Today's Law As Amended

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AB-46 California Youth Empowerment Act. (2021-2022)

As Amends the Law Today

 The Legislature finds and declares all of the following:
(a) The needs and issues affecting youth are most accurately addressed by youth themselves.
(b) Young people in California have demonstrated their passion for the civic process and getting involved, as seen in the spike in voter turnout from the 2014 midterm elections, where 8 percent of California voters between 18 and 24 years of age voted, to the 2018 midterm elections, where 27.5 percent of California voters between 18 and 24 years of age voted.
(c) Young people have also shown their desire for change in social and public policy, as shown in advocacy efforts relating to gun reform, education, affordable housing, juvenile justice, health, jobs, and climate change.
(d) There are nearly 8,900,000 youths in California under 18 years of age as of the most recent data, compiled for 2019. Of those, an estimated 14,213 unaccompanied minors and youths between 18 and 24 years of age experience homelessness each year. Data shows that approximately 60,778 children are in the foster care system. In 2019, there were 43,181 arrests of California youth, and more than 30,000 of those arrests resulted in the detention of a young person in a juvenile hall. Youth who are homeless, in the juvenile justice system, or in foster care have limited opportunities to participate in the policy process that ultimately impacts their well-being.
(e) The COVID-19 pandemic has exacerbated disparities among our youth, who are increasingly disconnected from peers, family, teachers, and policymakers. Homeless youth, incarcerated youth, foster youth, and youth with disabilities or preexisting conditions have a higher likelihood of being exposed to COVID-19 or experiencing significant disparities in accessing health care and receiving quality care. According to a report published by the federal Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, the proportion of emergency department visits from March 2020 to October 2020 related to mental health increased by 24 percent for children 5 to 11 years of age and spiked by 31 percent among adolescents 12 to 17 years of age compared to the same period of the previous year. Additionally, during the first 12 weeks of the pandemic, nearly one-half (44 percent) of young people 16 to 23 years of age, inclusive, applied for unemployment insurance, the highest rate of any age group. Thus, it is the intent of the Legislature to prioritize the needs and issues affecting youth to prevent irreversible short-term and long-term damage to their development and growth.
(f) The recent protests against state violence and systemic racism against Black communities has highlighted the profound underinvestment of social, health, and educational services and overinvestment in policing and incarceration of young Black, Indigenous, and people of color (BIPOC) and their communities. Government policies, institutional practices, and individual actions, both conscious and unconscious, have reinforced a system where BIPOC communities see dramatically increased rates of poverty, violence, policing, foster care, homelessness, multisystem involvement, substance use disorders, and other health disparities. Thus, it is the intent of the Legislature to ensure that all commissions, including the one established by this chapter, purposefully uplift and empower BIPOC individuals and other marginalized communities within both the commission’s composition and its priorities.
(g) The government is designed to address input and participation from the people being served; however, youth under 18 years of age who cannot vote do not have a formal way to participate in the civic process.
(h) There is a growing need to engage our youth directly with policymakers in a manner that will provide genuine opportunities for our youth to acquire civic knowledge and develop the skills necessary to participate fully in a democratic society.
(i) Over 20 other states have statewide youth entities codified into law for the purpose of advising their respective legislatures and governors.
(j) The California Youth Empowerment Commission, as established by this bill, is intended to provide model legislation and advocacy for the needs of youth.

SEC. 2.

 Chapter 3.4 (commencing with Section 8261) is added to Division 1 of Title 2 of the Government Code, to read:

CHAPTER  3.4. California Youth Empowerment Act
Article  1. Title
 This chapter shall be known, and may be cited, as the California Youth Empowerment Act.
Article  2. Definitions
 For purposes of this chapter, the following definitions apply:
(a) “Commission” means the California Youth Empowerment Commission established in Section 8263.
(b) “Commissioner” means a voting member of the California Youth Empowerment Commission.
