Code Section Group

Public Resources Code - PRC

DIVISION 30. WASTE MANAGEMENT [40000 - 49620]

  ( Division 30 added by Stats. 1989, Ch. 1096, Sec. 2. )

PART 3. STATE PROGRAMS [42000 - 42999]

  ( Part 3 added by Stats. 1989, Ch. 1096, Sec. 2. )

CHAPTER 5.5. Plastic Packaging Containers [42300 - 42345]

  ( Chapter 5.5 added by Stats. 1991, Ch. 769, Sec. 1. )

ARTICLE 2. Manufacturing [42310 - 42310.3]
  ( Article 2 added by Stats. 1991, Ch. 769, Sec. 1. )

42310.
  

Except as otherwise provided in this chapter, every rigid plastic packaging container sold or offered for sale in this state shall, on average, meet one of the following criteria:

(a) Be made from 25 percent postconsumer material.

(b) Have a recycling rate of 45 percent if it is a product-associated rigid plastic packaging container or a single resin type of rigid plastic packaging container, as demonstrated to the board by the product maker, container manufacturer, or other entity. The board may take appropriate action to verify the demonstration, but the board is not required to expend state funds to conduct a survey or calculate the rate.

(c) Be a reusable package or a refillable package.

(d) Be a source reduced container.

(e) Is a container containing floral preservative that is subsequently reused by the floral industry for at least two years.

(Amended by Stats. 2005, Ch. 666, Sec. 2. Effective January 1, 2006.)

42310.1.
  

(a) Until January 1, 1997, the criteria specified in Section 42310 shall not apply to any rigid plastic packaging container that is manufactured for use with food or cosmetics, as defined in subdivisions (f) and (i) of Section 321 of Title 21 of the United States Code.

(b) Notwithstanding subdivision (a), rigid plastic packaging containers actually recycled shall be included in calculating the recycling rate pursuant to subdivision (b) or (c) of Section 42310.

(c) Every manufacturer of a product packaged in a rigid plastic packaging container described in subdivision (a), which is not in compliance with Section 42310, that is exempt from the criteria specified in Section 42310 pursuant to subdivision (a), shall do both of the following:

(1) On or before December 1, 1995, the manufacturer shall submit a report to the board which demonstrates that the manufacturer is taking, and will continue to take, all feasible actions consistent with Section 42310 to ensure the reduction, recycling, or reuse of the rigid plastic packaging containers described in subdivision (a) and the development and expansion of markets for rigid plastic packaging containers. Those actions may include, but are not limited to, all of the following:

(A) The use of postconsumer recycled plastic in rigid plastic packaging containers sold in this state.

(B) The use of postconsumer recycled plastic in other packaging materials sold or manufactured in this state.

(C) The use of postconsumer recycled plastic in other products sold or manufactured in this state.

(D) Arranging for the use of postconsumer recycled plastic collected for recycling in this state in the manufacture of nonrigid plastic packaging container products or packaging of another entity.

(E) The procurement of products containing postconsumer recycled plastic, including, but not limited to, trash bags, trash containers, pallets, carpeting, slip sheets, and shrink wrap.

(F) The demonstration of financial investment in recycled plastic collecting, processing, and remanufacturing activities in the state.

(2) On or before January 1, 1996, every manufacturer of rigid plastic packaging containers shall, for any rigid plastic packaging container that is exempt from, and not in compliance with, the criteria specified in Section 42310 pursuant to subdivision (a), diligently seek one or more “nonobjection letters” from the United States Food and Drug Administration which will permit the manufacturer of rigid plastic packaging containers to use recycled plastic in the manufacture of the rigid plastic packaging containers described in subdivision (a).

(Amended by Stats. 1994, Ch. 1227, Sec. 23. Effective January 1, 1995.)

42310.2.
  

(a) On or before July 1, 1994, as part of the regulations required to be adopted pursuant to Section 42325, the board shall adopt regulations to carry out the requirements of paragraph (1) of subdivision (c) of Section 42310.1. In adopting regulations pursuant to this section, the board shall make every effort to limit paperwork and information to only those matters that are needed for the board to determine if manufacturers are taking all feasible actions to ensure the reduction, recycling, or reuse of the rigid plastic packaging containers described in subdivision (a) of Section 42310.1, and the development and expansion of markets for rigid plastic packaging containers.

