Today's Law As Amended

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SB-756 Charter schools: moratorium.(2019-2020)



SECTION 1.
 (a) It is the intent of the Legislature in enacting this measure to establish a moratorium on new charter schools, to evaluate the effects of the moratorium, and to lift the charter school moratorium upon completion of the evaluation.
(b) It is further the intent of the Legislature that the report and recommendations from the Superintendent of Public Instruction’s charter school task force on the impact of charter schools be reviewed and evaluated before lifting the charter school moratorium.
(c) It is further the intent of the Legislature in enacting this measure to promote the value that the primary function of charter schools is to establish locally driven pedagogical innovation that supports California’s system of public education and does not replace or undermine it. Establishment of a charter school moratorium provides time to reconsider whether the current regulatory framework for charter schools is promoting this value.

SEC. 2.

 Section 47602.1 is added to the Education Code, to read:

47602.1.
 (a) Notwithstanding any other law, the approval of a petition for the establishment of a new charter school is prohibited until January 1, 2022.
(b) It is the intent of the Legislature to enact legislation that contains the following policies:
(1) A charter school proposed to be located within a school district shall be approved only by the governing board of that school district.
(2) The governing board of a school district shall have complete discretion regarding which schools of the school district and charter schools to place within its jurisdiction.
(3) A charter school shall not locate within a school district without the consent of that school district if the charter school was approved by a jurisdiction other than that school district.
(4) The overall financial, academic, and facilities impact on the schools of the school district shall be considered before a new charter school is approved by a school district.
(5) Statewide and school district charter school caps shall be established that create reasonable limits in order to preserve the viability and success of existing schools of a school district.

SEC. 3.

 Section 47602.2 is added to the Education Code, to read:

47602.2.
 (a) By January 1, 2022, the Legislative Analyst’s Office shall publicly issue a report that answers all of the following questions:
(1) Are charter schools serving similar numbers of English learners and pupils with disabilities as schools of a school district? Does the racial and ethnic balance of charter schools mirror that of schools of a school district? Which pupils with disabilities are being served and which are being excluded? Which foster children and homeless children are being served and which are being excluded? What is happening to the pupils who are excluded?
(2) Has the charter school moratorium led to fewer school closures and program cuts, especially in school districts in which a majority of pupils are pupils of color?
(3) Do charter schools have a higher rate of pupil attrition than schools of a school district?
(4) How have innovative practices been shared between charter schools and schools of a school district? What was learned and how will the new practice be incorporated into the broader learning community?
(5) How many charter schools are still colocated on the campus of a school of a school district? Has the number been reduced? How have colocations impacted the educational experience of pupils?
(6) Has the moratorium decreased the negative fiscal impact of charter schools on school districts and the state?
(7) Should California lift the charter school moratorium?
(8) If the policies identified in subdivision (b) of Section 47602.1 are enacted, what other impacts on California’s system of public education would each policy change create?
(b) This section shall remain in effect only until January 1, 2026, and as of that date is repealed.