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SB-634 The California Beverage Container Recycling and Litter Reduction Act.(2019-2020)

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Date Published: 09/07/2019 04:00 AM
SB634:v98#DOCUMENT

Corrected  September 09, 2019
Amended  IN  Assembly  September 06, 2019

CALIFORNIA LEGISLATURE— 2019–2020 REGULAR SESSION

Senate Bill
No. 634


Introduced by Senator Glazer Senators Glazer and Stern
(Coauthor: Senator Skinner)

February 22, 2019


An act to repeal Section 27.6 of the Business and Professions Code, relating to education. An act to amend Sections 14536, 14571.6, 14571.8, 14581, and 14585 of, to add Section 14535 to, and to add and repeal Section 14572.3 of, the Public Resources Code, relating to beverage containers, and making an appropriation therefor.


LEGISLATIVE COUNSEL'S DIGEST


SB 634, as amended, Glazer. Education. The California Beverage Container Recycling and Litter Reduction Act.
(1) Existing law, the California Beverage Container Recycling and Litter Reduction Act, requires the Department of Resources Recycling and Recovery to annually designate convenience zones and requires that at least one certified recycling center that meets certain requirements be located within every convenience zone. Existing law authorizes the department to grant a convenience zone an exemption from certain redemption requirements, including certain dealer and recycling center redemption requirements, based on certain factors. Existing law limits the total number of exemptions that may be granted to 35% of the total number of convenience zones identified as having one or more of those factors applicable.
This bill would increase the total number of exemptions that may be granted to 40% of the number identified as eligible. The bill would require the department to review exemptions every 2 years to determine if each exemption still meets the prescribed exemption criteria.
(2) The act requires dealers within a convenience zone where no recycling location has been established, or within a convenience zone that is unserved for 60 days and not exempt from convenience zone requirements, to submit an affidavit to the department stating that the dealer has met specified standards for redemption, including, among others, that the dealer is redeeming all empty beverage container types at all open cash registers or at one designated location on the dealer’s premises, during all hours that the dealer is open for business. If the dealer does not submit that affidavit, existing law requires the dealer to pay $100 per day to the department, for deposit in the California Beverage Container Recycling Fund, a continuously appropriated fund described in (3), until a recycling location is established or until the dealer meets the standards for redemption specified in the affidavit provision.
This bill would revise these convenience zone redemption duties and exempt from those duties dealers with gross annual sales of less than $2,000,000 and dealers that are not supermarkets and that have less than 5,000 square feet of interior retail space. The bill, until January 1, 2022, would also exempt certain other dealers from these requirements.
(3) The act establishes the California Beverage Container Recycling Fund and, except for administrative costs, continuously appropriates moneys in the fund to the department for specified purposes, including the amount necessary to pay handling fees to certain types of recyclers to provide an incentive for the redemption of empty beverage containers in convenience zones.
This bill would require the department to offer a handling fee payment from the fund to certain certified recyclers within unserved convenience zones. The bill would make an appropriation by changing the terms and conditions under which the department is authorized to make payments from a continuously appropriated fund. The bill would authorize the department, until July 1, 2022, to annually expend $3,000,000 from the fund for specified supplemental handling fee payments to low-volume recycling centers. By authorizing the expenditure of a continuously appropriated fund for new purposes, this bill would make an appropriation. The bill would require the department to develop and submit to the Legislature recommended revisions to the handling fee provisions, as specified. The bill would require the department to suspend usage of surveys and calculations of recycling costs until at least January 1, 2021.
(4) The act also continuously appropriates from the California Beverage Container Recycling Fund $10,500,000 annually for payments to cities and counties for beverage container recycling and litter cleanup activities. The act authorizes the department to withhold those payments to any city, county, or city and county that has restricted or prohibited the siting of a supermarket site, as provided.
This bill would require the department, on or before July 1, 2020, to convene a public hearing, as specified, for purposes of discussing and receiving public testimony on the development of guidelines for evaluating the circumstances that might prompt the department to withhold beverage container recycling and litter cleanup activities payments to any city, county, or city and county that has restricted or prohibited the siting of a supermarket site.
(5) Under the act, the department is required to calculate a processing fee for each beverage container with a specified scrap value, which is required to be paid by beverage manufacturers for each beverage container sold or transferred to a distributor or dealer. The department is required to calculate the processing fee in a specified manner, so that the processing fee generally equals 65% of the processing payment that the department is required to pay to processors if the scrap value of the container having a refund value pursuant to the act is less than the cost of recycling. The department is required to determine the statewide weighted average cost to recycle each beverage container type by conducting a survey, as specified. The department is required to establish a processing fee account in the continuously appropriated California Beverage Container Recycling Fund for each material type and to deposit processing fees and other amounts in the applicable account.
This bill would authorize the director of the department, notwithstanding any other provision of the act, to declare a recycling exigency if the department makes specified determinations. If the director declares a recycling exigency, the bill would authorize the department to take the following actions: for any type of beverage container for which the annual recycling rate has dropped by a specified amount, adjust the processing payment to reflect a cost of recycling that is increased by at least 10%; increase the handling fee by at least 10%; establish and distribute from the fund supplemental recycling incentives totaling up to $500,000 per month to encourage the siting of new recycling centers; and establish and distribute from the fund PET quality incentive payments totaling up to $500,000 per month to material recovery facilities, as specified. The bill would establish a contingency for each of these actions that would trigger the termination of the department’s authority to undertake the action. The bill would also authorize the department, if the director declares a recycling exigency, to approve limited-term pilot projects in accordance with prescribed criteria. By expanding the purposes of a continuously appropriated fund, this bill would make an appropriation.

