Code Section Group

Welfare and Institutions Code - WIC

DIVISION 4.5. SERVICES FOR THE DEVELOPMENTALLY DISABLED [4500 - 4885]

  ( Division 4.5 added by Stats. 1977, Ch. 1252. )

CHAPTER 6. Development and Support of Community Facilities and Programs [4670 - 4698.1]

  ( Chapter 6 added by Stats. 1977, Ch. 1252. )

ARTICLE 3.6. Enhanced Behavioral Supports Homes [4684.80 - 4684.87]
  ( Article 3.6 added by Stats. 2014, Ch. 30, Sec. 18. )

4684.80.
  

(a) “Enhanced behavioral supports home” means a facility certified by the State Department of Developmental Services and licensed by the State Department of Social Services pursuant to Section 1567.62 of the Health and Safety Code as an adult residential facility or a group home that provides 24-hour nonmedical care to individuals with developmental disabilities who require enhanced behavioral supports, staffing, and supervision in a homelike setting. An enhanced behavioral supports home shall have a maximum capacity of four consumers, and shall conform to Section 441.530(a)(1) of Title 42 of the Code of Federal Regulations. The enhanced behavioral support home shall be eligible for federal Medicaid home- and community-based services funding, unless the State Department of Developmental Services approves the use of delayed egress devices with secured perimeters to be utilized at the enhanced behavioral supports home pursuant to Section 1531.15 of the Health and Safety Code.

(b) “Enhanced behavioral services and supports” means additional staffing supervision, facility characteristics, or other services and supports to address a consumer’s challenging behaviors, which are beyond what is typically available in other community facilities licensed as an adult residential facility or a group home to serve individuals in a community setting rather than an institution.

(c) “Individual behavior supports plan” means the plan that identifies and documents the behavior and intensive support and service needs of a consumer and details the strategies to be employed and services to be provided to address those needs, and includes the entity responsible for providing those services and timelines for when each identified individual behavior support will commence.

(d) “Individual behavior supports team” means those individuals who develop, monitor, and revise the individual behavior supports plan for consumers residing in an enhanced behavioral supports home. The team shall, at a minimum, be composed of all of the following individuals:

(1) Regional center service coordinator and other regional center representatives, as necessary.

(2) Consumer and, where appropriate, his or her conservator or authorized representative.

(3) Service provider’s board-certified behavior analyst or qualified behavior modification professional.

(4) Enhanced behavioral supports home administrator.

(5) Regional center clients’ rights advocate, unless the consumer objects on his or her own behalf to participation by the clients’ rights advocate.

(6) Others deemed necessary by the consumer, or his or her conservator or authorized representative, for developing a comprehensive and effective individual behavior supports plan.

(Amended by Stats. 2017, Ch. 18, Sec. 18. (AB 107) Effective June 27, 2017. Repealed as of January 1, 2021, pursuant to Section 4684.87.)

4684.81.
  

(a) The department shall implement a pilot project using community placement plan funds, as appropriated in the State Department of Developmental Services’ annual budget, to test the effectiveness of providing enhanced behavioral supports in homelike community settings. The enhanced behavioral supports homes shall be for purposes of providing intensive behavioral services and supports to adults and children with developmental disabilities who need intensive services and supports due to challenging behaviors that cannot be managed in a community setting without the availability of enhanced behavioral services and supports, and who are at risk of institutionalization or out-of-state placement, or are transitioning to the community from a developmental center, other state-operated residential facility, institution for mental disease, or out-of-state placement.

(b) An enhanced behavioral supports home may only be established in an adult residential facility or a group home approved through a regional center community placement plan pursuant to Section 4418.25.

(c) Enhanced behavioral supports homes may be approved by the State Department of Developmental Services each fiscal year in which the pilot program is in effect and to the extent funding is available for this purpose, each for no more than four individuals with developmental disabilities. The homes shall be located throughout the state, as determined by the State Department of Developmental Services, based on regional center requests.

