Bill Text

Bill Information


PDF |Add To My Favorites |Track Bill | print page

SB-542 Vehicle license fees for zero-emission vehicles: sales and use taxes on medium- or heavy-duty zero-emission trucks.(2021-2022)

SHARE THIS:share this bill in Facebookshare this bill in Twitter
Date Published: 03/25/2021 09:00 PM
SB542:v98#DOCUMENT

Amended  IN  Senate  March 25, 2021

CALIFORNIA LEGISLATURE— 2021–2022 REGULAR SESSION

Senate Bill
No. 542


Introduced by Senator Limón

February 18, 2021


An act to repeal Section 9250.6 of the Vehicle Code, amend Sections 6011, 6012, and 10752 of the Revenue and Taxation Code, relating to zero-emission vehicles. vehicles, to take effect immediately, tax levy.


LEGISLATIVE COUNSEL'S DIGEST


SB 542, as amended, Limón. Zero-emission vehicles: fees. Vehicle license fees for zero-emission vehicles: sales and use taxes on medium- or heavy-duty zero-emission trucks.
Existing sales and use tax laws impose taxes on retailers measured by gross receipts from the sale of tangible personal property sold at retail in this state, or on the storage, use, or other consumption in this state of tangible personal property purchased from a retailer for storage, use, or other consumption in this state, measured by sales price. The Sales and Use Tax Law defines the terms “gross receipts” and “sales price.”
This bill would exclude from the terms “gross receipts” and “sales price” for purposes of the Sales and Use Tax Law the amount charged for the purchase of a new on-road medium- or heavy-duty zero-emission truck that is in excess of the amount that would be charged for an equivalent new medium- or heavy-duty diesel or gasoline truck, as determined by the State Air Resources Board.
The Bradley-Burns Uniform Local Sales and Use Tax Law authorizes counties and cities to impose local sales and use taxes in conformity with the Sales and Use Tax Law, and existing laws authorize districts, as specified, to impose transactions and use taxes in accordance with the Transactions and Use Tax Law, which generally conforms to the Sales and Use Tax Law. Amendments to the Sales and Use Tax Law are automatically incorporated into the local tax laws.
Existing law requires the state to reimburse counties and cities for revenue losses caused by the enactment of sales and use tax exemptions.
This bill would provide that, notwithstanding Section 2230 of the Revenue and Taxation Code, no appropriation is made and the state shall not reimburse any local agencies for sales and use tax revenues lost by them pursuant to this bill.
Existing law, the Vehicle License Fee Law, establishes, in lieu of any ad valorem property tax upon vehicles, an annual license fee for any vehicle subject to registration in this state at a specified percentage of the market value of that vehicle. Existing law requires the annual amount of the license fee for any commercial vehicle to be a sum equal to 0.65 percent of the market value of the vehicle as determined by the California Department of Motor Vehicles.
This bill would instead require the annual amount of the license fee for a new on-road medium- or heavy-duty zero-emission truck to be a sum equal to 0.65 percent of the market value of an equivalent new medium- or heavy-duty diesel or gasoline truck, as determined by the State Air Resources Board.
Existing law requires a bill that would authorize a new tax expenditure under the Sales and Use Tax Law to identify specific goals, purposes, and objectives that the tax expenditure will achieve, and detailed performance indicators and data collection requirements for determining whether the tax expenditure achieves these goals, purposes, and objectives.
This bill would make findings specifying the goal, purpose, and objective of the sales and use tax exemption provided by this bill and the performance indicator to be used, and would require, on or before January 1, 2023, the California Department of Tax and Fee Administration to provide a report to the Assembly Revenue and Taxation Committee and the Senate Governance and Finance Committee on the use of the tax exemption.
This bill would take effect immediately as a tax levy.

Existing law, commencing July 1, 2020, imposes a road improvement fee of $100 to be paid to the Department of Motor Vehicles for registration or renewal of registration of every zero-emission motor vehicle with a model year of 2020 or later, as specified. Existing law requires the department to deposit revenues from the road improvement fee, after deducting administrative costs, in the Road Maintenance and Rehabilitation Account within the State Transportation Fund.

This bill would repeal those provisions.

This bill would additionally state the intent of the Legislature to enact legislation to create parity between zero-emission trucks and their internal-combustion engine equivalents with regard to Department of Motor Vehicle fees and sales taxes paid by owners of those vehicles.

Vote: MAJORITY   Appropriation: NO   Fiscal Committee: YES   Local Program: NO  

The people of the State of California do enact as follows:


SECTION 1.