Existing law requires the successor agency to the Bureau for Private Postsecondary and Vocational Education, which is the Bureau for Private Postsecondary Education, to transmit any available data regarding school performance it receives from any schools under its jurisdiction to the California Postsecondary Education Commission.

This bill would repeal the above provision.

Vote: MAJORITY2/3   Appropriation: NOYES   Fiscal Committee: YES   Local Program: NO  

The people of the State of California do enact as follows:


SECTION 1.

 Section 14535 is added to the Public Resources Code, to read:

14535.
 (a) Notwithstanding any other provision of this division, the director may, commencing 30 days after the effective date of this section, declare a recycling exigency if the department determines all of the following:
(1) More than 25 percent of recycling centers that were operating as of January 1, 2015, are no longer operating.
(2) More than 25 percent of convenience zones are unserved.
(3) Fewer than 10 percent of beverage containers sold in the previous calendar year were recycled through curbside programs.
(4) The overall beverage container recycling rate for the most recent calendar year is 5 percentage points or more lower than the recycling rate in 2015.
(b) If the director declares a recycling exigency pursuant to subdivision (a), the department may, within 30 days of that declaration, do all of the following:
(1) Notwithstanding Section 14575, for any type of beverage container for which the annual recycling rate has dropped by 2 percentage points or more below the recycling rate for that type of beverage container in 2015, do all of the following:
(A) Adjust the processing payment for that type of beverage container to reflect a cost of recycling that is at least 10 percent higher than the cost of recycling for that type of beverage container that was used to establish the processing payment for the calendar year in which the recycling exigency is declared.
(B) Maintain the processing payment reflecting the higher cost of recycling pursuant to subparagraph (A) until the recycling rate for that type of beverage container exceeds 80 percent for two consecutive calendar years.
(C) Adjust the higher cost of recycling described in subparagraph (A) to reflect annual changes in the cost of living as measured by the Bureau of Labor Statistics of the United States Department of Labor or a successor agency of the United States government as of the effective date of this section and at least once annually thereafter.
(D) Postpone any adjustment in processing fees necessitated by this paragraph until the time of the next annual processing fee adjustment as specified in Section 14575.
(2) (A) Notwithstanding Section 14585, both of the following:
(i) Increase the handling fee in place at the time the recycling exigency is declared by at least 10 percent.
(ii) In a convenience zone that has been continuously unserved by a recycling center for at least six months, offer a handling fee payment to the first recycling center that is certified and sited and begins operations within the convenience zone and that operates a minimum of 30 hours per week, regardless of physical location within that convenience zone.
(B) Any action taken by the department pursuant to this paragraph shall remain in effect only until six months after the department determines that 90 percent of convenience zones are served.
(3) (A) Establish and distribute from the fund supplemental recycling incentives totaling up to five hundred thousand dollars ($500,000) per month to encourage the siting of up to 500 new recycling centers in unserved and underserved areas of the state.
(B) The incentives may be structured as, but are not limited to, any of the following:
(i) Loans to cover startup costs.
(ii) Per-container incentives.
(iii) Contract payments resulting from a competitive bid process.
(iv) Fixed monthly operating payments.
