Code Section Group

Penal Code - PEN

PART 2. OF CRIMINAL PROCEDURE [681 - 1620]

  ( Part 2 enacted 1872. )

TITLE 10. MISCELLANEOUS PROCEEDINGS [1268 - 1424]

  ( Title 10 enacted 1872. )

CHAPTER 1. Bail [1268 - 1320.5]

  ( Chapter 1 enacted 1872. )

ARTICLE 5.5. Bail Fugitive Recovery Persons Act [1299 - 1299.12]
  ( Article 5.5 added by Stats. 2012, Ch. 747, Sec. 1. )

1299.
  

This article shall be known as the Bail Fugitive Recovery Persons Act.

(Added by Stats. 2012, Ch. 747, Sec. 1. (AB 2029) Effective January 1, 2013.)

1299.01.
  

For purposes of this article, the following terms shall have the following meanings:

(a) “Bail fugitive” means a defendant in a pending criminal case who has been released from custody under a financially secured appearance, cash, or other bond and has had that bond declared forfeited, or a defendant in a pending criminal case who has violated a bond condition whereby apprehension and reincarceration are permitted.

(b) “Bail” means a person licensed by the Department of Insurance pursuant to Section 1800 of the Insurance Code.

(c) “Depositor of bail” means a person who or entity that has deposited money or bonds to secure the release of a person charged with a crime or offense.

(d) “Bail fugitive recovery person” means a person who is provided written authorization pursuant to Sections 1300 and 1301 by the bail or depositor of bail, and is contracted to investigate, surveil, locate, and arrest a bail fugitive for surrender to the appropriate court, jail, or police department, and any person who is employed to assist a bail or depositor of bail to investigate, surveil, locate, and arrest a bail fugitive for surrender to the appropriate court, jail, or police department.

(Added by Stats. 2012, Ch. 747, Sec. 1. (AB 2029) Effective January 1, 2013.)

1299.02.
  

(a) No person, other than a certified law enforcement officer, shall be authorized to apprehend, detain, or arrest a bail fugitive unless that person meets one of the following conditions:

(1) Is a bail as defined in subdivision (b) of Section 1299.01 or a depositor of bail as defined in subdivision (c) of Section 1299.01.

(2) Is a bail fugitive recovery person as defined in subdivision (d) of Section 1299.01.

(3) Holds a bail license issued by a state other than California or is authorized by another state to transact and post bail and is in compliance with the provisions of Section 847.5 with respect to the arrest of a bail fugitive.

(4) Is licensed as a private investigator as provided in Chapter 11.3 (commencing with Section 7512) of Division 3 of the Business and Professions Code.

(5) Holds a private investigator license issued by another state, is authorized by the bail or depositor of bail to apprehend a bail fugitive, and is in compliance with the provisions of Section 847.5 with respect to the arrest of a bail fugitive.

(b) This article shall not prohibit an arrest pursuant to Sections 837, 838, and 839.

(Added by Stats. 2012, Ch. 747, Sec. 1. (AB 2029) Effective January 1, 2013.)

1299.04.
  

(a) A bail fugitive recovery person, a bail agent, bail permittee, or bail solicitor who contracts his or her services to another bail agent or surety as a bail fugitive recovery person for the purposes specified in subdivision (d) of Section 1299.01, and any bail agent, bail permittee, or bail solicitor who obtains licensing after January 1, 2000, and who engages in the arrest of a defendant pursuant to Section 1301 shall comply with the following requirements:

(1) The person shall be at least 18 years of age.

(2) The person shall have completed a 40-hour power of arrest course certified by the Commission on Peace Officer Standards and Training pursuant to Section 832. Completion of the course shall be for educational purposes only and not intended to confer the power of arrest of a peace officer or public officer, or agent of any federal, state, or local government, unless the person is so employed by a governmental agency.

(3) The person shall have completed a minimum of 20 hours of classroom prelicensing education certified pursuant to Section 1810.7 of the Insurance Code. For those persons licensed by the department as a bail licensee prior to January 1, 1994, there is no prelicensing education requirement. For those persons licensed by the department as a bail licensee between January 1, 1994, and December 31, 2012, a minimum of 12 hours of classroom prelicensing education is required.

(4) The person shall not have been convicted of a felony, unless the person is licensed by the Department of Insurance pursuant to Section 1800 of the Insurance Code.

(b) Upon completion of any course or training program required by this section, an individual authorized by Section 1299.02 to apprehend a bail fugitive shall carry certificates of completion with him or her at all times in the course of performing his or her duties under this article.

(Amended by Stats. 2015, Ch. 348, Sec. 29. (AB 1515) Effective January 1, 2016.)

1299.05.
  

In performing a bail fugitive apprehension, an individual authorized by Section 1299.02 to apprehend a bail fugitive shall comply with all laws applicable to that apprehension.

(Added by Stats. 2012, Ch. 747, Sec. 1. (AB 2029) Effective January 1, 2013.)

1299.06.
  

