Today's Law As Amended

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AB-129 Microfiber pollution.(2019-2020)



SECTION 1.
 (a) The Legislature finds and declares all of the following:
(1) Microfiber is a subcategory of microplastic that is shed from synthetic fabric when that fabric is washed.
(2) These small, nondegradable fibers that are less than 5 millimeters in length are a major category of plastic pollution in water, pose a serious threat to the environment, and have been found within fish and shellfish that are consumed by humans.
(3) Garments made from synthetic fabrics, such as polyester, can shed up to 1,900 microfibers per wash.
(4) Polyester is the most widely used fiber in the textiles industry and accounts for about 50 percent of the total fiber market.
(5) Effluent from washing machines and wastewater treatment plants is a significant source of microfiber pollution that enters waterways and the ocean.
(b) It is therefore the intent of the Legislature to enact legislation to do all of the following:
(1) Recognize the emerging threat that microfibers pose to the environment and water quality.
(2) Provide information to the general public about the sources of microfiber pollution.
(3) Reduce the amount of microfiber that enters the environment and is subsequently consumed by wildlife.

SEC. 2.

 Section 116376.5 is added to the Health and Safety Code, to read:

116376.5.
 (a) On or before July 1, 2020, the state board shall do all of the following:
(1) Adopt a standard methodology to be used in evaluating residential microfiber filtration systems and publish the filtration efficiency of various filtration systems.
(2) Adopt a methodology to quantify the amount of microfibers shed from individual garments and test a representative sample of clothing products to determine the amount of shedding that occurs from different clothing products.
(b) Based on its findings from the actions taken pursuant to subdivision (a), the state board shall identify best practices for clothing manufacturers to reduce the amount of microfibers released into the environment.

SEC. 3.

 Chapter 10 (commencing with Section 119450) is added to Part 15 of Division 104 of the Health and Safety Code, to read:

CHAPTER  10. Microfiber Pollution
119450.
 (a) (1) On or before January 1, 2020, a public entity that uses a laundry system, and a private entity that contracts with a state agency for laundry services, shall install a filtration system to capture microfibers that are shed during washing.
(2) On or before January 1, 2021, a private entity that uses an industrial or commercial laundry system shall install a filtration system to capture microfibers that are shed during washing.
(b) For purposes of this section, the following terms have the following meanings:
(1) “Public entity” means a state agency and a city, county, public district, or other political subdivision of the state.
(2) “State agency” means a state office, officer, department, division, bureau, board, council, commission, or other state agency, including the California State University and the University of California.
SEC. 4.
 If the Commission on State Mandates determines that this act contains costs mandated by the state, reimbursement to local agencies and school districts for those costs shall be made pursuant to Part 7 (commencing with Section 17500) of Division 4 of Title 2 of the Government Code.