(C) A supplemental recycling incentive program established by the department pursuant to this paragraph shall remain in effect only until six months after the average recycling rate for beverage containers exceeds 80 percent annually, as demonstrated by the reports submitted by the department pursuant to Section 14556.
(4) (A) Establish and distribute from the fund PET quality incentive payments totaling up to five hundred thousand dollars ($500,000) per month to material recovery facilities that demonstrate, in a form and manner approved by the department, that commingled PET collected by curbside programs for which the material recovery facility claims the refund value contains at least 90 percent PET bottles, including both PET containers subject to this division and PET bottles not subject to this division.
(B) The PET quality incentive payments may be structured in a form and manner similar to quality glass incentive payments made pursuant to Section 14549.1.
(C) The PET quality incentive payments shall remain in effect only until six months after the average recycling rate for PET containers exceeds 80 percent annually for two consecutive calendar years, as demonstrated by the reports submitted by the department pursuant to Section 14556.
(5) (A) Notwithstanding the January 1, 2020, deadline and five project maximum in Section 14571.9, do either or both of the following:
(i) Approve a pilot project pursuant to Section 14571.9, as that section existed as of the effective date of this section, that includes recycling operations that are located outside of a convenience zone.
(ii) Approve a pilot project pursuant to Section 14571.9, as that section existed as of the effective date of this section, that accepts commingled containers from consumers for recycling, sorts the containers, and provides the redemption value to consumers minus a specified sorting fee.
(B) If the department approves a pilot project pursuant to subparagraph (A), it shall pay a handling fee to the operators of the pilot project for all empty beverage containers redeemed in the pilot project area, regardless of whether all beverage containers were redeemed in a specific convenience zone or whether there is more than one recycling dropoff or collection program within a specific convenience zone.
(c) Any action taken pursuant to this section is exempt from the Administrative Procedure Act (Chapter 3.5 (commencing with Section 11340) of Part 1 of Division 3 of Title 2 of the Government Code).

SEC. 2.

 Section 14536 of the Public Resources Code is amended to read:

14536.
 (a) Except as provided in subdivision (b), the director shall adopt, amend, or repeal all rules and regulations in accordance with Chapter 3.5 (commencing with Section 11340) of Part 1 of Division 3 of Title 2 of the Government Code.
(b) (1) The director shall adopt regulations, and may adopt emergency regulations regulations, for the purposes of implementing Sections 14538, 14539, 14541, 14549.1, 14549.2, 14549.7, 14550, 14561, 14571.6, 14574, 14575, 14585, 14588.1, 14588.2, and 14591.
(2) Any emergency regulations, if adopted, shall be adopted in accordance with Chapter 3.5 (commencing with Section 11340) of Part 1 of Division 3 of Title 2 of the Government Code, and for the purposes of that chapter, including Section 11349.6 of the Government Code, the adoption of these regulations is an emergency and shall be considered by the Office of Administrative Law as necessary for the immediate preservation of the public peace, health and safety, and general welfare. Notwithstanding Chapter 3.5 (commencing with Section 11340) of Part 1 of Division 3 of Title 2 of the Government Code, including subdivision (e) of Section 11346.1 of the Government Code, any emergency regulations adopted pursuant to this section shall be filed with, but not be repealed by, the Office of Administrative Law and shall remain in effect until revised by the director.

SEC. 3.

