Today's Law As Amended


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AB-111 Transportation: zero-emission vehicles.(2021-2022)



As Amends the Law Today


SECTION 1.
 The Legislature finds and declares all of the following:
(a) Freight equipment accounts for one-half of statewide diesel particulate matter emissions, which are both a toxic air contaminant and a contributor to black carbon, a short-lived climate pollutant.
(b) Freight operations also account for 45 percent of the statewide nitrogen oxides emissions and 6 percent of the statewide greenhouse gas emissions.
(c) Transporting freight reliably and efficiently by zero-emission equipment everywhere feasible, and near-zero-emission equipment powered by clean, low-carbon renewable fuels everywhere else, is necessary to protect public health.
(d) It is imperative to accelerate actions to reduce emissions from the freight transportation system, consistent with Executive Order No. N-79-20, by transitioning all drayage trucks to zero emission by 2035, all off-road vehicles and equipment to zero emission by 2035 when feasible, and all medium- and heavy-duty vehicles to zero emission by 2045 for all operations when feasible.
(e) California’s economy relies on the efficient movement of freight along sustainable and well maintained freight transportation infrastructure.
(f) According to the California Sustainable Freight Action Plan, issued in July 2016, the state’s freight sector accounted for over $740,000,000,000, or 32 percent of California’s gross domestic product in 2014, while also comprising 5,000,000 or 33 percent of jobs in the state the same year.
(g) A skilled workforce with multicore curriculum training is a key factor in economic competitiveness as the freight sector transitions towards a zero-emission future.
(h) As California leads investment and development of these technologies that support a sustainable freight transport system, it must recognize that the transition to advanced technologies will require the development of a skilled workforce with project labor agreements to operate and maintain these new technologies and systems.

SEC. 2.

 Section 14517 of the Government Code, as added by Section 3 of Chapter 769 of the Statutes of 2021, is amended to read:

14517.
 (a) (1) The commission, in coordination with the State Air Resources Board, Public Utilities Commission, State Energy Resources Conservation and Development Commission, and Governor’s Office of Business and Economic Development, shall develop the Clean Freight Corridor Efficiency Assessment.
(2) The goal of the assessment is to identify freight corridors, or segments of freight corridors, and infrastructure needed to support the deployment of zero-emission medium- and heavy-duty vehicles. The commission shall consider the potential for emission-reductions, infrastructure needed for charging and alternative fueling, including parking facilities, congestion reduction, improved road safety and resiliency, and impacts to neighboring communities.
(3) The commission shall consult with the department, local governments, metropolitan planning organizations, regional transportation planning agencies, and other stakeholders, including, but not limited to, the freight industry, stakeholders from low-income and disadvantaged communities, environmental organizations, public health representatives, and academia, academia  to develop the assessment.
(4) In developing the assessment, the commission shall consult with the State Energy Resources Conservation and Development Commission pertaining to its work assessing deployment of vehicle charging stations pursuant to Section 25229 of the Public Resources Code.
(b) In developing the assessment, the commission shall identify all of the following:
(1) Freight corridors, or segments of freight corridors, throughout the state that would be priority candidates for the deployment of zero-emission medium- and heavy-duty vehicles.
(2) The top five freight corridors, or segments of freight corridors, with the heaviest freight volume and near-source exposure to diesel exhaust and other contaminants.
(3) Projects that would achieve the goals of the assessment, including, but not limited to, all of the following projects:
(A) Medium- and heavy-duty vehicle charging and fueling infrastructure.
(B) Highway improvements needed to accommodate charging and fueling infrastructure, including parking facilities.
(C) Highway improvements on the corridor to increase safety and throughput, such as dedicated truck lanes.
(D) Improvements to local or connector streets and roads to support the corridor.
(E) An identification of areas where micro-grids or similar technologies could be deployed for zero-emission vehicle charging or fueling.
(F) An identification of locations for fast access zero-emission medium- and heavy-duty truck-only lanes or routes.
(4) Potential sponsors of projects to achieve the goals of the assessment, including, but not limited to, the department, regional transportation agencies, local governments, the freight industry, and nonprofit organizations.
(5) Barriers and potential solutions to achieving the goals of the assessment and the deployment of zero-emission medium- and heavy-duty vehicles.
(6) The impact on roads and bridges due to the increased weight of zero-emission vehicles.
(7) Methods to avoid displacement of residents and businesses on the freight corridor when considering projects that achieve the goals of the assessment.
(8) Potential funding opportunities for project types.
(9) Benefits from the deployment of zero-emission medium- and heavy-duty vehicles, including, but not limited to, environmental, air quality, public health, and highway safety benefits, and economic competitiveness.
(10) Short- and long-term zero-emission electric vehicle charging and hydrogen refueling strategies for the freight transportation system, including, but not limited to, warehouses, distribution centers, seaports, railyards, commercial airports, and freight trade corridors.
(11) Regional zero-emission medium- and heavy-duty vehicle parking and refueling deficiencies and strategies to address those deficiencies.
(c) The commission shall submit a report detailing the assessment and its recommendations for the deployment of zero-emission medium- and heavy-duty vehicles to the relevant policy and fiscal committees of the Legislature on or before December 1, 2023.
(d) The commission, State Air Resources Board, and State Energy Resources Conservation and Development Commission shall incorporate, to the extent feasible and applicable, the Clean Freight Corridor Efficiency Assessment’s findings and recommendations into those entities’ programs and guideline documents related to freight infrastructure and technology. This subdivision shall not limit the ability to award freight infrastructure and technology program funds on a competitive basis.