 Section 6011 of the Revenue and Taxation Code is amended to read:

6011.
 (a) “Sales price” means the total amount for which tangible personal property is sold or leased or rented, as the case may be, valued in money, whether paid in money or otherwise, without any deduction on account of any of the following:
(1) The cost of the property sold.
(2) The cost of materials used, labor or service cost, interest charged, losses, or any other expenses.
(3) The cost of transportation of the property, except as excluded by other provisions of this section.
(b) The total amount for which the property is sold or leased or rented includes all of the following:
(1) Any services that are a part of the sale.
(2) Any amount for which credit is given to the purchaser by the seller.
(3) The amount of any tax imposed by the United States upon producers and importers of gasoline and the amount of any tax imposed pursuant to Part 2 (commencing with Section 7301) of this division.
(c) “Sales price” does not include any of the following:
(1) Cash discounts allowed and taken on sales.
(2) The amount charged for property returned by customers when that entire amount is refunded either in cash or credit, but this exclusion shall not apply in any instance when the customer, in order to obtain the refund, is required to purchase other property at a price greater than the amount charged for the property that is returned. For the purpose of this section, refund or credit of the entire amount shall be deemed to be given when the purchase price less rehandling and restocking costs are refunded or credited to the customer. The amount withheld for rehandling and restocking costs may be a percentage of the sales price determined by the average cost of rehandling and restocking returned merchandise during the previous accounting cycle.
(3) The amount charged for labor or services rendered in installing or applying the property sold.
(4) (A) The amount of any tax (not including, however, any manufacturers’ or importers’ excise tax, except as provided in subparagraph (B)) imposed by the United States upon or with respect to retail sales whether imposed upon the retailer or the consumer.
(B) The amount of manufacturers’ or importers’ excise tax imposed pursuant to Section 4081 or 4091 of the Internal Revenue Code for which the purchaser certifies that he or she is they are entitled to either a direct refund or credit against his or her their income tax for the federal excise tax paid or for which the purchaser issues a certificate pursuant to Section 6245.5.
(5) The amount of any tax imposed by any city, county, city and county, or rapid transit district within the State of California upon or with respect to retail sales of tangible personal property, measured by a stated percentage of sales price or gross receipts, whether imposed upon the retailer or the consumer.
(6) The amount of any tax imposed by any city, county, city and county, or rapid transit district within the State of California with respect to the storage, use or other consumption in that city, county, city and county, or rapid transit district of tangible personal property measured by a stated percentage of sales price or purchase price, whether the tax is imposed upon the retailer or the consumer.
(7) Separately stated charges for transportation from the retailer’s place of business or other point from which shipment is made directly to the purchaser, but the exclusion shall not exceed a reasonable charge for transportation by facilities of the retailer or the cost to the retailer of transportation by other than facilities of the retailer. However, if the transportation is by facilities of the retailer, or the property is sold for a delivered price, this exclusion shall be applicable solely with respect to transportation which occurs after the purchase of the property is made.
(8) Charges for transporting landfill from an excavation site to a site specified by the purchaser, either if the charge is separately stated and does not exceed a reasonable charge or if the entire consideration consists of payment for transportation.
(9) The amount of any motor vehicle, mobilehome, or commercial coach fee or tax imposed by and paid the State of California that has been added to or is measured by a stated percentage of the sales or purchase price of a motor vehicle, mobilehome, or commercial coach.
(10) (A) The amount charged for intangible personal property transferred with tangible personal property in any technology transfer agreement, if the technology transfer agreement separately states a reasonable price for the tangible personal property.
(B) If the technology transfer agreement does not separately state a price for the tangible personal property, and the tangible personal property or like tangible personal property has been previously sold or leased, or offered for sale or lease, to third parties at a separate price, the price at which the tangible personal property was sold, leased, or offered to third parties shall be used to establish the retail fair market value of the tangible personal property subject to tax. The remaining amount charged under the technology transfer agreement is for the intangible personal property transferred.
(C) If the technology transfer agreement does not separately state a price for the tangible personal property, and the tangible personal property or like tangible personal property has not been previously sold or leased, or offered for sale or lease, to third parties at a separate price, the retail fair market value shall be equal to 200 percent of the cost of materials and labor used to produce the tangible personal property subject to tax. The remaining amount charged under the technology transfer agreement is for the intangible personal property transferred.
(D) For purposes of this paragraph, “technology transfer agreement” means any agreement under which a person who holds a patent or copyright interest assigns or licenses to another person the right to make and sell a product or to use a process that is subject to the patent or copyright interest.
(11) The amount of any tax imposed upon diesel fuel pursuant to Part 31 (commencing with Section 60001).
(12) (A) The amount of tax imposed by any Indian tribe within the State of California with respect to a retail sale of tangible personal property measured by a stated percentage of the sales or purchase price, whether the tax is imposed upon the retailer or the consumer.
(B) The exclusion authorized by subparagraph (A) shall only apply to those retailers who are in substantial compliance with this part.
(13) (A) The amount charged for the purchase of a new on-road medium- or heavy-duty zero-emission truck that is in excess of the amount that would be charged for an equivalent new medium- or heavy-duty diesel or gasoline truck, as determined by the State Air Resources Board.
(B) For purposes of this paragraph, “zero-emission truck” means a truck that is a zero-emission vehicle as that term is defined in Section 44258 of the Health and Safety Code.

