Code Section Group

Unemployment Insurance Code - UIC

DIVISION 1. UNEMPLOYMENT AND DISABILITY COMPENSATION [100 - 4751]

  ( Division 1 enacted by Stats. 1953, Ch. 308. )

PART 1. UNEMPLOYMENT COMPENSATION [100 - 2129]

  ( Part 1 enacted by Stats. 1953, Ch. 308. )

CHAPTER 10. Violations [2101 - 2129]
  ( Chapter 10 enacted by Stats. 1953, Ch. 308. )

2101.
  

(a) It is a violation of this chapter to willfully make a false statement or representation, to knowingly fail to disclose a material fact, or to use a false name, false social security number, or other false identification to obtain, increase, reduce, or defeat any benefit or payment, whether for the maker or for any other person, under any of the following statutes administered by the department:

(1) The provisions of this division.

(2) The provisions of any unemployment insurance law of the federal government.

(3) The provisions of any training allowance law of the federal government.

(4) The provisions of any trade readjustment allowance law of the federal government.

(5) The provisions of any other allowance law of the federal government.

(b) Nothing in this section shall be construed to preclude the applicability of Section 470 of the Penal Code to any acts or omissions which violate this section.

(Amended by Stats. 1995, Ch. 397, Sec. 2. Effective January 1, 1996.)

2101.5.
  

It is a violation of this chapter to willfully make a false statement or representation or knowingly fail to disclose a material fact for the purpose of lowering or avoiding any contribution required of the maker or other person, or to avoid becoming or remaining subject to this division.

(Amended by Stats. 1986, Ch. 724, Sec. 3.)

2101.6.
  

(a) It is a violation of this chapter for any person or business entity to procure, counsel, advise, or coerce anyone to willfully make a false statement or representation, or to knowingly fail to disclose a material fact in order to lower or avoid any contribution or to avoid being or remaining subject to this division.

(b) It is a violation of this chapter for any person or business entity to willfully aid or assist anyone in making a false statement or representation, or in knowingly failing to disclose a material fact, in order to lower or avoid any contribution, or to avoid being or remaining subject to this division.

(c) For purposes of this section, “business entity” means a partnership, corporation, association, limited liability company, or Indian tribe, as described in Section 3306(u) of Title 26 of the United States Code, or any other legal entity.

(Amended by Stats. 2017, Ch. 117, Sec. 8. (AB 1695) Effective January 1, 2018.)

2102.
  

(a) It is a violation of this chapter for any person residing in this state to willfully make a false statement or representation or knowingly fail to disclose a material fact to obtain or increase benefits or payments under the provisions of the unemployment insurance law of any other state.

(b) Nothing in this section shall be construed to preclude the applicability of Section 470 of the Penal Code to any acts or omissions which violate this section.

(Amended by Stats. 1986, Ch. 724, Sec. 4.)

2103.
  

It is a violation of this chapter for any employing unit or any officer or agent of an employing unit to make a greater deduction from the wages of a worker than the contribution required of such worker under this division, for the purpose of paying any contribution required under this division.

(Amended by Stats. 1986, Ch. 724, Sec. 5.)

2104.
  

It is a violation of this chapter for any employing unit or any officer or agent of an employing unit to willfully and unlawfully fail to appear, testify, or produce books, papers, and records, required at any hearing under this division.

(Amended by Stats. 1986, Ch. 724, Sec. 6.)

2105.
  

It is a violation of this chapter for any employing unit or any officer or agent of an employing unit, to willfully and unlawfully fail or neglect to make available required records for the inspection of the director or his authorized representatives at any reasonable time during business hours.

(Amended by Stats. 1986, Ch. 724, Sec. 7.)

2106.
  

It is a violation of this chapter for any employing unit, or any officer or agent of an employing unit, to willfully and unlawfully fail or neglect to furnish to the director reports required by him when necessary for the enforcement of this division.

(Amended by Stats. 1986, Ch. 724, Sec. 8.)

2107.
  

It is a violation of this chapter for any employing unit, including a manager or managing member of a limited liability company, or any officer or agent of an employing unit or any individual to connive or conspire to aid such individual to obtain benefits to which he or she is not entitled by the willful withholding of information or by the willful failure to report any relevant information.

(Amended by Stats. 1994, Ch. 1200, Sec. 85. Effective September 30, 1994.)

2108.
  

It is a violation of this chapter for any person to willfully fail or refuse to make any contributions which are due under this division.

(Amended by Stats. 1986, Ch. 724, Sec. 10.)

2109.
  