(d) Each enhanced behavioral supports home shall be licensed as an adult residential facility or a group home pursuant to the California Community Care Facilities Act (Chapter 3 (commencing with Section 1500) of Division 2 of the Health and Safety Code) and certified by the State Department of Developmental Services, shall exceed the minimum requirements for a Residential Facility Service Level 4-i pursuant to Sections 56004 and 56013 of Title 17 of the California Code of Regulations, and shall meet all applicable statutory and regulatory requirements applicable to a facility licensed as an adult residential facility or a group home for facility licensing, seclusion, and restraint, including Division 1.5 (commencing with Section 1180) of the Health and Safety Code, and the use of behavior modification interventions, subject to any additional requirements applicable to enhanced behavioral supports homes established by statute or by regulation promulgated pursuant to this article and Article 9.5 (commencing with Section 1567.61) of Chapter 3 of Division 2 of the Health and Safety Code.

(e) A regional center shall not place a consumer in an enhanced behavioral supports home unless the program is certified by the State Department of Developmental Services and the facility is licensed by the State Department of Social Services.

(f) The State Department of Developmental Services shall be responsible for granting the certificate of program approval for an enhanced behavioral supports home.

(g) The State Department of Developmental Services may, pursuant to Section 4684.85, decertify any enhanced behavioral supports home that does not comply with program requirements. Upon decertification of an enhanced behavioral supports home, the State Department of Developmental Services shall report the decertification to the State Department of Social Services. The State Department of Social Services shall revoke the license of the enhanced behavioral supports home that has been decertified pursuant to Section 1550 of the Health and Safety Code.

(h) If the State Department of Developmental Services determines that urgent action is necessary to protect a consumer residing in an enhanced behavioral supports home from physical or mental abuse, abandonment, or any other substantial threat to the consumer’s health and safety, the State Department of Developmental Services may request that the regional center or centers remove the consumer from the enhanced behavioral supports home or direct the regional center or centers to obtain alternative or additional services for the consumers within 24 hours of that determination. When possible, an individual program plan (IPP) meeting shall be convened to determine the appropriate action pursuant to this section. In any case, an IPP meeting shall be convened within 30 days following an action pursuant to this section.

(i) Enhanced behavioral supports homes shall have a facility program plan approved by the State Department of Developmental Services.

(1) No later than December 1, 2017, the department shall develop guidelines regarding the use of restraint or containment in enhanced behavioral supports homes, which shall be maintained in the facility program plan and plan of operation. In the development of these guidelines, the department shall consult with both of following:

(A) The appropriate professionals regarding the use of restraint or containment in enhanced behavioral supports homes.

(B) The protection and advocacy agency described in subdivision (i) of Section 4900 regarding appropriate safeguards for the protection of clients’ rights.

(2) The requirements of paragraph (1) shall not apply to enhanced behavioral supports homes that are certified and licensed prior to January 1, 2018, or prior to the adoption of the guidelines required in paragraph (1), whichever is sooner. However, these homes shall meet the requirements of paragraph (1) no later than 30 days following adoption of the guidelines.

(3) An enhanced behavioral supports home shall include in its facility program plan a description of how it will ensure physical restraint or containment will not be used as an extended procedure in accordance with this section, subdivision (h) of Section 1180.4 of the Health and Safety Code, and any other applicable law or regulation.

(4) The facility program plan approved by the State Department of Developmental Services shall be submitted to the State Department of Social Services for inclusion in the facility plan of operation.

(5) The vendoring regional center and each consumer’s regional center shall have joint responsibility for monitoring and evaluating the services provided in the enhanced behavioral supports home. Monitoring shall include at least quarterly, or more frequently if specified in the consumer’s individual program plan, face-to-face, onsite case management visits with each consumer by his or her regional center and at least quarterly quality assurance visits by the vendoring regional center. The State Department of Developmental Services shall monitor and ensure the regional centers’ compliance with their monitoring responsibilities.

(j) The State Department of Developmental Services shall establish by regulation a rate methodology for enhanced behavioral supports homes that includes a fixed facility component for residential services and an individualized services and supports component based on each consumer’s needs as determined through the individual program plan process, which may include assistance with transitioning to a less restrictive community residential setting.