(b) On or before February 1, 1996, the board shall review, and approve or disapprove, the reports required pursuant to paragraph (1) of subdivision (c) of Section 42310.1. If a report is not submitted pursuant to a schedule established by the board, or, if, based upon the report, the board determines that a manufacturer has not taken all feasible actions to ensure the reduction, recycling, or reuse of the containers and the development and expansion of markets for rigid plastic packaging containers, the board may take one of the following actions, as selected by the manufacturer:

(1) Require the manufacturer to take additional actions, including, but not limited to, one or more of the measures described in paragraph (1) of subdivision (c) of Section 42310.1, to ensure that the manufacturer is taking, and will continue to take, all feasible actions to ensure the reduction, recycling, or reuse of the containers and the development and expansion of markets for rigid plastic packaging containers.

(2) Impose a civil penalty of up to one hundred thousand dollars ($100,000) pursuant to Section 42322. In imposing monetary penalties pursuant to this paragraph, the board shall take into consideration all of the following factors:

(A) The size and net worth of the manufacturer.

(B) The impact of the violation on the overall objectives of this chapter.

(C) The severity of the violation. A penalty imposed pursuant to this paragraph shall not be required to be paid by a manufacturer before January 1, 1997.

(c) If the board determines that the conditions in paragraphs (1) and (2) are met, the board shall enter into a contract, or other legally binding agreement, with one or more trade associations representing manufacturers of resin, manufacturers of rigid plastic packaging containers, or manufacturers of products packaged in rigid plastic packaging containers subject to this section and Section 42310.1. The agreement shall allow the trade association, in lieu of those individual manufacturers in the trade association who elect to be a party to the contract or agreement, to submit the report required pursuant to paragraph (1) of subdivision (c) of Section 42310.1 and to implement the actions identified in the report. The board shall enter into the agreement only if both of the following conditions exist:

(1) The agreement ensures that the report will contain sufficient information that otherwise would be required to be submitted by individual manufacturers pursuant to Section 42310.1, and any other information that is necessary and directly related to the board’s ability to comply with this section.

(2) The agreement ensures that each manufacturer that elects to be a party to the agreement and that is a member of the trade association that submits the report shall be liable for the full amount of any civil penalties that may be imposed or shall comply with any requirement imposed by the board pursuant to paragraph (1) of subdivision (b), as selected by the manufacturer. A manufacturer subject to this paragraph shall not be liable for a civil penalty greater than one hundred thousand dollars ($100,000), regardless of the number of trade associations of which the manufacturer is a member.

(d) Notwithstanding any other provision of this section, a trade association representing resin manufacturers shall be responsible for submitting an additional report as provided pursuant to paragraph (1) of subdivision (c) of Section 42310.1. The resin manufacturer’s trade association is subject to the review, penalties, and sanctions specified in paragraphs (1) and (2) of subdivision (b). No member of the resin manufacturer’s trade association is liable for penalties and sanctions set forth in paragraph (1) or (2) of subdivision (b) pursuant to this subdivision if that member would not otherwise be subject to those penalties and sanctions.

(e) For the purposes of subdivision (b) and paragraph (1) of subdivision (c) of Section 42310.1, “feasible” means capable of being accomplished in a successful manner within a reasonable period of time, taking into account economic, environmental, social, and technological factors.

(f) For purposes of Section 42310.1 and this section regarding all reporting, compliance, and penalty obligations, “manufacturer” includes all subsidiaries and affiliates.

(Amended by Stats. 2004, Ch. 561, Sec. 3. Effective January 1, 2005.)

42310.3.
  

(a) Notwithstanding Section 42310, a manufacturer is in compliance with this chapter if the manufacturer demonstrates through its own actions, or the actions of another company under the same corporate ownership, that one of the following actions were taken during the same period for which the manufacturer is subject to this chapter, with regard to a rigid plastic packaging container that stores the manufacturer’s product that is sold or intended for sale in this state:

(1) The manufacturer, or another company under the same corporate ownership, consumed postconsumer material generated in the state in the manufacture of a rigid plastic packaging container subject to Section 42310, or a rigid plastic packaging container or other plastic products or plastic packaging not subject to that section, and that is equivalent to, or exceeds the postconsumer material that the rigid plastic packaging container is otherwise required to contain, as specified in subdivision (a) of Section 42310.

(2) The manufacturer, or any company under the same corporate ownership, arranged by contractual agreement for the purchase and consumption of postconsumer material generated in the state and exported to another state for the manufacture of a rigid plastic packaging container subject to Section 42310, or a rigid plastic packaging container or other plastic products or plastic packaging not subject to that section that is equivalent to, or exceeds the postconsumer material that the rigid plastic packaging container is otherwise required to contain, as specified in subdivision (a) of Section 42310.

(b) The board shall determine the manner of demonstrating compliance with this section.

(Amended by Stats. 2007, Ch. 130, Sec. 215. Effective January 1, 2008.)

PRCPublic Resources Code - PRC2