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ACR-104 Philippine Independence Day.(2019-2020)

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Assembly Concurrent Resolution No. 104

Relative to Philippine Independence Day.

[ Filed with Secretary of State  August 27, 2019. ]


ACR 104, Bonta. Philippine Independence Day.
This measure would recognize June 12, 2019, as the 121st Anniversary of Philippine Independence and would call upon the people of the state to observe the month of June with appropriate ceremonies, programs, and activities.
Fiscal Committee: NO  

WHEREAS, On June 12, 2019, the Filipino American community will celebrate the 121st Anniversary of Philippine Independence, and on this occasion it is appropriate to make special recognition of California’s Filipino Americans and thank them for their countless contributions to our nation’s cultural, economic, and political heritage; and
WHEREAS, The Philippine Declaration of Independence took place on June 12, 1898, in the town of Cavite El Viejo, now known as Kawit, located in the Philippine province of Cavite, when Filipino revolutionary forces, under the leadership of General Emilio Aguinaldo, publicly read the Act of Declaration of Independence proclaiming the sovereignty and independence of the Philippine Islands from the colonial rule of Spain, after American and Filipino revolutionary forces defeated Spain at the Battle of Manila Bay during the Spanish-American War; and
WHEREAS, The declaration was not recognized by the United States or Spain. Spain later ceded the Philippines to the United States in the 1898 Treaty of Paris that ended the Spanish-American War. The United States government did not recognize Philippine independence until the signing of the Treaty of Manila on July 4, 1946; and
WHEREAS, For nearly two decades, July 4 was observed in the Philippines as Independence Day until President Diosdado Macapagal, upon the advice of historians and the urging of nationalists, signed the Republic Act No. 4166 into law on August 4, 1964, designating the country’s Independence Day as June 12. June 12 was previously observed as Flag Day and on that day many government buildings were urged to display the Philippine flag in their offices; and
WHEREAS, As the years went on, Filipino Americans became very involved in their communities and made numerous contributions in all aspects of American society and culture, especially in California; and
WHEREAS, Many people of Filipino descent have contributed to great movements that have helped to shape our country and its role in the world, including the late Larry Dulay Itliong, labor organizer and the first vice president of the United Farm Workers union, the late Philip Vera Cruz, cofounder of the United Farm Workers union, and the late Carlos Bulosan, one of the first Filipino American novelists to gain fame for his work; and
WHEREAS, Many Filipino Americans have served with distinction as outstanding soldiers who fought as members of the United States Armed Forces for over a century and have sacrificed their lives in many wars, including World War II; and
WHEREAS, Today there are more than 3.5 million people of Filipino American descent, many of whom have played vital roles in the development of the United States and have paved the way for Filipino Americans to continue to strengthen their roles in the broader society and to contribute to American and Californian politics, economy, and culture; now, therefore, be it
Resolved by the Assembly of the State of California, the Senate thereof concurring, That the Legislature, in honor of the multitude of contributions that Filipino Americans have made to make this a better country and state for all people, hereby recognizes June 12, 2019, as the 121st Anniversary of Philippine Independence and calls upon the people of the state to observe the month of June with appropriate ceremonies, programs, and activities; and be it further
Resolved, That the Chief Clerk of the Assembly transmit copies of this resolution to the author for appropriate distribution.