Today's Law As Amended


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SCA-6 Gambling: sports wagering.(2019-2020)



As Amends the Law Today


First—
 This measure shall be known as the California Sports Wagering and Consumer Protection Act.
Second—
 That the Legislature finds and declares all of the following:
(a) In May 2018, the Supreme Court of the United States held the federal prohibition on sports wagering to be unconstitutional. As a result, states now have the freedom to authorize sports wagering within their borders and to establish regulations, consumer protections, responsible gambling measures, and taxes on sports wagering. Already, 20 states have chosen to regulate and tax sports wagering in a manner that provides for consumer protections and responsible gambling, and gives adults the choice to participate in this activity.
(b) Unregulated and untaxed sports wagering is happening throughout California without any consumer or responsible gambling protections. Leading economists and industry experts estimate that during the federal prohibition on sports wagering, a thriving black market flourished with billions of dollars wagered annually across the United States. These illegal sports wagering operators are unlicensed and unregulated, and jeopardize the health, safety, and welfare of millions of Californians. Illegal operators pay no taxes, are unaccountable to California consumers, and put the integrity of athletic contests at risk.
(c) At a time when the people of California are suffering the catastrophic public health and economic consequences of a global pandemic created by COVID-19, it is unconscionable that illegal operators are reaping hundreds of millions of dollars in profits from California consumers without providing any tax revenue to support the needs of our state residents for public services and improving our economy.
(d) Leading economists and industry experts estimate a legal and regulated sports wagering market in California could generate billions of dollars in economic activity in the initial years, which would result in hundreds of millions of dollars in new annual tax revenue for the State of California. This revenue is currently lost to illegal betting promoters and could instead be paid by regulated sports wagering entities and used to fund vital public services, including health care and first responders.
(e) This act amends the State Constitution to allow the replacement of unregulated, and untaxed operators with a safe, legal online and mobile sports wagering market that is honest, regulated, and taxed. These amendments are necessary to reinvigorate California’s economy as well as to protect Californians and athletic contests from the risks of cheating and criminal influence inherent in today’s illegal sports wagering market.
(f) This act would enable the State of California to capture hundreds of millions of dollars in revenue for the benefit of Californians as we seek to recover from the health and economic damage caused by COVID-19, dollars that are currently bolstering the profits of illegal, out-of-state sports wagering operators. Experts estimate that legalizing sports wagering will generate billions of dollars in new revenue in the coming years that we can use to combat the damage caused to our state by COVID-19.
(g) Californians 21 years of age or older should have the choice to participate in legal sports wagering offered by highly regulated and safe entities that are experienced in gaming operations and are in good standing with the appropriate federal, state, and local regulatory agencies.
(h) In keeping with our California values of protecting our children and young people, sports wagering must be tightly regulated. It must be limited to only adults 21 years of age or older. Accordingly, there shall be no advertising or marketing of sports wagering directed to children.
(i) To prevent the exploitation of animals, sports wagering will not be allowed on any currently prohibited form of animal contests, such as greyhound or other dog races.
(j) A well supervised sports wagering system will limit sports wagering to highly regulated and safe facilities that are experienced in gambling operations and with the financial resources to responsibly operate the activity. The best entities to safely operate sports wagering are Indian casinos and racetrack operators. In order to ensure that the intent and purposes of the act are fulfilled, sports wagering operators must be required to perform annual audits and publicly report their findings to state regulators.
(k) Since 2000, California tribal governments have operated Indian casinos on their own tribal lands, generating much-needed resources to help reverse the brutal history endured by California Native Americans. These resources have allowed California tribes to provide services including health care, schools, scholarships, cultural resource protection, fire services, law enforcement services, water systems, environmental protection, and more. Importantly, in the last 20 years, California tribes have shared more than $1 billion in revenues with nongaming tribes to help strengthen tribal communities.
