Today's Law As Amended


PDF |Add To My Favorites |Track Bill | print page

AB-988 Mental health: 988 crisis hotline.(2021-2022)



As Amends the Law Today


SECTION 1.
 (a) It is the intent of the Legislature to implement the National Suicide Hotline Designation Act of 2020 by July 16, 2022, in compliance with the Federal Communication Commission’s rules designating “988” as a three-digit number for the National Suicide Prevention Hotline to assure all persons residing in and visiting the State of California have access to the “988” suicide prevention and behavioral health crisis hotline and care 24 hours a day, seven days a week.
(b) It is the intent of the Legislature that the 988 system in California operate as an emergency suicidal and behavioral health crisis system which provides compassionate, appropriate, and easily-accessible care to reduce unnecessary hospitalizations and arrests.
(c) It is the intent of the Legislature that the 988 system be designed to provide individuals with the least restrictive care necessary to stabilize an individual in crisis and to set them up for success on their recovery and wellness journey.
(d) It is the intent of the Legislature that in order to provide the most appropriate level of care that the 988 system provides a continuum of crisis services, including high-quality crisis counseling, in-person intervention by trained mental health professionals as an alternative to law enforcement, and linking individuals with crisis and ongoing services.
(e) It is the intent of the Legislature that in order to reduce unnecessary hospitalizations and arrests, suicidal and behavioral health crisis calls to 911 be transferred to 988 so that trained mental health professionals respond to all suicidal and behavioral health crises that are not criminal or medical in nature.
(f) It is the intent of the Legislature that the 988 system in California reach full operability, including statewide 24 hours a day, seven days a week mobile crisis teams, by January 1, 2027, according to the following timeline:
(1) By July 16, 2022, the Congressionally established go-live date for the 988 number nationwide, 988 centers will be designated by the Office of Emergency Services and prepared to receive and respond to the anticipated 30 percent rise in call volume. To ensure the success of this transition, the Office of Emergency Services and the California Health and Human Services Agency will provide call centers with necessary technology, financing, and guidelines by July 16, 2022.
(2) By January 1, 2024, the California Health and Human Services Agency and the Office of Emergency Services will develop a plan for the statewide coordination of 988, 911, and county behavioral health crisis services, including mobile crisis teams. The plan will be based on a landscape analysis of existing services and describe how to expand, improve, and link services to fully implement this act by January 1, 2027. Additionally, the plan will outline intermediary steps for 988 centers coordinating the deployment of existing mobile crisis teams prior to January 1, 2027.
(3) By January 1, 2027, the 988 system will be fully implemented statewide and will function as an alternative suicidal and behavioral health emergency response system.

SEC. 2.

 Section 1714.55 of the Civil Code is amended to read:

1714.55.
 (a) A retail or wholesale service provider of telecommunications service, or other service, involved in providing 9-1-1 service in accordance with the Warren-911-Emergency Assistance Act (Article 6 (commencing with Section 53100) of Chapter 1 of Part 1 of Division 2 of Title 5 of the Government Code), or 9-8-8 service in accordance with the Miles Hall Lifeline and Suicide Prevention Act (Article 6.1 (commencing with Section 53123) of Chapter 1 of Part 1 of Division 2 of Title 5 of the Government Code),  shall not be liable for any civil claim, damage, or loss caused by an act or omission in the design, development, installation, maintenance, or provision of 9-1-1 or 9-8-8  service, unless the act or omission that proximately caused the claim, damage, or loss constituted gross negligence, wanton or willful misconduct, or intentional misconduct.
(b) For purposes of this section:
(1) “Public safety agency” means a public safety agency as defined in accordance with the  “9-1-1 service” means a telecommunications service, or other wireline or wireless service, that provides to the user of the public telephone system the ability to reach a public safety agency by utilizing the digits 9-1-1 or otherwise facilitates the provision of emergency services pursuant to the  Warren-911-Emergency Assistance Act (Article 6 (commencing with Section 53100) of Chapter 1 of Part 1 of Division 2 of Title 5 of the Government Code). “9-1-1 service” includes a 9-1-1 service that utilizes in whole or in part an Internet Protocol. 
(2) ”9-8-8 center” shall have the same meaning as defined in Section 53123.1 of the Miles Hall Lifeline and Suicide Prevention Act (Article 6.1 (commencing with Section 53123) of Chapter 1 of Part 1 of Division 2 of Title 5 of the Government Code)
(2) (3)  “9-1-1 “9-8-8  service” means a telecommunications service, or other wireline or wireless service, that provides to the user of the public telephone system the ability to reach a public safety agency  9-8-8 center  by utilizing the digits 9-1-1 9-8-8  or otherwise facilitates the provision of emergency  services pursuant to the Warren-911-Emergency Assistance  Miles Hall Lifeline and Suicide Prevention  Act (Article 6 6.1  (commencing with Section 53100) 53123)  of Chapter 1 of Part 1 of Division 2 of Title 5 of the Government Code). “9-1-1 “9-8-8  service” includes a 9-1-1 9-8-8  service that utilizes in whole or in part an Internet Protocol.
(4) “Behavioral health crisis services” shall have the same meaning as defined in Section 53123.1 of the Miles Hall Lifeline and Suicide Prevention Act (Article 6.1 (commencing with Section 53123) of Chapter 1 of Part 1 of Division 2 of Title 5 of the Government Code).
(5) “Public safety agency” shall have the same meaning as defined in Section 53102 of the Warren-911-Emergency Assistance Act (Article 6 (commencing with Section 53100) of Chapter 1 of Part 1 of Division 2 of Title 5 of the Government Code).
(c) This section shall not apply to services provided under tariff.
(d) This section shall not be construed to modify the liability of a manufacturer, distributor, or other person arising from a claim, damage, or loss, related to the operation or performance of an end-user device that is not related to the provision of 9-1-1 service. or 9-8-8 services. 

SEC. 3.

 Article 6.1 (commencing with Section 53123) is added to Chapter 1 of Part 1 of Division 2 of Title 5 of the Government Code, to read:

