Today's Law As Amended


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SB-349 California Ethical Treatment for Persons with Substance Use Disorder Act.(2021-2022)



As Amends the Law Today


SECTION 1.
 The Legislature finds and declares all of the following:
(a) California remains in the grip of an epidemic of substance use disorders.
(b) The state is fortunate to have many quality substance use disorder treatment programs. These programs and their staff perform tireless and lifesaving work, much of it entirely outside the limelight, and much of it thankless, on an illness that is still far too stigmatized. These are not the programs giving rise to this act.
(c) It is the intent of the Legislature in enacting this act to deny advantage to programs and personnel that engage in or support predatory, unsafe, and unethical practices. These practices create barriers to desperately needed treatment, and cause incalculable needless harm to desperate families and the communities they live in. Enacting legislation that sets forth, and provides for the enforcement of, uniform ethical standards for treatment programs benefits all residents of California by improving the availability of high-quality, ethical treatment, and by protecting families and individuals in crisis from misleading information and other unethical practices.

SEC. 2.

 Chapter 3 (commencing with Section 11980.01) is added to Part 3 of Division 10.5 of the Health and Safety Code, to read:

CHAPTER  3. Ethical Treatment for Persons with Substance Use Disorder
11980.01.
 (a) This chapter shall be known, and may be cited, as the California Ethical Treatment for Persons with Substance Use Disorder Act.
(b) The purpose of this chapter is to provide protection for substance use disorder treatment clients and their families. This chapter shall be construed in favor of maximizing protections for clients and families, and the communities in which they live.
11980.02.
 The following definitions apply for purposes of this chapter:
(a) “Certified treatment program” means an outpatient program certified pursuant to Chapter 7 (commencing with Section 11830) of Part 2.
(b) “Treatment facility” means a facility that is, or is required to be, licensed to provide substance use disorder treatment services, including a residential alcoholism or drug abuse recovery or treatment facility licensed under Chapter 7.5 (commencing with Section 11834.01) of Part 2.
(c) “Treatment provider” means a licensed treatment facility or a certified treatment program.
11980.03.
 (a) Every treatment provider operating in the state shall adopt, and make available to all clients and prospective clients, a client bill of rights that ensures that persons receiving treatment for a substance use disorder have the right to all of the following:
(1) To be treated for the life-threatening, chronic disease of substance use disorder with honesty, respect, and dignity, including privacy in treatment and in care of personal needs.
(2) To be informed by the treatment provider of all the aspects of treatment recommended to the client, including the option of no treatment, risks of treatment, and expected result or results.
(3) To be treated by licensed and certified treatment providers with qualified staff.
(4) To receive evidence-based treatment.
(5) To be treated simultaneously for co-occurring behavioral health conditions, when medically appropriate and the treatment provider is authorized to treat co-occurring conditions.
(6) To receive an individualized, outcome-driven treatment plan.
(7) To remain in treatment for as long as the treatment provider is authorized to treat the client.
(8) To receive support, education, and treatment for their families and loved ones, if the treatment provider is authorized to provide these services.
(9) To receive care in a treatment setting that is safe and ethical.
(10) To be free from mental and physical abuse, exploitation, coercion, and physical restraint.
(11) To be informed of these rights once enrolled to receive treatment, as evidenced by written acknowledgment or by documentation by staff in the clinical record that a written copy of these rights were given.
(12) To be informed by the treatment provider of the law regarding complaints, including, but not limited to, to be informed of the address and telephone number of the department.
(13) To receive ethical care that covers and ensures full compliance with the requirements set forth in Chapter 5 (commencing with Section 10500) of Division 4 of Title 9 of the California Code of Regulations.
(b) This section does not require a treatment provider to provide treatment or services for which they will not be reimbursed.
11980.04.
 (a) Any marketing or advertising materials published or disseminated by a treatment provider shall provide accurate and complete information, in plain language that is easy to understand, and shall include both of the following:
(1) Information about the types and methods of services provided or used, and information about where they are provided, using the categories of treatment identified in subdivision (a) of Section 11834.26 and the levels of care established pursuant to subdivision (a) of Section 11834.015.
(2) The treatment provider’s name and brand.