SEC. 2.

 Section 6012 of the Revenue and Taxation Code is amended to read:

6012.
 (a) “Gross receipts” mean the total amount of the sale or lease or rental price, as the case may be, of the retail sales of retailers, valued in money, whether received in money or otherwise, without any deduction on account of any of the following:
(1) The cost of the property sold. However, in accordance with any rules and regulations as the board may prescribe, a deduction may be taken if the retailer has purchased property for some other purpose than resale, has reimbursed his or her their vendor for tax which the vendor is required to pay to the state or has paid the use tax with respect to the property, and has resold the property prior to making any use of the property other than retention, demonstration, or display while holding it for sale in the regular course of business. If that deduction is taken by the retailer, no refund or credit will be allowed to his or her their vendor with respect to the sale of the property.
(2) The cost of the materials used, labor or service cost, interest paid, losses, or any other expense.
(3) The cost of transportation of the property, except as excluded by other provisions of this section.
(4) The amount of any tax imposed by the United States upon producers and importers of gasoline and the amount of any tax imposed pursuant to Part 2 (commencing with Section 7301) of this division.
(b) The total amount of the sale or lease or rental price includes all of the following:
(1) Any services that are a part of the sale.
(2) All receipts, cash, credits and property of any kind.
(3) Any amount for which credit is allowed by the seller to the purchaser.
(c) “Gross receipts” do not include any of the following:
(1) Cash discounts allowed and taken on sales.
(2) Sale price of property returned by customers when that entire amount is refunded either in cash or credit, but this exclusion shall not apply in any instance when the customer, in order to obtain the refund, is required to purchase other property at a price greater than the amount charged for the property that is returned. For the purpose of this section, refund or credit of the entire amount shall be deemed to be given when the purchase price less rehandling and restocking costs are refunded or credited to the customer. The amount withheld for rehandling and restocking costs may be a percentage of the sales price determined by the average cost of rehandling and restocking returned merchandise during the previous accounting cycle.
(3) The price received for labor or services used in installing or applying the property sold.
(4) (A) The amount of any tax (not including, however, any manufacturers’ or importers’ excise tax, except as provided in subparagraph (B)) imposed by the United States upon or with respect to retail sales whether imposed upon the retailer or the consumer.
(B) The amount of manufacturers’ or importers’ excise tax imposed pursuant to Section 4081 or 4091 of the Internal Revenue Code for which the purchaser certifies that he or she is they are entitled to either a direct refund or credit against his or her their income tax for the federal excise tax paid or for which the purchaser issues a certificate pursuant to Section 6245.5.
(5) The amount of any tax imposed by any city, county, city and county, or rapid transit district within the State of California upon or with respect to retail sales of tangible personal property measured by a stated percentage of sales price or gross receipts whether imposed upon the retailer or the consumer.
(6) The amount of any tax imposed by any city, county, city and county, or rapid transit district within the State of California with respect to the storage, use or other consumption in that city, county, city and county, or rapid transit district of tangible personal property measured by a stated percentage of sales price or purchase price, whether the tax is imposed upon the retailer or the consumer.
(7) Separately stated charges for transportation from the retailer’s place of business or other point from which shipment is made directly to the purchaser, but the exclusion shall not exceed a reasonable charge for transportation by facilities of the retailer or the cost to the retailer of transportation by other than facilities of the retailer. However, if the transportation is by facilities of the retailer, or the property is sold for a delivered price, this exclusion shall be applicable solely with respect to transportation which occurs after the sale of the property is made to the purchaser.
(8) Charges for transporting landfill from an excavation site to a site specified by the purchaser, either if the charge is separately stated and does not exceed a reasonable charge or if the entire consideration consists of payment for transportation.
(9) The amount of any motor vehicle, mobilehome, or commercial coach fee or tax imposed by and paid to the State of California that has been added to or is measured by a stated percentage of the sales or purchase price of a motor vehicle, mobilehome, or commercial coach.
(10) (A) The amount charged for intangible personal property transferred with tangible personal property in any technology transfer agreement, if the technology transfer agreement separately states a reasonable price for the tangible personal property.
(B) If the technology transfer agreement does not separately state a price for the tangible personal property, and the tangible personal property or like tangible personal property has been previously sold or leased, or offered for sale or lease, to third parties at a separate price, the price at which the tangible personal property was sold, leased, or offered to third parties shall be used to establish the retail fair market value of the tangible personal property subject to tax. The remaining amount charged under the technology transfer agreement is for the intangible personal property transferred.
(C) If the technology transfer agreement does not separately state a price for the tangible personal property, and the tangible personal property or like tangible personal property has not been previously sold or leased, or offered for sale or lease, to third parties at a separate price, the retail fair market value shall be equal to 200 percent of the cost of materials and labor used to produce the tangible personal property subject to tax. The remaining amount charged under the technology transfer agreement is for the intangible personal property transferred.
(D) For purposes of this paragraph, “technology transfer agreement” means any agreement under which a person who holds a patent or copyright interest assigns or licenses to another person the right to make and sell a product or to use a process that is subject to the patent or copyright interest.
(11) The amount of any tax imposed upon diesel fuel pursuant to Part 31 (commencing with Section 60001).
(12) (A) The amount of tax imposed by any Indian tribe within the State of California with respect to a retail sale of tangible personal property measured by a stated percentage of the sales or purchase price, whether the tax is imposed upon the retailer or the consumer.
(B) The exclusion authorized by subparagraph (A) shall only apply to those retailers who are in substantial compliance with this part.
For purposes of the sales tax, if the retailers establish to the satisfaction of the board that the sales tax has been added to the total amount of the sale price and has not been absorbed by them, the total amount of the sale price shall be deemed to be the amount received exclusive of the tax imposed. Section 1656.1 of the Civil Code shall apply in determining whether or not the retailers have absorbed the sales tax.
(13) (A) The amount charged for the purchase of a new on-road medium- or heavy-duty zero-emission truck that is in excess of the amount that would be charged for an equivalent new medium- or heavy-duty diesel or gasoline truck, as determined by the State Air Resources Board.
(B) For purposes of this paragraph, “zero-emission truck” means a truck that is a zero-emission vehicle as that term is defined in Section 44258 of the Health and Safety Code.

