Today's Law As Amended

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AB-302 Pupil services: lactation accommodations.(2015-2016)



SECTION 1.
 The Legislature finds and declares all of the following:
(a) Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972 (20 U.S.C. Sec. 1681 et seq.) prohibits sex discrimination in educational institutions, which includes discrimination against pregnant and parenting pupils.
(b) The federal regulations implementing Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972 specify that sex discrimination includes discrimination against a pupil based on pregnancy, childbirth, false pregnancy, termination of pregnancy, or recovery from childbirth-related conditions.
(c) The federal regulations implementing Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972 require a pupil with temporary medical conditions occasioned by pregnancy or related to recovery from childbirth to be treated the same as any other pupil with a temporary disability.
(d) The Sex Equity in Education Act (Article 4 (commencing with Section 221.5) of Chapter 2 of Part 1 of Division 1 of Title 1 of the Education Code) prohibits sex discrimination in educational institutions, which includes discrimination against pregnant and parenting pupils.
(e) The regulations implementing the Sex Equity in Education Act prohibit educational institutions from applying any rule concerning a pupil’s actual or potential parental, family, or marital status that treats a pupil differently on the basis of sex.
(f) The Unruh Civil Rights Act (Section 51 of the Civil Code) prohibits businesses, including public schools, from discriminating based on sex, which includes discrimination on the basis of pregnancy, childbirth, or medical conditions related to pregnancy or childbirth.
(g) Denial of accommodations to a pupil who chooses to breast-feed or express breast milk while at school is prohibited sex discrimination.
(h) Despite these laws, California schools are failing to accommodate the needs of lactating pupil parents on their campuses by providing them with reasonable time and private space to express breast milk, breast-feed infant children, or address other needs related to breast-feeding.

SEC. 2.

 Section 222 is added to the Education Code, to read:

222.
 (a) A school operated by a school district or a county office of education, the California School for the Deaf, the California School for the Blind, and a charter school shall provide reasonable accommodations to a lactating pupil on a school campus to express breast milk, breast-feed an infant child, or address other needs related to breast-feeding. Reasonable accommodations under this section include, but are not limited to, all of the following:
(1) Access to a private and secure room, other than a restroom, to express breast milk or breast-feed an infant child.
(2) Permission to bring onto a school campus a breast pump and any other equipment used to express breast milk.
(3) Access to a power source for a breast pump or any other equipment used to express breast milk.
(4) Access to a place to store expressed breast milk safely.
(b) A lactating pupil on a school campus shall be provided a reasonable amount of time to accommodate her need to express breast milk or breast-feed an infant child.
(c) A school specified in subdivision (a) shall provide the reasonable accommodations specified in subdivisions (a) and (b) only if there is at least one lactating pupil on the school campus.
(d) A school subject to this section may use an existing facility to meet the requirements specified in subdivision (a).
(e) A pupil shall not incur an academic penalty as a result of her use, during the schoolday, of the reasonable accommodations specified in this section, and shall be provided the opportunity to make up any work missed due to such use.
(f) (1) A complaint of noncompliance with the requirements of this section may be filed with the local educational agency under the Uniform Complaint Procedures set forth in Chapter 5.1 (commencing with Section 4600) of Division 1 of Title 5 of the California Code of Regulations.
(2) A local educational agency shall respond to a complaint filed pursuant to paragraph (1) in accordance with Chapter 5.1 (commencing with Section 4600) of Division 1 of Title 5 of the California Code of Regulations.
(3) A complainant not satisfied with the decision of a local educational agency may appeal the decision to the department pursuant to Chapter 5.1 (commencing with Section 4600) of Division 1 of Title 5 of the California Code of Regulations and shall receive a written decision regarding the appeal within 60 days of the department’s receipt of the appeal.
(4) If a local educational agency finds merit in a complaint, or if the Superintendent finds merit in an appeal, the local educational agency shall provide a remedy to the affected pupil.
SEC. 3.
 If the Commission on State Mandates determines that this act contains costs mandated by the state, reimbursement to local agencies and school districts for those costs shall be made pursuant to Part 7 (commencing with Section 17500) of Division 4 of Title 2 of the Government Code.