The executive officer, general manager, or any other person having charge of the affairs of a corporation, association, or limited liability company who willfully fails to register such corporation, association, or limited liability company as an employing unit, or willfully fails to submit contribution returns, earning reports, or other returns and reports required by this division, or by authorized regulations, is in violation of this chapter.

(Amended by Stats. 1994, Ch. 1200, Sec. 86. Effective September 30, 1994.)

2110.
  

Any employing unit, including any individual member of a partnership employing unit, any officer of a corporate or association employing unit, any manager or managing member of a limited liability company, or any other person having charge of the affairs of a corporate, association, or limited liability company employing unit, that knowingly withholds the deductions required by this division from remuneration paid to its workers, and willfully fails or is willfully financially unable to pay such deductions to the department on the date on which they become delinquent is in violation of this chapter.

(Amended by Stats. 1994, Ch. 1200, Sec. 87. Effective September 30, 1994.)

2110.3.
  

Any employing unit, including any individual member of a partnership employing unit, any officer of a corporate or association employing unit, any manager or managing member of a limited liability company, or any other person having charge of the affairs of a corporate, association, or limited liability company employing unit, that knowingly undertakes or agrees to pay without deduction from remuneration paid to its workers the amount of any contributions to the Disability Fund required of the workers under this division and that willfully fails or is willfully financially unable to pay the amount to the department on the date on which the contributions become delinquent is in violation of this chapter.

(Amended by Stats. 1994, Ch. 1200, Sec. 88. Effective September 30, 1994.)

2110.5.
  

Any employing unit, including any individual member of a partnership employing unit, any officer of a corporate or association employing unit, any manager or managing member of a limited liability company, or any other person having charge of the affairs of a corporate, association, or limited liability company employing unit, that willfully fails to withhold in trust the deductions required by this division from remuneration paid to its workers, except where such employing unit undertakes or agrees to pay without deduction from the wages of its workers the amount of worker contributions required of its workers under this division, is in violation of this chapter.

(Amended by Stats. 1994, Ch. 1200, Sec. 89. Effective September 30, 1994.)

2110.7.
  

Any employing unit, including any individual member of a partnership employing unit, any officer of a corporate or association employing unit, any manager or managing member of a limited liability company, or any other person having charge of the affairs of a corporate, association, or limited liability company employing unit, that knowingly undertakes or agrees to pay without deduction from remuneration paid to its workers the amount of any contributions to the Disability Fund required of such workers under this division and that willfully fails to hold in trust the amount of worker contributions required of such workers under this division is in violation of this chapter.

(Amended by Stats. 1994, Ch. 1200, Sec. 90. Effective September 30, 1994.)

2111.
  

Except as otherwise provided in Section 1094, and except with respect to information furnished by the department in connection with its participation as a party or as a lien claimant in a judicial or administrative proceeding, information obtained in the course of administration of this division is confidential and shall not be published or open to public inspection in any manner. Any officer or employee of the state (including its political subdivisions), or any former member, officer or employee or other individual, who in the course of his or her employment or duty has or had access to returns, reports, or documents maintained under this division, who violates this section is in violation of this chapter.

(Amended by Stats. 1986, Ch. 724, Sec. 16.)

2112.
  

Unless otherwise specified in subdivision (b) of Section 2101 or in Section 2114, 2115, or 2116, every person who willfully violates any provision of this division or any authorized regulation promulgated or published in accordance with this division, is in violation of this chapter.

(Amended by Stats. 1986, Ch. 724, Sec. 17.)

2113.
  

Nothing in this division shall prevent the department from accepting restitution or an acceptable arrangement for restitution, made voluntarily before the department files a criminal complaint under Section 2101 or 2102, for overpayment of benefits from any person, who has not previously claimed any right under this section, who has not been convicted of an offense under Section 2101 or 2102 within three years preceding the service under this section of a written notice of intent to file a criminal complaint and who has willfully made a false statement or representation or knowingly failed to disclose a material fact to obtain or increase any benefit under any provision of this division. The department shall by mail or personal service give the person written notice of intent to file a criminal complaint under Section 2101 or 2102 not less than 10 days prior to the filing of the criminal complaint. The department may accept restitution or an arrangement for restitution and any such acceptance shall be in lieu of any criminal action against the person, except that the department shall not be precluded from filing a criminal action against any person who defaults under an arrangement for restitution which it has accepted. For purposes of this section, no period of time during which an arrangement for restitution is in effect shall be a part of any limitation of the time for commencing a criminal action. The department shall deposit amounts received from any person under this section in the fund from which the overpayments were made.

(Amended by Stats. 1986, Ch. 724, Sec. 18.)

