Today's Law As Amended

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AB-1829 National Mortgage Settlement Fund: allocations.(2017-2018)

As Amends the Law Today

 The Legislature hereby finds and declares the following:
(a) The state has funded and allocated billions of dollars for affordable housing in the past several years.
(b) The 2018–19 budget alone includes $5.1 billion in state and federal funds across multiple programs and departments to address housing and homelessness.
(c) The Governor and Legislature developed a legislative package of 15 bills signed in September 2017 that collectively shorten the housing development approval process, provide incentives to streamline development, promote local accountability to adequately plan for needed housing, and invest in affordable housing production. The housing package establishes a $75 document recording fee on real estate transactions, excluding home sales, beginning January 1, 2018, to create a sustainable funding source for state affordable housing programs.
(d) The 2017 legislative package also places a $4 billion bond on the November 2018 ballot, with $3 billion in general obligation bonds for affordable housing, and $1 billion for veterans housing to be supported by participants’ loan repayments.
(e) To encourage housing development, the Legislature provided local governments with tools to help fulfill their housing priorities and responsibilities, including:
(1) Chapter 386, Statutes of 2013 (SB 743), which provides an alternative approach for CEQA analysis of transportation impacts of transit-oriented development and new exemptions for certain projects.
(2) Chapter 785, Statutes of 2014 (SB 628), which allows cities and counties to create an enhanced infrastructure financing district that utilizes property taxes and other available funding for various types of projects including low and moderate income housing projects.
(3) Chapter 319, Statutes of 2015 (AB 2), which allows specified disadvantaged areas of California to create a community revitalization and investment authority that utilizes property taxes and other available funding for various types of projects, including affordable housing.
(4) Various statutes that reduce minimum parking requirements and expand size and other bonuses for developers that meet affordability requirements.
(5) Chapters 720 and 735, Statutes of 2016 (SB 1069 and AB 2299), which streamline permits and require local ordinances to facilitate the development of these low-cost housing options that provide additional living quarters on single-family lots that are independent of the primary dwelling unit.
(6) Chapter 453, Statutes of 2016 (AB 2031), allows a local government, with an existing successor agency to a former redevelopment agency, to bond against the property tax revenues it receives as a result of redevelopment agency dissolution for the purposes of affordable housing development.
(f) In 2016 the Governor signed into law the No Place Like Home Program, which funds the construction of permanent supportive housing targeted to the chronically homeless and those at risk of chronic homelessness with mental health services needs. The program is funded with a $2 billion bond, secured by Mental Health Services Act (Proposition 63) revenues, and will be on the November 2018 ballot to accelerate the issuance of program funds.
(g) The Veteran’s Housing and Homeless Prevention Bond Act of 2014 (Proposition 41) repurposed $600 million in bond funds to fund multifamily housing for veterans and their families.
(h) The California Tax Credit Allocation Committee, which administers the low-income housing tax credit program, has made a number of regulatory changes to increase the utilization of this program. Tax credit financing supports nearly all deed-restricted affordable housing in California; improvements to this program benefit low-income families across the state. These efforts resulted in a historic high of 20,847 housing units financed with “4 percent” federal tax credits in 2016.
(i) In addition, the California Tax Credit Allocation Committee has worked with the California Debt Limit Allocation Committee to convene a High Cost Task Force to address the growing housing development costs that limit the impact of public investment. As a result, the state has set a high-cost threshold for funded projects, provided incentives for the construction of larger projects with lower costs per unit, and removed state funding requirements that prioritize expensive projects.
(j) The California Housing Financing Agency has increased its multifamily lending activity each year since the Great Recession, providing $369 million in financing in 2016–17 to support 2,100 affordable housing units. The agency also issued $682 million in private activity bonds for affordable housing since 2015.
(k) The state’s first-time homebuyers downpayment assistance program has provided $4 billion to moderate-income families that do not qualify for the low-income programs.
SEC. 2.
 (a) It is the intent of the Legislature in enacting Section 3 of this act to confirm that allocations and uses of funds made by the Director of Finance from the National Mortgage Special Deposit Fund pursuant to Section 12531 of the Government Code in the 2011–12, 2012–13, and 2013–14 fiscal years were consistent with legislative direction and intent and to abrogate the holding of the Court of Appeal in the case of National Asian American Coalition v. Brown, 25 Cal.App.5th 60 (2018). The Legislature further declares that the allocations made by the Director of Finance pursuant to Section 12531 of the Government Code were made for purposes consistent with the National Mortgage Settlement.
(b) It is the intent of the Legislature to explore potential appropriations and other support for housing in the next fiscal year, consistent with the Legislature’s recent efforts to fund and support housing.

SEC. 3.