 Section 14571.6 of the Public Resources Code is amended to read:

14571.6.
 (a) In Except as provided in Section 14572.3, in any convenience zone where no recycling location has been established which that satisfies the requirements of Section 14571, and in any convenience zone which that has exceeded the 60-day period for the establishment of a recycling center pursuant to Section 14571.7, all dealers within that zone shall, until a recycling location has been established in that zone, do one of the following:

(a)

(1) Submit to the department an affidavit form provided by the department stating that all of the following standards are being met by the dealer:

(1)

(A) The dealer redeems all empty beverage container types at all open cash registers or a minimum of one designated location on the dealer’s premises, during all hours that the dealer is open for business. The dealer is not required to redeem more than 50 beverage containers of any one type per consumer per day.

(2)

(B) The dealer has posted signs which that meet the size and location requirements specified in subdivision (b) of Section 14570, and which that conform to paragraph (2) of that subdivision.

(3)

(C) The dealer is delivering, or having delivered, all empty beverage containers received from the public to a certified recycling center or processor for recycling.

(b)

(2) Pay to the department for deposit in the fund the sum of one hundred dollars ($100) per day until a recycling location is established or until the standards for redemption specified in subdivision (a) paragraph (1) are met.
(b) This section shall not apply to a dealer that demonstrates to the department either of the following:
(1) The dealer has gross annual sales of less than two million dollars ($2,000,000).
(2) The dealer is not a supermarket and has less than 5,000 square feet of interior retail space.

SEC. 4.

 Section 14571.8 of the Public Resources Code is amended to read:

14571.8.
 (a) No A lease entered into by a dealer after January 1, 1987, may shall not contain a leasehold restriction that prohibits or results in the prohibition of the establishment of a recycling location.
(b) The director may grant an exemption from the requirements of Section 14571 for an individual convenience zone only after the department solicits public testimony on whether or not to provide an exemption from Section 14571. The solicitation process shall be designed by the department to ensure that operators of recycling centers, dealers, and members of the public in the jurisdiction affected by the proposed exemption are aware of the proposed exemption. After evaluation of the testimony and any field review conducted, the department shall base a decision to exempt a convenience zone on one, or pursuant to this subdivision on any combination, combination of the following factors:
(1) The exemption will not significantly decrease the ability of consumers to conveniently return beverage containers for the refund value to a certified recycling center redeeming all material types.
(2) Except as provided in paragraph (5), the The nearest certified recycling center is within a reasonable distance of the convenience zone being considered from exemption.
(3) The convenience zone is in the area of a curbside recycling program that meets the criteria specified in Section 14509.5.
(4) The requirements of Section 14571 cannot be met in a particular convenience zone due to local zoning or the dealer’s leasehold restrictions for leases in effect on January 1, 1987, and the local zoning or leasehold restrictions are not within the authority of the department and the dealer. However, any lease executed after January 1, 1987, shall meet the requirements specified in subdivision (a).
(5) The convenience zone has redeemed less than 60,000 containers per month for the prior 12 months and, notwithstanding paragraph (2), a certified recycling center is located within one mile of the convenience zone that is the subject of the exemption. months.
(c) The department shall review each convenience zone in which a certified recycling center was not located on January 1, 1996, to determine the eligibility of the convenience zone under the exemption criteria specified in subdivision (b).
(d) The total number of exemptions granted by the director under this section shall not exceed 35 40 percent of the total number of convenience zones identified as eligible pursuant to this section. subdivision (b).
(e) The department may, on its own motion, or upon petition by any interested person, revoke a convenience zone exemption if either of the following occurs:
(1) The condition or conditions that caused the convenience zone to be exempt no longer exists, and the department determines that the criteria for an exemption specified in this section are not presently applicable to the convenience zone.
(2) The department determines that the convenience zone exemption was granted due to an administrative error.
(f) If an exemption is revoked and a recycling center is not certified and operational in the convenience zone, the department shall, within 10 days of the date of the decision to revoke, serve all dealers in the convenience zone with the notice specified in subdivision (a) of Section 14571.7.
(g) An exemption shall not be revoked when a recycling center becomes certified and operational within an exempt convenience zone unless either of the events specified in paragraphs (1) and (2) of subdivision (e) occurs.
(h) The department shall review exemptions granted pursuant to this section every two years to determine if each exemption still meets the exemption criteria of this section.