2114.
  

Any individual who, with the intent to defraud, reports or registers a fictitious employer or fictitious employee, and fictitious wages, to the department in order to obtain benefits or increase any benefit or payment, whether for the maker or for any other person, is in violation of this chapter.

(Amended by Stats. 1986, Ch. 724, Sec. 18.5.)

2115.
  

Any employing unit or any officer or agent of an employing unit who, with the intent to defraud, falsely reports the amount of wages earned by an employee or who falsely reports the time period in which wages are earned by an employee for the purpose of obtaining or increasing any benefit amount for that employee, is in violation of this chapter.

(Amended by Stats. 1986, Ch. 724, Sec. 19.)

2116.
  

It is unlawful to do any of the following:

(a) Falsely certify the medical condition of any person in order to obtain disability insurance benefits, including family temporary disability insurance benefits, whether for the maker or for any other person.

(b) Knowingly present or cause to be presented any false or fraudulent written or oral material statement in support of any claim for disability insurance including family temporary disability insurance benefits.

(c) Knowingly solicit, receive, offer, pay, or accept any rebate, refund, commission, preference, patronage, dividend, discount, or other consideration, whether in the form of money or otherwise, as compensation or inducement for soliciting a claimant to apply for disability insurance including family temporary disability insurance benefits unless the payment is lawful pursuant to Section 650 of the Business and Professions Code.

(d) Knowingly assist, abet, solicit, or conspire with any person who engages in an unlawful act under this section.

(Amended by Stats. 2002, Ch. 901, Sec. 1.5. Effective January 1, 2003. Operative January 1, 2004, by Sec. 7 of Ch. 901.)

2117.
  

Any person who, with or without intent to evade any requirement of this code or any lawful requirement of the department under this code, fails to file any return or report, or to supply any information required by this code or who, with or without like intent, makes, renders, signs, or verifies any false or fraudulent return, report, or statement, or supplies any false or fraudulent information, is liable for a civil penalty of not more than one thousand dollars ($1,000), and is also guilty of a misdemeanor and shall, upon conviction, be fined an amount not to exceed one thousand dollars ($1,000), or be imprisoned for not more than one year, or both the fine and imprisonment, at the discretion of the court.

(Amended by Stats. 1994, Ch. 1049, Sec. 20. Effective January 1, 1995.)

2117.5.
  

Any person who, within the time required by this code, willfully fails to file any return or report, or to supply any information with intent to evade any tax imposed by this code, or who, willfully and with like intent, makes, renders, signs, or verifies any false or fraudulent return, report, or statement or supplies any false or fraudulent information, is punishable by imprisonment in the county jail not to exceed one year, or in the state prison, or by a fine of not more than twenty thousand dollars ($20,000), or by both the fine and imprisonment, at the discretion of the court.

(Amended by Stats. 1994, Ch. 1049, Sec. 21. Effective January 1, 1995.)

2118.
  

Any person or employer who, with or without intent to evade, fails to withhold, pursuant to Section 13020, or fails to pay over any tax withheld, is guilty of a misdeameanor and, upon conviction, shall be fined an amount not to exceed one thousand dollars ($1,000), or imprisoned for not more than one year, or both the fine and imprisonment, at the discretion of the court.

(Added by Stats. 1986, Ch. 724, Sec. 22.)

2118.5.
  

Any person required by this code to collect, account for, and pay over any tax or amount required to be withheld who willfully fails to collect or truthfully account for and pay over the tax or amount shall, in addition to other penalties provided by law, be guilty of a felony and, upon conviction thereof, shall be fined an amount not more than twenty thousand dollars ($20,000), or imprisoned pursuant to subdivision (h) of Section 1170 of the Penal Code, or both the fine and imprisonment, at the discretion of the court.

(Amended by Stats. 2011, Ch. 15, Sec. 597. (AB 109) Effective April 4, 2011. Operative October 1, 2011, by Sec. 636 of Ch. 15, as amended by Stats. 2011, Ch. 39, Sec. 68.)

2119.
  

Any person or employer required under Section 13050 to furnish a statement who willfully furnishes a false or fraudulent statement or who willfully fails to furnish a statement in the manner, at the time, and showing the information required under Section 13050, or regulations prescribed thereunder, is in violation of this chapter.

(Added by Stats. 1986, Ch. 724, Sec. 23.)

2120.
  

Any individual required to supply information to his or her employer under Section 13040, 13041, or 13042, who willfully supplies false or fraudulent information, or who willfully fails to supply information thereunder which would require an increase in the tax to be withheld under Section 13020, is in violation of this chapter.