(l) In 2016, Indian gaming in California directly and indirectly generated the following total economic and fiscal impacts on the California economy: 124,300 jobs; $20 billion in output; $9 billion in wages to employees; $3.4 billion in taxes and revenue sharing payments to federal, state, and local governments, including nearly $1 billion to the State of California and $378,000,000 to local governments.
(m) Horse racing represents one of the oldest forms of wagering, existing in California for almost a century. Over 17,000 licensed jobs are tied to the horse racing industry. According to the California Horse Racing Board, over $3 billion is wagered each year. This brings in millions of dollars in revenue to the state, to the world’s premier equine chemistry laboratory, the Kenneth L. Maddy Equine Analytical Chemistry Laboratory at the University of California, Davis, and to local governments from sales taxes.
(n) This act will ensure that sports wagering is regulated and taxed, so adults who choose to participate in this activity can do so legally, while raising revenue for education, public safety, and mental health, ensuring strong consumer protections especially for children, and strengthening enforcement of gambling laws.
Third—
 That the Legislature declares the purpose of this act is to regulate and tax sports wagering in California, including sports wagering offered over the internet, and to strengthen California’s gambling regulations and safeguards as follows:
(a) By regulating and taxing sports wagering, including sports wagering offered over the internet, to take sports wagering out of the black market, and to create a regulatory structure that prevents access by minors and protects public safety by allowing sports wagering at highly regulated and safe facilities that are experienced in gaming operations.
(b) By permitting tribal governments to offer sports wagering, including sports wagering offered over the internet through platform providers, after negotiations pursuant to state and federal law, as tribal governments have an expertise in gaming operations and possess the financial resources to responsibly operate sports wagering.
(c) By permitting racetrack operators to offer sports wagering, including offering sports wagering over the internet, as these operators are also highly regulated and are experienced in live and online gaming operations.
(d) By ensuring that these facilities and operators are in good standing with the appropriate federal, state, and local regulatory agencies.
(e) By creating strict consumer protections to promote responsible sports wagering and protect children and public health, including, without limitation, all of the following:
(1) Requiring adults 21 years of age or older to be physically present in a facility to place sports wagers or to be age verified if placing a wager over the internet.
(2) Only permitting sports wagering by those 21 years of age or older to safeguard against underage gambling.
(3) Prohibiting the marketing and advertising of sports wagering intended to appeal to persons younger than 21 years of age.
(4) Permitting sports wagering only on professional, college, or amateur sport or athletic events.
(5) Prohibiting wagering on any high school sports or athletic events to protect our students.
(6) Prohibiting wagering on any currently illegal sporting event or contest, including, but not limited to, animal races, such as greyhound or other dog races, to prevent the exploitation of animals.
(f) By imposing a 15 percent tax on sports wagering activity conducted by racetrack operators to assist the state in recovering from the health and economic damage caused by COVID-19, to fund programs related to problem gambling prevention, implement oversight of sports wagering, and help finance the state’s general fund priorities related to education, public health, and public safety.
(g) By imposing a 15 percent tax on sports wagering activity facilitated by online platform providers that are authorized by tribal governments, to assist the state in recovering from the health and economic damage caused by COVID-19, to fund programs related to problem gambling prevention, implement oversight of sports wagering, and help finance the state’s general fund priorities related to education, public health, and public safety.
(h) By requiring an audit of sports wagering revenue to ensure this revenue is spent properly and effectively.
(i) By clarifying existing state gambling policies, statutes, and rules applicable to California’s licensed and regulated cardrooms to ensure that all establishments that offer gambling opportunities play by the rules and follow the law. These clarifications will help to ensure that all lawful gambling is free from criminal and corruptive elements, that it is conducted honestly and competitively by suitable operators, and that all gambling enterprises are held accountable for compliance.
(j) By ensuring that establishments that offer legal sports wagering play by the rules, by making them subject to appropriate audit standards.

