existing law also requires the Transportation Agency to prepare a state freight plan on or before December 31, 2014, and every 5 years thereafter, with specified elements to govern the immediate and long-range planning activities and capital investments of the state with respect to the movement of freight.
This bill would establish the Clean Freight Corridor Efficiency Program, to be jointly administered by the California Transportation Commission and State Air Resources Board, in coordination with other state entities. The bill would require the program to establish criteria for identifying qualifying freight corridors and define minimum requirements for clean truck corridors, surrounding local streets and roads, and associated facilities. The bill would require the program to identify California’s 5 most-used freight corridors and objectives for improving the corridors, as specified, and identify projects and funding opportunities in these corridors. The bill would require the commission and the board to jointly submit a report containing the program’s criteria, requirements, and recommendations to the Legislature and the Governor by December 31, 2023, and every 5 years thereafter. The bill would also require the program’s criteria, requirements, and recommendations to be incorporated into the development of the state freight plan and the California Transportation Plan.
Vote: MAJORITY   Appropriation: NO   Fiscal Committee: YES   Local Program: NO  

The people of the State of California do enact as follows:


SECTION 1.

 The Legislature finds and declares all of the following:
(a) Zero emissions technologies, especially heavy-duty trucks, are critical alternatives to internal combustion engines because these technologies reduce both greenhouse gas emissions and toxic air pollutants that disproportionately burden California’s disadvantaged communities of color.
(b) In September 2020, Governor Gavin Newsom signed Executive Order N-79-20, setting ambitious targets for the decarbonization of the transportation fuel sector. As part of that order, the Governor declared the goal of the state to reach 100 percent zero-emission medium- and heavy-duty vehicles in the state by 2045 for all operations where feasible, and 100 percent zero-emission drayage trucks by 2035.
(c) As part of the order, the Governor directed the State Air Resources Board, to the extent consistent with state and federal law, to develop and propose all of the following:
(1) Passenger vehicle and truck regulations requiring increasing volumes of new zero–emission vehicles sold in the state towards the target of 100 percent of in-state sales by 2035.
(2) Medium- and heavy-duty vehicle regulations requiring increasing volumes of new zero-emission trucks and buses sold and operated in the state towards the target of 100 percent of the fleet transitioning to zero–emission vehicles by 2045, wherever feasible, and for all drayage trucks to be zero emission by 2035.
(3) Strategies, in coordination with other state agencies, the United States Environmental Protection Agency, and local air quality management districts and air pollution control districts, to achieve 100 percent zero-emissions from off-road vehicles and equipment operations in the state by 2035.
(d) In order to support our state goals, the state must develop a program for the advancement of zero-emission ready freight corridors and infrastructure in our statewide transportation planning.

SEC. 2.

 Section 13978.8 of the Government Code is amended to read:

13978.8.
 (a) The Transportation Agency shall prepare a state freight plan. The state freight plan shall comply with the relevant provisions of the federal Moving Ahead for Progress in the 21st Century Act (MAP-21), Public Law 112-141. The agency shall develop a state freight plan that provides a comprehensive plan to govern the immediate and long-range planning activities and capital investments of the state with respect to the movement of freight.
(b) (1) The agency shall establish a freight advisory committee consisting of a representative cross section of public and private sector freight stakeholders, including representatives of ports, shippers, carriers, freight-related associations, the freight industry workforce, the California Transportation Commission, the Department of Transportation, the Public Utilities Commission, the State Lands Commission, the State Air Resources Board, regional and local governments, and environmental, safety, and community organizations.
(2) The freight advisory committee shall do all of the following:
(A) Advise the agency on freight-related priorities, issues, projects, and funding needs.
(B) Serve as a forum for discussion for state transportation decisions affecting freight mobility.
(C) Communicate and coordinate regional priorities with other organizations.
(D) Promote the sharing of information between the private and public sectors on freight issues.
(E) Participate in the development of the state freight plan.
(c) The state freight plan shall include, at a minimum, all of the following:
(1) An identification of significant freight system trends, needs, and issues.
(2) A description of the freight policies, strategies, and performance measures that will guide freight-related transportation investment decisions.
(3) A description of how the state freight plan will improve the ability of California to meet the national freight goals established under Section 167 of Title 23 of the United States Code.
(4) Evidence of consideration of innovative technologies and operational strategies, including intelligent transportation systems, that improve the safety and efficiency of freight movement.
(5) In the case of routes on which travel by heavy vehicles, including mining, agricultural, energy cargo or equipment, and timber vehicles, is projected to substantially deteriorate the condition of roadways, a description of improvements that may be required to reduce or impede the deterioration.
(6) An inventory of facilities with freight mobility issues, such as truck bottlenecks within California, and a description of the strategies California is employing to address those freight mobility issues.
(d) The development of the state freight plan shall incorporate the Clean Freight Corridor Efficiency Program’s criteria, requirements, and recommendations made pursuant to Section 14517.