Article  6.1. Miles Hall Lifeline and Suicide Prevention Act
53123.
 This article is known and may be cited as the “Miles Hall Lifeline and Suicide Prevention Act.”
53123.1.
 (a) “988” means the three-digit phone number designated by the Federal Communications Commission for the purpose of connecting individuals experiencing a mental health crisis with suicide prevention and mental health crisis counselors, mobile crisis teams, and crisis receiving and stabilization services and other behavioral health crisis services through the National Suicide Prevention Lifeline Network.
(b) “988 Center” means a county or county contractor operated center, operating on a county or regional basis and participating in the National Suicide Prevention Lifeline Network to respond to statewide or regional 988 calls.
(c) “988 Local Planning Council” means the regional or county advisory body of designated stakeholders as defined in section 53123.6 working on a county or regional basis to plan, coordinate, and oversee the dispatch or deployment of county behavioral health crisis services and crisis receiving and stabilization services accessible through 988.
(d) “Agency” shall mean the California Health and Human Services Agency.
(e) “Behavioral health crisis services” means the continuum of services to address crisis intervention, crisis stabilization, and crisis residential treatment needs that are wellness, resiliency, and recovery oriented. These include, but are not limited to, crisis intervention, including counseling provided by 988 centers, mobile crisis teams, and crisis receiving and stabilization services.
(f) “Mobile crisis team” means a jurisdiction-based behavioral health team, as defined in the American Rescue Plan Act of 2021 (Section 1947(b)(2) of Public Law 117-2). Mobile crisis teams provide onsite interventions including de-escalation, stabilization, and referrals to behavioral health and other social services to individuals who are experiencing a behavioral health crisis. mobile crisis teams may include:
(1) Teams that include both medical professionals and a team of behavioral health professionals that are embedded in emergency medical services.
(2) Specialized teams that can provide coordinated care for individuals experiencing chronic homelessness.
(g) “Coresponder teams” means a jurisdiction-based behavioral health team in which a trained mental health professional and law enforcement officer jointly respond to a suicidal or mental health crisis. Coresponder mobile crisis teams shall include at least one mental health professional and officers shall dress in plain clothes and travel in unmarked vehicles.
(h) “Crisis receiving and stabilization services” means facilities with capacity for diagnosis, initial management, observation, crisis stabilization, and followup referral services. They include crisis stabilization units, sobering centers, crisis residential treatment, peer respite services, and services related to involuntary commitments under the Lanterman-Petris-Short Act (Part 1 (commencing with Section 5000) of Division 5 of the Welfare and Institutions Code).
(i) “National Suicide Prevention Lifeline” means the national network of local crisis hotline centers that provide free and confidential emergency support to people in suicidal crisis or emotional distress 24 hours a day, 7 days a week via a toll-free hotline number, which receives calls made through the 988 system. The toll-free number is maintained by the Assistant Secretary for Mental Health and Substance Use under Section 520E-3 of the Public Health Service Act, Section 290bb-36c of Title 42 of the United States Code (42 U.S.C. Sec. 290bb-36c).
(j) “Office” shall mean the Office of Emergency Services.
(k) “Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration” means that agency of the United States Department of Health and Human Services.
(l) “Veterans Crisis Line” means the hotline which provides crisis intervention to veterans and that is maintained by the Secretary of Veterans Affairs under Section 1720F(h) of Title 38 of the United States Code (38 U.S.C. Sec. 1720F(h)).
53123.2.
 (a) By January 1, 2027, 988 centers shall provide a person experiencing a behavioral health crisis access to a trained counselor to address their immediate needs 24 hours a day, seven days a week via call, text, and chat. Beginning July 16, 2022, these services shall be provided by call.
(b) By January 1, 2027, 988 centers shall coordinate with the relevant program or programs, as determined by the 988 Local Planning Council, for the deployment of mental health crisis services, including mobile crisis teams, and coordinate access to crisis receiving and stabilization services, as follows:
(1) Mobile crisis teams shall respond to any individual in need of immediate suicidal or behavioral health crisis intervention in a timely manner in all jurisdictions 24 hours a day, seven days a week.
(2) (A) Any call made to 911 pertaining to a clearly articulated suicidal or behavioral health crisis shall be transferred to a 988 center unless both of the following conditions are met in which case 988 and 911 operators shall coordinate the simultaneous deployment of law enforcement, medical, or fire with mobile crisis teams:
(i) Based on the information provided and known facts available at the time of a call, a 911 operator has reason to believe there is a medical emergency, someone is in immediate danger, other than the suicidal person, the person is threatening others’ personal safety, or there are reported conditions where law enforcement is mandated to investigate a potential crime, or crimes, by federal or state statute.
(ii) The situation cannot be reasonably managed without law enforcement, medical, or fire assistance.
(B) Law enforcement, medical, or fire may only be deployed independently if the simultaneous deployment of a mobile crisis team would delay a timely response that a reasonable person would believe will lead to personal injury or death.
(i) In the event that a law enforcement response is authorized under subparagraph (A), any available coresponder team shall respond or law enforcement shall be deployed simultaneously with a mobile crisis team. If a coresponder team or a mobile crisis team deployed with law enforcement is present, mental health professionals shall have primary jurisdiction over the situation.
(ii) Only in the event that no coresponder team is available and the simultaneous deployment of a mobile crisis team would delay a timely response that a reasonable person would believe will lead to personal injury or death may uniformed law enforcement officers respond independently.
(iii) If law enforcement other than a coresponder team responds independently to a suicidal or behavioral health crisis and it is determined that none of the conditions in subparagraph (A) are met, law enforcement shall request the response of a mobile crisis team.
(c) The 988 centers shall provide follow-up services to individuals accessing 988 consistent with guidance and policies established by the National Suicide Prevention Lifeline and within the timeframes established by all plan letters pursuant to Section 1374.73 of the Health and Safety Code.
53123.3.
 The Office of Emergency Services, the California Health and Human Services Agency, the 988 Local Planning Council, and all other entities responsible for implementing the 988 system shall ensure the system is designed and implemented to ensure equitable access to services regardless of an individual’s race, ethnicity, gender, socioeconomic status, sexual orientation, gender identity or expression, disability status, or geographic location. This shall include meeting the unique needs of specific populations, including all of the following:
(a) Populations at greater risk of suicide as identified by the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration.
(b) Black, Hispanic, Latino, Asian, Pacific Islander, Native American, Native Hawaiian, Alaska Native, and other underserved communities, and the diverse communities and backgrounds within these categories.
(c) Individuals experiencing homelessness, housing instability, or who are at risk of experiencing homelessness in the future.
(d) Children and youth.
(e) Older adults.
(f) Individuals with disabilities.
(g) Lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, nonbinary, queer, and questioning individuals.
(h) Immigrants and refugees.
(i) Individuals who are limited-English proficient.
(j) Low-income persons.
(k) Religious communities.
(l) Individuals who are incarcerated or those who have been incarcerated.
(m) Veterans.
53123.4.
 (a) The Office of Emergency Services shall implement, oversee, and enforce the provisions of this act related to emergency communications system components and operations of the 988 system. Duties shall include all of the following:
(1) Adopting regulations for the purposes of implementing this act, which shall be regularly reviewed and updated.
(2) Developing technology that does both of the following:
(A) Is interoperable between and across crisis and emergency response systems used throughout the state, including 911, emergency services, behavioral health crisis services, and other nonbehavioral health crisis services. This shall include ensuring interoperability of phone calls, texts, chats, and other similar capabilities consistent with the county’s implementation of Next Generation 911 pursuant to Section 53121.
(B) Tracks bed and service availability to crisis responders and individuals in crisis for all mental health bed types, such as crisis stabilization, psychiatric inpatient, substance use disorder inpatient treatment, withdrawal management, and peer crisis respite.
(3) Establishing training guidelines, in collaboration with the California Health and Human Services Agency, for employees involved in the implementation of 988 including 988 center staff, 911 operators, emergency medical services, law enforcement, and firefighters. Training guidelines shall be written consistent with Section 53123.3.
(b) The office, in partnership with the agency, shall hold quarterly stakeholder convenings until December 31, 2026, to provide input and guidance during, and following, the adoption of regulations. Beginning January 1, 2027, the office shall hold biannual stakeholder convenings. The convenings shall include, but not be limited to, representatives from all of the following:
(1) Organizations representing behavioral health consumers and peers who are receiving or have received mental health services and their relatives.
(2) Behavioral health and disability rights advocates.
(3) Local governments, including county behavioral health departments and California Indian tribes as defined in subdivision (c) of Section 8012 of the Health and Safety Code.
(4) Mental health and suicide hotline centers.
(5) First responders, including law enforcement, emergency medical services, fire, and 911 operators.
(c) The office may adopt emergency regulations implementing this act by July 16, 2022. The office may readopt any emergency regulation authorized by this section that is the same as or substantially equivalent to an emergency regulation previously adopted under this section.
(d) No later than January 1, 2022, the office shall do all of the following:
(1) Appoint a 988 crisis hotline system director to implement and oversee the administration coordinating emergency mental health crisis response with emergency crisis lines.
(2) (A) Determine the anticipated operating budget for the fiscal years 2021–2022 and 2022–2023 pursuant to Section 41030 of the Revenue and Taxation Code. This budget shall be used to establish the 988 surcharge rate under Section 41020 of the Revenue and Taxation Code to be assessed on access lines and prepaid lines beginning January 1, 2022.
(B) If the office determines that the anticipated operating budget will exceed anticipated 988 surcharge revenue generated within fiscal years 2021–22 and 2022–23, the office may seek an emergency appropriation outside of the Budget Act of 2022. The Director of Finance shall recommend an appropriation to provide additional resources to the Office of Emergency Services for the purposes of implementing the 988 system. The Director of Finance shall not approve any augmentation unless the approval is made in writing to the Chairperson of the Joint Legislative Budget Committee and the chairpersons of the committees in each house of the Legislature that considers appropriations not later than 30 days prior to the effective date of the approval, or not sooner than whatever lesser time the chairperson of the joint committee, or their designee, may determine. Additional funding shall be available for encumbrance or expenditure until June 30, 2022.
(3) (A) Designate a 988 center or centers to provide crisis intervention services and crisis care coordination to individuals accessing 988. Each designated 988 center shall do both of the following:
