Today's Law As Amended


PDF |Add To My Favorites |Track Bill | print page

AB-736 Employee classification: professional classification: specified educational employees.(2019-2020)



As Amends the Law Today
As Amends the Law on Sep 10, 2020


SECTION 1.

 Section 515.7 is added to the Labor Code, to read:

515.7.
 (a) If an employee is employed to provide instruction for a course or laboratory at an independent institution of higher education, as defined in subdivision (b) of Section 66010 of the Education Code, the employee shall be classified as employed in a professional capacity under Wage Order No. 4-2001 of the Industrial Welfare Commission, or under Wage Order No. 5-2001 of the Industrial Welfare Commission, and shall be exempt from paragraphs (2), (3), and (9) of subdivision (a) of Section 226, and Sections 510 and 512, when all of the following apply:
(1) The employee is employed in a professional capacity. For the purpose of this section, an employee shall be considered to be employed in a professional capacity under Wage Order No. 4-2001 or Wage Order No. 5-2001, notwithstanding clauses (a) and (d) of subparagraph (3) of paragraph (A) of Section 1 of Wage Order 4 and clauses (a) and (d) of subparagraph (3) of paragraph (B) of Section 1 of Wage Order 5, if:
(A) The employee is primarily engaged in an occupation commonly recognized as a learned or artistic profession; and
(B) The employee customarily and regularly exercises discretion and independent judgment in the performance of duties set forth in subparagraph (A).
(C) For the purposes of this paragraph, “learned or artistic profession” means an employee who is primarily engaged in the performance of:
(i) Work requiring knowledge of an advanced type in a field or science or learning customarily acquired by a prolonged course of specialized intellectual instruction and study, as distinguished from a general academic education and from an apprenticeship, and from training in the performance of routine mental, manual, or physical processes, or work that is an essential part of or necessarily incident to any of the above work; or
(ii) Work that is original and creative in character in a recognized field of artistic endeavor, as opposed to work which can be produced by a person endowed with general manual or intellectual ability and training, and the result of which depends primarily on the invention, imagination, or talent of the employee or work that is an essential part of or necessarily incident to any of the above work; and
(iii) Whose work is predominantly intellectual and varied in character, as opposed to routine mental, manual, mechanical, or physical work, and is of such character that the output produced or the result accomplished cannot be standardized in relation to a given period of time.
(2) The employee is paid on a salary basis, as defined by Section 541.602 of Title 29 of the Code of Federal Regulations, and receives one of the following minimum compensations:
(A) A monthly salary equivalent to no less than two times the state minimum wage for employment in which the employee is employed for at least 40 hours per week.
(B) When employed per course or laboratory, a salary for a course or laboratory that is calculated on the basis of classroom hours as set forth in subdivision (b).
(C) When employed under a collective bargaining agreement, payment pursuant to that collective bargaining agreement, if the classification of employment in a professional capacity is expressly included in the collective bargaining agreement in clear and unambiguous terms. The requirements of Section 514 that mandate provisions of a collective bargaining agreement shall not apply.
(b) The minimum salary required by subparagraph (B) of paragraph (2) of subdivision (a) shall be calculated using classroom hours as follows:
(1) The minimum payment that is calculated using classroom hours shall encompass payment for all classroom or laboratory time, preparation, grading, office hours, and other course- or laboratory-related work for that course or laboratory and no separate payment shall be required. The following minimum rates shall be used in this calculation:
(A) For each classroom hour in 2020: one hundred seventeen dollars ($117).
(B) For each classroom hour in 2021: one hundred twenty-six dollars ($126).
(C) For each classroom hour in 2022: one hundred thirty-five dollars ($135).
(D) For each classroom hour in 2023 and each year thereafter: a percentage increase to the rate described in subparagraph (C) that is equal to the percentage increase to the state minimum wage calculated in accordance with subdivision (c) of Section 1182.12.
(2) Notwithstanding paragraph (1), if a laboratory, art studio course, clinical course, or other nonlecture course has more classroom hours than a lecture-based course with the same number of units at the institution, the minimum salary required by subparagraph (B) of paragraph (2) of subdivision (a) for the laboratory, art studio course, clinical course, or other nonlecture course shall be that of the lecture-based course with the same number of units.
(3) The minimum rate of pay for per course or laboratory compensation is for course-related work only. Employees shall be compensated separately for other non-course-related work on behalf of the employer, which shall not affect the employee’s classification as an exempt employee.
(4) For purposes of this section, “classroom hour” means the time spent in the primary forum of the course or laboratory, regardless of whether the forum is in-person or virtual.
SEC. 2.
 This act is an urgency statute necessary for the immediate preservation of the public peace, health, or safety within the meaning of Article IV of the California Constitution and shall go into immediate effect. The facts constituting the necessity are:
To ensure the continued ability for non-profit, independent institution of higher education to provide education and training in critical fields of employment, it is necessary for this act to take effect immediately.