Today's Law As Amended

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SB-563 Residential wood smoke.(2017-2018)



SECTION 1.
 The Legislature finds and declares all of the following:
(a) Residential wood combustion is forecast to be the largest individual source of anthropogenic black carbon in 2030 if no new programs are implemented.
(b) Residential wood combustion produces greenhouse gases, fine particulate matter, black carbon, carbon monoxide, volatile organic compounds, and hazardous air pollutants, such as benzene and formaldehyde.
(c) These emissions have serious health and quality of life impacts. These include increased risk of asthma attacks, respiratory diseases, heart attacks, premature death, and lung cancer as well as slowed lung growth and development in children. At the greatest risk of exposure from particulate matter 2.5 microns and smaller in size are people with existing heart or lung conditions, such as older adults, children, pregnant women, people of color, and people living in lower socioeconomic conditions.
(d) The federal Environmental Protection Agency estimates that, if all of the old woodstoves in the United States were replaced with cleaner-burning hearth appliances, an estimated $56 to $126 billion in health benefits per year would be realized.
(e) Reductions from woodstoves and fireplaces are necessary to meet the state’s target of reducing black carbon emissions by 50 percent and methane by 40 percent below 2013 levels, pursuant to Section 39730.5 of the Health and Safety Code, as well as to meet federal ambient air quality standards for fine particulate matter.
(f) While a number of air pollution control and air quality management districts have residential wood combustion rules and strategies to reduce exposure to wood smoke pollution, it is important for the state to both ensure the strongest possible performance and efficiency standards for new residential wood-burning devices and to continue to advance the cleanest home heating options, such as electric heat pumps.
(g) It is crucial for the state to make adequate monetary incentives available that allow residents in all regions of the state to replace old devices with cleaner burning, more energy-efficient heating alternatives to achieve substantial emissions reductions with a priority on funding the cleanest available home heating devices, including electric heat pumps.

SEC. 2.

 Section 39733 is added to the Health and Safety Code, to read:

39733.
 (a) The Woodsmoke Reduction Program is hereby established to be developed and administered by the state board, in coordination with districts, to promote the voluntary replacement of old, uncertified wood-burning stoves with cleaner burning and more energy-efficient alternatives in order to achieve short- and long-term climate benefits and localized public health benefits. The program shall include all of the following:
(1) Replacement of older, less efficient, uncertified wood-burning devices, including, but not limited to, woodstoves and wood inserts, with cleaner burning, more efficient home heating alternatives.
(2) Prioritizing using incentive moneys on the most efficient, nonwood-burning devices, including, but not limited to, heat pumps and solar, electric, and natural gas heaters.
(3) Prioritizing the cleanest and best available technologies if nonwood alternatives are infeasible or cost prohibitive, including education on proper burn practices to reduce emissions when wood is used.
(4) Opportunities for demonstrating and providing information about the cleanest residential heating technologies as part of outreach efforts.
(5) Requirements for the professional installation of new devices being changed out in order to maximize energy efficiency and minimize emissions.
(b) Moneys for the program shall be available to the state board, upon appropriation by the Legislature, including, but not limited to, moneys from the Greenhouse Gas Reduction Fund, created pursuant to Section 16428.8 of the Government Code.
SEC. 3.
 If the Commission on State Mandates determines that this act contains costs mandated by the state, reimbursement to local agencies and school districts for those costs shall be made pursuant to Part 7 (commencing with Section 17500) of Division 4 of Title 2 of the Government Code.