Fourth—

 That Section 19 of Article IV thereof is amended to read:

SEC. 19.
 (a) The Legislature has no power to authorize lotteries, and shall prohibit the sale of lottery tickets in the State.
(b) The Legislature may provide for the regulation of horse races and horse race meetings and wagering on the results.
(c) Notwithstanding subdivision (a), the Legislature by statute may authorize cities and counties to provide for bingo games, but only for charitable purposes.
(d) Notwithstanding subdivision (a), there is authorized the establishment of a California State Lottery.
(e) The Legislature has no power to authorize, and shall prohibit, casinos of the type currently operating in Nevada and New Jersey.
(f) (1)  Notwithstanding subdivisions (a) and (e), and any other provision of  state law, the Governor is authorized to negotiate and conclude compacts, subject to ratification by the Legislature, for the operation of slot machines and for the conduct of lottery games  games, onsite sports wagering,  and banking and percentage card games  games, including those played with cards, dice, or a roulette wheel,  by federally recognized Indian tribes on Indian lands in California in accordance with federal law. Accordingly, slot machines, lottery games, onsite sports wagering,  and banking and percentage card games  games, including those played with cards, dice, or a roulette wheel,  are hereby permitted to be conducted and operated on tribal lands subject to those compacts. All amendments to tribal-state gaming compacts to permit onsite sports wagering shall, pursuant to the Indian Gaming Regulatory Act of 1988, include provisions for compensation for actual regulatory costs incurred by the state related to sports wagering operated pursuant to this paragraph. 
(2) A federally recognized Indian tribe may also offer online sports wagering if offered through an independent online sports wagering platform that provides sports wagering on behalf of the tribe in accordance with subdivision (j).
(f) (g)  Notwithstanding subdivision (a), the Legislature may authorize private, nonprofit, eligible organizations, as defined by the Legislature, to conduct raffles as a funding mechanism to provide support for their own or another private, nonprofit, eligible organization’s beneficial and charitable works, provided that (1) at least 90 percent of the gross receipts from the raffle go directly to beneficial or charitable purposes in California, and (2) any person who receives compensation in connection with the operation of a raffle is an employee of the private nonprofit organization that is conducting the raffle. The Legislature, two-thirds of the membership of each house concurring, may amend the percentage of gross receipts required by this subdivision to be dedicated to beneficial or charitable purposes by means of a statute that is signed by the Governor.
(h) Notwithstanding subdivision (e) or any other provision of state law, licensed gambling establishments are authorized to offer games played with cards or tiles in which participants who are present wager against each other. Accordingly, a banking or percentage game does not include a game played in a licensed gambling establishment in which a participant known as the player-dealer wagers against the other participants, provided each participant is offered the opportunity to be the player-dealer.
(i) (1) Notwithstanding subdivisions (a) and (e), commencing on January 1, 2021, an approved racetrack operator may offer sports wagering.
(2) A sports wager authorized pursuant to this subdivision shall be physically placed by the bettor, and accepted by the operator, within a designated building of a race track for which the approved racetrack operator has been licensed by the California Horse Racing Board during the preceding 18 months and at one licensed satellite wagering facility authorized by each approved racetrack operator which has operated as a satellite wagering facility for the immediately preceding 18 months.
(3) Each racetrack and licensed satellite wagering facility authorized to offer sports wagering may also offer online sports wagering at one internet website each, if offered through an independent online sports wagering platform that offers sports wagering on behalf of the facility.
(4) As used in this subdivision, an approved racetrack operator means an operator licensed by the California Horse Racing Board during the 2019 calendar year to conduct live horse race meetings at racing tracks located in the County of Alameda, Los Angeles, Orange, or San Diego and operated by a private entity, including a private entity operating on a state fairground within one of those counties, and does not include the racing track of a state designated fair as defined in Section 19418 of the Business and Professions Code as that section read on January l, 2020.
(j) (1) Sports wagering offered by an approved racetrack operator pursuant to subdivision (i) or a federally recognized Indian tribe pursuant to subdivision (f), including sports wagering offered by an independent online sports wagering platform on behalf of those entities, shall be subject to the provisions of this subdivision.
(2) Any person placing a sports wager or collecting a win from a sports wager shall be 21 years of age or older.
(3) Sports wagering shall not be displayed or represented in a manner that mimics a slot machine or any other casino-style game, including, but not limited to, blackjack, roulette, or craps.
(4) No wagering on the officiating of any sport event or whether injuries may or may not occur during any sporting event shall be permitted.
(5) Marketing or advertising of sports wagering that is attractive to children or is intended to encourage persons under 21 years of age to engage in sports wagering shall be prohibited.
(6) Official league or association data shall be used for the purposes of live betting, unless such data cannot be provided in a reasonably timely manner and in accordance with commercially reasonable terms.
(7) Providers shall cooperate with leagues and associations in barring any individual from participating in sports wagering whose participation the league or association believes may harm the integrity of the sport or be unfair to consumers.
(8) The Bureau of Gambling Control within the Department of Justice shall perform all investigatory and auditing functions over facilities that operate sports wagering, unless otherwise provided in a tribal-state compact.
(9) (A) Onsite sports wagering conducted pursuant to subdivision (i) shall be taxed at a rate of 10 percent of gross gaming revenue.
(B) Online sports wagering conducted pursuant to subdivision (f) or (i) shall be taxed at a rate of 15 percent of gross gaming revenue.
(C) In addition to the taxes prescribed by this paragraph, each approved racetrack operator shall remit 1 percent of their gross gaming revenue from all sports wagering, and each federally recognized Indian tribe shall remit 1 percent of their gross gaming revenue from online sports wagering, to fund problem gambling programs. The total amount collected from all operators pursuant to this subparagraph shall not exceed 10 million dollars ($10,000,000).
(D) Each online sports wagering platform shall pay an annual fee of one million dollars ($1,000,000), as well as a one-time fee of five million dollars ($5,000,000) for each entity for which it provides online sports wagering.
(E) All funds collected pursuant to this paragraph shall be deposited in the California Sports Wagering Fund, which is hereby created in the State Treasury.
(F) Moneys in the California Sports Wagering Fund, less those remitted pursuant to subparagraph (C) for problem gambling programs, and less the regulatory costs associated with sports wagering, shall be appropriated by the Legislature to assist the state in recovering from the health and economic damage caused by the COVID-19 pandemic and to fund priorities related to education, public health, and public safety.
(10) The Legislature shall enact those statutes necessary to implement sports wagering pursuant to this section, including consumer protection and anticorruption measures.
(11) As used in this subdivision and subdivisions (f) and (i), the following terms have the following meanings:
(A) “Gross gaming revenue” means an amount equal to the total of all wagers placed with a sports wagering operator less the total of all moneys paid as winnings to persons who placed wagers with a sports wagering operator.
(B) “Online sports wagering” means sports wagering in which a person places a wager remotely through the use of an internet website, mobile device application, or remote terminal.
(C) “Sporting event” means any professional, college, or amateur sport or athletic event, but shall not include any high school sport or athletic event, any sport or athletic event that has already been completed, or any horse race or horse race meeting.
(D) “Sports wagering” means wagering on the results of any sporting event.