(i) Meet federal Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration requirements and national best practice guidelines for operational and clinical standards, including training requirements and policies for transferring callers to an appropriate specialized center, or subnetworks, within or external to, the National Suicide Prevention Lifeline network.
(ii) Maintain an active agreement with the administrator of the National Suicide Prevention Lifeline for participation within the network.
(B) Ensure that designated 988 centers utilize technology that allows for transfers between 988 centers as well as between 988 centers and 911 public safety answering points beginning July 16, 2022.
(4) Appoint and convene the State 988 Technical Advisory Board, which is, by this reference hereby established, for the purposes of expediting the implementation of 988 prior to July 16, 2022.
(A) The board shall advise the office on all of the following:
(i) Developing policies, practices, and procedures for 988 system communications.
(ii) Technical and operational standards for the California 988 system.
(iii) Initial budget, funding, and reimbursement decisions.
(B) The board shall be comprised of all of the following:
(i) Two representatives from National Suicide Prevention Lifeline call centers.
(ii) Two County Behavioral Health Directors.
(iii) One regional representative from a 911 Public Safety Answering Point from the Northern, Southern, Central, and Los Angeles regions.
(iv) One 911 County Coordinator representative with significant experience as a County Coordinator to ensure that the details of receiving and transferring calls is represented.
(v) One representative from the California Highway Patrol Communications Support Section.
(vi) Two representatives from secondary fire and emergency medical services Public Safety Answering Points.
(vii) One police chief.
(viii) One sheriff.
(ix) One fire chief.
(x) One chief emergency medical services officer.
(xi) Two representatives on the recommendation of the California Health and Human Services Agency.
(C) Board members shall not receive compensation for their service on the board, but may be reimbursed for travel and per diem for time spent in attending meetings of the board.
(D) The board shall begin meeting no later than January 30, 2022, and shall meet monthly through December 31, 2022, at which point the advisory board may be disbanded by the office.
(E) The board shall meet in public sessions in accordance with the Bagley-Keene Open Meeting Act (Article 9 (commencing with Section 11120) of Chapter 1 of Part 1 of Division 3 of Title 2). The board shall, at its first meeting, adopt bylaws and operating procedures consistent with this article and establish committees as necessary.
(e) No later than October 31, 2023, the office, in partnership with the California Health and Human Services Agency, shall develop and release a plan to fully implement this act by January 1, 2027. This plan shall be informed by the local landscape analyses provided by the 988 Local Planning Council pursuant to Section 53123.5. The plan shall include guidelines to allow 988 centers to coordinate with counties for the deployment of existing mobile crisis teams beginning January 1, 2024.
53123.5.
 (a) The California Health and Human Services Agency shall provide direction and oversight of the implementation and administration of mental health crisis services accessible through 988. The duties of the agency shall include all of the following:
(1) Establishing standards for behavioral health crisis services accessible through 988.
(2) Seeking to maximize all available federal funding sources for the purposes of 988 implementation, including federal Medicaid reimbursement for services; federal Medicaid reimbursement for administrative expenses, including the development and maintenance of information technology to support the 988 system and crisis services; and federal grants, including the funding of mental health crisis services.
(3) Coordinating with the Department of Insurance to ensure efficient and timely reimbursement to counties for medically necessary crisis intervention, mobile crisis, crisis stabilization, and crisis residential services by health care service plans and disability insurers, pursuant to Section 1374.72 of the Health and Safety Code and Section 10144.5 of the Insurance Code and consistent with the requirements of the federal Mental Health Parity and Addiction Equity Act of 2008 (29 U.S.C. 1189(a)). The Department of Managed Health Care and the Department of Insurance shall issue guidance and may adopt emergency regulations relating to efficient and timely reimbursement to counties. The departments may readopt any emergency regulation authorized by this subdivision that is the same as or substantially equivalent to an emergency regulation previously adopted under this subdivision.
(4) Overseeing the local and regional planning and coordination of the 988 system by the 988 Local Planning Council, including approving the 988 Local Services Plans, pursuant to Section 53123.6. In consultation with the Office of Emergency Services, the agency shall approve or deny a 988 Local Services Plan within 30 business days of receiving a completed proposal.
(5) Maintaining and evaluating data on the usage of, services provided for, and outcomes from the 988 system.
(b) No later than January 1, 2022, the agency shall appoint a 988 crisis services director to provide direction and oversight of the implementation and administration of mental health crisis services. The director shall have experience in suicide prevention and behavioral health crisis services, including coordination of county and state mental health administrative services organizations for the provision of mental health and substance use disorder services.
(c) No later than January 1, 2022, the agency shall issue an administrative claiming policy and procedure letter for the local drawdown of federal reimbursement for services provided by and operations of the 988 system, including any federal reimbursement opportunities included in the American Rescue Plan Act of 2021 (Public Law 117-2).
(d) Beginning January 1, 2024, and annually thereafter, the agency shall prepare a report and deliver it to the Legislature, the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, and the Federal Communications Commission, in compliance with Section 9795 and including information on all of the following:
(1) Data gathered pursuant to paragraph (4) of subdivision (a).
(2) Revenue generated by the 988 surcharge as reported by the California Department of Tax and Fee Administration pursuant to Section 41135 of the Revenue and Taxation Code.
(3) Deposits made to and expenditures from the Mental Health and Crisis Services Special Fund as reported by the State Treasurer per subdivision (e) of the Section 53123.7.
(4) The state of county behavioral health crisis services, how funds from the Mental Health and Crisis Services Special Fund are being used to support these services, and how additional funds would be used to improve, create, or expand access to mental health crisis services pursuant to paragraph (4) of subdivision (e) of Section 53123.7.
53123.6.
 No later than July 1, 2022, each county board of supervisors shall appoint a 988 Local Planning Council to implement the guidelines, standards, and regulations established by the Office of Emergency Services and the Health and Human Services Agency for the coordination of county behavioral health crisis services with 988 centers, emergency medical services, law enforcement, cities, and when appropriate, other specialty behavioral health warm lines and hotlines.
(a) The council shall include, but not be limited to, the following:
(1) Organizations representing mental health consumers and peers who are receiving or have received mental health services and relatives of mental health consumers.
(2) The 988 center or centers.
(3) The County Behavioral Health Director or directors.
(4) Mental health and substance use disorder service providers, including public service employees.
(5) First responders, including law enforcement, emergency medical services, fire, and 911 operators.
(6) California Indian tribes, as defined in subdivision (c) of Section 8012 of the Health and Safety Code.
(b) No later than January 1, 2023, the council shall prepare and submit to the office and the agency a landscape analysis of existing local behavioral health crisis services, including mobile crisis teams and coresponse teams, and the state of coordination and integration of services with National Suicide Prevention Lifeline Call Centers, which may or may not be designated 988 centers.
(c) By January 1, 2026, the council shall prepare and submit the 988 Local Services Plan outlining how the county or region will implement the plan developed by the office and the agency.
(1) Beginning January 1, 2024, counties seeking to coordinate with 988 centers for the deployment of mobile crisis teams, at the discretion of the council, shall submit a supplemental 988 Local Services Plan outlining a proposal for mobile crisis team deployment to the agency and the office.
(2) In the event that the council cannot reach consensus on the 988 Local Services Plan, the local or regional planning shall be completed by the agency.
53123.7.
 (a) The 988 State Mental Health and Crisis Services Special Fund is hereby established in the State Treasury.
(b) The fund shall consist of all of the following:
(1) Revenue generated by the 988 surcharge assessed on users under Section 41020 of the Revenue and Taxation Code.
(2) Appropriations made by the Legislature.
(3) Grants and gifts intended for deposit in the fund.
(4) Interest, premiums, gains, or other earnings on the fund.
(5) Money from any other source that is deposited in or transferred to the fund.
(c) Notwithstanding Section 11754 of the Health and Safety Code, federal funds payable directly to the state by the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration to implement 988 may be made directly to the fund.
(d) Money in the fund is subject to all of the following:
(1) Money shall not revert at the end of any fiscal year and shall remain available for the purposes of the fund in subsequent state fiscal years.
(2) Money shall not be subject to transfer to any other fund or to transfer, assignment, or reassignment for any other use or purpose outside of those specified in this article.
(3) Money in the fund shall be available, upon appropriation by the Legislature, for the purposes specified in this article.
(e) (1) All revenue generated by the 988 surcharge assessed on users under Section 41020 of the Revenue and Taxation Code shall only be expended on purposes authorized by the National Suicide Hotline Designation Act of Section 251a(a)(2) of Title 47 of the United States Code (47 U.S.C. 251a(a)(2)).
(2) The revenue generated by the 988 surcharge shall be prioritized to fund the following, in order of priority:
(A) The 988 centers, including the efficient and effective routing of calls, personnel, and the provision of acute mental health services through call, text, and chat to the 988 number.
(B) The operation of mobile crisis support teams.
(C) All other eligible expenses under the federal act.
(3) The revenue generated by the 988 surcharge shall be used to supplement and not supplant federal, state, and local funding for mobile crisis services and crisis receiving and stabilization services as calculated in fiscal year 2019–2020.
(4) The revenue generated by the 988 surcharge may only be used to fund service and operation expenses that are not reimbursable through federal Medicaid match, Medicare, health care service plans, or disability insurers.
(f) The Office of Emergency Services may adopt regulations regarding the process for counties to receive funds.
(g) The office shall require an entity seeking funds available through the 988 State Mental Health and Crisis Services Special Fund to annually file an expenditure and outcomes report with information including, but not limited to, the following, as applicable to each modality, including call center, mobile crisis services, and crisis receiving and stabilization services:
(1) The total budget, by fund source.
(2) Number and job classification of personnel allocated to each modality.
(3) The number of individuals served.
(4) The outcomes for individuals served.
(5) The health coverage status of individuals served, if known.
(6) The amount billed to and reimbursed by Medi-Cal or other public and private health care service plans or insurers.
(7) Measures of system performance, including capacity, wait time, and the ability to meet demand for services.
(h) The State Treasurer shall report annually to the office on fund deposits and expenditures.

