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AB-363 Carl Moyer Memorial Air Quality Standards Attainment Program.(2021-2022)

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Date Published: 07/05/2021 09:00 PM
AB363:v95#DOCUMENT

Amended  IN  Senate  July 05, 2021
Amended  IN  Assembly  May 25, 2021
Amended  IN  Assembly  April 12, 2021
Amended  IN  Assembly  March 23, 2021

CALIFORNIA LEGISLATURE— 2021–2022 REGULAR SESSION

Assembly Bill
No. 363


Introduced by Assembly Member Medina

February 01, 2021


An act to add Section 44287.3 to the Health and Safety Code, relating to vehicular air pollution.


LEGISLATIVE COUNSEL'S DIGEST


AB 363, as amended, Medina. Carl Moyer Memorial Air Quality Standards Attainment Program.
Existing law establishes the Carl Moyer Memorial Air Quality Standards Attainment Program, which is administered by the State Air Resources Board. The program authorizes the state board to provide grants to offset the incremental cost of eligible projects that reduce emissions from covered vehicular sources. The program also authorizes funding for a fueling infrastructure demonstration program and for technology development efforts that are expected to result in commercially available technologies in the near-term that would improve the ability of the program to achieve its goals.
Existing law requires the state board to establish or update grant criteria and guidelines for covered vehicle and infrastructure projects as soon as practicable, but not later than July 1, 2017. The state board’s program guidelines describe the minimum criteria and requirements for on-road heavy-duty vehicles and the types of projects that can be incentivized to provide surplus emissions reductions from on-road heavy-duty vehicles through contracts or through the On-Road Heavy-Duty Voucher Incentive Program (VIP). The VIP guidelines allow for the early retirement of existing on-road heavy-duty vehicles, allowing these high-polluting vehicles to be replaced with newer, lower emission vehicles. The VIP guidelines further describe the minimum criteria and requirements for eligibility in the VIP, including, but not limited to, limiting the fleet size and vehicle weight class of eligible vehicles, excluding from program eligibility vehicles subject to the solid waste collection vehicle rule and the fleet rule for transit agencies, and prohibiting the leasing of replacement vehicles.
This bill would require the state board, upon appropriation by the Legislature, to develop project grant criteria and guidelines for a new On-Road Heavy-Duty Vehicle Incentive Program (VIP2) that shall provide additional incentives for projects eligible for program funding that are deployed in disadvantaged communities, as defined. provided, and in low-income communities, as defined. The bill would authorize, for purposes of the VIP2, the state board to allow existing engines or existing vehicles, as defined, regardless of model year, and all on-road heavy-duty vehicle types, regardless of vehicle type or application, to participate in the VIP2, among other VIP2 components.
Vote: MAJORITY   Appropriation: NO   Fiscal Committee: YES   Local Program: NO  

The people of the State of California do enact as follows:


SECTION 1.

 The Legislature finds and declares all of the following:
(a) It is the intent of the Legislature that the State Air Resources Board design emissions reduction measures for covered vehicular sources in a manner that minimizes costs and maximizes both near-term and long-term benefits for the state’s economy, maximizes additional environmental and economic cobenefits for the state.
(b) The South Coast and San Joaquin Valley Air Basins are both designated as areas of extreme nonattainment and are quickly approaching attainment deadlines in 2023 and 2024, respectively.
(c) According to the State Air Resources Board, the transportation sector is responsible for 50% 50 percent of greenhouse gas emissions, 80% 80 percent of oxides of nitrogen (NOx) emissions, and 95% 95 percent of particulate matter emissions.
(d) Freight transportation in the state generates a high portion of local pollution in areas with poor air quality and increasingly contributes to greenhouse gas emissions.
(e) Executive Order No. N-79-20 establishes a goal that 100% 100 percent of medium- and heavy-duty vehicles in the state be zero-emission by 2045 for all operations where feasible, and by 2035 for drayage trucks. Executive Order No. N-79-20 requires the State Air Resources Board to develop medium- and heavy-duty vehicle regulations requiring increasing volumes of new zero-emission trucks and buses sold and operated in the state to achieve this goal. Executive Order No. N-79-20 does not address near-term emissions reductions.
(f) The Carl Moyer Memorial Air Quality Standards Attainment Program (Carl Moyer Program) was designed to achieve near-term emissions reductions, including reductions of emissions from heavy-duty diesel engines that are a major source of air pollution, such as smog-forming NOx and cancer-causing air toxics that include particulate matter from diesel combustion.
(g) The Heavy-Duty Low NOx Omnibus Regulation requires that heavy-duty trucks meet a 0.05 gram per brake horsepower hour (g/bhp-hr) engine standard starting in 2024 and a 0.02 g/bhp-hr engine standard starting in 2027.
(h) In 2020, the State Air Resources Board permanently eliminated funding in the state’s Hybrid and Zero-Emission Truck and Bus Voucher Incentive Project for heavy-duty trucks that meet a 0.02 g/bhp-hr engine standard. The State Energy Resources Conservation and Development Commission eliminated funding in the Clean Transportation Program for the same trucks. The Volkswagen Environmental Mitigation Trust primarily funds public vehicles.
(i) The Carl Moyer Program has been implemented since 1998 through a partnership between the State Air Resources Board and the state’s 35 local air pollution control and air quality management districts. The program provides incentive funds to private companies and public agencies to purchase cleaner-than-required engines, equipment, and emissions reduction technologies.

SEC. 2.

 Section 44287.3 is added to the Health and Safety Code, to read:

44287.3.
 (a) The state board shall, upon appropriation by the Legislature, develop project grant criteria and guidelines for a new On-Road Heavy-Duty Vehicle Incentive Program (VIP2) that shall provide additional incentives for projects eligible for program funding that are deployed in disadvantaged communities, as defined in identified by the California Environmental Protection Agency pursuant to Section 39711. 39711, and in low-income communities, as defined in paragraph (2) of subdivision (d) of Section 39713.
(b) (1) For purposes of the VIP2, the state board may allow all of the following:
(A) Existing engines or existing vehicles, regardless of model year, to participate in the VIP2, if the model year is authorized to be registered in the state with the Department of Motor Vehicles.
(B) All on-road heavy-duty vehicles, regardless of vehicle type or application, to participate in the VIP2, including, but not limited to, solid waste collection vehicles, vehicles owned or operated by municipalities, drayage trucks, and transit vehicles.
(C) Existing engines to be replaced with new engines with lower emissions.
(D) Existing vehicles registered outside of the state to participate in the VIP2, if it can be demonstrated that each existing vehicle has operated at least 75 percent of the time in the state during each 12-month period for the previous 24 months. The state board shall require replacement vehicles to be registered in the state with the Department of Motor Vehicles.
(E) Any size of fleet to participate in the VIP2. The state board may, however, limit the number of vouchers per fleet per year.
(2) For purposes of this subdivision, “existing engine” or “existing vehicle” means an engine or vehicle that will be turned in by an applicant pursuant to the VIP2 for dismantling or destruction.