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SB-465 Mental health.(2021-2022)

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Date Published: 05/21/2021 04:00 AM
SB465:v96#DOCUMENT

Amended  IN  Senate  May 20, 2021
Amended  IN  Senate  April 26, 2021
Amended  IN  Senate  March 08, 2021

CALIFORNIA LEGISLATURE— 2021–2022 REGULAR SESSION

Senate Bill
No. 465


Introduced by Senator Eggman
(Coauthor: Senator Gonzalez)

February 16, 2021


An act to amend Section 5600.3 of, and to add Section 5845.8 to, to the Welfare and Institutions Code, relating to mental health, and making an appropriation therefor. health.


LEGISLATIVE COUNSEL'S DIGEST


SB 465, as amended, Eggman. Mental health.

(1)Existing

Existing law contains provisions governing the operation and financing of community mental health services in every county through locally administered and locally controlled community mental health programs. Existing law further provides that, to the extent resources are available, the primary goal of the use of funds deposited in the mental health account of the local health and welfare trust fund should be to serve specified target populations, including, among others, seriously emotionally disturbed children and adolescents.
Existing law, the Mental Health Services Act (MHSA), an initiative measure enacted by the voters as Proposition 63 at the November 2, 2004, statewide general election, establishes the continuously appropriated Mental Health Services Fund to fund various county mental health programs and requires counties to spend those funds as specified, including on the target population of seriously emotionally disturbed children and adolescents. establishes the Mental Health Services Oversight and Accountability Commission to oversee the administration of various parts of the act.

Existing law defines “seriously emotionally disturbed children and adolescents” for the above purposes to include minors under 18 years of age who have a mental disorder, other than a primary substance use disorder or developmental disorder, that results in behavior inappropriate to the child’s age according to expected developmental norms and who meets one or more of the prescribed criteria. One of those criteria is that, as a result of the mental disorder, the child has substantial impairment in at least 2 specified areas and is either at risk of removal from the home or has been removed from the home or the mental disorder has been present for more than 6 months or is likely to continue for more than a year without treatment.

This bill, instead, would make substantial impairment in 2 of the required areas or being at risk of removal from the home or having been removed from the home separate criteria for determining serious emotional disturbance. The bill would prohibit removal from the home, or risk of removal from the home, from being used as the sole determinant of a child being seriously emotionally disturbed. This bill would make an appropriation by expanding the target population for which continuously appropriated MHSA moneys may be spent.

(2)The MHSA, in addition to funding a system of community mental health services, also establishes the Mental Health Services Oversight and Accountability Commission to oversee the administration of various parts of the act.

This bill would require the commission to report to specified legislative committees the outcomes for people receiving community mental health services under a full service partnership model, as specified, including any barriers to receiving the data and recommendations to strengthen California’s use of full service partnerships to reduce incarceration, hospitalization, and homelessness.
Vote: MAJORITY   Appropriation: YESNO   Fiscal Committee: YES   Local Program: NO  

The people of the State of California do enact as follows:


SECTION 1.

 The Legislature finds and declares that state regulations require counties to direct the majority of their Mental Health Services Act Community Services and Supports funds to full service partnerships, as defined in Section 3260 of Title 9 of the California Code of Regulations. Programs in this category provide flexible funding, intensive case management, and services such as housing, employment, education, peer support, cooccurring disorder treatment, and outreach. However, the full service partnership category of services could be strengthened to better serve the most needy, at-risk individuals, with an emphasis on serving those at risk of experiencing homelessness, hospitalization, or criminalization. Revisions to the current regulatory definitions and requirements of the full service partnership program will allow counties to better serve children, adults, and older adults with mental illness.
SEC. 2.Section 5600.3 of the Welfare and Institutions Code is amended to read:
5600.3.

To the extent resources are available, the primary goal of the use of funds deposited in the mental health account of the local health and welfare trust fund should be to serve the target populations identified in the following categories, which shall not be construed as establishing an order of priority:

(a)(1)Seriously emotionally disturbed children or adolescents.

(2)For the purposes of this part, “seriously emotionally disturbed children or adolescents” means minors under 18 years of age who have a mental disorder identified in the most recent edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, other than a primary substance use disorder or developmental disorder, that results in behavior inappropriate to the child’s age according to expected developmental norms. Members of this target population shall meet one or more of the following criteria:

(A)As a result of the mental disorder, the child has substantial impairment in at least two of the following areas: self-care, school functioning, family relationships, or ability to function in the community.

(B)The child is at risk of removal from home or has already been removed from the home. Removal or risk of removal from home on its own does not qualify a child as seriously emotionally disturbed.

(C)The child displays one of the following: psychotic features, risk of suicide, or risk of violence due to a mental disorder.