SEC. 4.

 Section 324.9 is added to the Public Utilities Code, to read:

324.9.
 The California Public Utilities Commission shall publish on its internet website relevant information regarding the Miles Hall Lifeline and Suicide Prevention Act (Article 6.1 (commencing with Section 53123) Chapter 1 of Part 1 of Division 2 of Title 5 of the Government Code) and Federal Communications Commission and North American Numbering Plan Administrator guidelines regarding 988 implementation, including customer education and network modification.

SEC. 5.

 Section 41007.2 of the Revenue and Taxation Code is amended to read:

41007.2.
 (a) “Wireline communications service” shall mean a local exchange service provided at a physical location in this state that allows the user to make an outbound communication to the 911 emergency communications system. or 988 crisis hotline. 
(b) For the purposes of the surcharge imposed by Chapter 2 (commencing with Section 41020):
(1) A wireline communications service access line does not include a direct inward dialing number, extension, or other similar feature that routes an inbound call and cannot provide access to the 911 emergency communications system.
(2) The number of surcharges imposed shall not exceed the total number of concurrent outbound calls that can be placed to the emergency communications system at a single point of time.
(c) This definition shall apply only to this part.
(d) Commencing January 1, 2022, the definition shall include a local exchange service provided at a physical location in this state that allows the user to make an outbound communication to the 988 crisis hotline as defined in the Miles Hall Lifeline and Suicide Prevention Act (Article 6.1 (commencing with Section 53123) of Chapter 1 of Part 1 of Division 2 of Title 5 of the Government Code).

SEC. 6.