SEC. 3.

 Section 65075 is added to the Government Code, to read:

65075.
 (a) The Secretary of Transportation, in consultation with the California Transportation Commission, Department of Transportation, State Air Resources Board, State Energy Resources Conservation and Development Commission, Public Utilities Commission, and metropolitan planning organizations, shall implement a Safe and Clean Truck Infrastructure Program to support the construction and operation of zero-emission medium- and heavy-duty vehicle parking and electric vehicle charging and hydrogen refueling infrastructure on public and private properties, and encourage the use of zero-emission vehicles.
(b) As part of the Safe and Clean Truck Infrastructure Program, the Secretary of Transportation shall conduct an assessment, on or before January 1, 2025, outlining regional zero-emission medium- and heavy-duty vehicle parking and refueling deficiencies and strategies to address these deficiencies. The assessment shall include, but is not limited to, all of the following:
(1) The current and future planned public and private truck parking facilities to determine statewide gaps around areas the California Freight Mobility Plan has identified as the freight network.
(2) Strategies to deploy zero-emission medium- and heavy-duty vehicle technologies and zero-emission off-road vehicle and equipment technologies whenever feasible.
(3) Short- and long-term zero-emission electric vehicle charging and hydrogen refueling strategies for the freight transportation system, including, but not limited to, warehouses, distribution centers, seaports, railyards, commercial airports, and freight trade corridors.
(4) Locations for fast access zero-emission medium- and heavy-duty truck-only lanes or routes.
(5) Issues related to funding needed for upstream infrastructure buildouts for medium- and heavy-duty electric vehicle charging and hydrogen refueling stations.
(c) In conducting the assessment pursuant to subdivision (b), the Secretary of Transportation shall consider the assessment developed pursuant to Section 14517 and the assessment prepared pursuant to Section 43871 of the Health and Safety Code.
(d) In accordance with the assessment developed pursuant to subdivision (b), the California Transportation Commission, in consultation with the Department of Transportation, State Air Resources Board, State Energy Resources Conservation and Development Commission, Public Utilities Commission, and metropolitan planning organizations, shall facilitate the construction and operation of zero-emission truck parking, and supporting electric vehicle charging and hydrogen refueling networks, to address the identified infrastructure and electric vehicle charging and hydrogen refueling needs, including, but not limited to, identified needs for zero-emission medium- and heavy-duty vehicle parking, electric vehicle charging and hydrogen refueling, and dedicated lanes or corridors for main thoroughfares entering and leaving all seaports and intermodal railyards in the state, as well as warehouse and distribution centers.

SEC. 4.

