Code Section Group

Water Code - WAT

DIVISION 11. IRRIGATION DISTRICTS [20500 - 29978]

  ( Division 11 added by Stats. 1943, Ch. 372. )

PART 5. POWERS AND PURPOSES [22075 - 22982]

  ( Part 5 added by Stats. 1943, Ch. 372. )

CHAPTER 2. Powers [22225 - 22338]

  ( Chapter 2 added by Stats. 1943, Ch. 372. )

ARTICLE 2. Water Distribution [22250 - 22264]
  ( Article 2 added by Stats. 1943, Ch. 372. )

22250.
  

All water distributed by districts for irrigation purposes shall except when otherwise provided in this article be apportioned ratably to each landowner upon the basis of the ratio which the last assessment against his land for district purposes bears to the whole sum assessed in the district for district purposes.

(Added by Stats. 1943, Ch. 372.)

22251.
  

Any landowner may assign for use within the district his right to the whole or any portion of the water apportioned to him pursuant to Section 22250.

(Added by Stats. 1943, Ch. 372.)

22252.
  

When any charges for the use of water are fixed by a district the water for the use of which the charges have been fixed shall be distributed equitably as determined by the board among those offering to make the required payment.

(Added by Stats. 1943, Ch. 372.)

22252.1.
  

The board by the unanimous vote of all of the directors may specify a date prior to which applications for water for the ensuing irrigation season are to be received for all crops or for annual crops and new plantings and may require a cash deposit not to exceed the water charge for the water applied for, to be made at the time of application for each acre for which application is made. The cash deposit shall in the discretion of the board be forfeited as to each acre not using the water applied for if the district has water available to supply the same. In the event of water shortage the board may with respect to the shortage area in its discretion give preference to or serve only the land for which application was filed prior to the date set and the land for which no application was required. Any date so fixed shall be effective for each year thereafter unless changed by the board if notice thereof is published not later than April 1st in the year in the manner prescribed for the publication of the notice provided for in Section 22252.2. Nothing in this section shall prohibit apportionment of available water to land given preference under this section or otherwise restrict or limit existing powers of the board to control and provide for distribution of water.

(Added by Stats. 1947, Ch. 282.)

22252.2.
  

The action of a board in fixing or changing any such date shall be ineffective until notice thereof is given by publication once a week for two successive weeks in a newspaper published in the district, or if no newspaper is published in the district, then in a newspaper published in the office county, or if no newspaper is published in the office county, then in a newspaper published in any affected county.

(Added by Stats. 1947, Ch. 282.)

22252.3.
  

In any year in which the board determines that the water supplies of the district will be inadequate to provide water in a quantity furnished in years of average precipitation, the board may specify a date prior to which applications for water for the ensuing irrigation season are to be received. In districts where meters or other volumetric measuring instruments or facilities are not available or are inadequate to measure substantially all agricultural water deliveries, the district may establish annual water requirements in the district for growing each type of crop grown in the district, accept such applications for water based on proposed crops to be grown and acreage of each such proposed crop, and determine the quantity of water apportioned under Sections 22250, 22251, 22252, and 22252.1 expressed in terms of acreage of each type of proposed crop to be served. In such a district, the district may refuse to deliver water to, or assess penalties on, the landowner who uses such water on a greater acreage of such crops than such landowner’s share of the estimated available water will bring to maturity based on the requirements established for growing such crops in the district.

In establishing annual water requirements for growing particular types of crops, as authorized in this section, the district, with respect to those crops which ordinarily require periodic irrigation, may designate the number of irrigation runs and the amount of water to be allocated to each such run with respect to each crop and may give the water user water credits measured by the designated irrigation runs with respect to each such crop as to which the water user has notified the district he intends to underirrigate.

This section provides a means of measuring the allocation of water to lands based on the type of crop grown and does not authorize a district to designate the crops to be grown on such land.

Nothing in this section shall prohibit or limit the apportionment of available water to land given preference under Section 22252.1 or this section or to otherwise restrict or limit existing powers of the district to control and provide for distribution of water.

(Added by Stats. 1977, Ch. 78.)

22253.
  

When a mutual water company has been formed to furnish water to certain specified land within a district, the district may contract for the delivery of water for the specified land through the mutual water company only.