(D)The child has been assessed pursuant to Article 2 (commencing with Section 56320) of Chapter 4 of Part 30 of Division 4 of Title 2 of the Education Code and determined to have an emotional disturbance, as defined in paragraph (4) of subdivision (c) of Section 300.8 of Title 34 of the Code of Federal Regulations.

(b)(1)Adults and older adults who have a serious mental disorder.

(2)For the purposes of this part, “serious mental disorder” means a mental disorder that is severe in degree and persistent in duration, that may cause behavioral functioning which interferes substantially with the primary activities of daily living, and that may result in an inability to maintain stable adjustment and independent functioning without treatment, support, and rehabilitation for a long or indefinite period of time. Serious mental disorders include, but are not limited to, schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, post-traumatic stress disorder, as well as major affective disorders or other severely disabling mental disorders. This section does not exclude persons with a serious mental disorder and a diagnosis of substance abuse, developmental disability, or other physical or mental disorder.

(3)Members of this target population shall meet all of the following criteria:

(A)The person has a mental disorder as identified in the most recent edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, other than a substance use disorder, developmental disorder, or acquired traumatic brain injury as defined in subdivision (a) of Section 4354, unless that person also has a serious mental disorder as defined in paragraph (2).

(B)(i)As a result of the mental disorder, the person has substantial functional impairments or symptoms, or a psychiatric history demonstrating that without treatment there is an imminent risk of decompensation to having substantial impairments or symptoms.

(ii)For the purposes of this part, “functional impairment” means being substantially impaired as the result of a mental disorder in independent living, social relationships, vocational skills, or physical condition.

(C)As a result of a mental functional impairment and circumstances, the person is likely to become so disabled as to require public assistance, services, or entitlements.

(4)For the purpose of organizing outreach and treatment options, to the extent resources are available, this target population includes, but is not limited to, persons who are any of the following:

(A)Homeless persons who are mentally ill.

(B)Persons evaluated by appropriately licensed persons as requiring care in acute treatment facilities, including state hospitals, acute inpatient facilities, institutes for mental disease, and crisis residential programs.

(C)Persons arrested or convicted of crimes.

(D)Persons who require acute treatment as a result of a first episode of mental illness with psychotic features.

(5)California veterans in need of mental health services and who meet the existing eligibility requirements of this section, shall be provided services to the extent services are available to other adults pursuant to this section. Veterans who may be eligible for mental health services through the United States Department of Veterans Affairs should be advised of these services by the county and assisted in linking to those services, but the eligible veteran shall not be denied county mental or behavioral health services while waiting for a determination of eligibility for, and availability of, mental or behavioral health services provided by the United States Department of Veterans Affairs.

(A)An eligible veteran shall not be denied county mental health services based solely on the person’s status as a veteran, including whether or not the person is eligible for services provided by the United States Department of Veterans Affairs.

(B)Counties shall refer a veteran to the county veterans service officer, if any, to determine the veteran’s eligibility for, and the availability of, mental health services provided by the United States Department of Veterans Affairs or other federal health care provider.

(C)Counties should consider contracting with community-based veterans’ services agencies, where possible, to provide high-quality, veteran specific mental health services.

(c)Adults or older adults who require, or are at risk of requiring, acute psychiatric inpatient care, residential treatment, or outpatient crisis intervention because of a mental disorder with symptoms of psychosis, suicidality, or violence.

(d)Persons who need brief treatment as a result of a natural disaster or severe local emergency.

SEC. 3.SEC. 2.

 Section 5845.8 is added to the Welfare and Institutions Code, to read:

5845.8.
 (a) The commission shall annually report to the Senate and Assembly Committees on Health, Senate Budget Subcommittee on Health and Human Services, and Assembly Budget Subcommittee on Health and Human Services the outcomes for those receiving community mental health services under a full service partnership model.
(b) The report shall include, but not be limited to, information regarding persons eligible for full service partnerships, including summary information relating to enrollees and nonenrollees with respect to the community mental health services they receive and their experience with all of the following:
(1) Incarceration or criminalization.
(2) Housing status or homelessness.
(3) Hospitalization, emergency room utilization, and crisis service utilization.
(c) The report shall also include information regarding individuals who separate from a full service partnership, including, but not limited to, analysis of the reasons for separation and, to the extent possible, the community mental health services received and the statuses or experiences of these individuals regarding the outcomes identified in subdivision (b) for a period of 12 months following separation.
(d) The report shall also assess the degree to which the individuals most in need are accessing services and maintaining participation in a full service partnership or other programs providing similar services.
(e) The commission shall report any barriers to receiving the data relevant to completing this report and include recommendations to strengthen California’s use of full service partnerships to reduce incarceration, hospitalization, and homelessness.
(f) In doing this work, the commission shall consult with the California mental health community, including, but not limited to, consumers, relatives of consumers, providers, and other subject matter experts.