(b) Any certified treatment program providing outpatient services that has a relationship with any other entity with a housing component shall adhere to the requirements in Section 11833.05 and shall clearly provide this information about its program to prospective clients and to the department, and shall distinguish itself from a licensed residential treatment facility.
(c) It is unlawful for a treatment provider to knowingly and willfully make a materially false or misleading statement, or provide false or misleading information, about the nature, identity, or location of substance use disorder treatment services in advertising materials, on a call line, on an internet website, or in any other marketing materials.
(d) It is unlawful for a treatment provider to knowingly make a false or misleading statement about their status as an in-network or out-of-network provider.
(e) It is unlawful for any person or entity to knowingly provide, or direct any other person or entity to provide, false or misleading information about the identity of, or contact information for, any treatment provider.
(f) It is unlawful for any person or entity to knowingly include false or misleading information about the internet address of any treatment provider’s website, or to surreptitiously direct or redirect the reader to another website.
(g) It is unlawful for any person or entity to suggest or imply that a relationship with a treatment provider exists, unless the treatment provider has provided express, written consent to indicate that relationship, and made the required disclosure pursuant to Section 11833.05.
(h) It is unlawful for any person or entity to knowingly make a materially false or misleading statement about substance use disorder treatment services.
(i) A violation of this section constitutes a deceptive act or practice under the Unfair Competition Law (Chapter 5 (commencing with Section 17200) of Part 2 of Division 7 of the Business and Professions Code), regardless of whether any consumer was actually misled or deceived.
11980.06.
 (a) Every treatment provider shall maintain records of referrals made to or from recovery residences, including, if available, information about where the client referred by a treatment provider ultimately elected to go.
(b) For purposes of this section, “recovery residence” has the same meaning as in Section 11833.05.
(c) For purposes of this section, “referral” means when a person or entity informs a client by any means of the name, address, or other identifying information for a recovery residence with the intent that the client may consider using that recovery residence.
11980.08.
 (a)  The department shall promulgate regulations to ensure compliance with this chapter by treatment providers.
(b) (1)  A treatment provider shall not request, receive, or retain payment for substance use disorder treatments provided to a client by a treatment provider as a result of conduct declared unlawful under this chapter.
(2) A person or entity who violates this chapter shall be subject to a civil penalty of not more than twenty thousand dollars ($20,000) for each violation.
(3) Any person or entity who suffers any injury or damages, including, but not limited to, paying for treatment or services that were performed in violation of this chapter, as a result of the use or employment by a treatment provider or other person of any method, act, or practice declared unlawful under this chapter may bring a claim against the treatment provider who committed the violation and against any other person or entity who knowingly aided, abetted, or took part in the violation. In any action brought under this paragraph, the court shall, in addition to any other appropriate legal or equitable relief, award three times the damages sustained by any injured person. In any action under this paragraph, the court shall also award reasonable attorney’s fees and costs to a prevailing plaintiff.
(4) (A) The Attorney General, a district attorney, a county counsel, a city attorney, or any person who has suffered any injury or damages, including, but not limited to, paying for treatment or services that were performed in violation of this chapter, may bring a claim that an act or practice violates this chapter and seek one or more of the following:
(i) Declaratory relief to enjoin a person or entity who has violated or is violating this chapter.
(ii) A civil penalty of not more than twenty thousand dollars ($20,000) for each violation of this chapter.
(B) If a claim under clause (i) or (ii) is successful, in whole or in part, the court shall award reasonable attorney’s fees and costs to the plaintiff or prosecutor.
(5) The department may investigate an allegation of a violation of this chapter. Upon finding a violation, the department may do any or all of the following pursuant to Section 11831.7 with respect to the offending provider:
(A) For the first violation of this chapter by a treatment provider, issue a notice of violation and a corrective action plan with a time certain date of no more than four months for compliance. If the treatment provider fails to adhere to the corrective action plan and time certain date, the department may take further action pursuant to subparagraphs (B) to (D), inclusive.
(B) Assess a penalty upon the treatment provider.
(C) Suspend or revoke the license of a treatment facility, or the certification of a certified program, or deny an application for licensure or certification.
(D) Recommend disciplinary action, including, but not limited to, termination of employment and suspension or revocation of a license or certification.