 Section 2192 of the Streets and Highways Code, as amended by Section 5 of Chapter 769 of the Statutes of 2021, is amended to read:

2192.
 (a) The following revenues shall be allocated for infrastructure projects pursuant to this section:
(1) The revenues deposited in the Trade Corridors Corridor  Enhancement Account pursuant to Section 2192.4, except for those revenues in the account that were appropriated by Senate Bill 132 of the 2017–18 Regular Session (Chapter 7 of the Statutes of 2017).
(2) An amount of federal funds equal to the amount of revenue apportioned to the state under Section 167 of Title 23 of the United States Code from the national highway freight programs, pursuant to the federal Fixing America’s Surface Transportation Act (“FAST Act,” Public Law 114-94).
(b) The funding described in subdivision (a) shall be available upon appropriation for allocation by the California Transportation Commission for infrastructure improvements in this state on federally designated Trade Corridors of National and Regional Significance, on the Primary Freight Network, and along other corridors that have a high volume of freight movement, as determined by the commission and as identified in the state freight plan developed pursuant to Section 13978.8 of the Government Code. Projects eligible for funding shall be included in an adopted regional transportation plan. Projects within the boundaries of a metropolitan planning organization shall be included in an adopted regional transportation plan that includes a sustainable communities strategy determined by the State Air Resources Board to achieve the region’s greenhouse gas emissions reduction targets. In developing guidelines for implementing this section, the commission shall (1) apply the guiding principles, to the maximum extent practicable, in the California Sustainable Freight Action Plan released in July 2016 pursuant to Executive Order No. B-32-15, and (2) consult the state freight plan and the applicable port master plan.
(c) Eligible projects for these funds include, but are not limited to, all of the following:
(1) Highway improvements to more efficiently accommodate the movement of freight, particularly for ingress and egress to and from the state’s land ports of entry, rail terminals, and seaports, including navigable inland waterways used to transport freight between seaports, land ports of entry, and airports, and to relieve traffic congestion along major trade or goods movement corridors.
(2) Freight rail system improvements to enhance the ability to move goods from seaports, land ports of entry, and airports to warehousing and distribution centers throughout California, including projects that separate rail lines from highway or local road traffic, improve freight rail mobility, and other projects that improve the safety, efficiency, and capacity of the rail freight system.
(3) Projects to enhance the capacity and efficiency of ports, except that funds available under this section shall not be allocated to a project that includes the purchase of fully automated cargo handling equipment. For the  purposes of this paragraph, “fully automated” means equipment that is remotely operated or remotely monitored, with or without the exercise of human intervention or control. Nothing in this paragraph shall  This paragraph does not  prohibit the use of funds available pursuant to this section for a project that includes the purchase of human-operated zero-emission equipment, human-operated near-zero-emission equipment, and infrastructure supporting that human-operated equipment. Furthermore, nothing in this section shall prohibit the purchase of devices that support that human-operated equipment, including equipment to evaluate the utilization and environmental benefits of that human-operated equipment.
(4) Truck corridor improvements, including dedicated truck facilities or truck toll facilities, including the mitigation of the emissions from trucks or these facilities.
(5) Border access improvements that enhance goods movement between California and Mexico and that maximize the state’s ability to access funds made available to the state by federal law.
(6) Surface transportation, local road, and connector road improvements to effectively facilitate the movement of goods, particularly for ingress and egress to and from the state’s land ports of entry, airports, and seaports, to relieve traffic congestion along major trade or goods movement corridors.
(7) Projects that employ advanced and innovative technology to improve the flow of freight, such as intelligent transportation systems, public infrastructure, excluding vehicles, that enables zero-emission or near-zero emission  near-zero-emission  goods movement, real time information systems, weigh-in-motion devices, electronic screening and credentialing systems, traffic signal optimization, work zone management and information systems, ramp metering, and electronic cargo and border security technologies.
(8) Environmental and community mitigation or efforts to reduce environmental impacts of freight movement, such as projects that reduce noise, overnight truck idling, or truck queues, and advanced traveler information systems such as freight advanced traveler information systems that optimize operations to reduce empty-load trips.
(9) The construction and operation of zero-emission truck parking, and supporting electric vehicle charging and hydrogen refueling networks, that the Secretary of Transportation has identified as part of the Safe and Clean Truck Infrastructure Program created pursuant to Section 65075 of the Government Code.