Article  3. Creation and Membership
 (a) There is in the state government the California Youth Empowerment Commission. The commission shall consist of 13 voting commissioners to be appointed as follows:
(1) Eleven public members appointed by the Governor, subject to the following requirements:
(A) The terms of these commissioners initially shall be staggered so that five members serve one-year terms and six members serve two-year terms. To achieve the staggering of terms, the Governor shall designate the terms of the present members of the commission who have been appointed by the Governor.
(B) One of the commissioners shall reside, work, or attend school in each region described in subdivision (b), with the exception of the at-large commissioner.
(C) Five of the commissioners shall be between 14 to 18 years of age.
(D) Five of the commissioners shall be between 18 to 25 years of age.
(E) At least five commissioners shall have experienced a physical disability, youth homelessness, foster care, or juvenile incarceration.
(F) One at-large commissioner, who may be between 14 to 25 years of age.
(2) One at-large public member appointed by the Senate Committee on Rules.
(3) One at-large public member appointed by the Speaker of the Assembly.
(4) The Governor may appoint alternates for those described in paragraph (1).
(b) For the purposes of subparagraph (B) of paragraph (1) of subdivision (a), these regions are defined as follows:
(1) The Superior California region consists of the Counties of Butte, Colusa, El Dorado, Glenn, Lassen, Modoc, Nevada, Placer, Plumas, Sacramento, Shasta, Sierra, Siskiyou, Sutter, Tehama, Yolo, and Yuba.
(2) The North Coast region consists of the Counties of Del Norte, Humboldt, Lake, Mendocino, Napa, Sonoma, and Trinity.
(3) The San Francisco Bay area region consists of the Counties of Alameda, Contra Costa, Marin, San Mateo, Santa Clara, and Solano, and the City and County of San Francisco.
(4) The Northern San Joaquin Valley region consists of the Counties of Alpine, Amador, Calaveras, Madera, Mariposa, Merced, Mono, San Joaquin, Stanislaus, and Tuolumne.
(5) The Central Coast region consists of the Counties of Monterey, San Benito, San Luis Obispo, Santa Barbara, Santa Cruz, and Ventura.
(6) The Southern San Joaquin Valley region consists of the Counties of Fresno, Inyo, Kern, Kings, and Tulare.
(7) The Inland Empire region consists of the Counties of Riverside and San Bernardino.
(8) The Los Angeles region consists of the County of Los Angeles.
(9) The Orange County region consists of the County of Orange.
(10) The San Diego/Imperial region consists of the Counties of Imperial and San Diego.
(c) In addition to subdivision (a), one Member of the Senate appointed by the Senate Committee on Rules, one Member of the Assembly appointed by the Speaker of the Assembly, the Governor, the Superintendent of Public Instruction, and the Secretary of California Health and Human Services shall serve as nonvoting members of the commission.
(d) All appointing powers shall take into consideration that the members of the commission represent the geographical, racial, ethnic, socioeconomic, cultural, physical, and educational diversity of California’s youth. Particular emphasis and funding should be used on reaching out to at-risk or disadvantaged youth to serve as members of the commission, as their participation will provide keen insight into many of the issues that youth face in their day-to-day lives.
 (a) Excluding the initial staggering of terms, commissioners shall serve two-year terms.
(b) Commissioners shall be between 14 and 25 years of age. If a commissioner turns 26 years of age during their term, that commissioner shall be allowed to complete the term.
(c) A commissioner shall be a resident of California.
(d) A commissioner may seek reappointment as long as they fulfill the requirements pursuant to subdivision (b).
(e) (1) Attending a meeting of the commission as a commissioner shall be a lawful excuse for a student to be absent from school, under paragraph (7) of subdivision (a) of Section 48205 of the Education Code, if approved by the principal or a designated representative pursuant to uniform standards established by the governing board.
(2) A student excused from school attendance under this section may not be recorded as being absent on any date for which the excuse is operative and may not be penalized by the school in any manner.
(f) (1) In the event of inappropriate conduct, unexcused absences, or inability to complete expected duties of a commissioner, the commissioner in question is entitled to a facilitated meeting using restorative practices.
