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AB-1071 Climate change: agriculture: Agricultural Climate Adaptation Tools Program: grants.(2019-2020)

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Date Published: 01/06/2020 02:00 PM
AB1071:v97#DOCUMENT

Revised  January 23, 2020
Amended  IN  Assembly  January 06, 2020
Amended  IN  Assembly  April 12, 2019

CALIFORNIA LEGISLATURE— 2019–2020 REGULAR SESSION

Assembly Bill
No. 1071


Introduced by Assembly Member Limón
(Coauthor: Assembly Member Eduardo Garcia)

February 21, 2019


An act to add and repeal Article 8 (commencing with Section 11485) of Chapter 3 of Title 1 of Part 4 of the Penal Code, relating to peace officers. An act to add Part 4.8 (commencing with Section 71370) to Division 34 of the Public Resources Code, relating to climate change.


LEGISLATIVE COUNSEL'S DIGEST


AB 1071, as amended, Limón. Evidence-Based Policing Pilot Program. Climate change: agriculture: Agricultural Climate Adaptation Tools Program: grants.
Existing law establishes the Integrated Climate Adaptation and Resiliency Program to be administered by the Office of Planning and Research to coordinate regional and local efforts with state climate adaptation strategies to adapt to the impacts of climate change, as specified. Existing law requires the office to coordinate with appropriate entities, including state, regional, or local agencies, to establish a clearinghouse for climate adaptation information for use by state, regional, and local entities. Existing law establishes the Transformative Climate Communities Program and a regional climate collaborative program to be administered by the Strategic Growth Council to award grants and provide technical assistance, respectively, to facilitate the response of local communities to climate change.
This bill would require the council to provide guidance in the development of, and to coordinate the activities of member agencies of the council for, a grant program, known as the Agricultural Climate Adaptation Tools Program, as specified, to provide funding for activities that include development of specified planning tools for adapting to climate change and developing resiliency strategies in the agricultural sector, using the best available science, as specified. The bill would require the Department of Food and Agriculture to administer the program for the disbursement of grants. The bill would require the council to conduct specified pilot projects in the central valley, central coast, and desert regions of the state, and hold trainings for technical assistance providers on how to use the specified planning tools with an emphasis on meeting the needs of small and moderately scaled farmers and ranchers, socially disadvantaged farmers and ranchers, and female farmers and ranchers. The bill would require the council to make available, upon appropriation, up to $2,000,000 to fund the grant program, as specified. The bill would require the council to provide to the office the planning tools developed as part of the grant program, as well as information on any projects funded pursuant to these provisions, for possible incorporation into the clearinghouse for climate adaptation information.

Existing law defines which persons are peace officers and the authority of those persons. Existing law also define those types of law enforcement agencies that may employ peace officers. Existing law creates the Commission on Peace Officer Standards and Training that sets minimum standards for the recruitment and training of peace officers. Existing law also creates various programs within the Department of Justice for the support and coordination of local law enforcement agency efforts to prevent crime and apprehend criminals.

This bill would establish an evidence-based policing pilot program within the Department of Justice to gather data and analyze data on the efficacy of evidence-based policing programs. The bill would require the department to convene a task force to design a pilot program that would operate in 3 cities or counties, as specified, would provide training to management and supervisory police personnel on the implementation of evidence-based policing, as defined, and would gather crime-related data from those cities or counties for a period of 2 years during which evidence-based policing practices are implemented. The bill would require the task force to submit a report of findings and recommendations to the Legislature. The bill would repeal these provisions as of January 1, 2026.

Vote: MAJORITY   Appropriation: NO   Fiscal Committee: YES   Local Program: NO  

The people of the State of California do enact as follows:


SECTION 1.