SEC. 5.

 Section 14572.3 is added to the Public Resources Code, to read:

14572.3.
 (a) A dealer described in subdivision (c) and who is located in a convenience zone described in subdivision (b) shall be exempt from the dealer requirements of Section 14571.6 from the effective date of this section until December 31, 2021, inclusive.
(b) Subdivision (a) shall apply only to a dealer that is located in a convenience zone that meets one of the following:
(1) The convenience zone was served by, or exempted because of, a recycling center that closed between January 1, 2016, and May 31, 2016, inclusive, at the initiation of the recycler and not at the initiation of the dealer.
(2) The convenience zone was served by a recycling center that closed as a result of an action taken by the department on or after January 1, 2018.
(c) Subdivision (a) shall apply only to a dealer that meets one of the following conditions:
(1) The dealer demonstrates to the department that it has acted in full compliance with the requirements of Section 14571.6.
(2) The department approves the dealer for an exemption described in subdivision (a). The department may approve a dealer that was not in compliance with Section 14571.6 for an exemption only if the dealer pays the department any moneys owed by the dealer under Section 14571.6.
(d) The Legislature finds and declares that the purpose of this section is to temporarily suspend the obligations of dealers described in subdivision (c) to comply with the requirements of Section 14571.6 in order to focus attention and resources on the reestablishment of recycling centers in currently unserved convenience zones. Nothing in this section is intended to reduce the obligation of dealers and the department to site and maintain recycling centers.
(e) This section shall remain in effect only until January 1, 2022, and as of that date is repealed.

SEC. 6.

 Section 14581 of the Public Resources Code is amended to read:

14581.
 (a) Subject to the availability of funds and in accordance with subdivision (b), the department shall expend the moneys set aside in the fund, pursuant to subdivision (c) of Section 14580, for the purposes of this section in the following manner:
(1) For each fiscal year, the department may expend the amount necessary to make the required handling fee payment pursuant to Section 14585.
(2) Fifteen million dollars ($15,000,000) shall be expended annually for payments for curbside programs and neighborhood dropoff programs pursuant to Section 14549.6.
(3) (A) Ten million five hundred thousand dollars ($10,500,000) may be expended annually for payments of five thousand dollars ($5,000) to cities and ten thousand dollars ($10,000) for payments to counties for beverage container recycling and litter cleanup activities, or the department may calculate the payments to counties and cities on a per capita basis, and may pay whichever amount is greater, for those activities.
(B) Eligible activities for the use of these funds may include, but are not necessarily limited to, support for new or existing curbside recycling programs, neighborhood dropoff recycling programs, public education promoting beverage container recycling, litter prevention, and cleanup, cooperative regional efforts among two or more cities or counties, or both, or other beverage container recycling programs.
(C) These funds shall not be used for activities unrelated to beverage container recycling or litter reduction.
(D) To receive these funds, a city, county, or city and county shall fill out and return a funding request form to the department. The form shall specify the beverage container recycling or litter reduction activities for which the funds will be used.
(E) The department shall annually prepare and distribute a funding request form to each city, county, or city and county. The form shall specify the amount of beverage container recycling and litter cleanup funds for which the jurisdiction is eligible. The form shall not exceed one double-sided page in length, and may be submitted electronically. If a city, county, or city and county does not return the funding request form within 90 days of receipt of the form from the department, the city, county, or city and county is not eligible to receive the funds for that funding cycle.
(F) For the purposes of this paragraph, per capita population shall be based on the population of the incorporated area of a city or city and county and the unincorporated area of a county. The department may withhold payment to any city, county, or city and county that has prohibited the siting of a supermarket site, caused a supermarket site to close its business, or adopted a land use policy that restricts or prohibits the siting of a supermarket site within its jurisdiction.
(G) On or before July 1, 2020, the department shall convene a public hearing during one of the department’s regularly scheduled monthly public meetings for purposes of discussing and receiving public testimony on the development of guidelines for evaluating the circumstances that might prompt the department to withhold payments pursuant to subparagraph (F). The department may communicate any guidelines that may result from this public process to appropriate program stakeholders.
(4) One million five hundred thousand dollars ($1,500,000) may be expended annually in the form of grants for beverage container recycling and litter reduction programs.
(5) (A) The department shall expend the amount necessary to pay the processing payment established pursuant to Section 14575. The department shall establish separate processing fee accounts in the fund for each beverage container material type for which a processing payment and processing fee are calculated pursuant to Section 14575, or for which a processing payment is calculated pursuant to Section 14575 and a voluntary artificial scrap value is calculated pursuant to Section 14575.1, into which account shall be deposited both of the following:
(i) All amounts paid as processing fees for each beverage container material type pursuant to Section 14575.
(ii) Funds equal to the difference between the amount in clause (i) and the amount of the processing payments established in subdivision (b) of Section 14575, and adjusted pursuant to paragraph (2) of subdivision (c) of, and subdivision (f) of, Section 14575, to reduce the processing fee to the level provided in subdivision (e) of Section 14575, or to reflect the agreement by a willing purchaser to pay a voluntary artificial scrap value pursuant to Section 14575.1.
(B) Notwithstanding Section 13340 of the Government Code, the moneys in each processing fee account are hereby continuously appropriated to the department for expenditure without regard to fiscal years, for purposes of making processing payments pursuant to Section 14575.
(6) Up to five million dollars ($5,000,000) may be annually expended by the department for the purposes of undertaking a statewide public education and information campaign aimed at promoting increased recycling of beverage containers.
(7) Up to ten million dollars ($10,000,000) may be expended annually by the department for quality incentive payments for empty glass beverage containers pursuant to Section 14549.1.