Before apprehending a bail fugitive, an individual authorized by Section 1299.02 to apprehend a bail fugitive shall have in his or her possession proper documentation of authority to apprehend issued by the bail or depositor of bail as prescribed in Sections 1300 and 1301. The authority to apprehend document shall include all of the following information: the name of the individual authorized by Section 1299.02 to apprehend a bail fugitive and any fictitious name, if applicable; the address of the principal office of the individual authorized by Section 1299.02 to apprehend a bail fugitive; and the name and principal business address of the bail agency, surety company, or other party contracting with the individual authorized by Section 1299.02 to apprehend a bail fugitive.

(Added by Stats. 2012, Ch. 747, Sec. 1. (AB 2029) Effective January 1, 2013.)

1299.07.
  

(a) An individual authorized by Section 1299.02 to apprehend a bail fugitive shall not represent himself or herself in any manner as being a sworn law enforcement officer.

(b) An individual authorized by Section 1299.02 to apprehend a bail fugitive shall not wear any uniform that represents himself or herself as belonging to any part or department of a federal, state, or local government. Any uniform shall not display the words United States, Bureau, Task Force, Federal, or other substantially similar words that a reasonable person may mistake for a government agency.

(c) An individual authorized by Section 1299.02 to apprehend a bail fugitive shall not wear or otherwise use a badge that represents himself or herself as belonging to any part or department of the federal, state, or local government.

(d) An individual authorized by Section 1299.02 to apprehend a bail fugitive shall not use a fictitious name that represents himself or herself as belonging to any federal, state, or local government.

(e) An individual authorized by Section 1299.02 to apprehend a bail fugitive may wear a jacket, shirt, or vest with the words “BAIL BOND RECOVERY AGENT,” “BAIL ENFORCEMENT,” or “BAIL ENFORCEMENT AGENT” displayed in letters at least two inches high across the front or back of the jacket, shirt, or vest and in a contrasting color to that of the jacket, shirt, or vest.

(Added by Stats. 2012, Ch. 747, Sec. 1. (AB 2029) Effective January 1, 2013.)

1299.08.
  

(a) Except under exigent circumstances, an individual authorized by Section 1299.02 to apprehend a bail fugitive shall, prior to and no more than six hours before attempting to apprehend the bail fugitive, notify the local police department or sheriff’s department of the intent to apprehend a bail fugitive in that jurisdiction by doing all of the following:

(1) Indicating the name of an individual authorized by Section 1299.02 to apprehend a bail fugitive entering the jurisdiction.

(2) Stating the approximate time an individual authorized by Section 1299.02 to apprehend a bail fugitive will be entering the jurisdiction and the approximate length of the stay.

(3) Stating the name and approximate location of the bail fugitive.

(b) If an exigent circumstance does arise and prior notification is not given as provided in subdivision (a), an individual authorized by Section 1299.02 to apprehend a bail fugitive shall notify the local police department or sheriff’s department immediately after the apprehension, and upon request of the local jurisdiction, shall submit a detailed explanation of those exigent circumstances within three working days after the apprehension is made.

(c) This section shall not preclude an individual authorized by Section 1299.02 to apprehend a bail fugitive from making or attempting to make a lawful arrest of a bail fugitive on bond pursuant to Section 1300 or 1301. The fact that a bench warrant is not located or entered into a warrant depository or system shall not affect a lawful arrest of the bail fugitive.

(d) For the purposes of this section, notice may be provided to a local law enforcement agency by telephone prior to the arrest or, after the arrest has taken place, if exigent circumstances exist. In that case the name or operator number of the employee receiving the notice information shall be obtained and retained by the bail, depositor of bail, or bail fugitive recovery person.

(Added by Stats. 2012, Ch. 747, Sec. 1. (AB 2029) Effective January 1, 2013.)

1299.09.
  

An individual, authorized by Section 1299.02 to apprehend a bail fugitive shall not forcibly enter a premises except as provided for in Section 844.

(Added by Stats. 2012, Ch. 747, Sec. 1. (AB 2029) Effective January 1, 2013.)

1299.10.
  

An individual authorized by Section 1299.02 to apprehend a bail fugitive shall not carry a firearm or other weapon unless in compliance with the laws of the state.

(Added by Stats. 2012, Ch. 747, Sec. 1. (AB 2029) Effective January 1, 2013.)

1299.11.
  

Any person who violates this act, or who conspires with another person to violate this act, or who hires an individual to apprehend a bail fugitive, knowing that the individual is not authorized by Section 1299.02 to apprehend a bail fugitive, is guilty of a misdemeanor punishable by a fine of five thousand dollars ($5,000) or by imprisonment in a county jail not to exceed one year, or by both that imprisonment and fine.

(Added by Stats. 2012, Ch. 747, Sec. 1. (AB 2029) Effective January 1, 2013.)

1299.12.
  

Nothing in this article is intended to exempt from licensure persons otherwise required to be licensed as private investigators pursuant to Chapter 11.3 (commencing with Section 7512) of Division 3 of the Business and Professions Code.

(Added by Stats. 2012, Ch. 747, Sec. 1. (AB 2029) Effective January 1, 2013.)

PENPenal Code - PEN5.5.