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AB-1927 Firearms: California Do Not Sell List.(2017-2018)

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Date Published: 01/24/2018 09:00 PM
AB1927:v99#DOCUMENT


CALIFORNIA LEGISLATURE— 2017–2018 REGULAR SESSION

Assembly Bill No. 1927


Introduced by Assembly Member Bonta

January 24, 2018


An act to add Chapter 6 (commencing with Section 30180) to Division 9 of Title 4 of Part 6 of the Penal Code, relating to firearms.


LEGISLATIVE COUNSEL'S DIGEST


AB 1927, as introduced, Bonta. Firearms: California Do Not Sell List.
Existing law makes possession of a firearm by certain classes of persons, including a convicted felon, a person convicted of specified misdemeanors, a person has been found mentally incompetent to stand trial, a person has been found not guilty of specified crimes by reason of insanity, or a person has been placed under conservatorship, a crime. Existing law additionally makes it a crime to sell or give possession of a firearm to these classes of persons prohibited from owning a firearm.
Existing law requires the Department of Justice, upon submission of firearm purchaser information by a licensed firearm dealer, to examine its records to determine whether a potential firearm purchaser is prohibited by state of federal law from possessing, receiving, owning, or purchasing a firearm. Existing law requires the department to participate in the National Instant Criminal Background Check System.
This bill would require the Department of Justice to develop and launch a secure Internet-based platform to allow a person who resides in California to voluntarily add his or her own name to the California Do Not Sell List. The bill would require the department to ensure that information on the list is uploaded and reflected in the National Instant Criminal Background Check System. The bill would make it a crime, punishable as misdemeanor or a felony, to transfer a firearm to a person who is validly registered on the California Do Not Sell List. By creating a new crime, this bill would impose a state-mandated local program.
The bill would allow a person registered on the list to file a petition in Superior Court requesting to have his or her name removed from the registry. The bill would require the court to hold a hearing and order removal of the person’s name if he or she establishes by a preponderance of the evidence that he or she is not at elevated risk of suicide.
The bill would require the State Department of Public Health to create and distribute informational materials about the California Do Not Sell List to general acute care hospitals and acute psychiatric hospitals. The bill would specify that a person presenting in a general acute care hospital or acute psychiatric hospital who is at a substantially elevated risk of suicide should be presented with these informational materials. The bill would specify that any suicide hotline maintained or operated by an entity funded in whole or in part by the state should generally inform callers on how to access the California Do Not Sell List Internet-based platform.
The bill would provide that its provisions are severable.
The California Constitution requires the state to reimburse local agencies and school districts for certain costs mandated by the state. Statutory provisions establish procedures for making that reimbursement.
This bill would provide that no reimbursement is required by this act for a specified reason.
Vote: MAJORITY   Appropriation: NO   Fiscal Committee: YES   Local Program: YES  

The people of the State of California do enact as follows:


SECTION 1.

 Chapter 6 (commencing with Section 30180) is added to Division 9 of Title 4 of Part 6 of the Penal Code, to read:
CHAPTER  6. Voluntary Do Not Sell List

30180.
 (a) The Department of Justice shall develop and launch a secure Internet-based platform to allow a person who resides in California to voluntarily add his or her own name to the California Do Not Sell List, hereafter the registry. The department, in cooperation with the State Department of Public Health, and other relevant state agencies, shall ensure that this Internet-based platform is easy to find. The department shall ensure that the Internet-based platform does all of the following credibly:
(1) Verifies the identity of a person who opts to register or requests removal.
(2) Prevents unauthorized disclosure of a person registering or requesting removal.
(3) Informs the potential registrant of the legal effects of registration or removal.
(b) (1) Once the Internet-based platform is operative, a person who resides in California may request, via the platform, to be added to the California Do Not Sell List. The department shall, on an ongoing basis, ensure that registry information is uploaded and reflected in the National Instant Criminal Background Check System (NICS) Index for California. The list shall not be used for any purpose other than to determine eligibility to purchase a firearm.
(2) At the time of registration, a person may, but is not required to, list up to five electronic mail addresses with the registry to be contacted promptly if the person subsequently requests that his or her name be removed from the registry. The department shall promptly provide notice by electronic mail to the provided electronic mail addresses of the fact that the person has requested removal from the registry and of the date, time, and location of any hearing to be held pursuant to subdivision (d).
(c) (1) Registration on the California Do Not Sell List renders receipt of a firearm by a registrant unlawful, however, possession after the moment of receipt is not unlawful and the fact of possession may not be relied upon to prove a violation of this paragraph.
(2) It is unlawful to knowingly transfer a firearm to a person who is validly registered on the California Do Not Sell List. A violation of this paragraph is punishable by imprisonment in a county jail not exceeding one year, or by imprisonment in a county jail pursuant to subdivision (h) of Section 1170. A violation of this paragraph by a licensed firearms dealer may result in a revocation of the dealer’s license.
(d) A person registered on the California Do Not Sell List may subsequently file a petition in the Superior Court of the county in which the person resides requesting to have his or her name removed from the registry. The court, after a hearing, shall order removal of the person’s name from the registry if he or she establishes by a preponderance of the evidence that he or she is not at elevated risk of suicide. Upon receiving the court order for removal, the department shall promptly remove the person from the NICS Index for California and shall expunge all records related to the person’s registration on the California Do Not Sell List and his or her removal.
(e) (1) The fact that a person has requested to be added to the registry, is on the registry, has requested to be removed from the registry, or has been removed from the registry is confidential with respect to all matters involving health care, employment, education, housing, insurance, government benefits, and contracting.
(2) A violation of confidentiality occurs if a person or entity engaged in any activity described in paragraph (1), other than a healthcare professional, therapist, or counselor, inquires as to any confidential matter described in paragraph (1), or if any person described in paragraph (1), including, but not limited to, a healthcare professional, therapist, or counselor, takes any adverse action based on that information.
(3) The person whose confidentiality is violated by an inquiry or adverse action in violation of this subdivision may bring a private civil action for appropriate relief, including reasonable attorney’s fees, for each violation that occurs.

30185.
 (a) The State Department of Public Health shall create and distribute informational materials, including information on how to access the California Do Not Sell List Internet-based platform, to general acute care hospitals and acute psychiatric hospitals, as defined in Section 1250 of the Health and Safety Code.
(b) A person presenting in a general acute care hospital or an acute psychiatric hospital who is reasonably believed by the treating clinician to be at substantially elevated risk of suicide should generally, as a best practice, be presented with the informational materials provided for in subdivision (a).
(c) A suicide hotline maintained or operated by an entity funded in whole or in part by the state should generally, as a best practice, inform callers on how to access the California Do Not Sell List Internet-based platform.

SEC. 2.

 If any provision of this act or the application thereof to any person or circumstances is held invalid, that invalidity shall not affect other provisions or applications of the act which can be given effect without the invalid provision or application, and to this end the provisions of this act are severable.

SEC. 3.

 No reimbursement is required by this act pursuant to Section 6 of Article XIII B of the California Constitution because the only costs that may be incurred by a local agency or school district will be incurred because this act creates a new crime or infraction, eliminates a crime or infraction, or changes the penalty for a crime or infraction, within the meaning of Section 17556 of the Government Code, or changes the definition of a crime within the meaning of Section 6 of Article XIII B of the California Constitution.