 Section 12531 of the Government Code is amended to read:

 (a) The Legislature finds and declares that California, represented by the California Attorney General, entered a national multistate settlement with the country’s five largest loan servicers. This agreement, the National Mortgage Settlement stemmed from successful resolution of federal court action (Consent Judgment, United States v. Bank of America (No. 1:12-cv-00361, Banzr. D.C. Apr. 4, 2012)). The National Mortgage Settlement is broad ranging, with California’s share of this settlement estimated to be up to eighteen billion dollars ($18,000,000,000). Of this amount, approximately four hundred ten million dollars ($410,000,000) will come directly to the state in costs, fees, and penalty payments.
(b) There is hereby created in the State Treasury the National Mortgage Special Deposit Fund. Notwithstanding Section 13340, all moneys in the fund are hereby continuously appropriated, and shall be allocated by the Department of Finance.
(c) Direct payments made to the State of California as civil penalties pursuant to the National Mortgage Settlement shall be deposited in the Unfair Competition Law Fund as required by the settlement.
(d) Direct payments made to the State of California pursuant to the National Mortgage Settlement, except for those payments made pursuant to subdivision (c), shall be deposited in the National Mortgage Special Deposit Fund.
(e) (1) Notwithstanding  The   any other law, the Director of Finance may allocate or otherwise use the  funds in the National Mortgage Special Deposit Fund shall be allocated as follows: to offset General Fund expenditures in the 2011–12, 2012–13, and 2013–14 fiscal years. The Department of Finance and the Controller’s office shall recognize this fiscal alignment accordingly for the purpose of the state budget process and legal basis of accounting. 
(A) Three hundred million dollars ($300,000,000) to be administered by the California Housing Finance Agency for both of the following purpose:
(i) Providing housing counseling services that are certified by the federal Department of Housing and Urban Development to homeowners, former homeowners, or renters.
(ii) (I) Providing mortgage assistance to qualified California households.
(II) Mortgage assistance to borrowers who own residential properties with four or fewer units who face foreclosure are eligible under this clause.
(B) Thirty-one million dollars ($31,000,000) to the Judicial Council for distribution through the State Bar to qualified legal services projects and support centers to provide eviction defense or other tenant defense assistance in landlord-tenant disputes, including preeviction and eviction legal services, counseling, advice and consultation, mediation, training, renter education, and representation, and legal services to improve habitability, increase affordable housing, ensure receipt of eligible income or benefits to improve housing stability, and prevent homelessness. These funds shall be allocated as follows:
(i) Seventy-five percent shall be distributed to qualified legal services projects and support centers that currently provide eviction defense or other tenant defense assistance in landlord-tenant disputes as set forth in this subparagraph.
(I) To receive funds, a program shall be eligible for 2020 Interest on Lawyer Trust Fund Account (IOLTA) funding. Each eligible program shall receive a percentage equal to that legal services project’s 2020 IOLTA allocation divided by the total 2020 IOLTA allocation for all legal services projects eligible for the funding.
(II) To ensure meaningful funding, a minimum amount of fifty thousand dollars ($50,000) shall be allocated to an eligible program unless the program requests a lesser amount, in which case any funds that would have otherwise been allocated to the program shall be distributed proportionally to the other qualified legal services projects.
(III) These funds shall be distributed as soon as practicable and shall not supplant existing resources.
(ii) Twenty-five percent shall be allocated through a competitive grant process developed by the Legal Services Trust Fund Commission of the State Bar to award grants to qualified legal service projects and support centers.
(I) The grant process shall ensure that a qualified legal service project or support center to receive funding demonstrate that funds received will be not used to supplant existing resources and will be used to provide services to tenants not otherwise served by that qualified legal service project or support center.
(II) The commission shall determine grant awards, and preference shall be given to qualified legal aid agencies that serve rural or underserved communities which serve clients regardless of immigration or citizenship status.
(III) (f)  Any funds not allocated pursuant to this competitive grant process shall be distributed pursuant to clause (i). Not less than 30 days prior to allocating any moneys pursuant to subdivision (e), the Department of Finance shall submit an expenditure plan to the Joint Legislative Budget Committee detailing the proposed use of the moneys in the National Mortgage Special Deposit Fund. 
(2) No more than 5 percent of the allocations in subparagraphs (A) and (B) of paragraph (1) shall be spent for the administration of those services.
(f) (g)  Notwithstanding any other law, the Controller may use the funds in the National Mortgage Special Deposit Fund for cashflow loans to the General Fund as provided in Sections 16310 and 16381.
(h) The Legislature hereby confirms and ratifies that the allocations of funds from the National Mortgage Special Deposit Fund in the 2011–12, 2012–13, and 2013–14 fiscal years were consistent with the direction given to the Director of Finance in subdivision (e) to offset General Fund expenditures in those years. The Legislature further confirms and ratifies that because those allocations were displayed in the Governor’s proposed budget for the 2012–13 and 2013–14 fiscal years, and left unchanged in the budget acts adopted for the 2012–13 and 2013–14 fiscal years, the Legislature was aware of, and approved, the allocation and expenditure of funds from the National Mortgage Special Deposit Fund to offset General Fund expenditures in those fiscal years. This subdivision is declaratory of existing law.
SEC. 4.
 The amount of twenty-five thousand dollars ($25,000) is hereby appropriated from the General Fund to the Department of Finance for legal fees and costs.
SEC. 5.
 This act is a bill providing for appropriations related to the Budget Bill within the meaning of subdivision (e) of Section 12 of Article IV of the California Constitution, has been identified as related to the budget in the Budget Bill, and shall take effect immediately.