(2) For purposes of this subdivision, the following definitions shall apply:
(A) “Facilitated meeting” means a facilitated process designed to acknowledge, address, and respond to the underlying needs of all parties, that may include, but is not limited to, a meeting of the commissioners in conflict.
(B) “Restorative justice practices” means a process to improve and repair relationships between people and communities. Restorative justice practices provide tertiary prevention, introduced after the problem has occurred, with the intention of avoiding reoccurrence.
(g) A commissioner’s position becomes vacant, under the approval of the executive director, in the event of any of the following:
(1) Death of a commissioner.
(2) Resignation of a commissioner.
(3) Change in residence of a commissioner to outside of California.
(4) Failure to resolve challenges occurring from inappropriate conduct, unexcused absences, or inability to complete expected duties of a commissioner.
(h) In the event of a vacancy, the alternate will fill the position, and the appointing power that appointed the commissioner shall appoint a new alternate in the same manner as the original appointment within 60 days of the vacancy.
 (a) Within six months of the commission’s establishment, and not later than March 1 of each subsequent year, the executive director, appointed pursuant to Section 8274, shall both:
(1) Release to the public on its internet website the procedures for the general application process to assist public members in the appointment process and facilitate communications between public members and the appointing powers.
(2) Have created and made the application publicly available on its internet website.
(b) The executive director shall also notify the Superintendent of Public Instruction, the Association of Independent California Colleges and Universities, the Regents of the University of California, the California State University, and the California Community Colleges Chancellor’s office that the application for an appointment is open. The notice shall include the requirements for an appointment, a copy of the application, and a request to transmit the notice to all students in California.
(c) In reviewing general applications, the executive director may consider additional relevant selection criteria and conduct interviews.
(d) The executive director may recommend public members to be appointed to the appointing powers, but there shall be no right or obligation on the part of the appointing powers to appoint those public members.
 Each public member of the commission shall receive one hundred dollars ($100) per diem while on official business of the commission. Each member of the commission shall also be entitled to receive their actual necessary traveling expenses while on official business of the commission. For commissioners between 14 and 18 years of age, a parent or guardian shall be entitled to receive their actual necessary traveling expenses while accompanying the minor on official business of the commission.
 (a) The commission shall elect a chair, vice chair, and clerk from among its members at the first meeting of the year.
(b) The commission shall be composed of the following:
(1) A chair who shall conduct the meetings, draft bylaws, serve as the primary liaison to the government, and oversee the formation of committees as necessary to accomplish the business of the commission.
(2) A vice chair who shall assist the chair and conduct the meetings of the commission if the chair is absent or otherwise unable to perform their duties.
(3) A clerk who shall keep and maintain the minutes of the meetings, regularly update the internet website, pursuant to Section 8272, and record the final votes on any measure for vote by the chair.
Article  4. Purposes, Duties, and Powers
 With respect to its duties, the commission shall be an advisory commission only. There shall be no right or obligation on the part of the state, or parties meeting and conferring, to implement the findings of the commission without further legislation that specifically authorizes that the evaluations, determinations, and findings of the commission be implemented.
 The commission’s main purpose is to provide meaningful opportunities for actual civic engagement to improve the quality of life for California’s disconnected and disadvantaged youth. Furthermore, youths involved with the commission will make meaningful recommendations regarding legislation and policies that impact their own lives and the lives of millions of other youths in California whose voices often go unheard.
 The commission shall conduct full commission meetings at least every other month, with the first meeting in August 2022, or not later than eight months after funding is made available for this purpose.
 The affirmative votes of a majority of the commissioners at a full session or committee meeting are required for the commission or committee to take action on any measure, respectively, including resolutions, annual reports, and initiatives.
 The commission shall do the following:
(a) Examine and discuss policy and fiscal issues affecting the interests, needs, and conditions of the youth of California.
(b) Formally advise and make recommendations to the Legislature, Superintendent of Public Instruction, and Governor on specific legislative and fiscal issues affecting youth, such as the following:
(1) Achievement gap.
(2) Behavioral and physical health.
(3) Bullying.
(4) Career preparation.
(5) Child welfare.
