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AB-1554 Pupil instruction: California Indian Education Act.(2021-2022)

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Date Published: 03/11/2021 09:00 PM
AB1554:v98#DOCUMENT

Amended  IN  Assembly  March 11, 2021

CALIFORNIA LEGISLATURE— 2021–2022 REGULAR SESSION

Assembly Bill
No. 1554


Introduced by Assembly Member Ramos

February 19, 2021


An act to amend Section 53070 of the Education Code, relating to career technical education. An act to add Section 51206.2 to the Education Code, relating to pupil instruction.


LEGISLATIVE COUNSEL'S DIGEST


AB 1554, as amended, Ramos. California Career Technical Education Incentive Grant Program. Pupil instruction: California Indian Education Act.
Existing law establishes a system of public and private elementary and secondary education in this state. Under this system, local educational agencies and private entities provide instruction to pupils in kindergarten and grades 1 to 12, inclusive, at schoolsites throughout the state. Existing law provides for required courses of study to be presented to pupils in grades 1 to 12, inclusive.
This bill would enact the California Indian Education Act, which would add to the required courses of study by requiring, in all of the public elementary and secondary schools of the state, the social studies curriculum for grades 3, 4, 8, and 11 to include significant material on the history and culture of California Native Americans. The bill would require the Superintendent of Public Instruction to ensure that appropriate instructional materials, including, but not necessarily limited to, suitable textbooks and electronic media, are available for purposes of this instruction to local educational agencies, and to private schools that wish to obtain these instructional materials for fair market value.
To the extent that this bill would create new duties for local educational agencies, it would constitute a state-mandated local program.
The California Constitution requires the state to reimburse local agencies and school districts for certain costs mandated by the state. Statutory provisions establish procedures for making that reimbursement.
This bill would provide that, if the Commission on State Mandates determines that the bill contains costs mandated by the state, reimbursement for those costs shall be made pursuant to the statutory provisions noted above.

Existing law establishes the California Career Technical Education Incentive Grant Program, administered by the State Department of Education, with the purpose of encouraging, maintaining, and strengthening the delivery of high-quality career technical education programs. Existing law appropriates specified amounts for the program from the General Fund for the 2015–16, 2016–17, and 2017–18 fiscal years, and provides minimum eligibility standards for grant applicants.

This bill would make nonsubstantive changes to the provision that appropriates specified amounts for the program for the fiscal years referenced above.

Vote: MAJORITY   Appropriation: NO   Fiscal Committee: NOYES   Local Program: NOYES  

The people of the State of California do enact as follows:


SECTION 1.

 (a) This act shall be known, and may be cited, as the California Indian Education Act.
(b) The Legislature finds and declares all of the following:
(1) California pupils receive instruction in California state history in both 3rd grade and in high school. As a part of that history, pupils spend one to two lessons on California Native American people, giving them a limited understanding of Native American culture and the significant historical contributions of California Native American people.
(2) The history and contributions of California Native Americans have been comparatively ignored, written in large part from the viewpoint of California’s settlers, thereby promoting false narratives and biases while omitting an account of accurate Native American history, the facts of which are often found to be hard or uncomfortable to talk about.
(3) According to the 2016 History-Social Science Framework, 4th grade pupils begin learning about the impact of California’s Spanish missionary period including its interaction with Native Americans. The framework focuses on missions, ranchos, and the Mexican War of Independence. Teachers may still use the Missions Project diorama for instruction as they focus on other historical information including pre-Columbian history and the history of Native Americans during the Spanish era. The Spanish era was one of the worst times for Native American peoples, a period when the missions enslaved many Native Americans to build projects, committing terrible atrocities including the sterilizing of many Native American women. During this period, Native Americans experienced forced assimilation to the local Spanish culture and attempts were made to eradicate the history and culture of Native American peoples.
(4) Pupils are not taught historical accounts of Native American tribes and their interactions with the United States Government, including treaties, genocide, enslavement, the Indian Removal Act (1830), American Indian Urban Relocation, and other historical incidents. Few Californians are aware of the call by California’s first Governor, who put a bounty on the heads of Native Americans and called for their extermination. The Governor also funded militias and offered bounties by the state to fulfill that order.
(5)  One historical incident not taught in state classrooms is the massacre of Pomo Indians in 1850 near Clear Lake. The massacre was carried out by a regiment of the United States Cavalry. This would later be called the Bloody Island Massacre, a government-sanctioned effort to exterminate Native Americans from California.
(6) It is critical that the state address the incomplete and inaccurate teaching of California Native American history. There should be thoughtful and comprehensive instructional standards that include education about the Native American people of the State of California, ensuring that history and social science instruction reflect the state’s true history.

SEC. 2.

 Section 51206.2 is added to the Education Code, to read:

51206.2.
 Notwithstanding any other law, in all of the public elementary and secondary schools of the state, the social studies curriculum for grades 3, 4, 8, and 11 shall include significant material on the history and culture of California Native Americans. The Superintendent shall ensure that appropriate instructional materials, including, but not necessarily limited to, suitable textbooks and electronic media, are available, for purposes of this section, to local educational agencies, and to private schools that wish to obtain these instructional materials for fair market value.

SEC. 3.

 If the Commission on State Mandates determines that this act contains costs mandated by the state, reimbursement to local agencies and school districts for those costs shall be made pursuant to Part 7 (commencing with Section 17500) of Division 4 of Title 2 of the Government Code.
SECTION 1.Section 53070 of the Education Code is amended to read:
53070.

(a)The California Career Technical Education Incentive Grant Program is hereby established as a state education, economic, and workforce development initiative with the goal of providing pupils in kindergarten and grades 1 to 12, inclusive, with the knowledge and skills necessary to transition to employment and postsecondary education. The purpose of the program is to encourage, maintain, and strengthen the delivery of high-quality career technical education programs.

(b)The following amounts are hereby appropriated to the department from the General Fund for the program established pursuant to this chapter:

(1)For the 2015–16 fiscal year, four hundred million dollars ($400,000,000).

(2)For the 2016–17 fiscal year, three hundred million dollars ($300,000,000).

(3)For the 2017–18 fiscal year, two hundred million dollars ($200,000,000).

(c)For the 2018–19 fiscal year and each fiscal year thereafter, one hundred fifty million dollars ($150,000,000) shall be made available to the department, upon appropriation by the Legislature in the annual Budget Act or another statute, for the program established pursuant to this chapter.

(d)Of the amounts appropriated pursuant to subdivisions (b) and (c), 4 percent is designated for applicants with average daily attendance of less than or equal to 140, 8 percent is designated for applicants with average daily attendance of more than 140 and less than or equal to 550, and 88 percent is designated for applicants with average daily attendance of more than 550, unless otherwise determined by the Superintendent in collaboration with the executive director of the state board. For purposes of this section, average daily attendance shall be those figures that are reported at the time of the second principal apportionment for the previous fiscal year for pupils in grades 7 to 12, inclusive. For any applicant consisting of more than one school district, county office of education, charter school, or regional occupational center or program (ROCP) operated by a joint powers authority or county office of education, or of any combination of those entities, the sum of the average daily attendance for each of the constituent entities shall be used for purposes of this subdivision.