Today's Law As Amended


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AB-1575 Homeless Coordinating and Financing Council: needs analysis.(2021-2022)



As Amends the Law Today


SECTION 1.

 Section 8257.1 is added to the Welfare and Institutions Code, to read:

8257.1.
 (a) Upon appropriation by the Legislature, or upon receiving technical assistance offered by the federal Department of Housing and Urban Development, if available, the coordinating council, or an entity the council contracts with for this purpose, shall do all of the following:
(1) Conduct a statewide needs and gaps analysis that will do all of the following:
(A) Identify programs in the state that provide housing or services to persons experiencing homelessness and describe all of the following for each program to the extent that data is available:
(i) The amount of funding the program receives each year and funding sources for the program.
(ii) The number of persons the program serves each year, disaggregated by race and gender.
(iii) The types of housing and services provided to the persons the program serves each year, disaggregated by race and gender.
(iv) Limitations, if any, on the length of stay for housing programs and length of provision of services for service programs.
(v) If applicable, reasons for the unavailability of data.
(B) Identify the total number and type of permanent housing beds, units, or opportunities available to persons experiencing homelessness statewide and in geographically diverse regions across the state.
(C) Analyze the need for permanent housing opportunities, including, but not limited to, supportive housing, rapid rehousing, and affordable housing.
(D) Analyze the need for services to assist persons in exiting homelessness and remaining housed.
(E) Identify the number of and types of interim interventions available to persons experiencing homelessness in geographically diverse regions across the state. The data shall also include, but is not limited to, all of the following:
(i) The number of year-round shelter beds.
(ii) The average length of stay in or use of interim interventions, to the extent data is available.
(iii) The exit rate from an interim intervention to permanent housing, to the extent data is available.
(F) Analyze the need for additional interim interventions and funding needed to create these interventions, taking into consideration the ideal length of stay in or use of the intervention.
(G) Identify state-funded institutional settings that discharge persons into homelessness, and the total number of persons discharged into homelessness from each of those settings, to the extent data is available, disaggregated by race and gender. If data is unavailable, the entity conducting the analysis may extrapolate from national, local, or statewide estimates on the number or percentage of people discharged from specific institutional settings into homelessness.
(H) Collect data on the numbers and demographics of persons experiencing homelessness, including, but not limited to, a quantification of the racial and ethnic disparities in the homeless population relative to the general population and, to the extent data is available, race and gender demographics, in all of the following circumstances:
(i) As a young adult.
(ii) As an unaccompanied minor.
(iii) As a single adult experiencing chronic homelessness and nonchronic homelessness.
(iv) As an adult over 50 years of age.
(v) As a domestic violence survivor.
(vi) As a veteran.
(vii) As a person on parole or probation.
(viii) As a member of a family experiencing either chronic or nonchronic patterns of homelessness.
(I) Collect data, to the extent data is available, on exits from homelessness to housing, including, but not limited to, the number of people moving into permanent housing and the type of housing being accessed, the type of interventions people exiting homelessness received, if any, and racial and gender characteristics of people accessing each type of housing and receiving each type of intervention.
(J) To the extent data is available, assess a sampling of data provided by local jurisdictions regarding the number of people experiencing homelessness who accessed interim interventions, including, but not limited to, shelters, recuperative care, and motels and hotels, in response to the COVID-19 pandemic, and the number of people who were able to access permanent housing on or before the expiration of interim assistance. The assessment shall include the number and racial identification of people experiencing homelessness who sheltered in place or were quarantined during the COVID-19 pandemic and the number and racial identification of people experiencing homelessness who were able to access permanent housing on or before the expiration of temporary assistance, as well as the type of housing accessed.
(K) Create a financial model that will assess needs for investment in capital, in operating supports in project-based housing, in rental assistance with private-market landlords, and in services costs for purposes of moving persons experiencing homelessness into permanent housing. The financial model shall include an explanation of how these investments will affirmatively reduce and close any racial disparities identified in the homeless population.
(2) (A) For purposes of collecting data to conduct the analysis pursuant to paragraph (1), evaluate all available data, including, but not limited to, data from agencies and departments other than the council, statewide and local homeless point-in-time counts and housing inventory counts, and available statewide information on the number or rate of persons exiting state-funded institutional settings into homelessness.
(B) To the extent specific data is unavailable for purposes of subparagraph (A), the council may calculate estimates based on national or local data. The council shall only use data that meets either of the following requirements:
(i) The data is from an evaluation or study from a third-party evaluator or researcher and is consistent with data from evaluations or studies from other third-party evaluators or researchers.
(ii) A federal agency cites and refers to the data as evidence-based.
(3) Seek input from the council’s members on the direction of, design of data collection for, and items to be included in the analysis conducted pursuant to paragraph (1).
(b) The council’s obligation to conduct the statewide needs and gaps analysis under subdivision (a) shall be fulfilled if a technical assistance provider from the federal Department of Housing and Urban Development conducts the analysis on behalf of the council. The council shall work with the technical assistance provider to complete the analysis.
(c) For purposes of collecting data pursuant to paragraph (1) of subdivision (a), and upon appropriation pursuant to subdivision (a) to fund costs or upon the provision of technical assistance by the federal Department of Housing and Urban Development, a local government may collaborate with the coordinating council or the entity conducting the statewide analysis to do both of the following:
(1) If available, share existing data from local gaps or needs analyses to inform statewide data.
(2) Provide data for conducting needs analyses in a sampling of up to six geographically diverse regions to inform statewide data. The council or other entity conducting the statewide analysis may extrapolate data from these local data analyses to inform the statewide analysis.
(d) The council shall report on the final needs and gaps analysis by July 31, 2022, to the Assembly Committee on Housing and Community Development, the Assembly Committee on Budget, Senate Committee on Housing, and Senate Committee on Budget and Fiscal Review. The report submitted pursuant to this paragraph shall comply with Section 9795 of the Government Code.
(e) For purposes of this section:
(1) “Chronic homelessness” has the same definition as that in Section 578.3 of Title 24 of the Code of Federal Regulations, as that section read on January 1, 2021.
(2) “Council” or “coordinating council” shall mean the Homeless Coordinating and Financing Council, as created pursuant to Section 8257.
(3) “Interim interventions” include, but are not limited to, year-round shelter beds, recuperative care beds, and motel vouchers.
(4) “State-funded institutional settings” includes, but is not limited to, justice, juvenile justice, child welfare, and health care settings.
(5) “Young adult” means a person 18 to 24 years of age, inclusive.

SEC. 2.

 Section 8257.2 is added to the Welfare and Institutions Code, to read:

8257.2.
 (a) Notwithstanding any other law, for purposes of designing, collecting data for, and approving the needs and gaps analysis described in Section 8257.1, a state department or agency that has a member on the coordinating council shall, within 180 days of a request for data pertaining to that state department or agency, provide to the council, or the entity conducting the analysis, the requested data, including, but not limited to, the number or rate of persons exiting state-funded institutional settings into homelessness.
(b) The state department or agency shall remove any personally identifying data provided pursuant to subdivision (a), if any.
(c) For purposes of this section:
(1) “Personally identifying information” has the meaning provided in Section 1798.79.8 of the Civil Code.
(2) “State-funded institutional settings” includes, but is not limited to, justice, juvenile justice, child welfare, and health care settings.