(d)

(e) Notwithstanding Section 10231.5, the state freight plan shall be submitted to the Legislature, the Governor, the California Transportation Commission, the Public Utilities Commission, and the State Air Resources Board on or before December 31, 2014, and every five years thereafter. The state freight plan shall be submitted pursuant to Section 9795.

(e)

(f) The state freight plan required by this section may be developed separately from, or incorporated into, the statewide strategic long-range transportation plan required by Section 135 of Title 23 of the United States Code.

(f)

(g) The freight rail element of the state freight plan may be developed separately from, or incorporated into, the state rail plan prepared by the Department of Transportation pursuant to Section 14036.

SEC. 3.

 Section 14517 is added to the Government Code, to read:

14517.
 (a) The Clean Freight Corridor Efficiency Program is hereby established.
(b) The commission and the State Air Resources Board, in coordination with the Public Utilities Commission, the State Energy Resources Conservation and Development Commission, and the Governor’s Office of Business and Economic Development, shall jointly administer, develop, and update the Clean Freight Corridor Efficiency Program. In addition, the commission and the State Air Resources Board shall consult with local government agencies, metropolitan planning organizations, and regional transportation planning agencies to develop the Clean Freight Corridor Efficiency Program.
(c) The Clean Freight Corridor Efficiency Program shall include all of the following:
(1) Establish criteria for identifying qualifying freight corridors that would be candidates for the Clean Freight Corridor Efficiency Program, with the goal of achieving infrastructure ready zero-emission freight corridors. The criteria to be assessed shall include, but not be limited to, freight volumes, public health impacts, feasibility for implementing zero-emission operations and infrastructure, and proximity to disadvantaged communities identified pursuant to Section 39711 of the Health and Safety Code. In developing the program, the commission and the State Air Resources Board shall assess the zero-emission vehicle charging and fueling infrastructure needed to support clean freight corridors, including an identification of areas for additional publicly accessible zero-emission vehicle charging or fueling, an identification of areas for additional workplace zero-emission vehicle charging or fueling, an identification of areas where micro-grids or similar technologies can be deployed for zero-emission vehicle charging or fueling, and an assessment of barriers and potential solutions to regional zero-emission vehicle adoption. The commission and the State Air Resources Board shall also assess the impact on roads due to the increased weight of zero-emission vehicles.
(2) Define minimum requirements for clean truck corridors, surrounding local streets and roads, and associated facilities. Minimum requirements shall include goals for emission-reductions, infrastructure for alternative fueling, congestion reduction, and improved road safety and resiliency, specifically planning for an increase in zero-emission vehicles. In evaluating proposed construction, the Clean Freight Corridor Efficiency Program may also consider prioritizing local hiring practices and avoiding displacing local residents.
(3) (A) Identify California’s five most used freight corridors and the primary objectives for improving each of those corridors as assessed by the Clean Freight Corridor Efficiency Program. These primary objectives may include promoting clean freight infrastructure, reducing congestion, near–source exposure to diesel exhaust or other contaminants, and regional air pollution, and enhancing roadway safety.
(B) Objectives for improving each corridor shall also consider methods to avoid displacement of residents and businesses, while maximizing the throughput, velocity, and safety of highways.
(4) Recommend projects along those corridors identified in paragraph (3).
(5) Identify funding opportunities for recommended projects.
(d) The commission and the State Air Resources Board shall jointly submit a report containing the Clean Freight Corridor Efficiency Program’s criteria, requirements, and recommendations to the Legislature and the Governor by December 31, 2023, and every five years thereafter, in compliance with Section 9795.
(e) The Clean Freight Corridor Efficiency Program’s criteria, requirements, and recommendations shall be incorporated into the development of the state freight plan pursuant to Section 13978.8 and the California Transportation Plan pursuant to Section 65072.5.
(f) (1) The commission and State Air Resources Board shall dedicate staff for development and ongoing implementation of the Clean Freight Corridor Efficiency Program.
(2) The department shall provide supplemental support to the Clean Freight Corridor Efficiency Program.
(g) If a project recommended pursuant to the Clean Freight Corridor Efficiency Program is selected for funding, the applicable department district office shall establish a Clean Freight Corridor Efficiency Program project team to develop and implement the project, as necessary, report to the department, and provide regular updates at the joint meetings held pursuant to Section 14516.
(h) A Clean Freight Corridor Efficiency Program project may be eligible for Trade Corridor Enhancement program funds.
(i) The commission, the State Air Resources Board, and State Energy Resources Conservation and Development Commission shall incorporate the Clean Freight Corridor Efficiency Program’s criteria, requirements, and recommendations into the selection criteria in those entities’ funding programs and guideline documents related to freight infrastructure and technology.

SEC. 4.

 Section 65072.5 is added to the Government Code, to read:

65072.5.
 Development of the California Transportation Plan shall incorporate the Clean Freight Corridor Efficiency Program’s criteria, requirements, and recommendations made pursuant to Section 14517.