(d) Projects funded with revenues identified in paragraph (1) of subdivision (a) shall be consistent with Article XIX of the California Constitution.
(e) (1) In adopting the program of projects to be funded with funds described in subdivision (a), the commission shall evaluate the total potential economic and noneconomic benefits of the program of projects to California’s economy, environment, and public health. The evaluation shall specifically assess localized impacts in disadvantaged communities. The commission shall consult with the agencies identified in Executive Order No. B-32-15 and metropolitan planning organizations in order to use the appropriate models, techniques, and methods to develop the parameters for evaluating the program of projects. The commission shall allocate the funding from subdivision (a) for trade infrastructure improvements as follows:
(A) Sixty percent of the funds shall be available for projects nominated by regional transportation agencies and other public agencies, including counties, cities, and port authorities, in consultation with the department. The commission shall provide reasonable geographic targets for funding allocations without constraining what an agency may propose or what the commission may approve.
(B) Forty percent of the funds shall be available for projects nominated by the department, in consultation with regional transportation agencies.
(2) In adopting a program of projects pursuant to paragraph (1), the commission shall prioritize projects jointly nominated and jointly funded by the state and local agencies. In considering geographic balance for the overall program, the commission may adjust the corridor-based targets in subparagraph (A) of paragraph (1) to account for projects programmed pursuant to subparagraph (B) of paragraph (1).
(f) (1) The commission shall adopt guidelines, including a transparent process to evaluate projects and to allocate the funding described in subdivision (a) for trade infrastructure improvements in a manner that (A) addresses the state’s most urgent needs, (B) balances the demands of various land ports of entry, seaports, and airports, (C) places emphasis on projects that improve trade corridor mobility and safety while reducing emissions of diesel particulates, greenhouse gases, and other pollutants and reducing other negative community impacts, especially in disadvantaged communities, (D) makes a significant contribution to the state’s economy, (E) recognizes the key role of the state in project identification, (F) supports integrating statewide goods movement priorities in a corridor approach, and (G) includes disadvantaged communities measures, as established by the California Environmental Protection Agency pursuant to Section 39711 of the Health and Safety Code, and other tools the commission determines, for evaluating benefits or costs for disadvantaged communities and low-income communities. Project nominations shall include either a quantitative or qualitative assessment of the benefits the project is expected to achieve relative to the evaluation criteria.
(2) The guidelines adopted pursuant to paragraph (1) may include streamlining of project delivery by authorizing regional transportation agencies and other public agencies to seek commission approval of a letter of no prejudice that allows the agency to expend its own funds for a project programmed in a future year of the adopted program of projects, in advance of allocation of funds to the project by the commission, and to be reimbursed at a later time for eligible expenditures. A letter of no prejudice shall only be available to local or regional transportation agencies for moneys that have been identified for future allocation to the applicant agency. Moneys designated for the program shall only be reimbursed when there is funding available in an amount sufficient to make the reimbursement.
(g) In addition, the commission shall also consider the following factors when allocating these funds:
(1) “Velocity,” which means the speed by which large cargo would travel from the land port of entry or seaport through the distribution system.
(2) “Throughput,” which means the volume of cargo that would move from the land port of entry or seaport through the distribution system.
(3) “Reliability,” which means a reasonably consistent and predictable amount of time for cargo to travel from one point to another on any given day or at any given time in California.
(4) “Congestion reduction,” which means the reduction in recurrent daily hours of delay to be achieved.
(h) For purposes of this section, the following terms have the following meanings:
(1) “Disadvantaged communities” are those communities identified by the California Environmental Protection Agency pursuant to Section 39711 of the Health and Safety Code.
(2) “Low-income communities” are census tracts with median household incomes at or below 80 percent of the statewide median income or with median household incomes at or below the threshold designated as low income by the Department of Housing and Community Development’s list of state income limits adopted pursuant to Section 50093 of the Health and Safety Code.
(i) It is the intent of the Legislature for the commission to adopt an initial program of projects using the state and federal funds described in subdivision (a) for eligible projects as soon as practicable and no later than May 17, 2018.