 (a) The Legislature finds and declares all of the following:
(1) Farms and ranches located in the state total to more than 77,000 and are uniquely vulnerable to the impacts of climate change, including rising temperatures, increased occurrences of extreme weather events, constrained water resources, new pest and disease pressures, reduced winter chilling hours, and rising sea levels.
(2) Agricultural climate change adaptation and resiliency strategies provide numerous agronomic, environmental, and public health benefits, including increased water retention in soils, groundwater recharge, energy and water savings, improved crop and forage yields, improved air and water quality, and enhanced wildlife habitat.
(3) The state and the University of California have invested significant resources in research to better understand agriculture’s unique vulnerabilities to climate change and identify strategies to adapt to climate change.
(4) To make this information useful and effective, it must be presented to farmers and ranchers by trusted sources in a way that recognizes and accounts for their management objectives, existing management practices, location, crops, available resources, knowledge, values, experiences, spoken language, culture, and other aspects of their complex business operations and surrounding social and ecological systems.
(5) Farmers and ranchers need science-based, farm-level planning tools and technical assistance from trusted providers to help them assess relevant climate risks and adaptation strategies and integrate them into their business decisionmaking and succession planning processes. These needs are especially applicable to small and moderately scaled farmers and ranchers, socially disadvantaged farmers and ranchers, and female farmers and ranchers, as these farmers and ranchers do not have equal access to technical assistance and, on average, have fewer resources at their disposal to adapt to climate change.
(6) The state has a long-established infrastructure of public and private technical assistance providers, including resource conservation districts, the University of California Cooperative Extension, nonprofit organizations, and certified crop advisers and pest control advisers, to advise farmers and ranchers on agronomic practices, resource conservation, and other agricultural management improvements.
(7) These technical assistance providers are in a position to work with farmers and ranchers to identify appropriate agricultural climate adaptation and resiliency strategies, determine the feasibility of climate adaptation and resiliency strategies, design on-farm climate adaptation and resiliency projects, and assist in project implementation. However, technical assistance providers need additional training to learn how to most effectively incorporate information about climate change risks and adaptation strategies into their work with farmers and ranchers.
(b) Therefore, it is the intent of the Legislature to establish a program to ensure farmers and ranchers have effective farm-level, science-based climate adaptation and resiliency planning tools and trained technical assistance providers to help them assess relevant climate change risks and adopt climate adaptation strategies.

SEC. 2.

 Part 4.8 (commencing with Section 71370) is added to Division 34 of the Public Resources Code, to read:

PART 4.8. Climate Change in the Agricultural Sector

71370.
 For purposes of this part, the following terms have the following meanings:
(a) “Council” means the Strategic Growth Council.
(b) “Department” means the Department of Food and Agriculture.
(c) “Office” means the Office of Planning and Research.
(d) “Program” means the Agricultural Climate Adaptation Tools Program.

71372.
 (a) (1) (A) The council shall provide guidance in the development of the program, and coordinate the activities of member agencies of the council for the program.
(B) The department shall administer the program for the disbursement of grants.
(C) Moneys appropriated to the council may be used by the department for the department’s costs for administration of the program.
(2) The program shall provide funding for all of the following:
(A) Developing planning tools for adapting to climate change in the agricultural sector that are applicable at the farm level and that use the best available science, including, but not limited to, the state’s climate assessments pursuant to Executive Order S-03-05 and the state’s climate adaptation strategy pursuant to Section 71153. The planning tools shall help farmers and ranchers do all of the following:
(i) Assess relevant climate change impacts and risks affecting their farm or ranch business, including, but not limited to, increasingly variable and extreme weather, droughts and declining water resources, increased heat impacts on employees, crops, and livestock, declining winter chill hours, sea level rise, wildfire and smoke, shifts in crops and varieties grown in the region, new and increased pest and disease pressures, and impacts to on-farm wildlife habitat.
(ii) Consider appropriate adaptation and resiliency strategies for their operations, based on an assessment of climate change impacts and risks affecting their farm or ranch business and surrounding community, including, but not limited to, crop shifting, income diversification, and soil, water, forage, and habitat management for drought, pest, wildfire, and flood resilience.
(iii) Integrate those impacts, risks, and strategies into their business decisionmaking and succession planning based on their unique management objectives, existing management practices, location, crops, available resources, knowledge, values, experiences, and culture.
(B) Conducting pilot projects in the central valley, central coast, and desert regions of the state in which the grant recipients shall collaborate with local technical assistance providers, farmers, and ranchers to test and improve the new adaptation and resiliency planning tools developed pursuant to subparagraph (A).
(C) Holding trainings, upon completion of the pilot projects, for technical assistance providers on how to use the planning tools developed pursuant to subparagraph (A) and effective communication strategies for discussing climate change risks and adaptation strategies with culturally diverse farmers and ranchers.
(3) The council shall make available, upon appropriation by the Legislature, up to two million dollars ($2,000,000) to fund the program.
(b) In developing the planning tools as part of the program, the grant recipients shall draw on available expertise and research findings from the University of California Division of Agriculture and Natural Resources and other qualified sources and shall consult with and involve farmers and ranchers in their development, to the extent feasible.
(c) When developing and adopting the program guidelines and criteria, the council shall include all of the following:
(1) The lead grant applicant shall demonstrate expertise in agricultural climate adaptation and resiliency research and extension. Eligible applicants shall include resource conservation districts, the University of California, the California State University, United States Department of Agriculture researchers, and qualified nonprofit organizations.
(2) Priority shall be given to joint applications that take a collaborative and inclusive approach that includes both of the following:
(A) Participation by farmers, ranchers, technical assistance providers, county agricultural commissioners, and agricultural industry organizations, such as commodity groups.
(B) Accounting for the unique needs of small and moderately scaled farmers and ranchers, socially disadvantaged farmers and ranchers, and female farmers and ranchers.
(3) Grants proposals shall include, at a minimum, all of the following:
(A) A description of the planning tools to be developed.
(B) A timeline, plan, and measurable outcomes for planning tool development, pilot projects, trainings, and evaluation.
(C) A statement of qualifications of the lead grant applicant.
(d) The council shall consult with the farm equity adviser in the department in developing the program and ensuring the planning tools and trainings for technical assistance providers meet the needs of small and moderately scaled farmers and ranchers, socially disadvantaged farmers and ranchers, and female farmers and ranchers.
(e) (1) The planning tools developed as part of the program shall be in the public domain. The council shall provide the planning tools to the office, which the office may consider for incorporation into the clearinghouse for climate adaptation information established pursuant to Section 71360. The council shall also provide information to the office on any projects funded pursuant to this part, which the office may consider for incorporation into the clearinghouse for climate adaptation information.
(2) The council shall provide ongoing support for regular updating of planning tools developed as part of the program to incorporate the best available science and improve user friendliness, as well as the ongoing promotion of the planning tools.

