Today's Law As Amended

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AB-302 Parking: homeless students.(2019-2020)



SECTION 1.
 (a) The Legislature finds and declares all of the following:
(1) The state is experiencing a moral failure in that community college students are being forced to live in their vehicles as a result of the state’s homelessness and housing crises.
(2) A recent report released by the Office of the Chancellor of the California Community Colleges and the Hope Center for College, Community, and Justice, which surveyed nearly 40,000 students at 57 community colleges, found that 19 percent of the survey’s respondents experienced homelessness in the previous year.
(3) Short-term approaches to address the state’s homelessness and housing crises are not intended to supplant planning, financing, and facilitating long-term solutions to preventing and ending homelessness.
(b) It is the intent of the Legislature that until sufficient housing is constructed to address the state’s homelessness and housing crises, safe parking programs should be considered as one of many short-term approaches to creating a safe space for unsheltered homeless persons, including homeless community college students.

SEC. 2.

 Section 76012 is added to the Education Code, to read:

76012.
 (a) If a community college campus has parking facilities on campus, the governing board of the community college district shall grant overnight access to those facilities to any homeless student for the purpose of sleeping in the student’s vehicle overnight, provided that the student is enrolled in coursework, has paid enrollment fees if not waived, and is in good standing with the community college district without requiring the student to enroll in additional courses.
(b) The governing board of the community college district shall, with the participation of student representatives, determine a plan of action to implement subdivision (a) that includes, but is not limited to, all of the following:
(1) A definition of homeless student that is based on the definition of homeless youth specified in the federal McKinney-Vento Homeless Assistance Act (42 U.S.C. Sec. 11434a(2)), and reflects the age of the homeless student population at the community college campus.
(2) Overnight parking facilities monitoring and a procedure for reporting and responding to threats to the safety of a student participating in overnight parking.
(3) An overnight parking form that must be completed by any homeless student seeking to access the overnight parking facilities. The community college district shall clearly and conspicuously indicate on the form that the district cannot ensure the safety of a student who participates in overnight parking.
(4) Designation of a specific parking area or areas for overnight parking.
(5) Accessible bathroom facilities that are in reasonable proximity to the parking area or areas designated pursuant to paragraph (4).
(6) A waiver of parking assessment fees for the overnight parking facilities.
(7) Overnight parking rules that a participating student shall follow when using the overnight parking facilities, including a zero tolerance policy for the use of drugs or alcohol.
(8) Hours of operation for the overnight parking facilities.
(9) A requirement that a participating student be enrolled in, at minimum, six units per semester, or the quarterly equivalent, to use the overnight parking facilities.
(10) A procedure for registering and verifying the identity of an eligible student and the student’s vehicle. This information shall be used exclusively for the purpose of implementing overnight parking, and shall not be disclosed for any other purpose, except pursuant to a particularized court-issued warrant.
(11) A procedure for identifying a participating student who has engaged in behavior that poses a substantial threat to the physical safety of other participating students and, as necessary, warning the student to correct the student’s behavior or revoking the student’s eligibility to participate in overnight parking on a temporary or permanent basis.
(c) Upon establishing a plan of action pursuant to subdivision (b), the community college district shall develop a document that clearly and concisely describes the rules and procedures established pursuant to subdivision (b). This document shall be provided to participating students. This document shall be available at the overnight parking facility in paper form, or posted conspicuously on the internet website of the community college campus in which the facility is located.
(d) A community college district that implements overnight parking that complies with the requirements of subdivisions (b) and (c) is not civilly liable for a district employee’s good faith act or omission that fails to prevent an injury to a participating student that occurs in, or in close proximity to, and during the hours of operation of, overnight parking. This immunity does not apply to gross negligence, intentional misconduct, or violations of other provisions of law.
(e) It is the intent of the Legislature that homeless students who use the overnight parking facilities shall be connected to available state, county, community college district, and community-based housing, food, and financial assistance resources.
(f) Commencing on or before July 1, 2021, the governing board of the community college district shall implement subdivisions (a) and (b).
(g) (1) On or before October 1, 2022, the governing board of the community college district shall report to the Office of the Chancellor of the California Community Colleges on the use of the overnight parking facilities by its homeless students, the number of homeless students served by the overnight parking facilities, the socioeconomic and demographic backgrounds of these students, other housing services offered to its homeless students, challenges and best practices in the operation of the overnight parking facilities, and whether students who used the overnight parking facilities remained enrolled or graduated from a campus maintained by the district.
(2) The data and information reported pursuant to paragraph (1) shall be disaggregated by campus if the district maintains multiple campuses offering overnight parking facilities.
(h) On or before January 31, 2023, the chancellor’s office shall develop and submit to the Governor and the Legislature, pursuant to Section 9795 of the Government Code, a systemwide report based on the data and information reported by districts pursuant to subdivision (g).
(i) The chancellor’s office shall conduct a student homelessness survey and shall release the results of the survey on or before April 1, 2023.
(j) This section shall not apply to a community college campus described in Section 76012.5.
(k) This section shall remain in effect only until December 31, 2023, and as of that date is repealed.

SEC. 3.

 Section 76012.5 is added to the Education Code, to read:

76012.5.
 (a) (1) Section 76012 shall not apply to a community college campus providing at least one of the following services to its homeless students commencing on or before July 1, 2021:
(A) Emergency grants that are necessary to secure, or prevent the imminent loss of, housing.
(B) Hotel vouchers through a public agency or community organization.
(C) Rapid rehousing referral services.
(2) A community college campus described in paragraph (1) shall do all of the following:
(A) Send a stand-alone email to every student enrolled at the campus at the beginning of each semester or quarter describing available student housing services, and provide a description of these services at every student orientation at the campus.
(B) Provide a housing assistance tab that is clearly visible and easily accessible from a drop-down menu on the home page of the campus’s internet website.
(C) (i) On or before January 1, 2022, report to the Office of the Chancellor of the California Community Colleges on the implementation of the services described in paragraph (1). The report shall include, but not be limited to, all of the following:
(I) The number of homeless students served by the services.
(II) The socioeconomic and demographic backgrounds of these students.
(III) Challenges and best practices in the implementation of the services.
(IV) Whether students who used the services remained enrolled or graduated from a campus maintained by the district.
(V) Other housing services offered to the campus’s homeless students.
(ii) The data and information reported pursuant to subclauses (I) to (IV), inclusive, of clause (i) shall be disaggregated by each service specified in subparagraphs (A) to (C), inclusive, of paragraph (1).
(b) Section 76012 shall not apply to community college parking facilities located within 250 feet of an elementary school.
(c) On or before April 30, 2022, the chancellor’s office shall develop and submit to the Governor and the Legislature, pursuant to Section 9795 of the Government Code, a report based on the data and information reported by colleges pursuant to subparagraph (C) of paragraph (2) of subdivision (a).
(d) This section shall remain in effect only until December 31, 2023, and as of that date is repealed.
SEC. 4.
 If the Commission on State Mandates determines that this act contains costs mandated by the state, reimbursement to local agencies and school districts for those costs shall be made pursuant to Part 7 (commencing with Section 17500) of Division 4 of Title 2 of the Government Code.