Code Section Group

Public Resources Code - PRC

DIVISION 6. PUBLIC LANDS [6001 - 8558]

  ( Division 6 added by Stats. 1941, Ch. 548. )

PART 1. ADMINISTRATION AND CONTROL OF STATE LANDS [6001 - 6477]

  ( Part 1 added by Stats. 1941, Ch. 548. )

CHAPTER 4. Administration and Control of Swamp, Overflowed, Tide, or Submerged Lands, and Structures Thereon [6301 - 6360]

  ( Chapter 4 added by Stats. 1941, Ch. 548. )

ARTICLE 2.5. Survey and Mapping of Ungranted Tide and Submerged Lands [6331 - 6342]
  ( Article 2.5 added by Stats. 1975, Ch. 706. )

6331.
  

As used in this article:

(a) “Ungranted tidelands” means the tide and submerged lands owned by the State of California which have not been granted in trust to any local agency or to the United States or to private parties.

(b) “Local agency” means any county, city, public district, or other public agency.

(c) “Person” means any private person, partnership, association, limited liability company, or corporation.

(Amended by Stats. 1994, Ch. 1010, Sec. 211. Effective January 1, 1995.)

6331.5.
  

The commission shall make an inventory to ascertain and describe by metes and bounds the location and extent of all ungranted tidelands. The commission shall, in a local agency where the ungranted tideland boundary is described by metes and bounds, acquire and evaluate the existing boundary description to determine whether or not additional surveys should be conducted. When available, the local agency shall provide copies of the descriptions, together with all materials supporting the descriptions, including field notes and other basic data, to the commission at no cost, other than the reproduction cost, to the state.

No appropriation is made by the act adding this section, nor is an obligation created thereby, for the reimbursement of a local agency for costs, other than reproduction costs, that may be incurred by it in carrying on a program or performing a service required to be carried on or performed by it by this section. Reimbursements for reproduction expenditures shall be made by the commission from appropriations to the commission for the preparation of the inventory.

The commission shall evaluate each survey and shall adopt boundary descriptions already in common use where these metes and bounds descriptions approximate the existing line of ordinary high water where it is in a state of nature, or where the descriptions approximate the last position occupied in a state of nature by the line of ordinary high water in areas where the existing shoreline has ceased to be in a state of nature, and where sound engineering practices were used to conduct the survey. If metes and bounds descriptions of tideland boundaries are not available, or if the surveys do not describe the tideland boundary in a state of nature as hereinbefore defined, or if unsound engineering practices were used to describe a tideland boundary, the commission may conduct its own survey. Unless otherwise provided by law, prior to undertaking a survey on ungranted tidelands, the commission shall prepare an inventory of those ungranted tidelands that will require a commission survey.

(Amended by Stats. 2012, Ch. 728, Sec. 148. Effective January 1, 2013.)

6332.
  

The commission shall:

(a) Adopt and enforce such rules and regulations as may be necessary or convenient to carry out the purposes of this article in accordance with Chapter 3.5 (commencing with Section 11340) of Part 1 of Division 3 of Title 2 of the Government Code, in accordance with the following requirements:

(1) All data such as survey notes and factual and historical materials which have been obtained by investigation and survey and considered in connection with the establishment of each ungranted tideland parcel boundary shall be perpetuated, filed, indexed, and made available in the office of the commission for public inspection and use upon request.

(2) Surveys of ungranted tideland boundary lines made by the state, or made under contract with the state, or adopted by the state, shall sufficiently tie the surveyed boundary lines to record monuments disclosed by the public records in the office of the county recorder of the county in which the land so surveyed is located to the extent that adjoining property owners and officials of the local agency and others may determine the relation of the surveyed boundary lines to record title boundaries without additional survey.

(3) United States Coast and Geodetic Survey data shall be used in areas where available to establish boundary lines which are required under the title circumstances to be established in accordance with federal law. In areas where tideland boundary lines are required to be established under title circumstances which require the application of California law, available United States Coast and Geodetic Survey data shall be used but corrected as required. Consideration shall be given in each survey to any seiche condition which may exist in the surveyed area.

(4) Consideration shall be given to the effect of any prior accretion and erosion in each surveyed area. Consideration shall also be given to the confirmation of title boundaries of lands claimed to be in private or public ownership, which lands support improvements of long standing authorized by governmental action.

(5) Boundary lines so established and surveyed shall take into consideration any statutes of limitations applicable to the validity of patents, and the finality of boundary line agreements and boundary and exchange agreements adopted prior to, or on or after, January 1, 1976, and whether entered into pursuant to Section 6307 or 6357, or any other statutes of this state, or otherwise.

