Today's Law As Amended

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AB-450 Employment regulation: immigration worksite enforcement actions.(2017-2018)



SECTION 1.

 Section 90.1 is added to the Labor Code, to read:

90.1.
 (a) Except as otherwise required by federal law, an employer, or a person acting on behalf of the employer, shall not provide access to a federal government immigration enforcement agent to any nonpublic areas of a place of labor without a judicial warrant.
(b) An employer who violates subdivision (a) shall be subject to a civil penalty of not less than two thousand dollars ($2,000) or more than five thousand dollars ($5,000) for a first violation and not less than five thousand dollars ($5,000) or more than ten thousand dollars ($10,000) for each subsequent violation. The penalty shall be recoverable by the Labor Commissioner. The Labor Commissioner may lower or waive the civil penalty if a federal government immigration enforcement agent accesses the nonpublic areas of a place of labor without the consent of the owner or other person in control of the place of labor.
(c) This section shall not preclude an employer or person acting on behalf of an employer from taking the federal government immigration enforcement agent to a nonpublic area, where employees are not present, for the purpose of verifying whether the federal government immigration enforcement agent has a judicial warrant, provided no consent to search nonpublic areas is given in the process.
(d) This section applies to public and private employers.

SEC. 2.

 Section 90.2 is added to the Labor Code, to read:

90.2.
 (a) Except as otherwise provided by federal law, an employer, or a person acting on behalf of the employer, shall not provide voluntary access to a federal immigration enforcement agent to the employer’s employee records, including, but not limited to, I-9 Employment Eligibility Verification forms, without a subpoena.
(b) An employer who violates subdivision (a) shall be subject to a civil penalty of not less than two thousand dollars ($2,000) or more than five thousand dollars ($5,000) for a first violation and not less than five thousand dollars ($5,000) or more than ten thousand dollars ($10,000) for each subsequent violation. The penalty shall be recoverable by the Labor Commissioner.
(c) This section applies to public and private employers.

SEC. 3.

 Section 90.25 is added to the Labor Code, to read:

90.25.
 (a) (1) Except as prohibited by federal law, an employer shall provide a written notice to each current employee, by the method and in the language the employer normally uses to communicate employment-related information to the employee, of any inspections of I-9 Employment Eligibility Verification forms or other employment records conducted by a federal immigration agency within 72 hours of receiving notice of the inspection. Written notice shall also be given within 72 hours to the employee’s authorized representative, if any. The notice shall contain the following information:
(A) The name of the federal immigration agency conducting the inspections of I-9 Employment Eligibility Verification forms or other employment records.
(B) The date that the employer received notice of the inspection.
(C) The nature of the inspection to the extent known.
(D) A copy of the notice of inspection of I-9 Employment Eligibility Verification forms or other employment records to be conducted.
(E) Any other information that the Labor Commissioner deems material and necessary.
(2) On or before July 1, 2018, the Labor Commissioner shall develop a form that employers may use to comply with the requirements of subdivision (a) to inform employees of a notice of inspection to be conducted of I-9 Employment Eligibility Verification forms or other employment records conducted by a federal immigration agency. The form shall be available on the Labor Commissioner’s website so that it is accessible to any employer.
(b) (1) Except as prohibited by federal law, an employer shall provide to each current affected employee, and to the employee’s authorized representative, if any, a copy of the written federal government immigration agency notice that provides the results of the inspection of I-9 Employment Eligibility Verification forms or other employment records within 72 hours of its receipt of the notice. Within 72 hours of its receipt of this notice, the employer shall also provide to each affected employee, and to the affected employee’s authorized representative, if any, written notice of the obligations of the employer and the affected employee arising from the results of the inspection of I-9 Employment Eligibility Verification forms or other employment records. The notice shall relate to the affected employee only and shall be delivered by hand at the workplace if possible and, if hand delivery is not possible, by mail and email, if the email address of the employee is known, and to the employee’s authorized representative. The notice shall contain the following information:
(A) A description of any and all deficiencies or other items identified in the written federal immigration inspection results notice.
(B) The time period for correcting any potential deficiencies identified by the federal immigration agency.
(C) The time and date of any meeting with the employer to correct any identified deficiencies.
(D) Notice that the employee has the right to representation during any meeting scheduled with the employer.
(E) Any other information that the Labor Commissioner deems material and necessary.
(2) For purposes of this subdivision, an “affected employee” is an employee identified by the federal government immigration agency inspection results to be an employee who may lack work authorization, or an employee whose work authorization documents have been identified by the federal government immigration agency inspection to have deficiencies.
(c) An employer who fails to provide the notices required by this section shall be subject to a civil penalty of not less than two thousand dollars ($2,000) or more than five thousand dollars ($5,000) for a first violation and not less than five thousand dollars ($5,000) or more than ten thousand dollars ($10,000) for each subsequent violation. This section does not require a penalty to be imposed upon an employer or person who fails to provide notice to an employee at the express and specific direction or request of the federal government. The penalty shall be recoverable by the Labor Commissioner.
(d) For purposes of this section, an “employee’s authorized representative” means a collective bargaining representative.
(e) This section applies to public and private employers.