(k) (1) The established facility rate for a full month of service, as defined in regulations adopted pursuant to this article, shall be paid based on the licensed capacity of the facility once the facility reaches maximum capacity, despite the temporary absence of one or more consumers from the facility or subsequent temporary vacancies created by consumers moving from the facility. Prior to the facility reaching licensed capacity, the facility rate shall be prorated based on the number of consumers residing in the facility.

When a consumer is temporarily absent from the facility, including when a consumer is in need for inpatient care in a health facility, as defined in subdivision (a), (b), or (c) of Section 1250 of the Health and Safety Code, the regional center may, based on consumer need, continue to fund individual services, in addition to paying the facility rate. Individual consumer services funded by the regional center during a consumer’s absence from the facility shall be approved by the regional center director and shall only be approved in 14-day increments. The regional center shall maintain documentation of the need for these services and the regional center director’s approval.

(2) An enhanced behavioral supports home using delayed egress devices, in compliance with Section 1531.1 of the Health and Safety Code, may utilize secured perimeters, in compliance with Section 1531.15 of the Health and Safety Code and applicable regulations. No more than two enhanced behavioral supports homes using delayed egress devices in combination with secured perimeters may be certified by the State Department of Developmental Services during the first year of the pilot program, one in northern California and one in southern California, and no more than one additional home using delayed egress devices in combination with a secured perimeter may be certified by the State Department of Developmental Services in each subsequent year of the pilot program. No more than six enhanced behavioral supports homes that use delayed egress devices in combination with a secured perimeter shall be certified during the pilot program. Enhanced behavioral supports homes shall not be counted for purposes of the statewide limit established in regulations on the total number of beds permitted in homes with delayed egress devices in combination with secured perimeters pursuant to subdivision (k) of Section 1531.15 of the Health and Safety Code. The department shall make reasonable efforts to include enhanced behavioral supports homes within the statewide limit.

(Amended by Stats. 2017, Ch. 18, Sec. 19. (AB 107) Effective June 27, 2017. Repealed as of January 1, 2021, pursuant to Section 4684.87.)

4684.82.
  

The vendoring regional center shall, before placing any consumer into an enhanced behavioral supports home, ensure that the home has a license issued by the State Department of Social Services for not more than four individuals with developmental disabilities, is certified by the State Department of Developmental Services, and has a contract with the regional center that meets the contracting requirements established by the State Department of Developmental Services through regulations promulgated pursuant to this article. Under no circumstances shall the contract extend beyond the stated termination date, which shall not be longer than January 1, 2021.

(Amended by Stats. 2019, Ch. 28, Sec. 25. (SB 81) Effective June 27, 2019. Repealed as of January 1, 2021, pursuant to Section 4684.87.)

4684.83.
  

The enhanced behavioral supports home provider shall be responsible for coordinating the development and updating of each consumer’s individual behavior supports plan with the consumer’s individual behavior supports team. The initial individual behavior supports plan shall be developed within one week of the consumer’s admission to the enhanced behavioral supports home.

(Added by Stats. 2014, Ch. 30, Sec. 18. (SB 856) Effective June 20, 2014. Repealed as of January 1, 2021, pursuant to Section 4684.87.)

4684.84.
  

(a) The regional center shall have responsibility for monitoring and evaluating the implementation of the consumer’s individual behavior supports plan objectives.

(b) A regional center qualified behavior modification professional shall visit, with or without notice, the consumer, in person, at least monthly in the enhanced behavioral supports home, or more frequently if specified in the consumer’s individual behavior supports plan. At least four of these visits, annually, shall be unannounced.

(c) The State Department of Developmental Services shall monitor and ensure the regional centers’ compliance with the requirements of this article. The monitoring shall include onsite visits to all the enhanced behavioral supports homes at least every six months for the duration of the pilot project.

(d) The State Department of Developmental Services shall conduct a review of the pilot project in consultation with stakeholders. The review shall be completed and the results of the review shall be shared in writing with the State Department of Social Services no later than September 1, 2018.

(Added by Stats. 2014, Ch. 30, Sec. 18. (SB 856) Effective June 20, 2014. Repealed as of January 1, 2021, pursuant to Section 4684.87.)

4684.85.
  

