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AB-3030 Resource conservation: land and ocean conservation goal.(2019-2020)

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Date Published: 02/21/2020 09:00 PM


Assembly Bill
No. 3030

Introduced by Assembly Member Kalra
(Coauthors: Assembly Members Bloom, Reyes, and Robert Rivas)

February 21, 2020

An act to add Section 9001.6 to the Public Resources Code, relating to resource conservation.


AB 3030, as introduced, Kalra. Resource conservation: land and ocean conservation goal.
Existing law declares it to be the policy of the state that the protection and management of natural and working lands, as defined, is an important strategy in meeting the state’s greenhouse gas reduction goals, and requires all state agencies, departments, boards, and commissions to consider this policy when revising, adopting, or establishing policies, regulations, expenditures, or grant criteria relating to the protection and management of natural and working lands.
This bill would declare it to be the goal of the state to conserve at least 30 percent of the land and 30 percent of the ocean within the state by 2030.
Vote: MAJORITY   Appropriation: NO   Fiscal Committee: YES   Local Program: NO  

The people of the State of California do enact as follows:


 The Legislature finds and declares all of the following:
(a) Access to public land, nature, and a healthy environment should be a right for all people, as that access is essential to the health, well-being, identity, culture, and economic prosperity of California.
(b) California faces a conservation and climate crisis, with nature in a steep decline and greenhouse gas emissions not declining at the rate scientists say is needed in the United States and worldwide.
(c) Scientists are documenting a rapid loss of natural areas and wildlife in California, the United States, and throughout the world, including all of the following:
(1) From 2001 to 2017, a quantity of natural areas equal to the size of a football field disappeared to development every thirty seconds in the United States, constituting more than 1,500,000 acres per year.
(2) The Intergovernmental Science-Policy Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services found that approximately 1,000,000 plant and animal species are threatened by extinction over the coming decades as a result of land conversion, development, climate change, invasive species, pollution, and other stressors.
(3) From 2001 to 2017, California has lost more than 1,000,000 acres of natural area.
(4) At least 686 California species are at risk of future extinction and native species in California have already declined by 20 percent.
(d) Climate change is accelerating the decline of nature in California and the United States.
(e) The Third National Climate Assessment found that climate change is reducing the ability of ecosystems to provide clean water and regulate water flows, limiting the ability of nature to buffer communities against disasters such as fires, storms, and floods, which disproportionately impacts communities of color and indigenous populations, and having far-reaching effects on marine and terrestrial wildlife, including by altering habitats, forcing changes to migratory patterns, and altering the timing of biological events.
(f) Nature, like the climate, is nearing a tipping point where the continued loss and degradation of the natural environment will push many ecosystems and wildlife species past the point of no return, threaten the health and economic prosperity of California and the United States, and increase the costs of natural disasters.
(g) The existing protections for land, the ocean, and wildlife in California and the United States are not sufficient to prevent a further decline of nature.
(h) Conserving and restoring nature is one of the most efficient and cost-effective strategies for fighting climate change.
(i) To confront the deterioration of natural systems and the loss of biodiversity around the world, and to remain below a 1.5 degrees Celsius increase in average global temperature, scientists recommend that roughly one-half of the planet be conserved.
(j) As a step toward achieving that goal, some scientists have recommended that all countries commit to conserving and protecting at least 30 percent of the land and 30 percent of the ocean in each country by 2030, with a long-term goal of conserving one-half of the planet.

SEC. 2.

 Section 9001.6 is added to the Public Resources Code, to read:

 (a) It is the goal of the state to conserve at least 30 percent of the land and 30 percent of the ocean within the state by 2030.
(b) The goal described in subdivision (a) should be accomplished through an effort that includes all of the following objectives:
(1) Working with the federal government, local communities, Native American tribes, and private landowners to conserve natural places and resources.
(2) Improving access to nature for all people in the state, including for communities of color and economically disadvantaged communities.
(3) Preventing extinction by recovering and restoring biodiversity, including species listed under the California Endangered Species Act (Chapter 1.5 (commencing with Section 2050) of Division 3 of the Fish and Game Code).
(4) Sequestering carbon and greenhouse gas emissions in the land and ocean of the state.
(5) Focusing work at a landscape scale that is biologically and ecologically meaningful.
(6) Stabilizing ecosystems and the services of ecosystems, restoring degraded ecosystems, and maintaining ecological functions.