(8)(A)(i)For the 2018–19 fiscal year, the department may expend up to fifteen million dollars ($15,000,000) for market development payments to reclaimers and product manufacturers, pursuant to Section 14549.2.

(ii)Of the total amount authorized for expenditure by this subparagraph, up to five million dollars ($5,000,000) may be expended for market development payments to reclaimers for the activities described in paragraph (1) of subdivision (c) of Section 14549.2, and to product manufacturers for the activities described in paragraph (2) of subdivision (c) of 14549.2 as that section read on June 30, 2018, that occurred during the period from January 1, 2018, to June 30, 2018, inclusive.

(B)

(8) (A) For the 2019–20 fiscal year to the 2021–22 fiscal year, inclusive, the department may expend up to ten million dollars ($10,000,000) each fiscal year for market development payments to reclaimers and product manufacturers, pursuant to Section 14549.2.

(C)

(B) For purposes of this paragraph, the definitions in subdivision (a) of Section 14549.2 apply.
(b) (1) If the department determines, pursuant to a review made pursuant to Section 14556, that there may be inadequate funds to pay the payments required by this division, the department shall immediately notify the appropriate policy and fiscal committees of the Legislature regarding the inadequacy.
(2) On or before 180 days, but not less than 80 days, after the notice is sent pursuant to paragraph (1), the department may reduce or eliminate expenditures, or both, from the funds as necessary, according to the procedure set forth in subdivision (c).
(c) If the department determines that there are insufficient funds to make the payments specified pursuant to this section and Section 14575, the department shall reduce all payments proportionally.
(d) Before making an expenditure pursuant to paragraph (6) of subdivision (a), the department shall convene an advisory committee consisting of representatives of the beverage industry, beverage container manufacturers, environmental organizations, the recycling industry, nonprofit organizations, and retailers to advise the department on the most cost-effective and efficient method of the expenditure of the funds for that education and information campaign.

SEC. 7.