 Section 41007.3 of the Revenue and Taxation Code is amended to read:

41007.3.
 (a) “Wireless communications service line” shall mean a telecommunications service provided to an end user with a place of primary use in this state that allows the end user to make an outbound communication to the 911 emergency communications system. A wireless communications service line shall not include prepaid mobile telephony service.
(b) For the purposes of the surcharge imposed by Chapter 2 (commencing with Section 41020), not more than one surcharge may be imposed per wireless communications service line number assigned to an end user of mobile telecommunications service.
(c) This definition shall apply only to this part.
(d) Commencing January 1, 2022, the definition shall include a local exchange service provided at a physical location in this state that allows the user to make an outbound communication to the 988 crisis hotline as defined in the Miles Hall Lifeline and Suicide Prevention Act (Article 6.1 (commencing with Section 53123) of Chapter 1 of Part 1 of Division 2 of Title 5 of the Government Code).

SEC. 7.

 Section 41013 of the Revenue and Taxation Code is amended to read:

41013.
 “Surcharge” means a tax or taxes  levied by this state. “Surcharge,” or “surcharges” as used in this part, refers to two separate charges, one related to 911 service and one related to 988 service. 

SEC. 8.

 The heading of Chapter 2 (commencing with Section 41020) of Part 20 of Division 2 of the Revenue and Taxation Code is amended to read:

CHAPTER  2. The Surcharges

SEC. 9.

 The heading of Article 1 (commencing with Section 41020) of Chapter 2 of Part 20 of Division 2 of the Revenue and Taxation Code is amended to read:

Article  1. Imposition of the Surcharges

SEC. 10.

 Section 41020 of the Revenue and Taxation Code is amended to read:

41020.
 (a) (1) (A) On and after January 1, 2020, a 911  surcharge is hereby imposed on each access line for each month or part thereof for which a service user subscribes with a service supplier, at an amount determined under Article 2 (commencing with Section 41030). Beginning January 1, 2022, a separate 988 surcharge is hereby imposed on each access line for each month or part thereof for which a service user subscribes with a service supplier, at an amount determined under Article 2 (commencing with Section 41030). 
(B) The surcharge surcharges  shall be paid by the service user as hereinafter provided.
(2) On and after January 1, 2020, the purchase of prepaid mobile telephony services in this state shall be subject to a surcharge set forth under Article 2 (commencing with Section 41030). The surcharge shall be paid by the prepaid consumer in accordance with Section 41028 and remitted and administered in accordance with this part. Beginning January 1, 2022, a separate 988 surcharge is hereby imposed on the purchase of prepaid mobile telephony services, at an amount determined under Article 2 (commencing with Section 41030). 
(b) The surcharge surcharges  imposed shall not apply to either of the following:
(1) In accordance with the Mobile Telecommunications Sourcing Act (Public Law 106-252), which is incorporated herein by reference, to any charges for mobile telecommunications services billed to a customer where those services are provided, or deemed provided, to a customer whose place of primary use is outside this state. Mobile telecommunications services shall be deemed provided by a customer’s home service provider to the customer if those services are provided in a taxing jurisdiction to the customer, and the charges for those services are billed by or for the customer’s home service provider.
(2) To any charges for VoIP service billed to a customer where those services are provided to a customer whose place of primary use of VoIP service is outside this state.
(c) For purposes of this section:
(1) “Access line in this state” means a telephone line as defined in Section 233 of the Public Utilities Code associated with a billing address located in California.
(2) “Charges for mobile telecommunications services” means any charge for, or associated with, the provision of commercial mobile radio service, as defined in Section 20.3 of Title 47 of the Code of Federal Regulations, as in effect on June 1, 1999, or any charge for, or associated with, a service provided as an adjunct to a commercial mobile radio service, that is billed to the customer by or for the customer’s home service provider, regardless of whether individual transmissions originate or terminate within the licensed service area of the home service provider.
(3) “Customer” means (A) the person or entity that contracts with the home service provider for mobile telecommunications services, or with a VoIP service provider for VoIP service, or (B) if the end user of mobile telecommunications services or VoIP service is not the contracting party, the end user of the mobile telecommunications service or VoIP service. This paragraph applies only for the purpose of determining the place of primary use. The term “customer” does not include (A) a reseller of mobile telecommunications service or VoIP communication service, or (B) a serving carrier under an arrangement to serve the mobile customer outside the home service provider’s licensed service area.
(4) “Home service provider” means the facilities-based carrier or reseller with which the customer contracts for the provision of mobile telecommunications services.
(5) “Licensed service area” means the geographic area in which the home service provider is authorized by law or contract to provide commercial mobile radio service to the customer.
(6) “Mobile telecommunications service” means commercial mobile radio service, as defined in Section 20.3 of Title 47 of the Code of Federal Regulations, as in effect on June 1, 1999.
(7) “Place of primary use” means the street address representative of where the customer’s use of the mobile telecommunications service or VoIP service primarily occurs, that must be:
(A) The residential street address or the primary business street address of the customer.
(B) With respect to mobile telecommunications service, within the licensed service area of the home service provider.
(8) (A) “Reseller” means a provider who purchases telecommunications services or VoIP service from another telecommunications service provider or VoIP service and then resells the services, or uses the services as a component part of, or integrates the purchased services into, a mobile telecommunications service or VoIP service.
(B) “Reseller” does not include a serving carrier with which a home service provider arranges for the services to its customers outside the home service provider’s licensed service area.
(9) “Serving carrier” means a facilities-based carrier providing mobile telecommunications service to a customer outside a home service provider’s or reseller’s licensed area.
(10) “Taxing jurisdiction” means any of the several states, the District of Columbia, or any territory or possession of the United States, any municipality, city, county, township, parish, transportation district, or assessment jurisdiction, or any other political subdivision within the territorial limits of the United States with the authority to impose a tax, charge, or fee.
(11) “VoIP service provider” means that provider of VoIP service with whom the end user customer contracts for the provision of VoIP services for the customer’s own use and not for resale.

SEC. 11.

 Section 41021 of the Revenue and Taxation Code is amended to read:

41021.
 (a) A service supplier shall collect the surcharge surcharges  from each service user at the time it collects its billings from the service user, provided that the duty to collect the surcharge from a service user shall commence with the beginning of the first regular billing period applicable to that person which starts on or after the operative date of the surcharge imposed by this part. If the stations or lines of more than one service supplier are utilized in furnishing the telephone communication services to the service user, the service supplier that bills the customer shall collect the surcharge from the customer.
(b) Only one payment under this part shall be required with respect to the surcharge surcharges  on a service, notwithstanding that the lines or stations of one or more service suppliers are used in furnishing that service.

SEC. 12.

 Section 41022 of the Revenue and Taxation Code is amended to read:

41022.
 The surcharge surcharges  required to be collected by the service supplier shall be added to and stated separately in its billings to the service user.

SEC. 13.

 Section 41023 of the Revenue and Taxation Code is amended to read:

41023.
 The surcharge surcharges  required to be collected by the service supplier, and any amount unreturned to the service user which is not a surcharge but was collected from the service user as representing a surcharge, constitute debts owed by the service supplier to this state.
A service supplier that has collected any amount of surcharge surcharges  in excess of the amount of surcharge surcharges  imposed by this part and actually due from a service user, may refund such amount to the service user, even though such surcharge amount has already been paid over to the board and no corresponding credit or refund has yet been secured. Any service supplier making a refund of any charge to a service user upon which surcharge is collected under this part from the service user may repay therewith the amount of the surcharge paid. The service supplier may claim credit for such overpayment against the amount of surcharge surcharges  imposed by this part which is due upon any other quarterly return, providing such credit is claimed in a return dated no later than three years from the date of overpayment.