SEC. 3.

 Section 10752 of the Revenue and Taxation Code is amended to read:

10752.
 (a) The annual amount of the license fee for any vehicle, other than a trailer or semitrailer, as described in subdivision (a) of Section 5014.1 of the Vehicle Code or a commercial motor vehicle described in Section 9400.1 of the Vehicle Code, or a trailer coach that is required to be moved under permit as authorized in Section 35790 of the Vehicle Code, shall be a sum equal to the following percentage of the market value of the vehicle as determined by the department:
(1) Sixty-five hundredths of 1 percent on and after January 1, 2005, and before May 19, 2009.
(2) One percent for initial and renewal registrations due on and after May 19, 2009, but before July 1, 2011.
(3) Sixty-five hundredths of 1 percent for initial and renewal registrations due on and after July 1, 2011.

(b)The

(b) (1) Except as provided in paragraph (2), the annual amount of the license fee for any commercial vehicle as described in Section 9400.1 of the Vehicle Code, shall be a sum equal to 0.65 percent of the market value of the vehicle as determined by the department.
(2) The annual amount of the license fee for a new on-road medium- or heavy-duty zero-emission truck shall be a sum equal to 0.65 percent of the market value of an equivalent new medium- or heavy-duty diesel or gasoline truck as determined by the State Air Resources Board.
(c) Notwithstanding Chapter 5 (commencing with Section 11001) or any other law to the contrary, all revenues (including penalties), less refunds, attributable to that portion of the rate imposed pursuant to this section in excess of 0.65 percent shall be deposited into the General Fund.

SEC. 4.

 (a) For the purposes of complying with Section 41 of the Revenue and Taxation Code, the Legislature finds and declares the following:
(1) The goal, purpose, or objective of the amendments to Sections 6011, 6012, and 10752 of the Revenue and Taxation Code, hereafter “tax exemption,” is to meet the ambitious goals set by Governor Newsom in Executive Order N-79-20 to transition all medium- and heavy-duty trucks in California to zero-emission vehicles in the next 15 to 25 years.
(2) The performance indicator for the Legislature to use when measuring whether the tax exemption meets the goal, purpose, or objective specified in paragraph (1) is the number of sales made that qualified for the tax exemption.
(b) On or before January 1, 2023, the California Department of Tax and Fee Administration shall provide a report to the Assembly Revenue and Taxation Committee and the Senate Governance and Finance Committee on the use of the tax exemption. The report shall be provided in compliance with Section 9795 of the Government Code.

SEC. 5.

 Notwithstanding Section 2230 of the Revenue and Taxation Code, no appropriation is made by this act and the state shall not reimburse any local agency for any sales and use tax revenues lost by it under this act.

SEC. 6.

 This act provides for a tax levy within the meaning of Article IV of the California Constitution and shall go into immediate effect.
SECTION 1.

It is the intent of the Legislature to enact legislation to create parity between zero-emission trucks and their internal-combustion engine equivalents with regard to Department of Motor Vehicle fees and sales taxes paid by owners of those vehicles.

SEC. 2.Section 9250.6 of the Vehicle Code is repealed.