 Section 14585 of the Public Resources Code is amended to read:

14585.
 (a) The department shall adopt guidelines and methods for paying handling fees to supermarket sites, nonprofit convenience zone recyclers, or rural region recyclers to provide an incentive for the redemption of empty beverage containers in convenience zones. The guidelines shall include, but not be limited to, all of the following:
(1) Handling fees shall be paid on a monthly basis, in the form and manner adopted by the department. The department shall require that claims for the handling fee be filed with the department not later than the first day of the second month following the month for which the handling fee is claimed as a condition of receiving any handling fee.
(2) The department shall determine the number of eligible containers per site for which a handling fee will be paid in the following manner:
(A) Each eligible site’s combined monthly volume of glass and plastic beverage containers shall be divided by the site’s total monthly volume of all empty beverage container types.
(B) If the quotient determined pursuant to subparagraph (A) is equal to, or more than, 10 percent, the total monthly volume of the site shall be the maximum volume which is eligible for a handling fee for that month.
(C) If the quotient determined pursuant to subparagraph (A) is less than 10 percent, the department shall divide the volume of glass and plastic beverage containers by 10 percent. That quotient shall be the maximum volume that is eligible for a handling fee for that month.

(3) (A) On and after the effective date of the act amending this section during the 2011–12 Regular Session, and until March 1, 2013, the

(3) The department shall pay a handling fee per eligible container in the amount determined pursuant to subdivisions (f) and (g). subdivision (f).

(B)On and after July 1, 2014, the department shall pay a handling fee per eligible container in the amount determined pursuant to subdivision (f).

(4) If the eligible volume in any given month would result in handling fee payments that exceed the allocation of funds for that month, as provided in subdivision (b), sites with higher eligible monthly volumes shall receive handling fees for their entire eligible monthly volume before sites with lower eligible monthly volumes receive any handling fees.
(5) (A) If a dealer where a supermarket site, nonprofit convenience zone recycler, or rural region recycler is located ceases operation for remodeling or for a change of ownership, the operator of that supermarket site site, nonprofit convenience zone recycler, or rural region recycler shall be eligible to apply for handling fees for that site for a period of three months following the date of the closure of the dealer.
(B) Every supermarket site operator, nonprofit convenience zone recycler, or rural region recycler shall promptly notify the department of the closure of the dealer where the supermarket site, nonprofit convenience zone recycler, or rural region recycler is located.
(C) Notwithstanding subparagraph (A), any operator who fails to provide notification to the department pursuant to subparagraph (B) shall not be eligible to apply for handling fees.
(b) The department may allocate the amount authorized for expenditure for the payment of handling fees pursuant to paragraph (1) of subdivision (a) of Section 14581 on a monthly basis and may carry over any unexpended monthly allocation to a subsequent month or months. However, unexpended monthly allocations shall not be carried over to a subsequent fiscal year for the purpose of paying handling fees but may be carried over for any other purpose pursuant to Section 14581.
(c) (1) The department shall not make handling fee payments to more than one certified recycling center in a convenience zone. If a dealer is located in more than one convenience zone, the department shall offer a single handling fee payment to a supermarket site located at that dealer. This handling fee payment shall not be split between the affected zones. The department shall stop making handling fee payments if another recycling center certifies to operate within the convenience zone without receiving payments pursuant to this section, if the department monitors the performance of the other recycling center for 60 days and determines that the recycling center is in compliance with this division. Any recycling center that locates in a convenience zone, thereby causing a preexisting recycling center to become ineligible to receive handling fee payments, is ineligible to receive any handling fee payments in that convenience zone.
(2) The department shall offer a single handling fee payment to a rural region recycler located anywhere inside a convenience zone, if that convenience zone is not served by another certified recycling center and the rural region recycler does either of the following:
(A) Operates a minimum of 30 hours per week in one convenience zone.
(B) Serves two or more convenience zones, and meets all of the following criteria:
(i) Is the only certified recycler within each convenience zone.
(ii) Is open and operating at least eight hours per week in each convenience zone and is certified at each location.
(iii) Operates at least 30 hours per week in total for all convenience zones served.
(3) In a convenience zone that, as of the effective date of the measure that added this paragraph, has been continuously unserved by a certified recycling location for at least six months, the department shall offer a handling fee payment to a recycler located within the convenience zone that operates a minimum of 30 hours per week regardless of physical location within that convenience zone and that is certified and begins operating on or after the effective date of that measure.
(d) The department may require the operator of a supermarket site site, or the operator of a rural region recycler recycler, receiving handling fees to maintain records for each location where beverage containers are redeemed, and may require the supermarket site or rural region recycler to take any other action necessary for the department to determine that the supermarket site or rural region recycler does not receive an excessive handling fee.
(e) The department may determine and utilize a standard container per pound rate, for each material type, for the purpose of calculating volumes and making handling fee payments.
(f) (1) On or before January 1, 2008, and every two years thereafter, the department shall conduct a survey pursuant to this subdivision of a statistically significant sample of certified recycling centers that receive handling fee payments to determine the actual cost incurred for the redemption of empty beverage containers by those certified recycling centers. The department shall conduct these cost surveys in conjunction with the cost surveys performed by the department pursuant to subdivision (b) of Section 14575 to determine processing payments and processing fees. The department shall include, in determining the actual costs, only those allowable costs contained in the regulations adopted pursuant to this division that are used by the department to conduct cost surveys pursuant to subdivision (b) of Section 14575.
(2) Using the information obtained pursuant to paragraph (1), the department shall then determine the statewide weighted average cost incurred for the redemption of empty beverage containers, per empty beverage container, at recycling centers that receive handling fees.
(3) Except as provided in subdivision (g), the The department shall determine the amount of the handling fee to be paid for each empty beverage container by subtracting the amount of the statewide weighted average cost per container to redeem empty beverage containers by recycling centers that do not receive handling fees from the amount of the statewide weighted average cost per container determined pursuant to paragraph (2).
(4) The department shall adjust the statewide weighted average cost determined pursuant to paragraph (2) for each beverage container annually to reflect changes in the cost of living, as measured by the Bureau of Labor Statistics of the United States Department of Labor or a successor agency of the United States government.
(5) The cost information collected pursuant to this section at recycling centers that receive handling fees shall not be used in the calculation of the processing payments determined pursuant to Section 14575.