(Added by Stats. 1986, Ch. 724, Sec. 24.)

2121.
  

Any person who willfully aids or assists in, or procures, counsels, advises, or coerces anyone in the preparation or presentation under, or in connection with any matter arising under, this code, of a return, report, affidavit, claim, or other document, that is fraudulent or is false as to any material matter, whether or not the falsity or fraud is with the knowledge or consent of the person authorized or required to present the return, report, affidavit, claim, or document is in violation of this chapter.

(Amended by Stats. 1994, Ch. 1050, Sec. 5. Effective January 1, 1995.)

2122.
  

Except as provided in Sections 2117, 2117.5, 2118, and 2118.5, a violation of this chapter is punishable by imprisonment in the county jail not to exceed one year, or in the state prison, or by a fine of not more than twenty thousand dollars ($20,000), or by both the fine and imprisonment, at the discretion of the court.

(Added by Stats. 1986, Ch. 724, Sec. 26.)

2122.5.
  

Any fine imposed by the court pursuant to this chapter, except for fines imposed under Sections 2101 and 2102, shall be paid to the office of the prosecutor bringing the complaint, but if the case was referred to the prosecutor by the department, or some other governmental unit, one-half of the criminal fine shall be paid to that governmental unit.

(Added by Stats. 1987, Ch. 604, Sec. 1.)

2123.
  

The certificate of the department to the effect that a return or report has not been filed or that information has not been supplied as required by Division 6 (commencing with Section 13000) is prima facie evidence that the return or report has not been filed or that the information has not been supplied.

(Amended by Stats. 1994, Ch. 1049, Sec. 23. Effective January 1, 1995.)

2124.
  

The place of trial for offenses enumerated in this chapter shall be in the county of residence or principal place of business of the defendant or defendants, or in any county where the defendant or defendants were transacting business that resulted in the alleged offenses, except that if the defendant has no residence or principal place of business in this state, the trial shall be held in the County of Sacramento.

(Amended by Stats. 2010, Ch. 392, Sec. 4. (AB 2538) Effective January 1, 2011.)

2125.
  

Any action or prosecution under this chapter shall be instituted within four years after the discovery of the offense.

(Added by Stats. 1986, Ch. 724, Sec. 29.)

2126.
  

Any person or employing unit convicted under this chapter may be charged the costs of investigation and prosecution at the discretion of the court.

(Added by Stats. 1986, Ch. 724, Sec. 30.)

2127.
  

The prosecutor may, with the consent of the department, compromise any penalty for which he or she may bring an action under this chapter. The penalties provided by this chapter are additional to all other penalties provided in this code and Part 10 (commencing with Section 17001) of Division 2 of the Revenue and Taxation Code.

(Added by Stats. 1986, Ch. 724, Sec. 30.5.)

2128.
  

Any employer or agent of an employer who provides a wage statement or similar document to any undocumented worker or former undocumented worker at that person’s request for the purpose of documenting that person’s eligibility for legalization pursuant to the federal Immigration Reform and Control Act (Public Law 99-603), shall not be liable for any penalty or criminal or civil violation under this division relative to any undocumented worker or former undocumented worker based on any facts disclosed in the wage statement or similar document so provided.

Nothing in this section shall be construed to limit the liability under any provision of law of any person who engages in the procurement or production of false or fraudulent wage statements or similar documents to any person for purposes of legalization under the federal Immigration Reform and Control Act.

This section does not apply to penalties assessed or criminal actions filed prior to May 1, 1987.

This section does not apply where the Employment Development Department, through independent means, discovers that an employer has withheld personal income tax and disability insurance contributions from workers’ paychecks and has not remitted those moneys to the department.

The immunity from liability pursuant to this section shall apply only to facts disclosed in the wage statement or similar document provided commencing on or after the effective date of this section and only until the date of the termination of the legalization provisions for agricultural and nonagricultural workers of the federal Immigration Reform and Control Act. However, the immunity from liability pursuant to this section shall continue until the cause of action is tolled by the applicable statute of limitations.

(Added by Stats. 1987, Ch. 1363, Sec. 2. Effective September 29, 1987.)

2129.
  

For the purposes of this chapter, “person” includes, a claimant for benefits and any officer, employee, director, partner, or agent having charge of the affairs of any employer or employing unit with regard to the violation which occurred. “Person” also includes both natural persons and legal entities. More than one person may be charged with violations under this chapter, where control of the affairs of the employing unit, or employer, is shared by more than one person.

(Added by Stats. 1989, Ch. 1010, Sec. 8.)

UICUnemployment Insurance Code - UIC