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AB-288 California Ban on Scholarship Displacement Act of 2021.(2021-2022)

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Date Published: 03/15/2021 09:00 PM
AB288:v98#DOCUMENT

Amended  IN  Assembly  March 15, 2021

CALIFORNIA LEGISLATURE— 2021–2022 REGULAR SESSION

Assembly Bill
No. 288


Introduced by Assembly Member Bonta
(Coauthors: Assembly Members Chiu and Santiago)
(Coauthor: Senator Limón)

January 21, 2021


An act to add Article 24 (commencing with Section 70045) to Chapter 2 of Part 42 of Division 5 of Title 3 of the Education Code, relating to student financial aid.


LEGISLATIVE COUNSEL'S DIGEST


AB 288, as amended, Bonta. California Ban on Scholarship Displacement Act of 2021.
Existing law establishes the California Community Colleges, under the administration of the Board of Governors of the California Community Colleges, the California State University, under the administration of the Trustees of the California State University, the University of California, under the administration of the Regents of the University of California, independent institutions of higher education, and private postsecondary educational institutions as the segments of postsecondary education in the state.
This bill would enact the California Ban on Scholarship Displacement Act of 2021, which would prohibit each public and private institution of higher education in the state that receives, or benefits from, state-funded financial assistance assistance, or that enrolls students who receive state-funded student financial assistance, from reducing certain students’ institution-based financial aid award below their financial need, as specified. The bill would make its provisions severable.
Vote: MAJORITY   Appropriation: NO   Fiscal Committee: YES   Local Program: NO  

The people of the State of California do enact as follows:


SECTION 1.

 Article 24 (commencing with Section 70045) is added to Chapter 2 of Part 42 of Division 5 of Title 3 of the Education Code, to read:
Article  24. California Ban on Scholarship Displacement Act of 2021

70045.
 This act shall be known, and may be cited, as the California Ban on Scholarship Displacement Act of 2021.

70046.
 The Legislature finds and declares both of the following:
(a) As of 2020, California students who have financial need and receive private scholarships are unable to make full use of the awards provided to them by private scholarship providers because institutions of higher education reduce their gift aid, grants, scholarships, tuition waivers, and fellowship stipends which those students would otherwise be qualified to receive. The reduction of an institution’s financial aid due to private scholarships is referred to as “scholarship displacement.”
(b) This act is intended to ensure that private scholarships supplement, and do not supplant, gift aid, grants, scholarships, tuition waivers, and fellowship stipends provided by institutions of higher education to California students who have financial need.

70047.
 As used in this article, unless the context requires otherwise, the following definitions apply:
(a) An “academic year” is July 1 to June 30, inclusive. The start date of a session shall determine the academic year in which it is included.
(b) “Cost of attendance” means the student’s tuition and fees, books and supplies, living expenses, transportation expenses, and any other student expenses used to calculate a student’s financial need for purposes of student aid programs under Title IV of the federal Higher Education Act of 1965, as amended (20 U.S.C. Sec. 1070 et seq.).
(c) “Expected family contribution” means a student’s expected family contribution calculated according to the federal methodology pursuant to subdivision (a) of Section 69506 as established by Title IV of the federal Higher Education Act of 1965, as amended (20 U.S.C. Sec. 1070 et seq.).
(d) (1) “Financial need” means, as used in subdivision (a) of Section 70048, the cost of attendance minus the expected family contribution.
(2) “Financial need” means, as used in subdivision (b) of Section 70048, the cost of attendance minus the student aid index.
(e) “Gift aid” means all financial aid designated for the student’s educational expenses, including a grant, scholarship, tuition waiver, fellowship stipend, or other third-party payment, that is not a loan or pursuant to a work-study program.
(f) “Institutional financial aid” means financial aid that is paid for by the institution of higher education from its funds and the recipient of the aid is selected by the institution.
(g) “Institution of higher education” or “institution” means any public or private postsecondary educational institution in the state that receives, or benefits from, state-funded financial assistance or enrolls students who receive state-funded student financial assistance.
(h) “Private scholarship” means gift aid funded or financial assistance awarded to students based on one or more factors, including, but not limited to, academic merit, talent, or a particular area of study, by a private company, foundation, or nonprofit organization, or a public charity or service group.
(i) “Student” means any California resident that enrolls in any institution of higher education to obtain an undergraduate degree.
(j) “Student Aid Index” means, with respect to a student, an index that reflects an evaluation of a student’s approximate financial resources to contribute toward the student’s postsecondary education expenses for the academic year.

70048.

(a)For the 2022–23 academic year, an institution of higher education shall not reduce a student’s institutional financial aid offer or award for an academic year as a result of private scholarship awards received by that student unless either the expected family contribution is too high to qualify the student to receive a federal Pell Grant award or all of the following circumstances are satisfied:

(1)The student’s gift aid exceeds the student’s financial need.

(2)The institution reduces its institutional financial aid by no more than the amount of the student’s gift aid that is in excess of the student’s financial need.

(3)The institution does not consider a student’s receipt or anticipated receipt of a private scholarship when considering a student’s qualification for institutional financial aid.

(b)

70048.
 (a) Commencing with the 2023–24 2022–23 academic year, an institution of higher education shall not reduce a student’s institutional financial aid offer or award for an academic year as a result of private scholarship awards received by that student unless either the student aid index is too high to qualify the student to receive a federal Pell Grant award or all of the following circumstances conditions are satisfied:
(1) The student is ineligible to receive a federal Pell Grant award.
(2) The student is ineligible to receive financial assistance under the California Dream Act.

(1)

(3) The student’s gift aid exceeds the student’s financial need.

(2)

(4) The institution reduces its institutional financial aid by no more than the amount of the student’s gift aid that is in excess of the student’s financial need.

(3)

(5) The institution does not consider a student’s receipt or anticipated receipt of a private scholarship when considering a student’s qualification for institutional financial aid.

(c)

(b) This article shall not be interpreted or implemented in a manner inconsistent with state or federal law. The provisions of this article are severable. If any provision of this article or its application is held invalid due to a conflict with federal requirements, that invalidity shall not affect other provisions or applications that can be given effect without the invalid provision or application.