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AB-624 Real estate appraisers: standards of conduct.(2015-2016)

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Amended  IN  Senate  June 22, 2015
Amended  IN  Assembly  April 22, 2015
Amended  IN  Assembly  March 26, 2015

CALIFORNIA LEGISLATURE— 2015–2016 REGULAR SESSION

Assembly Bill
No. 624


Introduced by Assembly Member Wilk

February 24, 2015


An act to amend Sections 11302 and 11319 of the Business and Professions Code, relating to real estate appraisers.


LEGISLATIVE COUNSEL'S DIGEST


AB 624, as amended, Wilk. Real estate appraisers: standards of conduct.
Existing law, the Real Estate Appraisers’ Licensing and Certification Law, regulates the licensing of real estate appraisers and provides definitions of specified terms that govern the construction of that law. Existing law provides that the Uniform Standards of Professional Appraisal Practice sets forth the minimum standards of conduct and performance for real estate appraisers in any work or service performed that is addressed by those standards.
This bill would instead provide that the Uniform Standards of Professional Appraisal Practice constitutes the minimum standard of conduct and performance for federally related real estate appraisal activity, as defined. The bill would revise existing, and additionally include new, definitions for specified terms for purposes of the Real Estate Appraisers’ Licensing and Certification Law. The bill would also authorize, if a licensee is performing a nonfederally related appraisal activity, a standard of valuation practice, as defined, for a licensee if that practice is disclosed to, and agreed upon, by the client, and if that practice is described in an appraisal, as provided.
Vote: MAJORITY   Appropriation: NO   Fiscal Committee: YES   Local Program: NO  

The people of the State of California do enact as follows:


SECTION 1.

 Section 11302 of the Business and Professions Code is amended to read:

11302.
 For the purpose of applying this part, the following terms, unless otherwise expressly indicated, shall mean and have the following definitions:
(a) “Department” means the Department of Consumer Affairs.
(b) “Appraisal” means a written statement independently and impartially prepared by a qualified appraiser setting forth an opinion in a federally related transaction as to the market value of an adequately described property as of a specific date, supported by the presentation and analysis of relevant market information.
The term “appraisal” does not include an opinion given by a real estate licensee or engineer or land surveyor in the ordinary course of his or her business in connection with a function for which a license is required under Chapter 7 (commencing with Section 6700) or Chapter 15 (commencing with Section 8700) of Division 3, or Chapter 3 (commencing with Section 10130) or Chapter 7 (commencing with Section 10500) and the opinion shall not be referred to as an appraisal. This part does not apply to a probate referee acting pursuant to Sections 400 to 408, inclusive, of the Probate Code unless the appraised transaction is federally related.
(c) “Appraisal Foundation” means the Appraisal Foundation that was incorporated as an Illinois not-for-profit corporation on November 30, 1987.
(d) (1) “Appraisal management company” means any person or entity that satisfies all of the following conditions:
(A) Maintains an approved list or lists, containing 11 or more independent contractor appraisers licensed or certified pursuant to this part, or employs 11 or more appraisers licensed or certified pursuant to this part.
(B) Receives requests for appraisals from one or more clients.
(C) For a fee paid by one or more of its clients, delegates appraisal assignments for completion by its independent contractor or employee appraisers.
(2) “Appraisal management company” does not include any of the following, when that person or entity directly contracts with an independent appraiser:
(A) Any bank, credit union, trust company, savings and loan association, or industrial loan company doing business under the authority of, or in accordance with, a license, certificate, or charter issued by the United States or any state, district, territory, or commonwealth of the United States that is authorized to transact business in this state.
(B) Any finance lender or finance broker licensed pursuant to Division 9 (commencing with Section 22000) of the Financial Code, when acting under the authority of that license.
(C) Any residential mortgage lender or residential mortgage servicer licensed pursuant to Division 20 (commencing with Section 50000) of the Financial Code, when acting under the authority of that license.
(D) Any real estate broker licensed pursuant to Part 1 (commencing with Section 10000) of Division 4 of the Business and Professions Code, when acting under the authority of that license.
(3) “Appraisal management company” does not include any person licensed to practice law in this state who is working with or on behalf of a client of that person in connection with one or more appraisals for that client.
(e) “Appraisal Subcommittee” means the Appraisal Subcommittee of the Federal Financial Institutions Examination Council.
(f) “Controlling person” means one or more of the following:
(1) An officer or director of an appraisal management company, or an individual who holds a 10 percent or greater ownership interest in an appraisal management company.
(2) An individual employed, appointed, or authorized by an appraisal management company that has the authority to enter into a contractual relationship with clients for the performance of appraisal services and that has the authority to enter into agreements with independent appraisers for the completion of appraisals.
(3) An individual who possesses the power to direct or cause the direction of the management or policies of an appraisal management company.
(g) “Director” or “chief” means the Chief of the Bureau of Real Estate Appraisers.
(h) “Federal financial institutions regulatory agency” means the Federal Reserve Board, Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation, Office of the Comptroller of the Currency, Federal Home Loan Bank System, National Credit Union Administration, Consumer Financial Protection Bureau, and any other agency determined by the director to have jurisdiction over transactions subject to this part.
(i) “Federally related real estate appraisal activity” means the act or process of making or performing an appraisal on real estate or real property in a federally related transaction and preparing an appraisal as a result of that activity.
(j) “Federally related transaction” means any real estate-related financial transaction which a federal financial institutions regulatory agency engages in, contracts for or regulates and which requires the services of a state licensed real estate appraiser regulated by this part. This term also includes any transaction identified as such by a federal financial institutions regulatory agency.
(k) “License” means any license, certificate, permit, registration, or other means issued by the bureau authorizing the person to whom it is issued to act pursuant to this part within this state.
(l) “Licensure” means the procedures and requirements a person shall comply with in order to qualify for issuance of a license and includes the issuance of the license.
(m) “Office” or “bureau” means the Bureau of Real Estate Appraisers.
(n) “Registration” means the procedures and requirements with which a person or entity shall comply in order to qualify to conduct business as an appraisal management company.
(o) “State licensed real estate appraiser” is a person who is issued and holds a current valid license under this part.
(p) “Uniform Standards of Professional Appraisal Practice” are the standards of professional appraisal practice established by the Appraisal Foundation for use in a federally related transaction.
(q) “Course provider” means a person or entity that provides educational courses related to professional appraisal practice.
(r) “Nonfederally related real estate appraisal activity” means the act or process of making or performing an appraisal on real estate or real property for any purpose other than a federally related transaction.
(s) “Standard of valuation practice” means any nationally or internationally recognized valuation standard addressing the credibility of an appraisal or an appraisal review. approved by the bureau.

SEC. 2.

 Section 11319 of the Business and Professions Code is amended to read:

11319.
 Notwithstanding any other provision of this code, the following shall apply:
(a) The Uniform Standards of Professional Appraisal Practice constitute the minimum standard of conduct and performance for federally related real estate appraisal activity.
(b) If a licensee also is certified by the Board of Equalization, the licensee shall follow the standards established by the Board of Equalization when fulfilling the licensee’s responsibilities for assessment purposes.
(c) If a licensee is performing a nonfederally related appraisal activity, a standard of valuation practice may be utilized if that practice is disclosed to, and agreed upon, by the client, and if that practice is described in the appraisal. If a licensee utilizes a standard of valuation practice other than the Uniform Standards of Professional Appraisal Practice pursuant to this subdivision, the licensee shall comply with the Ethics, Record Keeping, Competency, and Scope of Work rules of the Uniform Standards of Professional Appraisal Practice contained in the 2014–2015 2014–15 edition of the Uniform Standards of Professional Appraisal Practice.