(6) Child and sexual abuse.
(7) Civic engagement.
(8) Climate crisis.
(9) College affordability and student loans.
(10) Depression and suicide.
(11) Education.
(12) Employment.
(13) Financial literacy.
(14) Foster care.
(15) Gun violence.
(16) Health care.
(17) Homelessness.
(18) Housing and transportation.
(19) Immigration and undocumented youth.
(20) Juvenile justice.
(21) Labor and jobs.
(22) LGBTQ civil rights.
(23) Mental health.
(24) Poverty.
(25) Racial, economic, and gender equity.
(26) Reproductive justice.
(27) Safety.
(28) Social media and networking.
(29) Substance abuse and vaping.
(30) Youth development.
(31) Any other policy or fiscal issues deemed appropriate by the commission.
(c) Consult with any existing local-level youth advisory commissions and community-based, grassroots youth-led organizations for input and potential solutions on issues related to youth.
(d) Publish an internet website to report details relevant to the commission for the public to view, including, but not limited to, commission agendas, minutes, resolutions, vote counts, initiatives, commissioner information, photos, and video.
(e) On or before January 1, 2024, and annually thereafter, publish an annual report to the Legislature, Superintendent of Public Instruction, Secretary of California Health and Human Services, and Governor detailing the activities, issues, demographics, budget, and outcomes of the commission. The commission shall submit the report to the Legislature required by this subdivision in compliance with Section 9795.
 The commission shall carry out the duties imposed upon it by this chapter, and may do any of the following:
(a) Draft and approve resolutions that formally articulate the commission’s positions on various youth-related legislative and fiscal policy.
(b) Draft model legislation that addresses issues relating to youth that may be adopted by Members of the Legislature.
(c) Provide testimony during any committee meeting in the Legislature.
(d) Form committees and task forces to discuss specific issues and policy areas and meet as necessary.
(e) Conduct public hearings with community and youth organizations to identify pressing issues and debate priorities.
(f) Appoint advisory committees from within its membership or with outside members whenever necessary. Members of an advisory committee shall serve without compensation, but each may be reimbursed for necessary traveling and other expenses incurred in the performance of official duties.
(g) Conduct public awareness campaigns to raise awareness about the commission and to enhance outreach to the youth in this state.
(h) Conduct periodic seminars for its members regarding leadership, government, and the Legislature.
(i) Establish grant application criteria and procedures, subject to the availability of funding pursuant to Section 8275.
(j) Award prizes or direct grants to organizations in accordance with those regulations as the commission may prescribe. In awarding prizes or directing grants, the commission shall notify the offices of the legislators in whose district the recipient resides.
Article  5. Administration and Finance
 The Governor shall appoint an executive director of the California Youth Empowerment Commission. The executive director shall do all of the following:
(a) Assist the commission in carrying out its work.
(b) Be responsible for the hiring of commission staff, including, but not limited to, deputy directors, who shall assist the executive director with their duties as outlined in this chapter as delegated.
(c) Be responsible for the management and administration of the commission staff.
(d) Perform other duties as directed by the commission.
 (a) The commission may accept gifts and grants from any source, public or private, to help perform its functions pursuant to this chapter.
(b) The commission may seek out funding and in-kind contributions from foundations, nonprofit organizations, public and private entities, and other individuals or groups in order to carry out the work of the commission.
(c) The commission shall develop a strategy to attract financial support from private donors in order to reduce the commission’s dependence on state funding.
(d) There is hereby created in the State Treasury the Youth Empowerment Commission Fund in support of the commission, which shall be administered by the executive director. Moneys deposited in the account may be expended, upon appropriation by the Legislature, to carry out the duties of the commission.
(e) This chapter shall be implemented only to the extent that funds have been provided in the Budget Act of 2021 or the Department of Finance determines that sufficient funding has been provided through the means set forth in subdivision (a) or (b). Upon a determination that sufficient funds have been received to implement this chapter, the department shall publish notice of this fact on its internet website.
 This chapter shall remain in effect only until January 1, 2027, and as of that date is repealed.