Code Section Group

Streets and Highways Code - SHC

DIVISION 1. STATE HIGHWAYS [50 - 897]

  ( Division 1 enacted by Stats. 1935, Ch. 29. )

CHAPTER 3. The Care and Protection of State Highways [660 - 759.3]

  ( Chapter 3 enacted by Stats. 1935, Ch. 29. )

ARTICLE 2.5. Special Provisions re Utilities in Freeways [700 - 711]
  ( Article 2.5 added by Stats. 1947, 1st Ex. Sess., Ch. 11. )

700.
  

(a) “Person,” in addition to the definition in Section 19, includes any city, county, public corporation, or public district.

(b) “Utility facility” means any pole, poleline, pipe, pipeline, conduit, cable, aqueduct, or other structure or appurtenance thereof used for public or privately owned utility services, used to provide cable service or video service, as defined in Section 5830 of the Public Utilities Code, or used by any mutual organization supplying water or telephone service to its members.

(c) “Utility” means any person maintaining any utility facility.

(d) “Freeway” includes any toll bridge, including approaches, under the jurisdiction of the commission.

(Amended by Stats. 2017, Ch. 792, Sec. 1. (AB 1145) Effective January 1, 2018.)

701.
  

This article is limited to state highways which are or shall become freeways. Article 2 (commencing with Section 670), except as inconsistent with this article, applies to freeways.

(Amended by Stats. 1983, Ch. 142, Sec. 157.)

702.
  

Whenever the department requires any utility to remove any utility facility lawfully maintained in the right of way of any freeway to a location entirely outside the freeway right of way, the department shall pay the reasonable and necessary cost of such removal. This includes both the cost of removal and the cost of relocation in a new location outside of the freeway right of way.

This section does not apply to the relocation of the utility facility from one point in a freeway to another point in the freeway, including the relocation in any service road or outer highway of the freeway or from one point of crossing of the freeway to another and reasonable point of crossing.

(Added by Stats. 1947, 1st Ex. Sess., Ch. 11.)

703.
  

Whenever the department requires a publicly owned utility to relocate within a freeway any utility facility lawfully maintained in any freeway which was not a state highway at the time such utility facility was originally installed therein, the department shall pay the cost of such relocation.

Whenever the department requires a privately owned utility to relocate within a freeway any utility facility used solely to supply water, which facility is lawfully maintained in any freeway which was not a state highway at the time such utility facility was originally installed therein, the department shall pay the cost of such relocation.

Whenever the department requires a privately owned utility to relocate within a freeway any utility facility, other than one used solely to supply water, which facility is lawfully maintained in any freeway which was not a state highway at the time such utility facility was originally installed therein, and it is established by the utility that it is not under express contractual obligation to relocate such facility at its own expense, the department shall pay the cost of such relocation.

A permit containing a contractual obligation which was accepted by the utility for maintenance or minor improvement of the facility after such road became a state highway shall not constitute a contractual obligation within the meaning of this section.

Publicly owned sewers and fire hydrants and any street lighting structure, whether publicly or privately owned, in any freeway shall be relocated, where necessary, at the expense of the department.

(Amended by Stats. 1961, Ch. 1448.)

704.
  

If the department requires the relocation within the right of way of any utility facility more than once within a period of 10 years, the department shall pay the cost of the second relocation and any subsequent relocation within such 10-year period.

(Added by Stats. 1947, 1st Ex. Sess., Ch. 11.)

705.
  

In any case in which the department is required under the provisions of this article to pay the cost of removal or relocation of any utility facility, it shall be entitled to credits as follows:

(1) In the amount of any betterment to the utility facility resulting from such removal or relocation, not in excess of the cost of the increased capacity of the facility.

(2) The salvage value of any materials or parts salvaged and retained by the utility.

(3) If a new facility or portion thereof is constructed to accomplish such removal or relocation, an allowance of an amount bearing the same proportion to the original cost of the displaced facility or portion thereof as the age thereof bears to the normal expected life thereof.