(6) When establishing and surveying the line of ordinary high water, the then existing location of that line shall be used unless there is clear and convincing evidence that that location is not the last natural position of the line according to applicable federal or state laws.

(b) Contract with all agencies, public and private, as the commission may deem necessary for the rendition and affording of services and facilities to the commission pursuant to this article and for all other purposes related thereto.

(c) Do all other acts necessary to carry out the requirements and purposes of this article within the limit of its authority conferred by law, including this article.

(Amended by Stats. 1981, Ch. 714, Sec. 365.)

6333.
  

The commission shall prepare and adopt, on or before March 31, 1989, a “Preliminary Map of Ungranted Tideland Boundaries in California” based on the inventory and survey required by this article and shall on or before that date:

(a) Transmit a copy of such “Preliminary Map of Ungranted Tideland Boundaries in California” to the Secretary of the Senate, the Chief Clerk of the Assembly, the Attorney General, and the State Librarian.

(b) Transmit a copy of the pertinent part of such “Preliminary Map of Ungranted Tideland Boundaries in California” relating to each county wherein ungranted tidelands are located to the county clerk thereof, who shall thereupon post the same in a public place in his office.

(c) Publish a notice in accordance with Section 6066 of the Government Code between April 1 and April 30, 1989, in a newspaper of general circulation within each county wherein ungranted tidelands are located, announcing that a copy of such “Preliminary Map of Ungranted Tideland Boundaries in California” is available for public inspection at the office of the county clerk of such county during the business hours of such office, and post a similar notice in three public places in such county.

(d) Make available copies of each such “Preliminary Map of Ungranted Tideland Boundaries in California,” or pertinent parts thereof, to the public at the approximate cost of reproduction.

Notwithstanding any other provision of this article, the commission may prepare and adopt such “Preliminary Map of Ungranted Tideland Boundaries in California” in segments of the whole, whether by individual parcels or by areas. Any reference to a particular “Preliminary Map of Ungranted Tideland Boundaries in California” shall be deemed to refer to such parcels or areas. Nothing in this article shall preclude the preparation of such “Preliminary Map of Ungranted Tideland Boundaries in California” in segments or as a whole prior to an inventory being made pursuant to Section 6331.5.

(Added by Stats. 1975, Ch. 706.)

6334.
  

After completing the “Preliminary Map of Ungranted Tideland Boundaries in California,” the commission shall adopt and prepare a “Preliminary Description of Ungranted Tideland Boundaries” for each parcel of ungranted tidelands inventoried pursuant to this article, which shall be completed on or before June 30, 1989. The commission thereafter shall:

(a) Transmit a copy of each such “Preliminary Description of Ungranted Tideland Boundaries” for each parcel of ungranted tidelands to the office of the county clerk of the county in which each such parcel is located, who shall thereupon post the same in a public place in his office.

(b) Publish a notice in accordance with Section 6066 of the Government Code, between July 1 and July 31, 1989, in a newspaper of general circulation within each such county, announcing that a copy of the “Preliminary Description of Ungranted Tideland Boundaries” for each parcel of ungranted tidelands located within the county is available for public inspection at the office of the county clerk during the business hours of such office, and post a similar notice in three public places in such county.

(c) Copies of each such “Preliminary Description of Ungranted Tideland Boundaries” shall be made available by the commission to the public at the approximate cost of reproduction.

Notwithstanding any other provisions of this article, the commission may prepare and adopt such “Preliminary Description of Ungranted Tideland Boundaries” in segments of the whole whether by individual parcels or by areas. Any reference to a particular “Preliminary Description of Ungranted Tideland Boundaries” shall be deemed to refer to such parcels or areas. Nothing in this article shall preclude the preparation of such “Preliminary Description of Ungranted Tideland Boundaries” in segments or as a whole prior to an inventory being made pursuant to Section 6331.5.

(Added by Stats. 1975, Ch. 706.)

6335.
  

On or before December 31, 1989, any local agency or other interested person affected by boundaries described by the “Preliminary Description of Ungranted Tideland Boundaries” may file a protest, verified under oath, on a form to be prescribed and provided by the commission, at an office of the commission. Any such protest shall be accompanied by a list or brief summary of all data and pertinent evidence bearing upon the protest upon which the protesting party intends to rely and which is in the possession of the protesting party at the time of the filing of the protest. A protesting party may, at least 10 days prior to the hearing or continued hearing provided for in Section 6337, or at any time as the commission may approve, submit a list or brief summary of any such data and pertinent evidence obtained subsequent to the filing of the protest. Any such data and pertinent evidence shall, upon request of the commission, be available for inspection amd reproduction by the commission.

(Added by Stats. 1975, Ch. 706.)

6336.
  