SEC. 4.

 Section 90.8 is added to the Labor Code, to read:

90.8.
 (a) This section applies to public and private employers.
(b) Except as prohibited by federal law, every employer shall notify the Labor Commissioner of any federal immigration agency immigration worksite enforcement action within 24 hours of receiving notice of the action from the federal immigration agency. Immigration worksite enforcement action includes audits or inspections of I-9 Employment Eligibility Verification forms or other employment records, worksite investigations, worksite interviews of employees, worksite raids, or any other immigration worksite enforcement action conducted by the federal immigration agency.
(c) Except as prohibited by federal law, if an employer does not receive advance notice of an immigration worksite enforcement action and a federal immigration agent appears on or near the employer’s place of employment, the employer shall immediately notify the Labor Commissioner and the employees’ authorized representative, if any, upon learning of the immigration worksite enforcement action.
(d) An employer who fails to provide a notice required by this section shall be subject to a civil penalty of not less than two thousand dollars ($2,000) or more than five thousand dollars ($5,000) for a first violation and not less than five thousand dollars ($5,000) or more than ten thousand dollars ($10,000) for each subsequent violation. This section does not require a penalty to be imposed upon an employer or person who fails to notify the Labor Commissioner of the immigration worksite enforcement action at the express and specific direction or request of the federal government or if otherwise required by federal law. The penalty shall be recoverable by the Labor Commissioner.
(e) For purposes of this section, an “employee’s authorized representative” means a collective bargaining representative.

SEC. 5.

 Section 90.9 is added to the Labor Code, to read:

90.9.
 (a) This section applies to public and private employers.
(b) Except as otherwise required by federal law, every employer shall notify the Labor Commissioner and the employee’s authorized representative, if any, before checking the employee work authorization documents of a current employee at a time or in a manner not required by Section 1324a(b) of Title 8 of the United States Code.
(c) An employer who fails to provide notice shall be subject to a civil penalty of not less than two thousand dollars ($2,000) or more than five thousand dollars ($5,000) for a first violation and not less than five thousand dollars ($5,000) or more than ten thousand dollars ($10,000) for each subsequent violation. This section does not require a penalty to be imposed upon an employer or person who fails to notify the Labor Commissioner of the immigration worksite enforcement action at the express and specific direction or request of the federal government or if otherwise required by federal law. The penalty shall be recoverable by the Labor Commissioner.
(d) For purposes of this section, an “employee’s authorized representative” means a collective bargaining representative.

SEC. 6.

 Section 98.85 is added to the Labor Code, to read:

98.85.
 If the Labor Commissioner determines that an employee complainant or employee witness is necessary to conduct an investigation or prosecution for the collection of wages, penalties, other compensation, or for the return of workers’ tools as set forth in Section 98.3, or that the employee is necessary to conduct an investigation or prosecution of a discrimination charge as set forth in Sections 98.6 and 98.7, the Labor Commissioner shall issue a certification to the employee complainant or employee witness stating that he or she has submitted a valid complaint for violations of this code and is cooperating in the investigation and prosecution of the violations.

SEC. 7.

 Section 1019.2 is added to the Labor Code, to read:

1019.2.
 (a) Except as otherwise required by federal law, a public or private employer, or a person acting on behalf of a public or private employer, shall not reverify the employment eligibility of a current employee at a time or in a manner not required by Section 1324a(b) of Title 8 of the United States Code.
(b) An employer who violates subdivision (a) shall be subject to a civil penalty of not less than two thousand dollars ($2,000) or more than five thousand dollars ($5,000) for a first violation and not less than five thousand dollars ($5,000) or more than ten thousand dollars ($10,000) for each subsequent violation. The penalty shall be recoverable by the Labor Commissioner.
SEC. 8.
 The provisions of this act are severable. If any provision of this act or its application is held invalid, that invalidity shall not affect other provisions or applications that can be given effect without the invalid provision or application.