SECTION 1.Article 8 (commencing with Section 11485) is added to Chapter 3 of Title 1 of Part 4 of the Penal Code, to read:
8.Evidence-Based Policing Pilot Program
11485.

(a)There is hereby established the Evidence-Based Policing Pilot Program to be administered by the Department of Justice.

(b)The Department of Justice shall, by no later than July 1, 2020, convene a task force for the design, implementation, and evaluation of the Evidence-Based Policing Pilot Program.

(c)The task force shall include, but not be limited to, researchers, academics, civil and human rights specialists, and law enforcement professionals that have expertise in evidence-based policing, operating procedures of police agencies, and crime-based statistics and research design. The size and composition of the task force shall be at the discretion of the department.

(d)The task force shall, by no later than January 1, 2021, design, implement, and commence a pilot program in three jurisdictions that tests the effectiveness of evidence-based policing.

(e)The pilot program shall include all of the following components:

(1)The program shall operate in three jurisdictions in California: one city or county with a population greater than 400,000, one city or county with a population between 100,000 and 400,000, and one city or county with a population less than 100,000, as determined by the most recently available decennial census data, and shall include one city or county from each of the northern part of the state, the southern part of the state, and the central valley.

(2)The task force shall select eligible cities and counties that are willing and able to participate in the pilot program and have the ability to provide accurate historical and ongoing data of the type required by the task force.

(3)The task force shall arrange for training to be provided to management and supervisory police department personnel in each participating city or county on the implementation of evidence-based policing. The training shall be provided by an entity with expertise in evidence-based policing research at police departments, data collection methods, and providing training on the subjects identified in subdivision (g).

(4)The pilot program shall operate from January 1, 2021, until December 31, 2023, during which time the pilot jurisdictions shall utilize those evidence-based policing methods specified by the task force and provide data to the task force, as required.

(f)The task force shall provide the necessary support to the pilot jurisdictions during the operational period of the program.

(g)As used in this article, “evidence-based policing” refers to the collection of data to examine which interventions are effective and the most efficient at achieving objectives including, but not limited to, reducing crime and reducing socially harmful tactics such as racial profiling, excessive use of force, and intrusive stops. Evidence-based policing also refers to the implementation, ongoing evaluation, and modification of tactics and strategies that, based on research and experimentation, are shown to be the most effective.

(h)The task force shall, no later than July 1, 2024, report its findings and recommendations to the Legislature. This report shall comply with Section 9795 of the Government Code.

11486.

This article is repealed on January 1, 2026.

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REVISIONS:
Heading—Line 2.
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