A credit shall not be allowed against any portion of the cost which is otherwise chargeable to the utility.

A credit allowance for age shall not be applied to publicly owned sewers.

(Amended by Stats. 1976, Ch. 676.)

706.
  

The department and any utility required to remove a utility facility or to relocate any utility facility may, by agreement, provide for the respective amounts of the cost to be borne by each. The department may, without prejudice to its rights under Section 707, advance the cost of removal or relocation and if the department advances such cost, it is the duty of the utility to move its facilities as soon as reasonably possible so as not to delay freeway construction. In the case of any utility which is not financially able to bear the costs of removal or relocation, the department may by agreement provide for the work to be done on condition that the utility’s portion of the costs be repaid to the department over a period of time not exceeding 10 years.

Either party may maintain an action in a court of competent jurisdiction for an adjudication as to the obligations and costs to be borne by each party under such provisions of said contract at any time within four years after the cause of action first arose thereunder. Such a cause of action shall be deemed to arise upon and at the time of the completion by the utility of the removal or relocation in question, or at the time of breach of the agreement by either party. The filing of a claim with any state agency shall not be deemed a condition precedent to the maintenance by the utility of any such action.

(Amended by Stats. 1957, Ch. 2355.)

706.5.
  

In connection with the construction of State Highway Route 86 in Imperial County from Post Miles 58.4 to Post Miles 65.1 and the relocation of facilities of the Coachella Valley Water District necessitated by that project, the department may make a loan, for a term not exceeding 20 years, to the district for the relocation costs incurred, and to be incurred, by the district as a result of that project. The loan shall be subject to the terms and conditions that are mutually agreed upon, but shall require the district, in addition to making periodic payments on the loan, to annually pay to the department an amount at least equal to the sum of the pipeline portion of all development fees collected by the district during the preceding year in the service area served by the transverse waterline crossing of State Highway Route 86, less the district’s administrative and collection costs. The amounts so paid shall be deducted from the outstanding balance of the loan, and the remaining term of the loan correspondingly reduced.

(Added by Stats. 1988, Ch. 705, Sec. 1.)

707.
  

In the event of failure to reach an agreement as provided in Section 706, the utility or the department may bring an action in a court of competent jurisdiction for apportionment of the cost between them in accordance with the provisions of this article. Such an action may be commenced within three years from the date of completion by the utility of the removal or relocation in question. The filing of a claim with any state agency shall not be deemed a condition precedent to the maintenance by the utility of any such action.

(Amended by Stats. 1957, Ch. 2356.)

707.5.
  

(A) The department and any utility as defined in Section 700 of this code may enter into a contract providing for or apportioning the obligations and costs to be borne by each party as to either or both of the following subject matters:

(1) Any or all removals or relocations of any utility facilities completed by the utility prior to the effective date of such contract as required by notice given by the department wherever necessary to accommodate any or all state freeways, where: (a) the obligations or costs in respect thereto to be borne by each party is in dispute; and (b) the claim of the utility is: (i) founded upon a removal or relocation completed by the utility not longer than three years immediately preceding the effective date of such contract; or (ii) involved in an action pending in a court of competent jurisdiction if such action was commenced within three years after completion by the utility of the removal or relocation in question; and

(2) Any or all removals or relocations of any utility facilities to be undertaken or completed by the utility after the effective date of such contract as required by notice given by the department wherever necessary to accommodate any or all state freeways.

(B) Those provisions of any such contract settling the claims of the parties in respect to any or all removals or relocations of any utility facilities completed by the utility prior to the effective date of such contract, as authorized in subdivision (A) (1) of this section, shall be irrevocable after the execution of such contract, except as the same may be changed or modified by mutual consent of the parties in writing; and either party may maintain an action in a court of competent jurisdiction upon such provisions of said contract at any time within two years after the effective date of such contract, and the utility need file no claim with any state agency as a condition precedent to the maintenance of any such action.