SEC. 14.

 Section 41024 of the Revenue and Taxation Code is amended to read:

41024.
 Every service user in this state is liable for the surcharge surcharges  until it has been paid to this state, except that payment to a service supplier registered under this part is sufficient to relieve the user from further liability for the tax.
Any surcharge collected from a service user which has not been remitted to the board shall be deemed a debt owed to the State of California by the person required to collect and remit such surcharge. Nothing in this part shall impose any obligation upon a service supplier to take any legal action to enforce the collection of the utility users surcharge imposed by this part. The service supplier shall provide the board with amounts uncollected which total three dollars ($3) or more on a cumulative basis with respect to a single service user along with the names, addresses and reasons of the service users refusing to pay the surcharge surcharges  imposed by this part.

SEC. 15.

 Section 41026 of the Revenue and Taxation Code is amended to read:

41026.
 In the payment of the surcharge surcharges  imposed by this part, a fractional part of a cent shall be disregarded unless it amounts to one-half or more, in which case it shall be increased to one cent.

SEC. 16.

 Section 41028 of the Revenue and Taxation Code is amended to read:

41028.
 (a) (1) On and after January 1, 2020, the surcharge amount amounts  imposed by Section 41020 on the purchase of prepaid mobile telephony services in this state shall be collected by a seller from each prepaid consumer at the time of each retail transaction in this state.
(2) The amount of the surcharge surcharges  shall be separately stated on an invoice, receipt, or other similar document that is provided to the prepaid consumer of mobile telephony services by the seller, or otherwise disclosed electronically to the prepaid consumer, at the time of the retail transaction.
(b) (1) The surcharge surcharges  that is required to be collected by a seller and any amount unreturned to the prepaid consumer of mobile telephony services that is not owed as part of the surcharge, but was collected from the prepaid consumer under the representation by the seller that it was owed as part of the surcharge, constitutes debts owed by the seller to this state.
(2) A seller that has collected any amount of surcharge in excess of the amount of the surcharge imposed by this part and actually due from a prepaid consumer may refund that amount to the prepaid consumer, even though the surcharge amount has already been paid over to the department and no corresponding credit or refund has yet been secured. Any seller making a refund of any charge to a prepaid consumer may repay therewith the amount of the surcharge paid. The seller may claim credit for such overpayment against the amount of surcharge imposed by this part which is due upon any other quarterly return, providing such credit is claimed in a return dated no later than three years from the date of overpayment.
(c) (1) Every prepaid consumer of prepaid mobile telephony services in this state is liable for the surcharge surcharges  until it has been paid to this state, except that payment to a seller registered under this part relieves the prepaid consumer from further liability for the surcharge. surcharges.  Any surcharge collected from a prepaid consumer that has not been remitted to the department shall be a debt owed to the state by the person required to collect and remit the surcharge. Nothing in this part shall impose any obligation upon a seller to take any legal action to enforce the collection of the surcharge imposed by this section.
(2) A credit shall be allowed against, but shall not exceed, the surcharge amount amounts  imposed on any prepaid consumer of mobile telephony services by this part to the extent that the prepaid consumer has paid emergency telephone users charges on the purchase to any other state, political subdivision thereof, or the District of Columbia. The credit shall be apportioned to the charges against which it is allowed in proportion to the amounts of those charges.
(d) A seller is relieved from liability to collect the prepaid MTS surcharge imposed by this part that became due and payable, insofar as the base upon which the surcharge is imposed is represented by accounts that have been found to be worthless and charged off for income tax purposes by the seller or, if the seller is not required to file income tax returns, charged off in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles. A seller that has previously paid the surcharge may, under rules and regulations prescribed by the board, take as a deduction on its return the amount found worthless and charged off by the seller. If any such accounts are thereafter in whole or in part collected by the seller, the amount so collected shall be included in the first return filed after such collection and the surcharge shall be paid with the return.
(e) For purposes of this part, all of the following definitions shall apply:
(1) “Prepaid consumer” means a person who purchases prepaid mobile telephony services in a retail transaction.
(2) “Retail transaction” means the purchase of prepaid mobile telephony services, either alone or in combination with mobile data or other services, from a seller for any purpose other than resale in the regular course of business. For these purposes, a “purchase” means any transfer of title or possession, exchange, or barter, conditional or otherwise.
(3) “Seller” means a person that sells prepaid mobile telephony service to a person in a retail transaction.
(f) For purposes of this section, a retail transaction occurs in the state under any of the following circumstances:
(1) The prepaid consumer makes the retail transaction in person at a business location in the state (point-of-sale transaction).
(2) If paragraph (1) is not applicable, the prepaid consumer’s address is in the state (known-address transaction). A known-address transaction occurs in the state under any of the following circumstances:
(A) The retail sale involves shipping of an item to be delivered to, or picked up by, the prepaid consumer at a location in the state.
(B) If the prepaid consumer’s address is known by the seller to be in the state, including if the seller’s records maintained in the ordinary course of business indicate that the prepaid consumer’s address is in the state and the records are not made or kept in bad faith.
(C) The prepaid consumer provides an address during consummation of the retail transaction that is in the state, including an address provided with respect to the payment instrument if no other address is available and the address is not given in bad faith.
(3) If an address is not available to the seller to determine whether any of the circumstances in paragraph (2) exist, the transaction will be deemed to be a known-address transaction occurring in this state if the mobile telephone number is associated with a location in this state.
(g) The surcharge amounts imposed under this section shall be remitted by every seller, except a service supplier, as prescribed under Part 1 (commencing with Section 6001), along with a return filed using electronic media. The department shall administer such remittance and returns as prescribed under Part 1 (commencing with Section 6001).
(h) The purchase in a retail transaction in this state of prepaid mobile telephony services, either alone or in combination with mobile data or other services, by a prepaid consumer is exempt from the surcharge surcharges  if all of the following apply:
(1) The prepaid consumer is certified as eligible for the state lifeline program or federal lifeline program.
(2) The seller is authorized to provide lifeline service under the state lifeline program or federal lifeline program.
(3) The exemption is applied only to the amount paid for the portion of the prepaid mobile telephony service that the lifeline program specifies is exempt from the surcharges and fees.

SEC. 17.

 The heading of Article 2 (commencing with Section 41030) of Chapter 2 of Part 20 of Division 2 of the Revenue and Taxation Code is amended to read:

Article  2. Adjustment of Surcharge Amounts

SEC. 18.