(g)(1) On and after the effective date of the act amending this section during the 2011–12 Regular Session, and until March 1, 2013, the per-container handling fee shall not be less than the amount of the per-container handling fee that was in effect on July 1, 2011.

(2)

(g) The department may update the methodology and scrap values used for calculating the handling fee from the most recent cost survey if it finds that the handling fee resulting from the most recent cost survey does not accurately represent the actual cost incurred for the redemption of empty beverage containers by those certified recycling centers.
(h) Notwithstanding subdivision (f), the department shall suspend usage of surveys and calculations of recycling costs until at least January 1, 2021.
(i) (1) The department may expend up to three million dollars ($3,000,000) annually from the fund for supplemental handling fee payments to low-volume recycling centers and recyclers willing to open a recycling center in a convenience zone that has recently become unserved. The department shall allocate the amount authorized for these supplemental handling fee payments into 12 equal monthly allotments.
(2) Supplemental handling fee payments shall be distributed once per month in equal amounts to recycling centers that are eligible for handling fees pursuant to subdivision (a), subject to all of the following requirements:
(A) A recycling center receiving a handling fee pursuant to this subdivision shall have no more than 600,000 beverage containers eligible for handling fees per month.
(B) Priority shall be given to recycling centers with the lowest volumes of beverage containers that are located in rural regions.
(C) (i) Payments shall be distributed first to no more than 100 recycling centers with the lowest volumes of beverage containers that are located in rural regions, in order of lowest volume.
(ii) After payments are distributed pursuant to clause (i), payments shall be distributed to other recycling centers with the lowest volumes of beverage containers, in order of lowest volume.
(3) No more than 400 recycling centers shall receive supplemental handling fee payments pursuant to this subdivision.
(4) The department may make the supplemental handling fee payments authorized pursuant to this subdivision by augmenting handling fee payments received by recyclers pursuant to subdivision (f).
(5) This subdivision shall become inoperative on July 1, 2022.
(j) On or before January 1, 2022, the department shall develop and submit, in compliance with Section 9795 of the Government Code, recommendations to the Legislature for revisions to this section and the department’s handling fee guidelines to ensure that handling fee calculations are adequate to maintain the state’s recycling center infrastructure.

SECTION 1.Section 27.6 of the Business and Professions Code is repealed.
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CORRECTIONS:
Heading—Lines 1 and 2.
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