The commission may negotiate with any person or local agency having or claiming an interest in any land affected by boundaries described by the “Preliminary Description of Ungranted Tideland Boundaries,” for the purpose of reaching a boundary agreement. Any such boundary agreement shall be binding on the state and other parties thereto when approved by the commission. Any such boundary agreement shall be recorded in the office of the county recorder of each county in which the land affected thereby, or some portion thereof, is located. The boundary line so established shall be incorporated in, and made a part of, the master map and description to be prepared pursuant to the provisions of Section 6338.

(Amended by Stats. 1976, Ch. 1079.)

6337.
  

Before adopting the Master Map of Ungranted Tideland Boundaries in California and a Description of Ungranted Tideland Boundaries pursuant to Section 6338, the commission shall consider all evidence submitted pursuant to Section 6335. The commission may, in its discretion, and shall, upon the request of the protestant, hold a hearing as to any protest or protests prior to adopting the master map and description. The commission may authorize its executive officer or other officer or employee of the commission to conduct such hearing or hearings at a convenient location selected by the commission within each county where such protested boundary is located. Not less than 30 days before the date set for each hearing, a notice, setting forth the time, place, and nature of such hearing, shall be sent by such officer or employee by certified mail to each protestant whose protest is to be heard at such hearing.

(Added by Stats. 1975, Ch. 706.)

6338.
  

On or before December 31, 1992, the commission shall prepare, certify, adopt, and publish in final form a “Master Map of Ungranted Tideland Boundaries in California,” and a “Description of Ungranted Tideland Boundaries” for each parcel of ungranted tidelands, either in whole, or by segments as completed, and thereafter shall:

(a) File a copy of each of the aforementioned documents with the Chief Clerk of the Assembly, the Secretary of the Senate, the Attorney General, the Director of Finance, the Director of Conservation, the Director of Parks and Recreation, the State Librarian, and such other state departments or agencies as the commission may deem advisable.

(b) Record one copy of the part of each such document pertaining to the county affected in the office of the county recorder of each county in which ungranted tidelands are located.

(c) File the original of each in the official file of the commission as a public record.

(Added by Stats. 1975, Ch. 706.)

6339.
  

(a) Boundaries established by boundary agreements entered into and recorded pursuant to Section 6336, as to all parties thereto, shall be fixed and permanent without change by reason of fluctuation due to the forces of nature, except that any lands that may thereafter be submerged or become subject to the ebb and flow of the tide, shall, so long as such conditions exist, be subject to the easement in favor of the public for commerce, navigation, and fisheries.

(b) Boundaries mapped and described pursuant to this article, other than boundaries established by parties to a boundary agreement entered into pursuant to Section 6336, shall not be binding upon any upland owner or other party affected thereby, whose rights, if any, shall not be affected by any provision of this article. If any such rights have been previously determined pursuant to law, they shall remain unaffected by the provisions of, and proceedings undertaken pursuant to, this article. If any such rights have not been previously determined, they may be determined pursuant to any law existing as of January 1, 1976, or that may be thereafter enacted. However, any such upland owner or other person affected by the master map and description may consent in writing to bind his land or any claimed title or interest therein to the boundaries so mapped and described. Such consent shall be acknowledged by the party executing it and shall be recorded in the office of the county recorder of the county in which the land affected thereby is located. The consent shall thereafter have the same effect as if a boundary agreement had been entered into pursuant to Section 6336, and the provisions of subdivision (a) of this section shall be applicable thereto.

(Added by Stats. 1975, Ch. 706.)

6340.
  

The inventory required by this article shall not extend to, or have any bearing upon, the determination of the seaward boundary separating lands belonging to the state and lands belonging to the United States.

(Added by Stats. 1975, Ch. 706.)

6341.
  

Any boundary line agreement entered into pursuant to Section 6336 or 6357, or any consent recorded pursuant to subdivision (b) of Section 6339, or any exchange of land made pursuant to Section 6307, shall be conclusively presumed to be valid unless held to be invalid in an appropriate proceeding in a court of competent jurisdiction to determine the validity of such boundary line agreement or consent or exchange commenced prior to January 1, 1977, or within one year after the execution and recording of such boundary line agreement or such consent or exchange, whichever is later.

(Added by Stats. 1975, Ch. 706.)

6342.
  

The commission may enter into boundary line agreements with any person or public entity, describing and defining the boundary line between ungranted tidelands and adjacent uplands owned by such person or public entity. Such boundary line agreements shall be executed on behalf of the commission, and upon recordation shall be binding and conclusive as between the state and all persons and public entities executing such agreements, and the provisions of subdivision (a) of Section 6339 shall be applicable thereto.

(Added by Stats. 1975, Ch. 706.)

PRCPublic Resources Code - PRC2.5.