Today's Law As Amended


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AB-2888 Gun violence restraining orders.(2017-2018)



As Amends the Law Today


SECTION 1.

 Section 18150 of the Penal Code is amended to read:

18150.
 (a) (1) An immediate family member of a person  member, an employer, a coworker, an employee of a secondary or postsecondary school that the person has attended in the last six months,  or a law enforcement officer may file a petition requesting that the court issue an ex parte gun violence restraining order enjoining the subject of the petition from having in their  his or her  custody or control, owning, purchasing, possessing, or receiving a firearm or ammunition.
(2) For purposes of this subdivision, “immediate family member” has the same meaning as in paragraph (3) of subdivision (b) of Section 422.4.
(3) This chapter does not require a person described in paragraph (1) to seek a gun violence restraining order.
(b) A court may issue an ex parte gun violence restraining order if the petition, supported by an affidavit made in writing and signed by the petitioner under oath, or an oral statement taken pursuant to subdivision (a) of Section 18155, and any additional information provided to the court shows that there is a substantial likelihood that both of the following are true:
(1) The subject of the petition poses a significant danger, in the near future, of causing personal injury to the subject of the petition  himself, herself,  or another by having in their  his or her  custody or control, owning, purchasing, possessing, or receiving a firearm as determined by considering the factors listed in Section 18155.
(2) An ex parte gun violence restraining order is necessary to prevent personal injury to the subject of the petition or another because less restrictive alternatives either have been tried and found to be ineffective, or are inadequate or inappropriate for the circumstances of the subject of the petition.
(c) An affidavit supporting a petition for the issuance of an ex parte gun violence restraining order shall set forth the facts tending to establish the grounds of the petition, or the reason for believing that they exist.
(d) An ex parte order under this chapter shall be issued or denied on the same day that the petition is submitted to the court, unless the petition is filed too late in the day to permit effective review, in which case the order shall be issued or denied on the next day of judicial business in sufficient time for the order to be filed that day with the clerk of the court.
(e) This section shall become inoperative on September 1, 2020, and, as of January 1, 2021, is repealed.

SEC. 2.

 Section 18170 of the Penal Code is amended to read:

18170.
 (a) (1) Any of the following individuals  An immediate family member, an employer, a coworker, an employee of a secondary or postsecondary school that the person has attended in the last six months, or a law enforcement officer  may request that a court, after notice and a hearing, issue a gun violence restraining order enjoining the subject of the petition from having in their  his or her  custody or control, owning, purchasing, possessing, or receiving a firearm or ammunition for a period of time between one to five years: one year. 
(A) An immediate family member of the subject of the petition.
(B) An employer of the subject of the petition.
(C) A coworker of the subject of the petition, if they have had substantial and regular interactions with the subject for at least one year and have obtained the approval of the employer.
(D) An employee or teacher of a secondary or postsecondary school that the subject has attended in the last six months, if the employee or teacher has obtained the approval of a school administrator or a school administration staff member with a supervisorial role.
(E) A law enforcement officer.
(2) This chapter does not require a person described in paragraph (1) to seek a gun violence restraining order.
(b) For purposes of this section, subdivision,  “immediate family member” has the same meaning as in paragraph (3) of subdivision (b) of Section 422.4.
(c) This section shall become operative on September 1, 2020.

SEC. 3.

 Section 18190 of the Penal Code is amended to read:

18190.
 (a) (1) An immediate family member of a restrained person  person, an employer, a coworker, an employee of a secondary or postsecondary school that the person has attended in the last six months,  or a law enforcement officer may request a renewal of a gun violence restraining order at any time within the three months before the expiration of a gun violence restraining order.
(2) For purposes of this subdivision, “immediate family member” has the same meaning as in paragraph (3) of subdivision (b) of Section 422.4.
(3) This chapter does not require a person described in paragraph (1) to seek a gun violence restraining order.
(b) A court may, after notice and a hearing, renew a gun violence restraining order issued under this chapter if the petitioner proves, by clear and convincing evidence, that paragraphs (1) and (2) of subdivision (b) of Section 18175 continue to be true.
(c) In determining whether to renew a gun violence restraining order issued under this chapter, the court shall consider evidence of the facts identified in paragraph (1) of subdivision (b) of Section 18155 and any other evidence of an increased risk for violence, including, but not limited to, evidence of any of the facts identified in paragraph (2) of subdivision (b) of Section 18155.
(d) At the hearing, the petitioner shall have the burden of proving, by clear and convincing evidence, that paragraphs (1) and (2) of subdivision (b) of Section 18175 are true.
(e) If the renewal petition is supported by clear and convincing evidence, the court shall renew the gun violence restraining order issued under this chapter.
(f) The renewal of a gun violence restraining order issued pursuant to this section shall have a duration of one year, subject to termination by further order of the court at a hearing held pursuant to Section 18185 and further renewal by further order of the court pursuant to this section.
(g) A gun violence restraining order renewed pursuant to this section shall include the information identified in subdivision (a) of Section 18180.
(h) This section shall become inoperative on September 1, 2020, and, as of January 1, 2021, is repealed.