(a) In addition to any other contract termination provisions, a regional center may terminate its contract with an enhanced behavioral supports home when the regional center determines that the home is unable to maintain substantial compliance with state laws, regulations, or its contract with the regional center, or the home demonstrates an inability to ensure the health and safety of the consumers.

(b) The enhanced behavioral supports home may appeal a regional center’s decision to terminate its contract by sending to the executive director of the contracting regional center a detailed statement containing the reasons and facts demonstrating why the termination is inappropriate. The appeal shall be received by the regional center within 10 working days from the date of the letter terminating the contract. The executive director shall respond with his or her decision within 10 working days of the date of receipt of the appeal from the enhanced behavioral supports home. The executive director shall submit his or her decision to the State Department of Developmental Services and the State Department of Social Services on the same date that it is signed. The decision of the executive director shall be the final administrative decision.

(c) The Director of Developmental Services may rescind an enhanced behavioral supports home program certification when, in his or her sole discretion, an enhanced behavioral supports home does not maintain substantial compliance with an applicable statute, regulation, or ordinance, or cannot ensure the health and safety of the consumers. The decision of the Director of Developmental Services shall be the final administrative decision. The Director of Developmental Services shall transmit his or her decision whether to rescind an enhanced behavioral supports home program certification to the State Department of Social Services and the regional center with his or her recommendation as to whether to revoke the enhanced behavioral supports home’s residential care facility license, for which the State Department of Social Services shall revoke the license of the enhanced behavioral supports home pursuant to Section 1550 of the Health and Safety Code.

(d) The State Department of Developmental Services and regional centers shall, for purposes of assisting in licensing, provide the State Department of Social Services with all available documentation and evidentiary support that was submitted to the State Department of Developmental Services in connection with certification by an applicant for licensure under this article.

(Added by Stats. 2014, Ch. 30, Sec. 18. (SB 856) Effective June 20, 2014. Repealed as of January 1, 2021, pursuant to Section 4684.87.)

4684.86.
  

(a) A certification for an enhanced behavioral supports home shall not be issued before emergency regulations filed by the State Department of Developmental Services pursuant to this article have been published. These regulations shall be developed in consultation with stakeholders, including the State Department of Social Services, consumer advocates, and regional centers. The regulations shall address at least the following:

(1) Program standards, including program design requirements, staffing structure, staff qualifications, and training. Training requirements shall include:

(A) A minimum of 16 hours of emergency intervention training, which shall include the techniques the licensee will use to prevent injury and maintain safety regarding consumers who are a danger to self or others and shall emphasize positive behavioral supports and techniques that are alternatives to physical restraints.

(B) Additional training for direct care staff to address the specialized needs of the consumers, including training in emergency interventions.

(2) Requirements and timelines for the development and updating of consumers’ individual behavior supports plans.

(3) Admission and continued stay requirements.

(4) Requirements for ensuring that appropriate services and supports are provided at the time of admission to meet the consumer’s immediate needs pending development of the consumer’s individual behavior supports plan.

(5) The rate methodology.

(6) Consumer rights and protections.

(b) The adoption, initial amendment, repeal, or readoption of a regulation authorized by this section is deemed to be an emergency and necessary for the immediate preservation of the public peace, health, safety, or general welfare for purposes of Sections 11346.1 and 11349.6 of the Government Code, and the department is hereby exempted from the requirement that it describe specific facts showing the need for immediate action. These regulations shall be developed in consultation with system stakeholders. A certificate of compliance for these implementing regulations shall be filed within 24 months following the adoption of the first emergency regulations filed pursuant to this section. The emergency regulations may be readopted and remain in effect until approval of the certificate of compliance.

(Added by Stats. 2014, Ch. 30, Sec. 18. (SB 856) Effective June 20, 2014. Repealed as of January 1, 2021, pursuant to Section 4684.87.)

4684.87.
  

This article shall remain in effect only until January 1, 2021, and as of that date is repealed, unless a later enacted statute, that is enacted before January 1, 2021, deletes or extends that date.

(Amended by Stats. 2019, Ch. 28, Sec. 26. (SB 81) Effective June 27, 2019. Repealed as of January 1, 2021, pursuant to Section 4684.87. Note: Repeal affects Article 3.6, commencing with Section 4684.80.)

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