 Section 41030 of the Revenue and Taxation Code is amended to read:

41030.
 (a) The Office of Emergency Services shall determine annually, on or before October 1, to be effective on January 1 of the following year, a surcharge amount pursuant to subdivision (b) that it estimates will produce sufficient revenue to fund the current fiscal year’s 911 and 988  costs.
(b) For determinations made that are applicable to the calendar year beginning on January 1, 2020, and each calendar year thereafter, the surcharge amount shall be determined annually by dividing the costs, including incremental costs, the Office of Emergency Services estimates for the current fiscal year of the following:
(b) (1)  For determinations made that are applicable to the calendar year beginning on January 1, 2020, and each calendar year thereafter, the surcharge amount shall be determined annually by dividing the costs, including incremental costs, the Office of Emergency Services estimates for the current fiscal year of  The  911 costs approved pursuant to Article 6 (commencing with Section 53100) of Chapter 1 of Part 1 of Division 2 of Title 5 of the Government Code, less the available balance in the State Emergency Telephone Number Account in the General Fund, by its estimate of the number of access lines to which the surcharge will apply per month for the period of January 1 to December 31, inclusive, of the next succeeding calendar year, but in no event shall the surcharge amount in any month be greater than eighty cents ($0.80) per access line per month.
(2) For the calendar years 2022 and 2023, the 988 surcharge shall be set at the same amount as the 911 surcharge.
(3) For the year beginning January 1, 2023, and each calendar year thereafter, 988 costs approved pursuant to Article 6.1 (commencing with Section 53123) of Chapter 1 of Part 1 of Division 2 of Title 5 of the Government Code, less the available balance in the State Mental Health and Crisis Services Special Fund, by its estimate of the number of access lines to which the surcharge will apply per month for the period of January 1 to December 31, inclusive, of the next succeeding calendar year, but in no event shall the surcharge amount in any month be greater than eighty cents ($0.80) per access line per month.
(c) When determining the surcharge amount pursuant to this section, the office shall include the costs it expects to incur to plan, test, implement, and operate Next Generation 911 technology and services, including text to 911 service, and alerts and warnings, consistent with the plan and timeline required by Section 53121 of the Government Code.
(d) (1) Service suppliers shall report the total number of access lines to the Office of Emergency Services, on or before August 1, for the previous period of January 1 to December 31, inclusive.
(2) The total number of access lines required to be reported in paragraph (1) shall include all lines from the categories of wireline communication service line, wireless communication service line, prepaid mobile telephony service line, and VoIP service line. The number of access line figures shall be reported individually for these categories.
(e) The office shall perform a validation of the number of access lines using subscription data or other comparable data collected by appropriate federal or state agencies. This subscription data or other comparable data shall be used to validate the access line data required to be reported by service suppliers in subdivision (d).
(f) (1) The office shall notify the department of the surcharge amount imposed under this part, determined pursuant to this section on or before October 1 of each year.
(2) The surcharge imposed on the purchase of prepaid mobile telephony services shall be equal to the amount set forth in subdivision (b) for each retail transaction in this state.
(g) (1) At least 30 days prior to determining the surcharge pursuant to subdivision (a), the Office of Emergency Services shall prepare a summary of the calculation of the proposed surcharge and make it available to the public, the Legislature, the 911 Advisory Board, and  the Mental Health Services Oversight and Accountability Commission, the State Department of Public Health, and  on its internet website.
(2) For determinations made on or before October 1, 2019, the summary shall contain all of the following:
(A) The prior year revenues to fund 911 costs, including, but not limited to, revenues from prepaid service.
(B) Projected expenses and revenues from all sources, including, but not limited to, prepaid service to fund 911 costs.
(C) The rationale for adjustment to the surcharge determined pursuant to subdivision (b), including, but not limited to, all impacts from the surcharge collected pursuant to Part 21 (commencing with Section 42001).
(h) For purposes of this section, for the determination made by the office on or before October 1, 2019, that is applicable for the calendar year beginning on January 1, 2020, and ending on December 31, 2020, the following definitions shall apply:
(1) “Service supplier” shall mean a person supplying an access line to a service user in this state.
(2) “Service user” means any person that subscribes for the right to utilize an access line in this state who is required to pay a surcharge under the provisions of this part.

SEC. 19.

 Section 41031 of the Revenue and Taxation Code is amended to read:

41031.
 The Office of Emergency Services shall make its determination of the surcharge amount amounts  each year no later than October 1 and shall notify the department of the new amount, amounts  which shall be fixed by the department to be effective with respect to access lines on or after January 1 of the next succeeding calendar year.

SEC. 20.

 Section 41032 of the Revenue and Taxation Code is amended to read:

41032.
 Immediately upon notification by the Office of Emergency Services and fixing the surcharge amount, amounts  the department shall each year no later than November 15 publish in its minutes the new amount, and it shall notify every service supplier registered with it of the new amount by a means, or means determined by the department, that may include, but is not limited to, mail, electronic mail, or internet website postings.

SEC. 21.

 Section 41046 of the Revenue and Taxation Code is amended to read:

41046.
 (a) There are exempt from the surcharge surcharges  the following access lines and nonaccess line services:
(1) Those lines supplying lifeline service.
(2) Those lines connected to public telephones.
(3) Those lines for which no charges are billed by a service supplier to a service user.
(b) This section shall become operative on January 1, 2020.

SEC. 22.

 Section 41050 of the Revenue and Taxation Code is amended to read:

41050.
 The surcharge surcharges  imposed by Section 41020 attaches attach  at the time charges for the intrastate telephone communication services and VoIP service are billed by the service supplier to the service user and shall be paid by the service user when paying for such services.

SEC. 23.

 Section 41098 of the Revenue and Taxation Code is amended to read:

41098.
 (a) If the board finds that a person’s failure to make a timely return or payment is due to the person’s reasonable reliance on written advice from the board, the person may be relieved of the surcharge surcharges  imposed by this part and any penalty or interest added thereto.
(b) For purposes of this section, a person’s failure to make a timely return or payment shall be considered to be due to reasonable reliance on written advice from the board, only if the board finds that all of the following conditions are satisfied:
(1) The person requested in writing that the board advise him or her  them  whether a particular activity or transaction is subject to the surcharge under this part. The specific facts and circumstances of the activity or transaction shall be fully described in the request.
(2) The board responded in writing to the person regarding the written request for advice, stating whether or not the described activity or transaction is subject to the surcharge, surcharges,  or stating the conditions under which the activity or transaction is subject to the surcharge. surcharges. 
(3) The liability for surcharges applied to a particular activity or transaction which occurred before either of the following:
(A) Before the board rescinded or modified the advice so given, by sending written notice to the person of rescinded or modified advice.
(B) Before a change in statutory or constitutional law, a change in the board’s regulations, or a final decision of a court, which renders the board’s earlier written advice no longer valid.
(c) Any person seeking relief under this section shall file with the board all of the following:
(1) A copy of the person’s written request to the board and a copy of the board’s written advice.
(2) A statement under penalty of perjury setting forth the facts on which the claim for relief is based.
(3) Any other information which the board may require.
(d) Only the person making the written request shall be entitled to rely on the board’s written advice to that person.

SEC. 24.