(Added by Stats. 1943, Ch. 372.)

22254.
  

If a district has contracted to deliver and is delivering water to a mutual water company for distribution to territory served by the latter, the water shall be apportioned on a basis found by the board to be equitable and for the best interests of all persons concerned.

(Added by Stats. 1943, Ch. 372.)

22255.
  

When its board deems it in the best interests of the district, the district may regulate the amount of water to be used to irrigate crops within the district when seepage from the irrigation would damage adjacent land inside or outside of the district or may require as a condition precedent to the delivery of water the construction of adequate drainage facilities to prevent damage to the adjacent land. Whenever the board finds, with respect to land for which there is no existing system for the application of water for the irrigation thereof, that the character of the soil or elevation of the land to be supplied water from the district water supply is such that the application of such water thereto by flooding is likely to require the use of excess quantities of water or to create a hazardous seepage or drainage problem, the board may limit the application of such water to that land to application through overhead sprinkling systems so designed and operated to prevent the use of excess quantities of water, or the creation of a hazardous seepage or drainage problem.

(Amended by Stats. 1953, Ch. 1563.)

22256.
  

A district may refuse to furnish water to any land to which it holds title by virtue of collector’s deeds to the district or to any or all land on which the district has an outstanding unredeemed certificate of sale for the nonpayment of a district assessment.

(Amended by Stats. 1961, Ch. 673.)

22257.
  

Each district shall establish equitable rules for the distribution and use of water, which shall be printed in convenient form for distribution in the district. A district may refuse to deliver water through a ditch which is not clean or not in suitable condition to prevent waste of water and may determine through which of two or more available ditches it will deliver water.

A district may close a defective gate in a community water distribution system used for irrigation purposes and may refuse to deliver water through the defective gate if the landowner fails to repair the gate or outlet to the satisfaction of the district within a reasonable time after receipt of notice from the board through its authorized water superintendent, manager or ditch tender to repair the gate or outlet. Rules and regulations adopted pursuant to this section may include, with respect to land for which there is no existing system for the application of water for the irrigation thereof, the limitation of the use of water for irrigation furnished by the district to an overhead sprinkling system where such method of irrigation will conserve water and prevent excess seepage or the creation of drainage problems.

(Amended by Stats. 1953, Ch. 1563.)

22258.
  

A district required by law or provisions of agreements under which all or part of the water supply of the district was acquired to furnish water outside its boundaries to consumers whose rights to service were at the time the supply of water was acquired by the district enforceable by reason of their status as persons of the class for whose benefit the water was appropriated or dedicated may regulate the use of water so furnished.

(Added by Stats. 1943, Ch. 372.)

22259.
  

If its board deems it to be for the best interests of the district, a district may enter into a contract for the lease or sale of any surplus water or use of surplus water not then necessary for use within the district, for use either within or without the district.

(Added by Stats. 1943, Ch. 372.)

22261.
  

Nothing in this article authorizes the sale of any water right.

(Added by Stats. 1943, Ch. 372.)

22262.
  

No right in any water or water right owned by the district shall be acquired by use permitted under this article.

(Added by Stats. 1943, Ch. 372.)

22263.
  

Nothing contained in this division authorizes any person to divert the water of any stream or conduit from its channel to the detriment of any person having any interest in the stream, conduit, or the water therein, unless previous compensation be ascertained and paid.

(Added by Stats. 1943, Ch. 372.)

22264.
  

Chapter 4 (commencing with Section 116275) of Part 12 of Division 104 of the Health and Safety Code shall not apply to districts except in specific areas concerning which the State Department of Health Services gives written notice to the district.

In areas where the service rendered by the district is primarily agricultural and domestic service is only incidental thereto, the State Department of Health Services may prescribe reasonable and feasible action to be taken by the district and the consumers to insure that their domestic water will not be injurious to health.

Municipal and public corporations or utilities, other than a district, that distribute water within a district are not excepted from Chapter 4 (commencing with Section 116275) of Part 12 of Division 104 of the Health and Safety Code by this section.

(Amended by Stats. 1996, Ch. 1023, Sec. 453. Effective September 29, 1996.)

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