(C) Those provisions of any such contract dealing with any or all removals or relocations of any utility facilities to be undertaken or completed by the utility after the effective date of such contract, as authorized in subdivision (A) (2) of this section, shall be under and subject to the following limitations and requirements:

(1) While such provisions of said contract remain in effect, such provisions shall govern exclusively the determination of the obligations and costs to be borne by each party in regard to every removal or relocation covered thereby undertaken or completed by the utility after the effective date of such contract, whether notice in respect thereto was given by the department to the utility before or after the effective date of such contract, in lieu of the determination thereof under the foregoing provisions of this article as now or hereafter existing and any and all other laws which would be applicable to said subject matter but for said contract, save to the extent that any such laws may be referred to, retained, and made applicable by, such provisions of said contracts; provided: (a) where before the effective date of a contract entered into under this section the parties executed an agreement in respect to the obligations and costs to be borne by each party as to a particular removal or relocation under a notice given by the department, the provisions of such last mentioned agreement shall govern as to the obligations and costs to be borne by each party in respect thereto; and (b) where a particular notice given by the department before the effective date of a contract entered into under this section specifies a removal or relocation to be made at the expense of the utility, the utility shall be and remain bound thereby unless the utility advised the department in writing of its disagreement with such determination within the time specified in any agreement then in effect between the department and the utility in respect to the procedure to be followed in such cases, or, if none, within a reasonable time after receipt by the utility of said notice.

(2) Either party may maintain an action in a court of competent jurisdiction for an adjudication as to the obligations and costs to be borne by each party under such provisions of said contract at any time within four years after the cause of action first arose thereunder. Such a cause of action shall be deemed to arise upon and at the time of the completion by the utility of the removal or relocation in question. The filing of a claim with any state agency shall not be deemed a condition precedent to the maintenance by the utility of any such action.

(3) Such provisions of said contract shall terminate: (i) automatically upon the repeal of this section or of subdivisions (A) (2) and (C) hereof; and (ii) also, unless sooner so automatically terminated, at such time or in such manner as may be provided in said contract; and in the event of either such termination, the laws applicable to the subject matter of such provisions of said contract as existing at the time of such termination shall thereafter govern, save as to removals or relocations theretofore required of the utility by the department under notice mailed or delivered to the utility prior to such termination, whether work upon such removal or relocation has theretofore commenced, is in progress, or has been completed.

(Added by Stats. 1951, Ch. 824.)

708.
  

Every utility is entitled to a permit for such reasonable crossings of any freeway, as may be required for the proper discharge of the utility’s service to the public.

(Added by Stats. 1947, 1st Ex. Sess., Ch. 11.)

709.
  

The department shall exercise a reasonable discretion in acting on applications of utilities for permits to occupy freeways for longitudinal locations of facilities, as may be required for the proper discharge of their services to the public. The department may, however, refuse to grant any applications for any such longitudinal installation which would be inconsistent with public safety or the continued unobstructed use of the freeway for vehicular traffic, or for any type of utility structure inconsistent with the aesthetic values of any landscaped freeway within, or approaching within one mile of, the limits of any city.

(Added by Stats. 1947, 1st Ex. Sess., Ch. 11.)

710.
  

The department, in acting upon applications for utility permits, shall consider both the interests of the traveling public upon the freeway and the needs of consumers for public utility services.

(Added by Stats. 1947, 1st Ex. Sess., Ch. 11.)

711.
  

Nothing in this article is intended to prevent the department from making reasonable rules and regulations and requiring reasonable conditions in permits concerning the place, manner and method of location of utility facilities in, under, over or along freeways. Specifically, without limiting the generality of the foregoing, the department may make regulations or require conditions to the end that the cutting of pavement on freeways and a consequential impairment of the use thereof by the traveling public, shall be avoided insofar as possible.

(Added by Stats. 1947, 1st Ex. Sess., Ch. 11.)

SHCStreets and Highways Code - SHC2.5