 Section 41100 of the Revenue and Taxation Code is amended to read:

41100.
 If the department determines that any amount, penalty, or interest has been paid more than once or has been erroneously or illegally collected or computed, the department shall set forth that fact in the records of the department, certify the amount collected in excess of the amount legally due and the person from whom it was collected or by whom paid, and credit the excess amount collected or paid on any amounts then due and payable from the person from whom the excess amount was collected or by whom it was paid under this part, and the balance shall be refunded to the person, or their successors, administrators, or executors. Any proposed determination by the department pursuant to this section with respect to an amount in excess of fifty thousand dollars ($50,000) shall be available as a public record for at least 10 days prior to the effective date of that determination.
Any overpayment of the a  surcharge by a service user to a service supplier or seller who is required to collect the surcharge shall be credited or refunded by the state to the service user. However, if the service supplier or seller has paid the amount to the department and establishes to the satisfaction of the department that it has not collected the amount from the service user or has refunded the amount to the service user, the overpayment may be credited or refunded by the state to the service supplier.

SEC. 25.

 Section 41128 of the Revenue and Taxation Code is amended to read:

41128.
 The board shall enforce the provisions of this part and may prescribe, adopt, and enforce rules and regulations relating to the administration and enforcement of this part. The board shall not prescribe, adopt or enforce any rule or regulation which has the effect, directly or indirectly, of altering the terms and conditions of service of a service supplier serving the general public, other than the imposition of the surcharge. surcharges. 

SEC. 26.

 Section 41135 of the Revenue and Taxation Code is amended to read:

41135.
 (a)  All amounts required to be paid to the state under this part shall be paid to the department in the form of remittances payable to the California Department of Tax and Fee Administration. The department shall transmit the payments to the State Treasurer to be deposited in the State Treasury to either  the credit of the State Emergency Telephone Number Account in the General Fund, which is hereby created. or the 988 State Mental Health and Crisis Services Special Fund depending on the apportionment of the surcharge arising from the 911 emergency communication system or the 988 crisis hotline. 
(b) The department, in consultation with the Office of Emergency Services, may adopt regulations to implement the apportionment of the surcharge.
(c) The department shall submit an annual report to the Office of Emergency Services on revenue generated by the 988 surcharge.

SEC. 27.

 Section 41136 of the Revenue and Taxation Code is amended to read:

41136.
 (a)  From the funds in the State Emergency Telephone Number Account, all amounts of the surcharge collected shall, when appropriated by the Legislature, be spent solely for the following purposes:
(a) (1)  To pay refunds authorized by this part.
(b) (2)  To pay the department for the cost of the administration of this part.
(c) (3)  To pay the Office of Emergency Services for its costs in administration of the “911” emergency telephone number system.
(d) (4)  To pay bills submitted to the Office of Emergency Services by service suppliers or communications equipment companies for the installation of, and ongoing expenses for, the following communications services supplied to local agencies in connection with the “911” emergency phone number system:
(1) (A)  A basic system, defined as 911 systems, including, but not limited to, Next Generation 911, and the subsequent technologies, and interfaces needed to deliver 911 voice and data information from the 911 caller to the emergency responder and the subsequent technologies, and interfaces needed to send information, including, but not limited to, alerts and warnings, to potential 911 callers.
(2) (B)  A basic system with telephone central office identification.
(3) (C)  A system employing automatic call routing.
(4) (D)  Approved incremental costs.
(e) (5)  To pay claims of local agencies for approved incremental costs, not previously compensated for by another governmental agency.
(f) (6)  To pay claims of local agencies for incremental costs and amounts, not previously compensated for by another governmental agency, incurred prior to the effective date of this part, for the installation and ongoing expenses for the following communication services supplied in connection with the “911” emergency telephone number system:
(1) (A)  A basic system, defined as 911 systems, including, but not limited to, Next Generation 911, and the subsequent technologies, and interfaces needed to deliver 911 voice and data information from the 911 caller to the emergency responder and the subsequent technologies, and interfaces needed to send information, including, but not limited to, alerts and warnings, to potential 911 callers.
(2) (B)  A basic system with telephone central office identification.
(3) (C)  A system employing automatic call routing.
(4) (D)  Approved incremental costs. Incremental costs shall not be allowed unless the costs are concurred in by the Office of Emergency Services.
(b) (1) From the funds in the 988 State Mental Health and Crisis Services Special Fund, all amounts of the 988 surcharge collected shall be spent for purposes identified in Section 53123.7 of the Government Code. However, before funds are disbursed as provide in Section 53123.7 of the Government Code, funds shall be used for all of the following:
(A) To pay refunds authorized by this part.
(B) To pay the department for the cost of the administration of this part.
(C) To pay the Office of Emergency Services for its costs in administration of the 988 crisis hotline.
(2) The remainder of the revenue shall be disbursed to the Office of Emergency Services for the purposes identified in Section 53123.7 of the Government Code.

SEC. 28.

 Section 41150 of the Revenue and Taxation Code is amended to read:

41150.
 (a)  The Legislature hereby declares and finds that to enable public agencies to implement “911” emergency phone systems required by the provisions of Chapter 1005 of the 1972 Regular Session (Article 6 (commencing with Section 53100) of Chapter 1 of Part 1 of Division 2 of Title 5 of the Government Code) it is necessary that a surcharge be imposed upon access lines purchased by every person in the state for access to the 911 emergency communication system. This act will provide funding for basic 911, as defined in Section 41136, and the technology and interfaces needed to deliver 911 voice and data information from the 911 caller to the emergency responder and the subsequent technologies, and interfaces needed to send information, including, but not limited to, alerts and warnings, to potential 911 callers. In addition, this part will provide funding for incremental costs.
(b) The Legislature hereby finds and declares that to enable public agencies to implement the 988 hotline required by the provisions of the Miles Hall Lifeline and Suicide Prevention Act (Article 6.1 (commencing with Section 53123) of Chapter 1 of Part 1 of Division 2 of Title 5 of the Government Code) it is necessary that a surcharge be imposed upon access lines purchased by every person in the state for access to the 988 crisis hotline. This act, as amended by the act adding this subdivision, will provide funding, in part, for 988 centers operated by counties and mobile crisis teams and crisis receiving and stabilization services.
SEC. 29.
 No reimbursement is required by this act pursuant to Section 6 of Article XIII B of the California Constitution for certain costs that may be incurred by a local agency or school district because, in that regard, this act creates a new crime or infraction, eliminates a crime or infraction, or changes the penalty for a crime or infraction, within the meaning of Section 17556 of the Government Code, or changes the definition of a crime within the meaning of Section 6 of Article XIII B of the California Constitution.
However, if the Commission on State Mandates determines that this act contains other costs mandated by the state, reimbursement to local agencies and school districts for those costs shall be made pursuant to Part 7 (commencing with Section 17500) of Division 4 of Title 2 of the Government Code.
SEC. 30.
 This act is an urgency statute necessary for the immediate preservation of the public peace, health, or safety within the meaning of Article IV of the California Constitution and shall go into immediate effect. The facts constituting the necessity are:
The national 988 system will be fully operationalized on July 16, 2022, by which point California must establish the means to answer and respond to calls. Given the Office of Emergency Services, counties, and 988 crisis hotline centers must implement this act within less than one year of its passage, it is necessary for this act to take immediate effect.